Infrared Spectroscopy in Conservation Science

Author: Michele R. Derrick,Dusan Stulik,James M. Landry

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892364696

Category: Art

Page: 248

View: 2748

This book provides practical information on the use of infrared (IR) spectroscopy for the analysis of materials found in cultural objects. Designed for scientists and students in the fields of archaeology, art conservation, microscopy, forensics, chemistry, and optics, the book discusses techniques for examining the microscopic amounts of complex, aged components in objects such as paintings, sculptures, and archaeological fragments. Chapters include the history of infrared spectroscopy, the basic parameters of infrared absorption theory, IR instrumentation, analysis methods, sample collection and preparation, and spectra interpretation. The authors cite several case studies, such as examinations of Chumash Indian paints and the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Institute’s Tools for Conservation series provides practical scientific procedures and methodologies for the practice of conservation. The series is specifically directed to conservation scientists, conservators, and technical experts in related fields.

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

An Introduction to the Application of Materials Science to Archaeometry and Conservation Science

Author: Gilberto Artioli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199548269

Category: Art

Page: 536

View: 3996

Artioli provides an introduction to the methods and rationales of the scientific investigation of cultural heritage materials, with an emphasis placed on the analytical strategies, modes of operation and resulting information rather than on technicalities.

Artistry in Bronze

The Greeks and Their Legacy XIXth International Congress on Ancient Bronzes

Author: Jens M Daehner,Kenneth Lapatin,Ambra Spinelli

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 1606065424

Category: Art

Page: 492

View: 6639

The papers in this volume derive from the proceedings of the nineteenth International Bronze Congress, held at the Getty Center and Villa in October 2015 in connection with the exhibition Power and Pathos: Bronze Sculpture of the Hellenistic World. The study of large-scale ancient bronzes has long focused on aspects of technology and production. Analytical work of materials, processes, and techniques has significantly enriched our understanding of the medium. Most recently, the restoration history of bronzes has established itself as a distinct area of investigation. How does this scholarship bear on the understanding of bronzes within the wider history of ancient art? How do these technical data relate to our ideas of styles and development? How has the material itself affected ancient and modern perceptions of form, value, and status of works of art? www.getty.edu/publications/artistryinbronze

Die getäuschte Wissenschaft

Ein Genie betrügt Europa – Konstantinos Simonides

Author: Andreas E. Müller,Athanasia Katsiakiori-Rankl,Lilia Diamantopoulou,Christian Gastgeber

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847007149

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 332

View: 8652

Konstantinos Simonides (1820/1824–1867?) war ein griechischer Fälscher, der nicht nur jahrhundertealte Handschriften abschrieb und nachbildete. Er erfand auch antike Autoren und veröffentlichte deren vermeintliche Werke, in denen er die Griechen das Papier, die Fotografie und sogar das U-Boot erfinden ließ. Wie ein Orkan fuhr er durch die Welt der klassischen Altertumswissenschaften und stellte alles, was darin wohlgeordnet schien, gehörig auf den Kopf. Bis heute stellt sich die Frage: Will die Welt betrogen sein? Die hier versammelten Texte sind der detailreiche wie breit angelegte Versuch einer Gruppe internationaler Forscher, sich diesem und weiteren Aspekten einer faszinierenden Fälschertätigkeit zu stellen und dem Wirken und Leben des Simonides auf die Spur zu kommen. Konstantinos Simonides (1820/1824–1867?) was a Greek forger. Not only did he copy and replicate century-old manuscripts, he also invented authors from antiquity and published their supposed works, according to which he had the Greeks inventing paper, photography and even the submarine. He wreaked havoc throughout the world of classical antiquity – like a hurricane, upturning everything that was in good order along the way. To this day, the question remains: does the world want to be deceived? This collection of writings shows the detailed and broad-based attempt of a group of international researchers to confront this and many other aspects of the fascinating work of a forger, as well as to trace the work and life of Simonides himself.

Conservation of Cultural Heritage

Key Principles and Approaches

Author: Hanna M. Szczepanowska

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136172114

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 4149

Conservation of Cultural Heritage covers the methods and practices needed for future museum professionals who will be working in various capacities with museum collections and artifacts. It also assists current professionals in understanding the complex decision-making processes that face conservators on a daily basis. The uniqueness of this book lies in correlating the aspects of material science and the behaviour of artifacts in a museum environment. It will be of special benefit to museum professionals not trained in conservation. Covering a broad range of topics that are key to sound conservation in the museum, Conservation of Cultural Heritage is an important tool for students and professionals alike in ensuring that best practice is followed in the preservation of important collections.

Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781558996489

Category: Antiquities

Page: 593

View: 1259

This volume, the sixth in a continuing series, presents cutting edge multidisciplinary work on the characterization of ancient materials; the technologies of selection, production and usage by which materials are transformed into objects and artifacts; the science underlying their deterioration, preservation and conservation; and sociocultural interpretation derived from an empirical methodology of observation, measurement and experimentation. Preserving cultural heritage extends beyond artifact preservation to developing a critical understanding of how ancient people used technology and craft to solve problems of survival and organization and to make symbols or representations of what was important in their world, especially for its maintenance, longevity and beautification. Of particular interest in this volume are contributions which explore the interface and overlap among traditional materials science, the history of technology and the archaeological and conservation sciences, or that investigate new methods and applications of materials science in art and archaeology. Topics include: conservation and preservation science; preservation-design, characterization and assessment; characterization-new methods and improved techniques; archaeological science and archaeometry; site formation, site analysis, resource survey and organization of technology; weathering, dating, technology and authentication; archaeomaterials, technology and society; replicative experiments, synthesis of materials and model systems; historic technologies; and ancient technology and modern craft.

Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology VI

Symposium Held November 26-30, 2001, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Author: Pamela B. Vandiver,Martha Goodway,Jennifer L. Mass

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 593

View: 1949

This volume, the sixth in a continuing series, presents cutting edge multidisciplinary work on the characterization of ancient materials; the technologies of selection, production and usage by which materials are transformed into objects and artifacts; the science underlying their deterioration, preservation and conservation; and sociocultural interpretation derived from an empirical methodology of observation, measurement and experimentation. Preserving cultural heritage extends beyond artifact preservation to developing a critical understanding of how ancient people used technology and craft to solve problems of survival and organization and to make symbols or representations of what was important in their world, especially for its maintenance, longevity and beautification. Of particular interest in this volume are contributions which explore the interface and overlap among traditional materials science, the history of technology and the archaeological and conservation sciences, or that investigate new methods and applications of materials science in art and archaeology. Topics include: conservation and preservation science; preservation-design, characterization and assessment; characterization-new methods and improved techniques; archaeological science and archaeometry; site formation, site analysis, resource survey and organization of technology; weathering, dating, technology and authentication; archaeomaterials, technology and society; replicative experiments, synthesis of materials and model systems; historic technologies; and ancient technology and modern craft.

Sources and Serendipity

Testimonies of Artists' Practice

Author: Art Technological Source Research (Study group). Symposium

Publisher: Archetype Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 164

View: 2556

Proceedings of the third symposium of the Art Technological Source Research Working Group

Books in Print

Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 4428

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

From Cairn to Cemetery

An Archaeological Investigation of the Chambered Cairns and Early Bronze Age Mortuary Deposits at Cairnderry and Bargrennan White Cairn, South-west Scotland

Author: Vicki Cummings,Vicki Cummings (Ph. D.),Chris Fowler,Diane Aldritt

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781407300399

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 6487

This volume presents the methodology and results for the excavations at Cairnderry and Bargrennan, south-west Scotland. A comparative chapter compares the excavation results from both sites, and presents interpretations of these results, particularly in terms of the architecture and the early Bronze Age mortuary practices. Chapter 5 considers the architecture of Cairnderry and Bargrennan in terms of wider trends in the construction of chambered cairns throughout the British Isles and throughout the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. Chapter 6 places the early Bronze Age activity at Cairnderry and Bargrennan within a local context by examining mortuary practices across Dumfries and Galloway. It focuses on comparisons with other sites where cremated bones were deposited and cinerary urns used and/or sites where cairns were constructed or re-used in the early Bronze Age. Chapter 7 provides a summary of conclusions as to the finds and revisits the problem of dating Bargrennan chambered cairns, before suggesting avenues for future research in Galloway. The appendices draw together the specialists reports on finds from the excavations (including a substantial contextualisation of some of the early Bronze Age artefacts), context descriptions and radiocarbon dating results.

Scientific Examination of Art

Modern Techniques in Conservation and Analysis

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309096251

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 242

View: 5188

Examines the application of scientific methods to the study and conservation of art and cultural properties. This work addresses scientific topics of broad interest, cutting across the boundaries of traditional disciplines and attracting up to 250 leading researchers in the field.

AIC News

Newsletter of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Library materials

Page: N.A

View: 7210


Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080548814

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 5590

In Chapter 1 Dudley Creagh writes on "synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies". Loic Bertrand has written in Chapter 2 on synchrotron imaging for archaeology and art history, conservation, and palaeontology. Dr. Bertrand is Archaeology and cultural heritage officer at the new French synchrotron, Synchrotron Soleil (Orme les Mesuriers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). He is charged with the task of raising the awareness of cultural heritage scientists to the use of synchrotron radiation for their research. Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects. Dr. Cole is Deputy Chief of the Novel Materials and Processes Division of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Melbourne, Australia). He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5. This technique will significantly enhance the ability of conservators to study the palette of pigments used by artists, check for repairs by others, and detect fraudulent paintings. · Demonstrates the amazing efforts being made in using physical techniques for the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage · Provides succinct accounts of how cultural heritage is being preserved. · Looks at how science is being used to enrich our knowledge of the creative arts

(Sackler NAS Colloquium) Scientific Examination of Art

Modern Techniques in Conservation and Analysis

Author: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309549612

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 7474

In March 2003, the National Academy of Sciences Arthur M. Sackler Colloquia presented the Scientific Examination of Art: Modern Techniques in Conservation and Analysis at the National Academy of Sciences Building in Washington, DC. Featuring senior investigators of specific methods and materials, the papers in this book examine the application of scientific methods to the study and conservation of art and cultural properties. The Arthur M. Sackler Colloquia of the National Academy of Sciences address scientific topics of broad and current interest, cutting across the boundaries of traditional disciplines and attracting up to 250 leading researchers in the field. These colloquia are made possible by a generous gift from Mrs. Jill Sackler, in memory of her husband, Arthur M. Sackler. For more information about the Sackler Colloquia, visit www.nasonline.org/sackler

Conservation Science 2002

Papers from the Conference Held in Edinburgh, Scotland, 22-24 May 2002

Author: Joyce H. Townsend,Katherine Eremin,A. Adriaens (ed.)

Publisher: Archetype Publications

ISBN: 9781873132883

Category: Art

Page: 278

View: 7155

This refereed volume contains the proceedings of a conference 'Conservation Science' in Edinburgh in May 2002 -organised by the Institute of Conservation Science, COST Action G8 'Non-destructive Analysis and Testing of Museum Objects' and the National Museums of Scotland. The book is divided into three sections. The first, Preventive Conservation, includes contributions on the deterioration of historic textiles; the movement of painted wooden panels; dimensional changes in bark paintings; showcase environments; particles and dust in museums etc. This is followed by the section on Conservation Methods, which includes laser cleaning; chromatography; adhesives for textiles; mortars for mosaics and corrosion inhibitors for iron artefacts. In the final section, Non-Destructive Testing, the reader is taken into a world of acronyms - XRF, SEM, LA-ICPMS, PIXE, THM-GCMS, ATR, CPSEM-EDX - while some more easily written techniques including dendrochronology, colorimetry, eddy current testing, accelerated light testing, neutron radiography etc. are discussed.These techniques are applied to a range of materials - from Rembrandt to Roman coins; from aero engines to alkyd resins; from hats to hallmarks; manuscripts to mercury.

Mumienporträts

Chronologie und kultureller Kontext

Author: Barbara Borg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Egypt

Page: 262

View: 1777