Improved Grassland Management

Author: A S Laidlaw,John Frame

Publisher: Crowood

ISBN: 1847977278

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 4682

This new, fully updated and revised edition of Improved Grassland Management covers all aspects of grassland management and is of particular relevance to the UK and the Republic of Ireland, although the principles discussed apply to all temperate grassland zones. Almost twenty years ago, when the original edition of this book was written by John Frame, issues such as efficiency in the use of nutrients in manures, grassland biodiversity and greenhouse gas emissions from ruminant production were either nascent, or of no relevance to mainstream grassland farming. The intervening two decades have seen the introduction of water and, latterly, air quality directives by the EU, cross compliance, the single farm payment, and an ever-increasing need for grassland farmers to be conscious of the economics of their business. The present edition, which has been thoroughly revised by Scott Laidlaw, covers the full scope of modern grassland management. Accordingly the application of technical developments in supplying and utilizing grass and forage, which remain central to grassland management, is presented in the context of these changes.Topics covered include: breeding and evaluation of new varieties of grass to meet current needs; new technology in establishing swards; legislative constraints, background science and practice in determining forage quality and the utilization of forage either for grazing or silage; feed budgeting, grassland biodiversity, grassland and climate change, and transferring knowledge and technology; wide-ranging list of sources and references, which provides the reader with further detailed information. Essential reading for all those involved in modern grassland management including grassland farmers, agricultural consultants and advisory officers, as well as agricultural, land use and biology students. Written in a reader-friendly advisory style, it can be read and understood without an in-depth technical or scientific background. Fully illustrated with 61 colour photographs.

Strengthening Carbon Financing for Grassland Management in the People's Republic of China

Incentive Mechanisms and Implications

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292543865

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 54

View: 4760

The People's Republic of China (PRC) is being impacted by climate change. The resulting degradation and desertification of grasslands are projected to lead to decreased productivity and severely affect livestock and ecosystems. Financial incentives are required to improve environmental management of grasslands and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the grassland sector of the PRC. This publication summarizes the legal and policy framework for incentive programs, assesses the impact of three main incentive programs on soil carbon stocks, and analyzes the implications of these existing incentive mechanisms for the development of grassland carbon finance projects for domestic carbon markets.

20th International Grassland Congress

Author: F. P. O'Mara

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9076998817

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 975

View: 2027

Theme A: Efficient production from grassland; Section 1: grass and forage plant improvement; Section 2: animal production; Section 3: improving quality of products from grassland; Ssction 4: grass and forage physiology; Section 5: forage quality for animal nutrition; Section 6: impacts of endophytic fungi and other biotic interactions on grassland production; section 7: advances in sown tropical legumes; Section 8; grassland management; Section 9: integrated production systems; Section 10: industrial products from grassland; section 11; grass and forage agronomy; section 12: overcoming seasonality of production; Section 13: animal-plant relations; Theme B: grassland and the environment; section 14: climate change; Section 15: greenhouse gases; section 16: carbon sequestration; Section 17: biodiversity in grassland; Section 18: grassland and water resources; Section 19: soil quality and nutrients; section 20: multifunctional grassland; Theme C: delivering the benefits from grassland; Section 21: adoption of new technology; Section 22: the contribution of participatory and on-farm research; section 23: improved livelihoods from grassland; section 24: tools for grassland management; Section 25: decision support for grassland systems; Section 26: participatory research and decision support systems; Section 27: the role of the international grassland congress and grassland societies in techonology interaction and influencing policy.

Making Grasslands Sustainable in Mongolia

International Experiences with Payments for Environmental Services in Grazing Lands and Other Rangelands

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292544160

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 64

View: 8315

Payments for environmental services (PES) are a potential mechanism to provide incentives for sustainable management of grasslands and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. PES is not widely practiced in Mongolia, but has been included in the Green Development Strategy of the government. This paper reviews 50 PES schemes operating in grasslands and other grazing lands globally, including Mongolia. It discusses key issues related to the design of PES schemes in Mongolian grasslands, including potential benefits, risks, constraints, and trade-offs.

Lockhart and Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland

Author: Steve Finch,Alison Samuel,Gerry P. Lane

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782423923

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 4832

Increased yields, markets, and profitability have led to changes in crop husbandry. Since its first publication in 1966, revised editions of Lockhart & Wiseman's Crop Husbandry Including Grassland have upheld and increased the book's good reputation. This ninth edition maintains its status as the standard textbook for many agricultural courses. Part one covers the principles of crop production with chapters concerning plants, climate, soil management, fertilizers, manures, weeds, and diseases threatening farm crops. Part two surveys crop husbandry techniques. Environmental impact has been addressed in greater detail in this edition. This section looks at issues such as sustainable crop management, precision farming, and organic crop husbandry. The way these general techniques apply to individual crops is explained in part three. This part considers a range of cereals, combinable break crops, root crops, industrial crops, and fresh produce crops. Part four looks at the use of grassland and forage crops, with chapters considering arable forage crops, the characteristics of grassland, and the corresponding methods for establishing and improving grassland. This part also includes information regarding equine grassland management and conservation of grass and forage crops. This ninth edition of Lockhart and Wiseman's Crop Husbandry Including Grassland is relevant for students throughout the United Kingdom and Europe. It is a useful reference book for agriculture National Diploma courses, Foundation Degrees, and BSc degrees, and is important for Masters level students entering agriculture from another discipline. The previous edition has been widely expanded and remains the standard text for general agriculture, land management, and agri-business courses Includes new chapters on cropping techniques, integrated crop management and quality assurance, seed production and selection, and the influence of climate Discusses basic conditions for crop growth, how techniques are applied to particular crops, the influence of weather, and the use of grassland

The Evolving Science of Grassland Improvement

Author: L. R. Humphreys

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521038737

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 8505

Grasslands around the world are a resource of great economic importance, as the origin of most of the world's milk and wool and much of the meat. The growing world population and global warming have put increased pressure on the world's grasslands. Ross Humphreys has played a leading role in the development of grassland science and in this authoritative review discusses how it has evolved over the past sixty years. Using the proceedings of the International Grassland Congress since 1937, Professor Humphreys identifies the shifting emphasis of the science, assesses the current state of play and looks at perspectives for the future. This review will be of great value to all grassland scientists and ecologists.


A Global Resource

Author: D. A. McGilloway

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 907699871X

Category: Science

Page: 429

View: 5047

The concept of grasslands as a global resource is not new. Indeed many recognised authorities have been canvassing for a global approach to understanding, managing and exploiting this resource for many years. This is the first book that gathers together leading experts from around the world to outline our current understanding of this complex ecosystem, the ways in which it can be enhanced and utilised and where the research challenges are for the future. The following themes unite the book:Efficient production from grassland; Grassland and the environment; Delivering the benefits from grassland. The reader is given an in depth understanding of the biology of the system and how grasslands are crucial for soil stabilisation and water quality. Secondly, much attention is given to how grasslands offer the possibility of increasing food supply and income generation, which is a hugely important but often ignored facet in today's climate of extensification and biodiversity. Current advances in the grassland sciences have a proven potential to promote the economic development and environmental stability of regions, nations and peoples, particularly in some of the most resource-limited areas of the world. Approaches for achieving the most effective development and adoption of new technology are reviewed.



Author: Dawei Zheng

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1605951331

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 927

View: 1817

We cordially invite you to attend 2013 International Conference on Frontiers of Environment, Energy and Bioscience (ICFEEB 2013), which will be held in Beijing, China during October 24–25, 2013. The main objective of ICFEEB 2013 is to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Environment, Energy and Bioscience. This conference provides opportunities for the delegates to exchange new ideas and experiences face to face, to establish business or research relations and to find global partners for future collaboration. ICFEEB 2013 received over 400 submissions which were all reviewed by at least two reviewers. As a result of our highly selective review process four hundred papers have been retained for inclusion in the ICFEEB 2013 proceedings, less than 40% of the submitted papers. The program of ICFEEB 2013 consists of invited sessions, and technical workshops and discussions covering a wide range of topics. This rich program provides all attendees with the opportunities to meet and interact with one another. We hope your experience is a fruitful and long lasting one. With your support and participation, the conference will continue its success for a long time. The conference is supported by many universities and research institutes. Many professors play an important role in the successful holding of the conference, so we would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere gratitude and highest respects to them. They have worked very hard in reviewing papers and making valuable suggestions for the authors to improve their work. We also would like to express our gratitude to the external reviewers, for providing extra help in the review process, and to the authors for contributing their research result to the conference. Special thanks go to our publisher DEStech Publications. At the same time, we also express our sincere thanks for the understanding and support of every author. Owing to time constraints, imperfection is inevitable, and any constructive criticism is welcome. We hope you will have a technically rewarding experience, and use this occasion to meet old friends and make many new ones. Do not miss the opportunity to explore in Beijing, China. And do not forget to take a sample of the many and diverse attractions in the rest of the China. We wish all attendees an enjoyable scientific gathering in Beijing, China. We look forward to seeing all of you next year at the conference. The Conference Organizing Committees October 24–25, 2013 Beijing, China

Improving Grassland and Pasture Management in Temperate Agriculture

Author: Athole Marshall,Rosemary Collins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786762030


Page: N.A

View: 6342

"Grasslands have long been used to raise livestock. Recently there has been a shift to more intensive livestock system with more pressure on grasslands. At the same time, there is a greater understanding of the role of grasslands in delivering a range of ecosystems services. This volume reviews the range of research focussing on more sustainable use of grasslands to optimise livestock nutrition whilst protecting biodiversity and delivering a range of broader environmental benefits. Part 1 assesses grassland functions and dynamics, including plant-soil and plant-animal interactions, nutrient cycling and carbon capture. Part 2 surveys grassland species such as ryegrass and legumes. Part 3 reviews key aspects of grassland management, including sowing, soil health, irrigation and weed control as well as monitoring. The final part of the book considers wider aspects of sustainability such as protecting biodiversity as well as silage processing. With its distinguished editors and international team of subject experts, this will be a standard reference for grassland and rangeland scientists, livestock producers, government and non-governmental organisations responsible for grassland management and conservation."--Provided by publisher.

The Future of Arid Grasslands

Identifying Issues, Seeking Solutions

Author: Barbara Tellman

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788178121


Page: 392

View: 8719

Proceedings of a conf. on the major problems facing grasslands in arid & semi-arid regions of the U.S. & Mexico & to seek solutions to those problems. Grasslands in many parts of the Southwest & northern Mexico are facing serious threats -- from urbanization & subdivision development to spread of invasive plant species to conflicts over grazing policy. Target groups for participation included private landowners, non-profit groups, government agencies, environmental advocates, economists, scientists, etc. Emphasized practical, hands-on mgmt. methods, including time in grasslands managed under a variety of techniques.

The Art and Science of Grazing

How Grass Farmers Can Create Sustainable Systems for Healthy Animals and Farm Ecosystems

Author: Sarah Flack

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1603586113

Category: Grazing

Page: 240

View: 823

Grazing management might seem simple: just put livestock in a pasture and let them eat their fill. However, as Sarah Flack explains in The Art and Science of Grazing, the pasture/livestock relationship is incredibly complex. If a farmer doesn’t pay close attention to how the animals are grazing, the resulting poorly managed grazing system can be harmful to the health of the livestock, pasture plants, and soils. Well-managed pastures can instead create healthier animals, a diverse and resilient pasture ecosystem, and other benefits. Flack delves deeply below the surface of “let the cows eat grass,” demonstrating that grazing management is a sophisticated science that requires mastery of plant and animal physiology, animal behavior, and ecology. She also shows readers that applying grazing management science on a working farm is an art form that calls on grass farmers to be careful observers, excellent planners and record-keepers, skillful interpreters of their observations, and creative troubleshooters. The Art and Science of Grazing will allow farmers to gain a solid understanding of the key principles of grazing management so they can both design and manage successful grazing systems. The book’s unique approach presents information first from the perspective of pasture plants, and then from the livestock perspective—helping farmers understand both plant and animal needs before setting up a grazing system. This book is an essential guide for ruminant farmers who want to be able to create grazing systems that meet the needs of their livestock, pasture plants, soils, and the larger ecosystem. The book discusses all the practical details that are critical for sustained success: how to set up a new system or improve existing systems; acreage calculations; paddock layout; fence and drinking water access; lanes and other grazing infrastructure; managing livestock movement and flow; soil fertility; seeding and reseeding pastures; and more. The author includes descriptions of real grazing systems working well on dairy, beef, goat, and sheep farms in different regions of North America. The book covers pasture requirements specific to organic farming, but will be of use to both organic and non-organic farms.

Optimisation of Nutrient Cycling and Soil Quality for Sustainable Grasslands

Proceedings of a Satellite Workshop of the XXth International Grassland Congress, July 2005, Oxford, England

Author: S. C. Jarvis,P. J. Murray,J. A. Roker

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9076998728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 116

View: 1453

This book brings together two aspects of grassland soil management which, by and large, have hitherto been considered separately. Issues related to nutrient cycling and soil quality have dominated research directed towards aiding broad and local scale policy issues for improving land use. Protecting the environment and maintaining/preserving natural habitats and biodiversity, tend to be considered separately. In this book we attempt to bring what are, in reality, inseparable aspects of grassland soil characteristics together and consider physical, chemical and biological components of soils, their interrelations and the way that they influence nutrient transformations and flows and soil quality. Keynote discussions will be lead by the following experts: Physical constraints and drivers: Professor Iain Young, Abertay University, Scotland Biological aspects: Professor Tim Seastedt, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA Chemical aspects: Dr Mike Beare from Crop and Food, Research, Lincoln New Zealand Over-arching synopsis of these issues: Professor Richard Bardgett, Lancaster University, UK. Bringing together international expertise and experience does much to progress understanding and points ways forward to maintain what is a base resource, our soils, whether it be for production targets, environmental benefit or for maintenance of natural ecosystems for future generations. This volume is useful to all those interested in soils and their function, and all grassland managers, whether their aims are directed at producing food, forage or fibre of sustainable quantity and quality or at maintaining, restoring or encouraging above and below ground biodiversity. The international perspective on this is very important so that experiences in wide ranging circumstances can be cross-referenced and used to the advantage of all.

Grazing Management

Author: John F. Vallentine

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080532592

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 659

View: 5471

Grazing animals need to be managed in order to accommodate desired results in terms of animal, plant, land and economic responses. Grazing Management, 2nd Edition integrates principles and management techniques that apply to all grazing lands and to all grazing animals. This comprehensive volume provides authoritative review on a wide range of relevant topics: animal nutrition and nutritional balance when fed on different sorts of grazing lands; seasonal variation and limits placed on ecosystems by grazing; the effects of grazing on grazing lands; the various sorts of grazing behaviors; selecting plants and managing grazing lands, as well as many other important topics bearing upon the methods, practises and procedures for properly managing grazing lands and animals. * Animal nutrition and nutritional balance when fed on different sorts of grazing lands * Seasonal variation and limits placed on ecosystems by grazing * The effects of grazing on grazing lands * The various sorts of grazing behaviours * Selecting plants and managing grazing lands

Grazing management

the principles and practice of grazing, for profit and environmental gain, within temperate grassland systems : proceedings of the British Grassland Society Conference held at the Cairn Hotel, Harrogate, 29 February-2 March, 2000

Author: British Grassland Society. Conference,A. J. Rook,P. D. Penning

Publisher: N.A


Category: Environmentally sensitive areas

Page: 270

View: 8210

Forgotten Grasslands of the South

Natural History and Conservation

Author: Reed F. Noss

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 161091225X

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 3151

Forgotten Grasslands of the South is a literary and scientific case study of some of the biologically richest and most endangered ecosystems in North America. Eminent ecologist Reed Noss tells the story of how southern grasslands arose and persisted over time and addresses questions that are fundamental for conserving these vital yet poorly understood ecosystems. The author examines: the natural history of southern grasslands their origin and history (geologic, vegetation, and human) biological hotspots and endangered ecosystems physical determinants of grassland distribution, including ecology, soils, landform, and hydrology fire, herbivores, and ecological interactions. The final chapter presents a general conservation strategy for southern grasslands, including prioritization, protection, restoration, and management. Also included are examples of ongoing restoration projects, along with a prognosis for the future. In addition to offering fascinating new information about these little-studied ecosystems, Noss demonstrates how natural history is central to the practice of conservation. Natural history has been on a declining trajectory for decades, as theory and experimentation have dominated the field of ecology. Ecologists are coming to realize that these divergent approaches are in fact complementary, and that pursuing them together can bring greater knowledge and understanding of how the natural world works and how we can best conserve it. Forgotten Grasslands of the South explores the overarching importance of ecological processes in maintaining healthy ecosystems, and is the first book of its kind to apply natural history, in a modern, comprehensive sense, to the conservation of biodiversity across a broad region. It sets a new standard for scientific literature and is essential reading not only for those who study and work to conserve the grasslands of the South but also for everyone who is fascinated by the natural world.