Human Rights

The Hard Questions

Author: Cindy Holder,David Reidy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107067146

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 8199

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. A burgeoning human rights movement followed, yielding many treaties and new international institutions and shaping the constitutions and laws of many states. Yet human rights continue to be contested politically and legally and there is substantial philosophical and theoretical debate over their foundations and implications. In this volume, distinguished philosophers, political scientists, international lawyers, environmentalists and anthropologists discuss some of the most difficult questions of human rights theory and practice: what do human rights require of the global economy? Does it make sense to secure them by force? What do they require in jus post bello contexts of transitional justice? Is global climate change a human rights issue? Is there a human right to democracy? Does the human rights movement constitute moral progress? For students of political philosophy, human rights, peace studies and international relations.

Human Rights

The Hard Questions

Author: Cindy Holder,David Reidy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107003067

Category: Law

Page: 472

View: 8959

This volume addresses the philosophical and theoretical ramifications of human rights, and challenges made to them.

Human Rights

The Hard Questions

Author: Cindy Holder,David Reidy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521176262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 486

View: 5025

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. A burgeoning human rights movement followed, yielding many treaties and new international institutions and shaping the constitutions and laws of many states. Yet human rights continue to be contested politically and legally and there is substantial philosophical and theoretical debate over their foundations and implications. In this volume distinguished philosophers, political scientists, international lawyers, environmentalists and anthropologists discuss some of the most difficult questions of human rights theory and practice: What do human rights require of the global economy? Does it make sense to secure them by force? What do they require in jus post bello contexts of transitional justice? Is global climate change a human rights issue? Is there a human right to democracy? Does the human rights movement constitute moral progress? For students of political philosophy, human rights, peace studies, and international relations.

Human Rights

Politics and Practice

Author: Michael Goodhart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198708769

Category: Human rights

Page: 499

View: 9682

Human Rights: Politics and Practice is the most complete, most topical, and most student-friendly introduction to human rights. Bringing together a range of international experts including political scientists, philosophers, lawyers, and policy-makers, the book provides students with a broad range of perspectives on the theoretical and practical issues in this constantly evolving field.In addition to in-depth theoretical content, the book also features unrivalled coverage of human rights issues in practice,with a wide range of case studies to explore concrete examples from around the world.The third edition has been brought fully up-to-date with the most recent events and latest research developments in the area. Two new chapters have been added: one on religion and human rights, and one on sexual orientation and gender issues and human rights, introducing students to these important topics and expanding the theoretical and practical discussion of issues of universalism and relativism.The new edition also features a range of carefully developed pedagogical features to aid student learning, encourage critical analysis, and challenge students toquestion their own assumptions. New to this editionA new chapter on religion and human rights highlights the significance of this contested topicA new chapter on sexual orientation and gender identity reflects the growing prominence of the topic in the most up-to-date research in this area'Challenging assumptions' boxes ask students to become aware of and question their own attitudes and assumptions about the topics being explored'Critical thinking' features invite students to reflect on critical questions throughout each chapter'Alternative points of view' boxes highlight differing perspectives on key issues, and direct students to readings that take positions on controversial terms and concepts to encourage them to weigh up the evidence for themselves'Deconstructing' features unpack controversial terms and concepts for students

On Human Rights

Author: Stephen Shute,Susan Hurley

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780465052240

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 7616

Are there any human rights that apply to all women and all men in all cultures at all times? Can we ground human rights in an abstract rationality possessed by every human being? Or, as some philosophers have claimed, are attempts to ground human rights doomed to failure? Do human rights in any case need such grounding? On Human Rights, the second book in the Oxford Amnesty Lecture Series, presents the opinions of seven distinguished contributors who approach the problem of universal human rights from a variety of perspectives using a wealth of contemporary and historical material. The essays make a significant contribution to the theory and practice of human rights . They grapple with the hard questions that confront anyone concerned with responding appropriately to the numerous violations of human rights that surround us.

Constructing Human Rights in the Age of Globalization

Author: Mahmood Monshipouri,Neil Englehart,Andrew J. Nathan,Kavita Philip

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317473892

Category: Education

Page: 388

View: 1041

Both human rights and globalization are powerful ideas and processes, capable of transforming the world in profound ways. Notwithstanding their universal claims, however, the processes are constructed, and they draw their power from the specific cultural and political contexts in which they are constructed. Far from bringing about a harmonious cosmopolitan order, they have stimulated conflict and opposition. In the context of globalization, as the idea of human rights has become universal, its meaning has become one more terrain of struggle among groups with their own interests and goals. Part I of this volume looks at political and cultural struggles to control the human rights regime -- that is, the power to construct the universal claims that will prevail in a territory -- with respect to property, the state, the environment, and women. Part II examines the dynamics and counterdynamics of transnational networks in their interactions with local actors in Iran, China, and Hong Kong. Part III looks at the prospects for fruitful human rights dialogiue between competing universalisms that by definition are intolerant of conradiction and averse to compromise.

Pathologies of Power

Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor

Author: Paul Farmer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520243269

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 1680

"Pathologies of Power" uses harrowing stories of life and death to argue thatthe promotion of social and economic rights of the poor is the most importanthuman rights struggle of our times.

Human Rights

Author: Kerri Woods

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137314664

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 7952

What are human rights? Why do we have them? How should we respond when we do not all agree on them? These are just a few of the questions taken up in Human Rights which gives a comprehensive account of human rights, from their nature and range to their role in contemporary debates in areas such as religion, multiculturalism and the environment.

Dignity in Adversity

Human Rights in Troubled Times

Author: Seyla Benhabib

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745659713

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 9014

The language of human rights has become the public vocabulary of our contemporary world. Ironically, as the political influence of human rights has grown, their philosophical justification has become ever more controversial. Building on a theory of discourse ethics and communicative rationality, this book addresses the politics and philosophy of human rights against the background of the broader social transformations that are shaping the modern world. Rejecting the reduction of international human rights to the Trojan horse of a neo-liberal empire's bid for world power, as well as the conservative objections to legal cosmopolitanism as encroachments upon democratic sovereignty, Benhabib develops two key concepts to move beyond these false antitheses. International human rights norms need contextualization in specific polities through processes of what she calls 'democratic iterations.' Furthermore, such norms have a 'jurisgenerative power,' in that they enable new actors to enter fields of social and political contestation; they promote new vocabularies for public claim-making and anticipate a justice to come. Ranging over themes such as sovereignty, citizenship, genocide, European anti-semitism, the crisis of the nation-state, and the 'scarf affair' in contemporary Europe and Turkey, this major new book by one of our leading political theorists reflects upon the political transformations of our times and makes a compelling case for a cosmopolitanism without illusions.

On the Philosophy of Law

Author: David A. Reidy

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780495004219

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 482

What is a law? What gives laws their authority? What is the purpose of punishment? Do certain laws apply internationally, that is, across national borders? In ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW, David Reidy guides students through these and other central questions in the philosophy of law. Written in an engaging style, this text provides a first-hand encounter with the philosophical issues concerning law, thereby preparing students for serious inquiry. THE WADSWORTH PHILOSOPHICAL TOPICS SERIES presents readers with concise, timely, and insightful introductions to a variety of traditional and contemporary philosophical subjects. With this series, students of philosophy will be able to discover the richness of philosophical inquiry across a wide array of concepts, including hallmark philosophical themes and themes typically underrepresented in mainstream philosophy publishing. Written by a distinguished list of scholars who have garnered particular recognition for their excellence in teaching, this series presents the vast sweep of today's philosophical exploration in highly accessible and affordable volumes. These books will prove valuable to philosophy teachers and their students as well as to other readers who share a general interest in philosophy.

Not Enough

Human Rights in an Unequal World

Author: Samuel Moyn

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674737563

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 8819

Jacobin legacy: the origins of social justice -- National welfare and the universal declaration -- FDR's second bill -- Globalizing welfare after empire -- Basic needs and human rights -- Global ethics from equality to subsistence -- Human rights in the neoliberal maelstrom

The Endtimes of Human Rights

Author: Stephen Hopgood

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801469295

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3917

"We are living through the endtimes of the civilizing mission. The ineffectual International Criminal Court and its disastrous first prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, along with the failure in Syria of the Responsibility to Protect are the latest pieces of evidence not of transient misfortunes but of fatal structural defects in international humanism. Whether it is the increase in deadly attacks on aid workers, the torture and 'disappearing' of al-Qaeda suspects by American officials, the flouting of international law by states such as Sri Lanka and Sudan, or the shambles of the Khmer Rouge tribunal in Phnom Penh, the prospect of one world under secular human rights law is receding. What seemed like a dawn is in fact a sunset. The foundations of universal liberal norms and global governance are crumbling."—from The Endtimes of Human Rights In a book that is at once passionate and provocative, Stephen Hopgood argues, against the conventional wisdom, that the idea of universal human rights has become not only ill adapted to current realities but also overambitious and unresponsive. A shift in the global balance of power away from the United States further undermines the foundations on which the global human rights regime is based. American decline exposes the contradictions, hypocrisies and weaknesses behind the attempt to enforce this regime around the world and opens the way for resurgent religious and sovereign actors to challenge human rights. Historically, Hopgood writes, universal humanist norms inspired a sense of secular religiosity among the new middle classes of a rapidly modernizing Europe. Human rights were the product of a particular worldview (Western European and Christian) and specific historical moments (humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, the aftermath of the Holocaust). They were an antidote to a troubling contradiction—the coexistence of a belief in progress with horrifying violence and growing inequality. The obsolescence of that founding purpose in the modern globalized world has, Hopgood asserts, transformed the institutions created to perform it, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross and recently the International Criminal Court, into self-perpetuating structures of intermittent power and authority that mask their lack of democratic legitimacy and systematic ineffectiveness. At their best, they provide relief in extraordinary situations of great distress; otherwise they are serving up a mixture of false hope and unaccountability sustained by “human rights” as a global brand. The Endtimes of Human Rights is sure to be controversial. Hopgood makes a plea for a new understanding of where hope lies for human rights, a plea that mourns the promise but rejects the reality of universalism in favor of a less predictable encounter with the diverse realities of today’s multipolar world.

Theorizing Transitional Justice

Author: Claudio Corradetti,Nir Eisikovits

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317010868

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 8291

This book addresses the theoretical underpinnings of the field of transitional justice, something that has hitherto been lacking both in study and practice. With the common goal of clarifying some of the theoretical profiles of transitional justice strategies, the study is organized along crucial intersections evaluating aspects connected to the genealogy, the nature, the scope and the most appropriate methodology for the study of transitional justice. The chapters also take up normative and political considerations pertaining to specific transitional instruments such as war crime tribunals, truth commissions, administrative purges, reparations, and historical commissions. Bringing together some of the most original writings from established experts as well as from promising young scholars in the field, the collection will be an essential resource for researchers, academics and policy-makers in Law, Philosophy, Politics, and Sociology.

The Atlas of Human Rights

Mapping Violations of Freedom Around the Globe

Author: Andrew Fagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780520261235

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 8595

This timely atlas reveals human rights inequities from nation to nation and the consequences of these violations worldwide.

Human Rights and the Uses of History

Author: Samuel Moyn

Publisher: Verso Trade

ISBN: 1781682631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 5846

A series of reflective and critical essays explores the perspectives of leading theorists of human rights, building on the postwar human rights discourse in his acclaimed The Last Utopia to challenge intellectual views about humanitarian intervention.

Necessary Evil

How to Fix Finance by Saving Human Rights

Author: David Kinley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190691123

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 8653

Finance governs almost every aspect of modern life. Every day, we use the financial system to mortgage our homes, to insure our health, to invest in our futures through education and pension funds, to feed and clothe ourselves, to be paid for our labor, and to help others in need. As the fuel of capitalism, finance has been a major force for human progress for centuries. Yet it has periodically generated disasters too, from the Great Depression to the recent sub-prime mortgage crisis. In writing Necessary Evil, eminent human rights law scholar David Kinley spent ten years immersed in researching finance's many facets--from how it is raised and what it is spent on, to when it is gambled and who wins and who loses--to produce this unique account of how finance works from a human rights perspective. He argues that while finance has historically facilitated many beneficial trends in human well-being, a sea change has occurred in the past quarter century. Since the end of the Cold War, the finance sector's power has grown by leaps and bounds, to the point where it is now out of control. Oversight of the sector has been weakened by deregulation, as powerful lobbyists have persuaded our leaders that what is good for finance is good for the economy as a whole. Kinley shows how finance has become society's master rather than its servant, and how, as a consequence, human rights concerns are so often ignored, sidelined, or crushed. Using episodes of financial malfeasance from around the globe--from the world's banking capitals to the mines of central Africa and the factories of East Asia--Kinley illustrates how the tools of international finance time and time again fail to advance the human condition. Kinley also suggests financial policies that can help protect and promote human rights and thereby regain the public trust and credibility it has so spectacularly lost over the past decade. An authoritative account of the extraordinary social consequences of the financial system at the heart of the world's economy, Necessary Evil will be an essential tool for anyone committed to making global capitalism a fairer and more effective vehicle for improving the lives of many, and not just providing for the comfort of a few.

Islam Unveiled

Disturbing Questions about the World s Fastest-Growing Faith

Author: Robert Spencer

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594032955

Category: Religion

Page: 202

View: 3017

In "Islam Unveiled," Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches--and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West. Going beyond the shallow distinction between a "true" peaceful Islam and the "hijacked" Islam of terrorist groups, Spencer probes the Koran and Islamic traditions (as well as the history and present-day situation of the Muslim world) as part of his inquiry into why the world's fastest growing faith tends to arouse fanaticism. "Islam Unveiled" evaluates the relationship between Islamic fundamentalism and "mainstream" Islam; the fixation with violence and jihad; the reasons for Muslims' disturbing treatment of women; and devastating effects of Muslim polygamy and Islamic divorce laws. Spencer explores other daunting questions--why the human rights record of Islamic countries is so unrelievedly grim and how the root causes of this record exist in basic Muslim beliefs; why science and high culture died out in the Muslim world--and why this is a root cause of modern Muslim resentment. He evaluates what Muslims learn from the life of Muhammad, the man that Islam hails as the supreme model of human behavior. Above all, this provocative work grapples with the question that most preoccupies us today: can Islam create successful secularized societies that will coexist peacefully with the West's multicultural mosaic?

The Persistent Power of Human Rights

From Commitment to Compliance

Author: Thomas Risse,Kathryn Sikkink

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107028930

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 7455

This book offers a unique combination of quantitative and qualitative research arguing for the persistent power of human rights norms.