Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology

Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107480736

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6461

This guide to scoring crown and root traits in human dentitions substantially builds on a seminal 1991 work by Turner, Nichol, and Scott. It provides detailed descriptions and multiple illustrations of each crown and root trait to help guide researchers to make consistent observations on trait expression, greatly reducing observer error. The book also reflects exciting new developments driven by technology that have significant ramifications for dental anthropology, particularly the recent development of a web-based application that computes the probability that an individual belongs to a particular genogeographic grouping based on combinations of crown and root traits; as such, the utility of these variables is expanded to forensic anthropology. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in the fields of dental, physical, and forensic anthropology and will serve as a methodological guide for many years to come.

Comparative Dental Morphology

Selected Papers of the 14th International Symposium on Dental Morphology, August 27-30, 2008, Greifswald, Germany

Author: Thomas Koppe,Georg Meyer,Kurt W. Alt

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805592299

Category: Medical

Page: 202

View: 9192

Teeth and their surrounding structures are exceptional sources for addressing significant questions in numerous disciplines. In this publication, an international, multidisciplinary team of researchers addresses important issues on current aspects of dental morphology research from evolutionary, anatomical, clinical and archaeological perspectives. In combining leading-edge methods of data acquisition and analyses, such as molecular analyses and highly advanced non-destructive imaging technologies, the book demonstrates how information about various aspects of dental morphology can be used to explore the evolution of vertebrate life histories, a subject most relevant to our own species. The chapters provide profound discussions on dental evolution, dental morphology, dental tissues, dental growth and development, as well as on clinical aspects of dental morphology. As a special feature, the publication provides new information about the role of teeth as tools in reconstructing the nature and behaviour of past populations. This book will serve as an important reference for researchers of dental sciences, anatomy, evolutionary biology, paleoanthropology, paleontology, archaeology, prehistoric anthropology, comparative anatomy, genetics, embryology, and forensic medicine.

Adams Eltern

Expeditionen in die Welt der Frühmenschen

Author: Friedemann Schrenk,Timothy G. Bromage

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406486159

Category: Africa

Page: 254

View: 525


Existenzweisen

Eine Anthropologie der Modernen

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737376

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 6836

Vor zwanzig Jahren hatte der französische Soziologe und Philosoph Bruno Latour konstatiert: »Wir sind nie modern gewesen«, und sich an einer »symmetrischen Anthropologie« jenseits der Trennung von Natur und Kultur versucht. Nun legt er sein zweites Hauptwerk vor, das dieses faszinierende Projekt mit einer »Anthropologie der Modernen« fortschreibt und den verschiedenen Existenzweisen von Wissenschaft, Technologie, Recht, Religion, Wirtschaft und Politik in der modernen Welt nachspürt. Ein großes Panorama der Modi moderner Existenz. Latour setzt für dieses Projekt bei der globalen Verflechtung aller Lebensbereiche an, die heute nicht zuletzt am Problem des Klimawandels sichtbar wird. Zugleich zeigt sich aber an diesem Problem auch, dass es verschiedene Handlungssphären gibt, die jeweils eigene Existenzweisen besitzen: Politiker, die sich mit dem Klimaproblem befassen, sind eben keine Wissenschaftler, die Klimaforschung betreiben, und Unternehmer orientieren sich zunächst an den Maßgaben der Wirtschaftlichkeit; wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse werden daher nicht einfach in politische und ökonomische Handlungen übersetzt. Dennoch sind für Latour diese verschiedenen Existenzmodi nicht unabhängig voneinander, sondern durchdringen einander und kreieren gemeinsam Probleme, die es in der Folge auch gemeinsam zu lösen gilt. Es bedarf daher einer neuen Form der »Diplomatie«, die zwischen den einzelnen Existenzweisen vermittelt. Nicht weniger als die Zukunft unseres Planeten steht auf dem Spiel und nicht weniger als eine solche diplomatische Vermittlung versucht dieses grundlegende und wegweisende Buch zu leisten. Auf dass wir endlich modern werden!

An Introduction to Human Evolutionary Anatomy

Author: Leslie Aiello,Christopher Dean (Ph. D.)

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0120455900

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 6015

An anthropologist and an anatomist have combined their skills in this book to provide students and research workers with the essentials of anatomy and the means to apply these to investigations into hominid form and function. Using basic principles and relevant bones, conclusions can be reached regarding the probable musculature, stance, brain size, age, weight, and sex of a particular fossil specimen. The sort of deductions which are possible are illustrated by reference back to contemporary apes and humans, and a coherent picture of the history of hominid evolution appears. Written in a clear and concise style and beautifully illustrated, An Introduction to Human Evolutionary Anatomy is a basic reference for all concerned with human evolution as well as a valuable companion to both laboratory practical sessions and new research using fossil skeletons.

A Companion to Dental Anthropology

Author: Joel D. Irish,G. Richard Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118845439

Category: Nature

Page: 560

View: 4268

Companion to Dental Anthropology presents a collection of original readings addressing all aspects and sub-disciplines of the field of dental anthropology—from its origins and evolution through to the latest scientific research. Represents the most comprehensive coverage of all sub-disciplines of dental anthropology available today Features individual chapters written by experts in their specific area of dental research Includes authors who also present results from their research through case studies or voiced opinions about their work Offers extensive coverage of topics relating to dental evolution, morphometric variation, and pathology

Master Dentistry Volume 3 Oral Biology E-Book

Oral Anatomy, Histology, Physiology and Biochemistry

Author: Barry K. B. Berkovitz,Bernard J. Moxham,Roger W. A. Linden,Alastair J. Sloan

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070204458X

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 2432

A new volume in the successful revision guide series – Master Dentistry - which offers a concise text covering the essentials of oral biology with accompanying self-assessment questions and model answers. Quick reference revision aid for dental students – ideal for exam preparation! Covers the ‘essentials’ of the subject to a level that is expected with the GDC’s curriculum outlined in the First Five Years document. Each chapter provides a brief overview of the topic and lists the essential learning objectives for that area of study. Presents key anatomical, biochemical and physiological material in a useful, integrated, clinically relevant format. Includes extensive self-testing material – true false questions, extended matching questions, picture questions, and essay questions – enabling readers to assess their knowledge and perfect exam techniques. Contains unique, ‘mind-map’ summary sheets to provide crucial information in a pictorial format to further promote learning.