Introduction to Geometrical and Physical Geodesy

Foundations of Geomatics

Author: Thomas H. Meyer

Publisher: ESRI Press

ISBN: 9781589485327

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 1272

Introduction to Geometrical and Physical Geodesy: Foundations of Geomatics explores geodesy, the discipline dealing with the measurement and representation of the earth. Establishing GIS as a coordinate-based system, and building on this concept, the book culminates in the reader's applied knowledge of geodesy. To simplify presentation, mathematics in this book are discussed without origin or proof, and all formulas have detailed examples illustrating their use. Intended for the classroom or professional reference, this book simplifies the geodesic formulas related to surveying, making it a practical approach to geodesy and GIS.

Geodäsie

Author: Wolfgang Torge

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110198177

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 2650

Das Buch gibt einen systematischen Überblick über die grundlegenden Theorien, die Bezugssysteme und die Mess- und Auswertemethoden der Geodäsie, wobei der Beitrag der geodätischen Raumtechniken zur Positionierung und zur Schwerefeldbestimmung besonders herausgestellt wird. Diese Methoden haben auch zu einem für die Praxis wichtigen Wandel in der Einrichtung geodätischer Grundlagennetze geführt. Zur interdisziplinären Geodynamikforschung kann die Geodäsie damit ebenfalls wesentliche Beiträge leisten. Der gegenwärtige Stand der Geodäsie wird durch eine Vielzahl von Beispielen aus Messung, Auswertung und Analyse illustriert, ein umfangreiches Literaturverzeichnis erleichtert ein weitergehendes Studium. Das Buch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über die tiefgreifenden Veränderungen, welche die Geodäsie in den vergangenen zwanzig Jahren erfahren hat.

Physical Geodesy

Author: Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof,Helmut Moritz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783211335451

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 5402

"Physical Geodesy", published in 1967, has for many years been considered as the standard introduction to its field. The enormous progress since then has required a complete reworking. While basic material has been retained other parts are completely updated. However, there is a seamless welding of new ideas and methods (GPS, satellites, collocation). Highlights include: emphasis on global integration of geometry and gravity, a simplified approach to Molodensky's theory without integral equations, and a general combination of all geodetic data by least-squares collocation. In the second edition minor mistakes have been corrected.

Introduction to Geodesy

The History and Concepts of Modern Geodesy

Author: James R. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471166603

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 754

Geodesy is the science that deals with the Earth's figure and the interrelationship of selected points on its surface. This is the only book on the market designed to provide readers with an introduction to geodesy without the usual emphasis on complex mathematics. Describes such positioning techniques as horizontal and vertical geodetic datums. Satellite geodesy, electromagnetic distance measurement, laser ranging and emerging technologies including the global positioning techniques and GIS are among the topics discussed. Features scores of two-color diagrams and examples to facilitate understanding.

Satellitengeodäsie

Grundlagen, Methoden und Anwendungen

Author: Günter Seeber

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110849771

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 7188


Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 1867

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model

Principles and Applications, Second Edition

Author: Earl F. Burkholder

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351646419

Category: Computers

Page: 492

View: 7540

Traditional methods for handling spatial data are encumbered by the assumption of separate origins for horizontal and vertical measurements, but modern measurement systems operate in a 3-D spatial environment. The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Principles and Applications, Second Edition maintains a new model for handling digital spatial data, the global spatial data model or GSDM. The GSDM preserves the integrity of three-dimensional spatial data while also providing additional benefits such as simpler equations, worldwide standardization, and the ability to track spatial data accuracy with greater specificity and convenience. This second edition expands to new topics that satisfy a growing need in the GIS, professional surveyor, machine control, and Big Data communities while continuing to embrace the earth center fixed coordinate system as the fundamental point of origin of one, two, and three-dimensional data sets. Ideal for both beginner and advanced levels, this book also provides guidance and insight on how to link to the data collected and stored in legacy systems.

V Hotine-Marussi Symposium on Mathematical Geodesy

Matera, Italy June 17-21, 2003

Author: Fernando Sansò

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540219798

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 7267

1Statistics of Financial Markets presents in a vivid yet concise style the necessary statistical and mathematical background for Financial Engineers and introduces to the main ideas in mathematical finance and financial statistics. Topics covered are, among others, option valuation, financial time series analysis, value-at-risk, copulas, and statistics of the extremes. The underlying structure of the book, i.e. basic tools in mathematical finance, financial time series analysis and applications to given problems of financial markets, allows the book to be used as a basis for lectures, seminars and even crash courses on the topic. A full set of transparencies can be downloaded using the registration card at the back of the book. The registration card also allows the use of the e-book version with links to world wide computing servers.

Geometrical Geodesy

Using Information and Computer Technology

Author: Maarten Hooijberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540682252

Category: Science

Page: 439

View: 9767

Surveying a Century Ago As it was based on the principles of geometry and trigonometry, surveying may be may be looked upon as a branch of practical mathematics. Hence, it was necessary that land surveyors and hydrographers should have a fair general knowledge, not only of these subjects, but also of all the subjects comprised by the term mathemat ics. In addition, the knowledge of mathematics required in ordinary chain surveying and levelling was not very extensive but in geodetical work, the highest mathematical ability and great organising power were required for a proper conception and supervision of the operations (Threlfall, 1940). Only small area of a few hundred square kilometres can be accurately mapped and surveyed without a frame work, since no difficulty is encountered because of Earth-curvature. In the past, especially in hydrography due to the type of work, surveying was carried out on the principles of ordinary practice, but in a very rough man ner, rapidity of execution being of paramount importance, the permissible error was sometimes large. The relative positions of the main surface features were obtained by aid of portable instruments, such as sextants and lead lines, tide poles, and logships. Sketching, just like military surveying was often filling in the smaller detail. In contrary, survey works done by the national mapping agencies (NMAs) were of a higher-level, and comprised the delimitation of boundaries as well as topographical surveys.

Exploring Space, Exploring Earth

New Understanding of the Earth from Space Research

Author: Paul D. Lowman Jr,Paul D. Lowman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521890625

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 2075

An account of the impact of space exploration on our understanding of the geology and geophysics of Earth.

Geodesy

Author: Wolfgang Torge

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110879956

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 9871

The third edition of this well-known textbook, first published in 1980, has been completely revised in order to adequately reflect the drastic changes which occured in the field of geodesy in the last twenty years. Reference systems are now well established by space techniques, which dominate positioning and gravity field determination. Terrestrial techniques still play an important role at local and regional applications, whereby remarkable progress has been made with respect to automatic data aquisition. Evaluation methods are now three-dimensional in principle, and have to take the gravity field into account. Geodetic control networks follow these developments, with far-reaching consequences for geodetic practice. Finally, the increased accuracy of geodetic products and high data rates have significantly increased the contributions of geodesy to geodynamics research, thus strengthening the role of geodesy within the geosciences. The present state of geodesy is illustrated by recent examples of instruments and results. An extensive reference list supports further studies.

Geodesy

The Concepts

Author: P. Vanícek,E.J. Krakiwsky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483290794

Category: Science

Page: 714

View: 2034

Geodesy: The Concepts, Second Edition focuses on the processes, approaches, and methodologies employed in geodesy, including gravity field and motions of the earth and geodetic methodology. The book first underscores the history of geodesy, mathematics and geodesy, and geodesy and other disciplines. Discussions focus on algebra, geometry, statistics, symbolic relation between geodesy and other sciences, applications of geodesy, and the historical beginnings of geodesy. The text then ponders on the structure of geodesy, as well as functions of geodesy and geodetic theory and practice. The publication examines the motions, gravity field, deformations in time, and size and shape of earth. Topics include tidal phenomena, tectonic deformations, actual shape of the earth, gravity anomaly and potential, and observed polar motion and spin velocity variations. The elements of geodetic methodology, classes of mathematical models, and formulation and solving of problems are also mentioned. The text is a dependable source of data for readers interested in the concepts involved in geodesy.

Optik und Atomphysik

Band 3: Optik und Atomphysik

Author: Robert W. Pohl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642930417

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 323

View: 7707