Introduction to Experimental Biophysics, Second Edition

Biological Methods for Physical Scientists

Author: Jay L. Nadeau,Jay Nadeau

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317974522

Category: Medical

Page: 764

View: 7664

Praise for the First Edition “essential reading for any physical scientist who is interested in performing biological research.” ?Contemporary Physics "an ambitious text.... Each chapter contains protocols and the conceptual reasoning behind them, which is often useful to physicists performing biological experiments for the first time." –Physics Today This fully updated and expanded text is the best starting point for any student or researcher in the physical sciences to gain firm grounding in the techniques employed in molecular biophysics and quantitative biology. It includes brand new chapters on gene expression techniques, advanced techniques in biological light microscopy (super-resolution, two-photon, and fluorescence lifetime imaging), holography, and gold nanoparticles used in medicine. The author shares invaluable practical tips and insider’s knowledge to simplify potentially confusing techniques. The reader is guided through easy-to-follow examples carried out from start to finish with practical tips and insider’s knowledge. The emphasis is on building comfort with getting hands "wet" with basic methods and finally understanding when and how to apply or adapt them to address different questions. Jay L. Nadeau is a scientific researcher and head of the Biomedical Engineering in Advanced Applications of Quantum, Oscillatory, and Nanotechnological Systems (BEAAQONS) lab at Caltech and was previously associate professor of biomedical engineering and physics at McGill University.

Systems Immunology

An Introduction to Modeling Methods for Scientists

Author: Jayajit Das,Ciriyam Jayaprakash

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351646141

Category: Mathematics

Page: 326

View: 6361

"Taken together, the body of information contained in this book provides readers with a bird’s-eye view of different aspects of exciting work at the convergence of disciplines that will ultimately lead to a future where we understand how immunity is regulated, and how we can harness this knowledge toward practical ends that reduce human suffering. I commend the editors for putting this volume together." –Arup K. Chakraborty, Robert T. Haslam Professor of Chemical Engineering, and Professor of Physics, Chemistry, and Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA New experimental techniques in immunology have produced large and complex data sets that require quantitative modeling for analysis. This book provides a complete overview of computational immunology, from basic concepts to mathematical modeling at the single molecule, cellular, organism, and population levels. It showcases modern mechanistic models and their use in making predictions, designing experiments, and elucidating underlying biochemical processes. It begins with an introduction to data analysis, approximations, and assumptions used in model building. Core chapters address models and methods for studying immune responses, with fundamental concepts clearly defined. Readers from immunology, quantitative biology, and applied physics will benefit from the following: Fundamental principles of computational immunology and modern quantitative methods for studying immune response at the single molecule, cellular, organism, and population levels. An overview of basic concepts in modeling and data analysis. Coverage of topics where mechanistic modeling has contributed substantially to current understanding. Discussion of genetic diversity of the immune system, cell signaling in the immune system, immune response at the cell population scale, and ecology of host-pathogen interactions.

Light Harvesting in Photosynthesis

Author: Roberta Croce,Rienk van Grondelle,Herbert van Amerongen,Ivo van Stokkum

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351242873

Category: Science

Page: 611

View: 628

This landmark collective work introduces the physical, chemical, and biological principles underlying photosynthesis: light absorption, excitation energy transfer, and charge separation. It begins with an introduction to properties of various pigments, and the pigment proteins in plant, algae, and bacterial systems. It addresses the underlying physics of light harvesting and key spectroscopic methods, including data analysis. It discusses assembly of the natural system, its energy transfer properties, and regulatory mechanisms. It also addresses light-harvesting in artificial systems and the impact of photosynthesis on our environment. The chapter authors are amongst the field’s world recognized experts. Chapters are divided into five main parts, the first focused on pigments, their properties and biosynthesis, and the second section looking at photosynthetic proteins, including light harvesting in higher plants, algae, cyanobacteria, and green bacteria. The third part turns to energy transfer and electron transport, discussing modeling approaches, quantum aspects, photoinduced electron transfer, and redox potential modulation, followed by a section on experimental spectroscopy in light harvesting research. The concluding final section includes chapters on artificial photosynthesis, with topics such as use of cyanobacteria and algae for sustainable energy production. Robert Croce is Head of the Biophysics Group and full professor in biophysics of photosynthesis/energy at Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. Rienk van Grondelle is full professor at Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. Herbert van Amerongen is full professor of biophysics in the Department of Agrotechnology and Food Sciences at Wageningen University, where he is also director of the MicroSpectroscopy Research Facility. Ivo van Stokkum is associate professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Sciences, at Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam.

Biophysik

Eine Einführung

Author: Rodney Cotterill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527406869

Category: Biophysics

Page: 395

View: 742

Was eignet sich besser zum Einstieg in ein neues Fachgebiet als ein in der Muttersprache verfasster Text? So manch angehender Biophysiker hätte sich den englischen 'Biophysics' von Cotterill schon lange als deutsche Übersetzung gewünscht. Hier ist sie: sorgfältig strukturiert und ausgewogen wie das englische Original, mit dem Vorzug der schnelleren Erfaßbarkeit. Vom Molekül bis zum Bewusstsein deckt der "Cotterill" alle Ebenen ab. Er setzt nur wenig Grundwissen voraus und ist damit für die Einführungsvorlesung nach dem Vordiplom ideal. Zusätzliche Anhänge mit mathematischen und physikalischen Grundlagen machen das Lehrbuch auch für Chemiker und Biologen attraktiv.

Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics

Architecture, Dynamics, and Interaction of Biomolecules

Author: Igor A. Kaltashov,Stephen J. Eyles

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470937793

Category: Medical

Page: 289

View: 384

With its detailed and systematic coverage of the current state of biophysical mass spectrometry (MS), here is one of the first systematic presentations of the full experimental array of MS-based techniques used in biophysics, covering both fundamental and practical issues. The book presents a discussion of general biophysical concepts and a brief overview of traditional biophysical techniques before outlining the more advanced concepts of mass spectrometry. The new edition gives an up-to-date and expanded coverage of experimental methodologies and a clear look at MS-based methods for studying higher order structures and biopolymers. A must for researchers in the field of biophysics, structural biology, and protein chemistry.

Nanophysik und Nanotechnologie

Eine Einführung in die Konzepte der Nanowissenschaft

Author: Edward L. Wolf

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687386

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 5796

Noch hat das Motto “Alles muss kleiner werden” nicht an Faszination verloren. Physikern, Ingenieuren und Medizinern erschließt sich mit der Nanotechnologie eine neue Welt mit faszinierenden Anwendungen. E.L. Wolf, Physik-Professor in Brooklyn, N.Y., schrieb das erste einführende Lehrbuch zu diesem Thema, in dem er die physikalischen Grundlagen ebenso wie die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten der Nanotechnologie diskutiert. Mittlerweile ist es in der 3. Aufl age erschienen und liegt jetzt endlich auch auf Deutsch vor. Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine einzigartige, in sich geschlossene Einführung in die physikalischen Grundlagen und Konzepte der Nanowissenschaften sowie Anwendungen von Nanosystemen. Das Themenspektrum reicht von Nanosystemen über Quanteneff ekte und sich selbst organisierende Strukturen bis hin zu Rastersondenmethoden. Besonders die Vorstellung von Nanomaschinen für medizinische Anwendungen ist faszinierend, wenn auch bislang noch nicht praktisch umgesetzt. Der dritten Aufl age, auf der diese Übersetzung beruht, wurde ein neuer Abschnitt über Graphen zugefügt. Die Diskussion möglicher Anwendungen in der Energietechnik, Nanoelektronik und Medizin wurde auf neuesten Stand gebracht und wieder aktuelle Beispiele herangezogen, um wichtige Konzepte und Forschungsinstrumente zu illustrieren. Der Autor führt mit diesem Lehrbuch Studenten der Physik, Chemie sowie Ingenieurwissenschaften von den Grundlagen bis auf den Stand der aktuellen Forschung. Die leicht zu lesende Einführung in dieses faszinierende Forschungsgebiet ist geeignet für fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Masterstudenten mit Vorkenntnissen in Physik und Chemie. Stimmen zur englischen Vorauflage „Zusammenfassend ist festzustellen, dass Edward L. Wolf trotz der reichlich vorhandenen Literatur zur Nanotechnologie ein individuell gestaltetes einführendes Lehrbuch gelungen ist. Es eignet sich – nicht zuletzt dank der enthaltenen Übungsaufgaben – bestens zur Vorlesungsbegleitung für Studierende der Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften sowie auch spezieller nanotechnologisch orientierter Studiengänge.“ Physik Journal „... eine sehr kompakte, lesenswerte und gut verständliche Einführung in die Quantenmechanik sowie ihre Auswirkungen auf die Materialwissenschaften ...“ Chemie Ingenieur Technik

Physikalische Chemie

Author: Peter W. Atkins,Julio de Paula,Michael Bär,Anna Schleitzer,Carsten Heinisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527315462

Category: Science

Page: 1220

View: 6481


Heilende Magnete - strahlende Handys

Bioelektromagnetismus: Fakten und Legenden

Author: Roland Glaser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527407538

Category:

Page: 350

View: 7116

While the other works in the "Erlebnis Wissenschaft" series have concentrated on chemical substances in everyday life, this book brings to life a passionately debated physical phenomenon that has equally become an integral part of our lives ? so–called electrosmog. The term itself is misleading from the start, such that an objective scientific treatment is urgently needed. The author is one of Europe′s leading experts in the field.

The Physics of Proteins

An Introduction to Biological Physics and Molecular Biophysics

Author: Hans Frauenfelder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441910448

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 9490

Provides an introduction to the structure and function of biomolecules --- especially proteins --- and the physical tools used to investigate them The discussion concentrates on physical tools and properties, emphasizing techniques that are contributing to new developments and avoiding those that are already well established and whose results have already been exploited fully New tools appear regularly - synchrotron radiation, proton radiology, holography, optical tweezers, and muon radiography, for example, have all been used to open new areas of understanding

The Feynman

Feynman-Vorlesungen über Physik

Author: Richard Phillips Feynman

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 9783486584448

Category:

Page: 768

View: 8467


Introduction to Proteins

Structure, Function, and Motion

Author: Amit Kessel,Nir Ben-Tal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439810729

Category: Medical

Page: 654

View: 2291

As the tools and techniques of structural biophysics assume greater roles in biological research and a range of application areas, learning how proteins behave becomes crucial to understanding their connection to the most basic and important aspects of life. With more than 350 color images throughout, Introduction to Proteins: Structure, Function, and Motion presents a unified, in-depth treatment of the relationship between the structure, dynamics, and function of proteins. Taking a structural–biophysical approach, the authors discuss the molecular interactions and thermodynamic changes that transpire in these highly complex molecules. The text incorporates various biochemical, physical, functional, and medical aspects. It covers different levels of protein structure, current methods for structure determination, energetics of protein structure, protein folding and folded state dynamics, and the functions of intrinsically unstructured proteins. The authors also clarify the structure–function relationship of proteins by presenting the principles of protein action in the form of guidelines. This comprehensive, color book uses numerous proteins as examples to illustrate the topics and principles and to show how proteins can be analyzed in multiple ways. It refers to many everyday applications of proteins and enzymes in medical disorders, drugs, toxins, chemical warfare, and animal behavior. Downloadable questions for each chapter are available at CRC Press Online.

NMR Probeheads for Biophysical and Biomedical Experiments

Theoretical Principles and Practical Guidelines Second Edition

Author: Joël Mispelter,Mihaela Lupu,André Briguet

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783268042

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 756

View: 8105

NMR Probeheads for Biophysical and Biomedical Experiments 2nd Edition is essential reading for anyone in the field of NMR or MRI, from students to medical or biological scientists performing experiments under certain physical and/or geometrical conditions, unattainable by conventional or available probes. The material guides the reader through the most basic and comprehensive stages in accomplishing a correct probe design, from a very basic oscillating circuit to much more elaborate designs. This new edition has been revised and updated to include a chapter dedicated to RF components, which are commonly used for probes realization and their frequency-dependent characteristics. Another completely revised chapter concerns the multiple coil systems and discusses arrays coils, different decoupling methods, and some principles for interfacing coils with low-noise preamplifiers. The principles of linear circuit analysis are presented in a dedicated chapter. Last but not least, accompanying files containing updated software for probe design have been made available from the publisher's website. Request Inspection Copy

From Molecules to Networks

An Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Author: Ruth Heidelberger,M. Neal Waxham,John H. Byrne,James L. Roberts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080920832

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 2192

An understanding of the nervous system at virtually any level of analysis requires an understanding of its basic building block, the neuron. From Molecules to Networks provides the solid foundation of the morphologic, biochemical, and biophysical properties of nerve cells. All chapters have been thoroughly revised for this second edition to reflect the significant advances of the past 5 years. The new edition expands on the network aspects of cellular neurobiology by adding a new chapter, Information Processing in Neural Networks, and on the relation of cell biological processes to various neurological diseases. The new concluding chapter illustrates how the great strides in understanding the biochemical and biophysical properties of nerve cells have led to fundamental insights into important aspects of neurodegenerative disease. • Written and edited by leading experts in the field, the second edition completely and comprehensively updates all chapters of this unique textbook • Discusses emerging new understanding of non-classical molecules that affect neuronal signaling • Full colour, professional graphics throughout • Includes two new chapters: Information Processing in Neural Networks - describes the principles of operation of neural networks and the key circuit motifs that are common to many networks in the nervous system. Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neurodegenerative Disease - introduces the progress made in the last 20 years in elucidating the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying brain disorders, including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.

Bioinformatics

A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genes and Proteins

Author: Andreas D. Baxevanis,B. F. Francis Ouellette

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471461016

Category: Computers

Page: 504

View: 3873

"In this book, Andy Baxevanis and Francis Ouellette . . . haveundertaken the difficult task of organizing the knowledge in thisfield in a logical progression and presenting it in a digestibleform. And they have done an excellent job. This fine text will makea major impact on biological research and, in turn, on progress inbiomedicine. We are all in their debt." —Eric Lander from the Foreword Reviews from the First Edition "...provides a broad overview of the basic tools for sequenceanalysis ... For biologists approaching this subject for the firsttime, it will be a very useful handbook to keep on the shelf afterthe first reading, close to the computer." —Nature Structural Biology "...should be in the personal library of any biologist who usesthe Internet for the analysis of DNA and protein sequencedata." —Science "...a wonderful primer designed to navigate the novice throughthe intricacies of in scripto analysis ... The accomplished genesearcher will also find this book a useful addition to theirlibrary ... an excellent reference to the principles ofbioinformatics." —Trends in Biochemical Sciences This new edition of the highly successful Bioinformatics:A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genes and Proteinsprovides a sound foundation of basic concepts, with practicaldiscussions and comparisons of both computational tools anddatabases relevant to biological research. Equipping biologists with the modern tools necessary to solvepractical problems in sequence data analysis, the Second Editioncovers the broad spectrum of topics in bioinformatics, ranging fromInternet concepts to predictive algorithms used on sequence,structure, and expression data. With chapters written by experts inthe field, this up-to-date reference thoroughly covers vitalconcepts and is appropriate for both the novice and the experiencedpractitioner. Written in clear, simple language, the book isaccessible to users without an advanced mathematical or computerscience background. This new edition includes: All new end-of-chapter Web resources, bibliographies, andproblem sets Accompanying Web site containing the answers to the problems,as well as links to relevant Web resources New coverage of comparative genomics, large-scale genomeanalysis, sequence assembly, and expressed sequence tags A glossary of commonly used terms in bioinformatics andgenomics Bioinformatics: A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genesand Proteins, Second Edition is essential reading forresearchers, instructors, and students of all levels in molecularbiology and bioinformatics, as well as for investigators involvedin genomics, positional cloning, clinical research, andcomputational biology.

Multiple Aspects of DNA and RNA: from Biophysics to Bioinformatics

Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2004

Author: Didier Chatenay,Simona Cocco,Remi Monasson

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780444520814

Category: Computers

Page: 354

View: 7556

Dedicated to the multiple aspects, that is, biological, physical and computational of DNA and RNA molecules, this book is divided into three main sections. It is intended to be a reference for advanced graduate students or young researchers to acquire an interdisciplinary understanding of the multiple aspects of DNA and RNA.

Theoretical Molecular Biophysics

Author: Philipp O.J. Scherer,Sighart F. Fischer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662556715

Category: Science

Page: 513

View: 4904

This book gives an introduction to molecular biophysics. It starts from material properties at equilibrium related to polymers, dielectrics and membranes. Electronic spectra are developed for the understanding of elementary dynamic processes in photosynthesis including proton transfer and dynamics of molecular motors. Since the molecular structures of functional groups of bio-systems were resolved, it has become feasible to develop a theory based on the quantum theory and statistical physics with emphasis on the specifics of the high complexity of bio-systems. This introduction to molecular aspects of the field focuses on solvable models. Elementary biological processes provide as special challenge the presence of partial disorder in the structure which does not destroy the basic reproducibility of the processes. Apparently the elementary molecular processes are organized in a way to optimize the efficiency. Learning from nature by means exploring the relation between structure and function may even help to build better artificial solar cells. The reader is exposed to basic concepts in modern biophysics, such as entropic forces, phase separation, potential of mean force, electron and proton transfer, heterogeneous reactions, coherent and incoherent energy transfer as well as molecular motors. Basic knowledge in classical and Quantum mechanics, electrostatics and statistical physics is desirable. Simplified models are presented which can be solved in limited cases analytically from the guiding lines to generate the basis for a fundamental understanding of the more complex biophysical systems. Chapters close with challenging problems whose solutions are provided at the end of the book to complete the pedagogical treatment in the book. To the second edition several new chapters were added. The medium polarization is treated self-consistently using basic elements of polaron theory and more advanced nonlinear Schrödinger equations to describe the dynamics of solvation. Ion transport through a membrane was extended by the discussion of cooperative effects. Intramolecular transitions are now discussed in the new edition in much more detail, including also radiationless transitions. Very recent developments in spectroscopy are included, especially two-dimensional and hole-burning spectroscopy. The discussion of charge transfer processes was extended by including recent results of hole transfer in DNA in connection with the super-exchange mechanism. The chapter on molecular motors was rewritten to include the most recent developments of new models. The book is a useful text for students and researchers wanting to go through the mathematical derivations in the theories presented. This book attracts a group of applied mathematically oriented students and scholars to the exciting field of molecular biophysics.

Biocolloids

A Textbook for an Introductory Course with Laboratory Experiments

Author: Martin William Lisse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biochemistry

Page: 318

View: 1850


Biophysical Chemistry

Author: Alan Cooper

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849730814

Category: Education

Page: 233

View: 680

This book will be ideal for early undergraduates studying chemical or physical sciences and will act as a basis for more advanced study.