Interviewing for Education and Social Science Research

The Gateway Approach

Author: Carolyn Lunsford Mears

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230623778

Category: Education

Page: 221

View: 5756

This volume introduces a fresh approach to research using a narrator-centred method, which provides a means for researchers to access the often hidden human responses about a situation so that those who make decisions and write policy may become better informed about the true impact of their actions on the individuals involved.

Reclaiming School in the Aftermath of Trauma

Advice Based on Experience

Author: C. Mears

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137010827

Category: Education

Page: 233

View: 3482

Teachers in schools where students have experienced trauma face particularly difficult challenges, for how is a teacher to promote academic growth and attainment of educational goals in such a situation? Provides advice, understanding, and proven strategies for meeting the challenges that must be faced after a traumatic experience.

Interviewing as Qualitative Research

A Guide for Researchers in Education and the Social Sciences, 4th Ed.

Author: Irving Seidman

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807772232

Category: Social Science

Page: 143

View: 8058

Now in its fourth edition, this popular book provides clear, step-by-step guidance for new and experienced interviewers to develop, shape, and reflect on interviewing as a qualitative research process. Using concrete examples of interviewing techniques to illustrate the issues under discussion, this classic text helps readers to understand the complexities of interviewing and its connections to broader issues of qualitative research. The text includes principles and methods that can be adapted to a range of interviewing approaches. Appropriate for individual and classroom use, the new edition has been expanded to include: clarification of important phenomenological assumptions that underlie the interviewing approach presented in the book; new sections on Long-Distance Interviewing and its implications for the relationship between interviewers and their participants; a new section on the pros and cons of Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software; The Ethics of Doing Good Work, is a new chapter which discusses the interplay between ethical issues in interviewing and how interviewers carry out their work as researchers.

Essential Interviewing Skills for the Helping Professions

A Social Justice and Self-Care Approach

Author: Nicole Nicotera

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190876875

Category: Psychology

Page: 112

View: 2239

Essential Interviewing Skills for the Helping Professions reaches beyond most other essential skills for clinical interviewing books with its emphasis on social justice, attention to the role of microaggressions in clinical practice, and the upmost importance of practitioner wellness as integral to longevity in the helping professions. Each chapter addresses interviewing skills that are foundational to the helping professions from mental health to physical health, includes detailed exercises, addresses social justice, and discusses practitioner wellness opportunities. Sometimes clients' stories are fraught with trauma, other times their stories are bound within generations of substance addiction or family violence, while other clinical stories present personal and social obstacles that arise from years of oppression at the hands of prejudice and discrimination. This book therefore goes beyond the basic ideas of choosing when to use an open question or to reflect emotions by covering how to integrate social justice and knowledge of power, privilege, and oppression into the interviewing arena. Essential interviewing skills require the practitioner to not only purposefully listen to the client's story, but also to be self-aware and willing to acknowledge mistakes and learn from them. The work of the clinical interviewer is a continuous challenge of balancing listening, responding, action, and self-awareness, and this book is designed to help.

Successful Educational Actions for Inclusion and Social Cohesion in Europe

Author: Ramon Flecha

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319111760

Category: Education

Page: 108

View: 3850

This monograph analyses and describes successful educational actions with a specific focus on vulnerable groups (i.e. youth, migrants, cultural groups e.g. Roma, women, and people with disabilities). Concrete data that shows success in school performance in subject matters such as math or language will be provided, as well as children, teachers and families accounts of the impact of this success. Alongside, there is an analysis of the relationship between these children’s educational performance with their inclusion or exclusion from different areas of society (i.e. housing, health, employment, and social and political participation). Many studies have already diagnosed and described the causes of educational and social exclusion of these vulnerable groups. This monograph, however, provides solutions, that is, actions for success identified through the INCLUD-ED project, thus providing both, contrasted data and solid theoretical background and development. Some examples of these actions are interactive groups (or heterogeneous grouping in the classroom with reorganisation of human resources), extension of the learning time, homework clubs, tutored libraries, family and community educative participation, family education, or dialogic literary gatherings. All these actions have been defined as successful educational actions, which mean that they lead to both efficiency and equity. Finally, recommendations for policy and practice are included and discussed.

Survey Automation

Report and Workshop Proceedings

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Oversight Committee for the Workshop on Survey Automation

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309168031

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 4892

For over 100 years, the evolution of modern survey methodologyâ€"using the theory of representative sampling to make interferences from a part of the population to the wholeâ€"has been paralleled by a drive toward automation, harnessing technology and computerization to make parts of the survey process easier, faster, and better. The availability of portable computers in the late 1980s ushered in computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI), in which interviewers administer a survey instrument to respondents using a computerized version of the questionnaire on a portable laptop computer. Computer assisted interviewing (CAI) methods have proven to be extremely useful and beneficial in survey administration. However, the practical problems encountered in documentation and testing CAI instruments suggest that this is an opportune time to reexamine not only the process of developing CAI instruments but also the future directions of survey automation writ large.

How to Do a Research Project

A Guide for Undergraduate Students

Author: Colin Robson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Limited

ISBN: 9781118691328

Category: Project method in teaching

Page: 176

View: 1004

Written specifically to address the needs and concerns of the undergraduate, this tightly focused second edition guides students through the process of conducting and completing a research project. Friendly and accessible, this fully-updated second edition includes a number of accompanying student support materials to aid students further. Closely integrated sets of end-of-chapter tasks covering all aspects of research projects from design to completion, as well as suggested further reading, enhance each chapter. A wide range of additional helpful materials relevant to particular subject areas is also available on the accompanying website at www.wiley.com/college/robson. This textbook is an invaluable resource for students in a wide range of disciplines and fields of study, particularly those planning to use social research methods or to carry out a library-based study, for their undergraduate research project.

Research for Social Justice

A Community-based Participatory Approach

Author: Adje van de Sande,Karen Schwartz

Publisher: Fernwood Publishing

ISBN: 9781552668788

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 2825

"Most social research texts are written from an empiricist and positivist perspective, emphasizing the scientific method and the value of objectivity in research. While acknowledging that certain aspects of the scientific method should be preserved, Adje van de Sande and Karen Schwartz argue that social research should not and cannot be value-free. Researchers committed to social justice and social change need to support that commitment. Research for Social Justice examines how the structural inequality perspective and anti-oppressive principles--perspectives that view the problems experienced by people as rooted in the social, political and economic structures of society--provide this support. Intended for students who are interested in exploring the social justice approach to their community-based research. Research for Social Justice is also of benefit to research such as program evaluations and needs assessments. The second edition of the book updates and revises examples of research, includes a substantially revised chapter on Indigenous approaches to research and contains a chapter-by-chapter description of developing student projects in a research course and an example of a student-led, community-based research project."--

Analysis of the Cognitive Interview in Questionnaire Design

Author: Gordon B. Willis,Gordon Willis

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199957754

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 4583

Cognitive interviewing, based on the self-report methods of Ericsson and Simon, is a key form of qualitative research that has developed over the past thirty years. The primary objective of cognitive interviewing, also known as cognitive testing, is to understand the cognitive mechanisms underlying the survey-response process. An equally important aim is contributing to the development of best practices for writing survey questions that are well understood and that produce low levels of response error. In particular, an important applied objective is the evaluation of a particular set of questions, items, or other materials under development by questionnaire designers, to determine means for rewording, reordering, or reconceptualizing. Hence, as well as providing an empirical, psychologically oriented framework for the general study of questionnaire design, cognitive interviewing has been adopted as a 'production' mechanism for the improvement of a wide variety of survey questions, whether factual, behavioral, or attitudinal in nature. As with other methods that rely on qualitative data, cognitive interviewing has increasingly been criticized for being lax in the critical area of the development of systematic methods for data reduction, analysis, and reporting of results. Practitioners tend to conduct cognitive interviewing in varying ways, and the data coding and compilation activities undertaken are often nonstandardized and poorly described. There is a considerable need for further development--and documentation--relating not only to a description of this variation but also to providing a set of recommendations for minimal standards, if not best practices. The proposed volume endeavors to address this clear omission.

Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

Theory, Method and Research

Author: Jonathan A Smith,Paul Flowers,Michael Larkin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446203891

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 5574

'It is not often I can use "accessible" and "phenomenology" in the same sentence, but reading the new book, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...certainly provides me the occasion to do so. I can say this because these authors provide an engaging and clear introduction to a relatively new analytical approach' - The Weekly Qualitative Report Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is an increasingly popular approach to qualitative inquiry. This handy text covers its theoretical foundations and provides a detailed guide to conducting IPA research. Extended worked examples from the authors' own studies in health, sexuality, psychological distress and identity illustrate the breadth and depth of IPA research. Each of the chapters also offers a guide to other good exemplars of IPA research in the designated area. The final section of the book considers how IPA connects with other contemporary qualitative approaches like discourse and narrative analysis and how it addresses issues to do with validity. The book is written in an accessible style and will be extremely useful to students and researchers in psychology and related disciplines in the health and social sciences.

Interviewing for the Helping Professions

A Relational Approach

Author: Fred R. McKenzie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190615419

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 2512

Conducting a successful professional interview is more than an exercise of technical skills. The specific approach an interviewer takes with any client should be informed by the interviewer's understanding of the client's needs and preferences exhibited within the developing relationship. Interviewing for the Helping Professions promotes a theory-driven, relational approach to professional interviewing across disciplines. The author's aim is to organically illustrate the theories and techniques of interviewing within the context of building and utilizing the therapeutic relationship. The author uses example interviews to illustrate the variety of settings, clients, and issues interviewers encounter. Each interview is fully annotated with the theory and practice skills being exhibited. The emphasis on theory allows the reader to fully understand the underlying principles of interviewing, encouraging them to be present and in-the-moment with their clients. This comprehensive book is an indispensable resource for practice courses in counseling, human services, psychology, and social work programs.

Reaching Students

What Research Says about Effective Instruction in Undergraduate Science and Engineering

Author: Linda Kober,Board on Science Education,Nancy Kober,National Research Council,Division on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academy Press

ISBN: 9780309300438

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 1094

The undergraduate years are a turning point in producing scientifically literate citizens and future scientists and engineers. Evidence from research about how students learn science and engineering shows that teaching strategies that motivate and engage students will improve their learning. So how do students best learn science and engineering? Are there ways of thinking that hinder or help their learning process? Which teaching strategies are most effective in developing their knowledge and skills? And how can practitioners apply these strategies to their own courses or suggest new approaches within their departments or institutions? "Reaching Students" strives to answer these questions. "Reaching Students" presents the best thinking to date on teaching and learning undergraduate science and engineering. Focusing on the disciplines of astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering, geosciences, and physics, this book is an introduction to strategies to try in your classroom or institution. Concrete examples and case studies illustrate how experienced instructors and leaders have applied evidence-based approaches to address student needs, encouraged the use of effective techniques within a department or an institution, and addressed the challenges that arose along the way. The research-based strategies in "Reaching Students" can be adopted or adapted by instructors and leaders in all types of public or private higher education institutions. They are designed to work in introductory and upper-level courses, small and large classes, lectures and labs, and courses for majors and non-majors. And these approaches are feasible for practitioners of all experience levels who are open to incorporating ideas from research and reflecting on their teaching practices. This book is an essential resource for enriching instruction and better educating students.

Qualitative Interviewing

Author: Svend Brinkmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199861390

Category: Psychology

Page: 177

View: 4437

Qualitative interviewing has today become one of the most common research methods across the human and social sciences, but it is an approach that comes in different guises. Qualitative Interviewing will help its readers write, represent, understand, and critique qualitative interview research in its many forms as currently practiced. The book begins with a theoretically informed introduction to qualitative interviewing by presenting a variegated landscape of how conversations have been used for knowledge-producing purposes. Particular attention is paid to the complementary positions of experience-focused interviewing (phenomenological positions) and language-focused interviewing (discourse-oriented positions), which focus on interview talk as reports (of the experiences of interviewees) and accounts (occasioned by the situation of interviewing), respectively. The following chapters address various ways of designing qualitative interview studies and a guide to writing up the methodological procedures and results of an interview study. The book concludes with a presentation of the most common errors in interview reports, offering a range of solutions and strategies for evaluating research findings based on qualitative interviews.

Social Incentives

A Life-Span Developmental Approach

Author: Joseph Veroff,Joanne B. Veroff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483264742

Category: Psychology

Page: 326

View: 5531

Social Incentives: A Life-Span Developmental Approach presents a developmental perspective about universal social goals, one that provides an examination of human motivation over the life span. The book aims to discover the kind of goals people display in their interactions with one another, how to understand them, how are they acquired, and how do they help in understanding human social behavior. Discussions on the theory of social incentives from the point of view of developmental psychology; social motivations during the different stages of life; and the socialization process based on a life-span developmental model of social motivation brings us closer to understanding the topic. Social and developmental psychologists, motivational experts, and clinicians will find the text invaluable.

A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

Enhancing academic practice

Author: Heather Fry,Steve Ketteridge,Stephanie Marshall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317650220

Category: Education

Page: 452

View: 4889

This entirely new edition of a very successful book focuses on developing professional academic skills for supporting and supervising student learning and effective teaching. It is built on the premise that the roles of those who teach in higher education are complex and multi-faceted. A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education is sensitive to the competing demands of teaching, research, scholarship, and academic management. The new edition reflects and responds to the rapidly changing context of higher education and to current understanding of how to best support student learning. Drawing together a large number of expert authors, it continues to feature extensive use of case studies that show how successful teachers have implemented these ideas. It includes key topics such as student engagement and motivation, internationalisation, employability, inclusive strategies for teaching, effective use of technology and issues relating to postgraduate students and student retention. Part 1 explores a number of aspects of the context of UK higher education that affect the education of students, looking at the drivers of institutional behaviours and how to achieve success as a university teacher. Part 2 examines learning, teaching and supervising in higher education and includes chapters on working with diversity, encouraging independent learning and learning gain. Part 3 considers approaches to teaching and learning in different disciplines, covering a full range including arts and humanities, social sciences, experimental sciences through to medicine and dentistry. Written to support the excellence in teaching and learning design required to bring about student learning of the highest quality, this will be essential reading for all new lecturers, particularly anyone taking an accredited course in teaching and learning in higher education, as well as those experienced lecturers who wish to improve their teaching practice. Those working in adult learning and educational development will also find the book to be a particularly useful resource. In addition it will appeal to staff who support learning and teaching in various other roles.

How to Do Your Research Project

A Guide for Students in Education and Applied Social Sciences

Author: Gary Thomas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446283054

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 1570

Direct, informative and accessible the new edition of Gary Thomas's bestselling title is essential reading for anyone doing a research project. Packed full of relevant advice and real world examples the book guides you through the complete research process. Using refreshingly jargon-free language and anecdotal evidence it is a witty, easy to follow introduction that will answer your questions, set out best practice and walk you through every stage of your project step-by-step. It covers: - How to choose your research question - Project management and study skills - Doing an effective literature review - Methodology, theory and research design - Design frames - Ethics and access - Tools for data collection - Effective data analysis - Discussing findings, concluding and writing up The expanded, insightfully redesigned second edition has a fully integrated companion website including student worksheets, annotated examples and links to SAGE Journals. Gary Thomas also has an exciting new video in which he explains what’s new to this Second Edition. This popular book is ideal for anyone undertaking a research project in the applied social sciences. Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.

Hiring for Attitude: A Revolutionary Approach to Recruiting and Selecting People with Both Tremendous Skills and Superb Attitude

Author: Mark Murphy

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071785868

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 3994

Build a high-performance workforce by abandoning skills-based hiring practices and focusing on employee attitude Hiring for Attitude offers a groundbreaking approach to recruiting, assessing, and selecting people with both tremendous skills but, more importantly, an attitude that aligns with the organization’s culture. Murphy cites his own company’s research and examines recent scientific studies about the practical effects a person’s attitude has on the outcome of his or her job performance. Clear and practical lessons are illuminated by numerous case studies of organizations like Microchip, Southwest Airlines, and The Ritz-Carlton.