How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Author: Leigh Ann Wheeler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190206527

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 9313

The American Civil Liberties Union has stood at the center of sexual revolutions that have transformed our culture, using the Constitution to create an expansive body of sexual rights that helped lay the old order to rest. How Sex Became a Civil Liberty is the first book to show how ACLU leaders and attorneys forged legal principles that advanced the sexual revolution.

Presidents and Civil Liberties from Wilson to Obama

A Story of Poor Custodians

Author: Samuel Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107379245

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3879

This book is a history of the civil liberties records of American presidents from Woodrow Wilson to Barack Obama. It examines the full range of civil liberties issues: First Amendment rights of freedom of speech, press and assembly; due process; equal protection, including racial justice, women's rights, and lesbian and gay rights; privacy rights, including reproductive freedom; and national security issues. The book argues that presidents have not protected or advanced civil liberties, and that several have perpetrated some of the worst violations. Some Democratic presidents (Wilson and Roosevelt), moreover, have violated civil liberties as badly as some Republican presidents (Nixon and Bush). This is the first book to examine the full civil liberties records of each president (thus, placing a president's record on civil rights with his record on national security issues), and also to compare the performance on particular issues of all the presidents covered.

Because of Sex

One Law, Ten Cases, and Fifty Years That Changed American Women's Lives at Work

Author: Gillian Thomas

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1466878975

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6766

“Meticulously researched and rewarding to read...Thomas is a gifted storyteller.” —The New York Times Book Review Best known as a monumental achievement of the civil rights movement, the 1964 Civil Rights Act also revolutionized the lives of America’s working women. Title VII of the law made it illegal to discriminate “because of sex.” But that simple phrase didn’t mean much until ordinary women began using the law to get justice on the job—and some took their fights all the way to the Supreme Court. Among them were Ida Phillips, denied an assembly line job because she had a preschool-age child; Kim Rawlinson, who fought to become a prison guard—a “man’s job”; Mechelle Vinson, who brought a lawsuit for sexual abuse before “sexual harassment” even had a name; Ann Hopkins, denied partnership at a Big Eight accounting firm because the men in charge thought she needed "a course at charm school”; and most recently, Peggy Young, UPS truck driver, forced to take an unpaid leave while pregnant because she asked for a temporary reprieve from heavy lifting. These unsung heroines’ victories, and those of the other women profiled in Gillian Thomas' Because of Sex, dismantled a “Mad Men” world where women could only hope to play supporting roles; where sexual harassment was “just the way things are”; and where pregnancy meant getting a pink slip. Through first-person accounts and vivid narrative, Because of Sex tells the story of how one law, our highest court, and a few tenacious women changed the American workplace forever.

Gay is Good

The Life and Letters of Gay Rights Pioneer Franklin Kameny

Author: Michael G. Long

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815652917

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 4749

Contrary to popular notions, today’s LGBT movement did not begin with the Stonewall riots in 1969. Long before Stonewall, there was Franklin Kameny (1925–2011), one of the most significant figures in the gay rights movement. Beginning in 1958, he encouraged gay people to embrace homosexuality as moral and healthy, publicly denounced the federal government for excluding homosexuals from federal employment, openly fought the military’s ban against gay men and women, debated psychiatrists who depicted homosexuality as a mental disorder, identified test cases to advance civil liberties through the federal courts, acted as counsel to countless homosexuals suffering state-sanctioned discrimination, and organized marches for gay rights at the White House and other public institutions. In Gay Is Good, Long collects Kameny’s historically rich letters, revealing some of the early stirrings of today’s politically powerful LGBT movement. These letters are lively and colorful because they are in Kameny’s inimitable voice—a voice that was consistently loud, echoing through such places as the Oval Office, the Pentagon, and the British Parliament, and often shrill, piercing to the federal agency heads, military generals, and media personalities who received his countless letters. This volume collects approximately 150 letters from 1958 to 1975, a critical period in Kameny’s life during which he evolved from a victim of the law to a vocal opponent of the law, to the voice of the law itself. Long situates these letters in context, giving historical and biographical data about the subjects and events involved. Gay Is Good pays tribute to an advocate whose tireless efforts created a massive shift in social attitudes and practices, leading the way toward equality for the LGBT community.

Harvard Law Review: Volume 127, Number 1 - November 2013

Author: Harvard Law Review

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610278887

Category: Law

Page: 496

View: 3455

The November issue is the special annual review of the U.S. Supreme Court's previous Term. Each year, the issue is introduced by noteworthy and extensive contributions from recognized scholars. In this issue, for the 2012 Term, articles and essays include: • Foreword: "Equality Divided," by Reva B. Siegel • Comment: "Beyond the Discrimination Model on Voting," by Samuel Issacharoff • Comment: "Windsor and Brown: Marriage Equality and Racial Equality," by Michael J. Klarman • Comment: "License, Registration, Cheek Swab: DNA Testing and the Divided Court," by Erin Murphy The issue also features essays on substantive and procedural law, and judicial method, honoring Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and her 20 years on the Court. The essays are written by such scholars as Deborah Anker, Susan Farbstein, Judge Nancy Gertner, Lani Guinier, Vicki Jackson, Richard Lazarus, John Manning, Martha Minow, Carol Steiker, Julie Suk, Laurence Tribe, and Mark Tushnet. In addition, the first issue of each new volume provides an extensive summary of the important cases of the previous Supreme Court docket, covering a wide range of legal, political and constitutional subjects. Student commentary on Leading Cases of the 2012 Term includes recent cases on: federal preemption regarding elections; the Privileges and Immunities Clause; unconstitutional conditions violating free speech; effective assistance of counsel; dog-sniffing at the doorstep under the Fourth Amendment; jury trial right for mandatory sentencing; affirmative action in public universities; class action certification in securities cases; class action waivers in arbitration clauses; plain error review when new law is made after appeal; standing in government surveillance challenges; extraterritoriality under the Alien Tort Statute; actual innocence under AEDPA; deference to agencies in clean water and communication act cases; the First Sale Doctrine in copyright law; patent exhaustion; patentable subject matter; reverse payment settlements; Indian adoptions; and employer liability for supervisor harassment under Title VII. Complete statistical graphs and tables of the Court's actions and results during the Term are included. Finally, the issue features several summaries of Recent Publications.

Mobilizing New York

AIDS, Antipoverty, and Feminist Activism

Author: Tamar W. Carroll

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146961989X

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3356

Examining three interconnected case studies, Tamar Carroll powerfully demonstrates the ability of grassroots community activism to bridge racial and cultural differences and effect social change. Drawing on a rich array of oral histories, archival records, newspapers, films, and photographs from post–World War II New York City, Carroll shows how poor people transformed the antipoverty organization Mobilization for Youth and shaped the subsequent War on Poverty. Highlighting the little-known National Congress of Neighborhood Women, she reveals the significant participation of working-class white ethnic women and women of color in New York City's feminist activism. Finally, Carroll traces the partnership between the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) and Women's Health Action Mobilization (WHAM!), showing how gay men and feminists collaborated to create a supportive community for those affected by the AIDS epidemic, to improve health care, and to oppose homophobia and misogyny during the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Carroll contends that social policies that encourage the political mobilization of marginalized groups and foster coalitions across identity differences are the most effective means of solving social problems and realizing democracy.

Hippie

Author: Paulo Coelho

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257609329

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

View: 6746

Als der rebellische junge Paulo aus Brasilien und die Holländerin Karla sich in Amsterdam begegnen, trifft sie die Liebe wie ein Blitz. Sie beschließen, gemeinsam aufzubrechen und als Reisende auf dem Hippie-Trail Erfahrungen zu sammeln, nach eigenen Werten zu suchen und danach zu leben. Mit an Bord sind ihre Freunde Rahul, Ryan und Mirthe sowie die Musik, die damals die Welt aus den Angeln hob. Eine inspirierende Reise von Amsterdam nach Kathmandu, an Bord des ›Magic Bus‹. Geschrieben von Paulo Coelho, der uns an einem unbekannten, frühen Kapitel seines Lebens teilhaben lässt.

Die globale sexuelle Revolution

Zerstörung der Freiheit im Namen der Freiheit

Author: Gabriele Kuby

Publisher: Fe-Medienverlag

ISBN: 3863570790

Category: Religion

Page: 456

View: 2008

Die globale sexuelle Revolution, vorangetrieben von UN und EU, hat sich zunächst hinter dem Rücken der Öffentlichkeit in Politik, Institutionen und Ausbildungseinrichtungen eingeschlichen. Inzwischen ist daraus längst ein gewaltiges gesellschaftliches Umerziehungsprogramm geworden, welches die Voraussetzungen einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft zerstört und zunehmend totalitäre Züge annimmt. In diesem Buch lesen Sie, was man heute nicht mehr sagen darf über • UN und EU als Betreiber der sexuellen Revolution • die große Umerziehung zum sexualisierten Gender-Menschen • die politische Vergewaltigung der Sprache • die Seuche der Pornografie • die Homosexuellen-Bewegung • Sex-Erziehung in Schule und Kindergarten • die schiefe Ebene zum Totalitarismus im neuen Gewand "Dass Gabriele Kuby den Mut hat, die Bedrohung unserer Freiheit durch eine antihumanistische Ideologie beim Namen zu nennen, bringt ihr möglicherweise Feindseligkeit, ja sogar Hetze ein. Sie hat stattdessen für ihre Aufklärungsarbeit unser aller Dank verdient. Möglichst viele Menschen sollten dieses Buch lesen, um aufmerksam zu werden, was auf sie zukommt, wenn sie sich nicht wehren". (Aus dem Geleitwort von Prof. Robert Spaemann)

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6199

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Cold Killing

Victor 6 - Thriller

Author: Tom Wood

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641176069

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 7324

Victor ist Profikiller. Sein wahrer Name und seine Herkunft: unbekannt. Sein Perfektionismus: unerreicht. Für seine Auftraggeber beim britischen Geheimdienst ist Victor unersetzlich. Doch obwohl er bei der Arbeit keine moralischen Skrupel kennt, geht es Victor nicht immer um Geld. Manchmal geht es darum, das Böse zu eliminieren – Menschen wie Milan Rados. Der ehemalige Befehlshaber der serbischen Armee entkam dem Kriegsverbrechertribunal und errichtete in Belgrad ein kriminelles Imperium. Nun soll Victor auf seine Art für Recht sorgen ...

The Politics of the American Civil Liberties Union

Author: William A. Donohue

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412838443

Category: Law

Page: 366

View: 4811

This is a critical analysis of the history of the American Civil Liberties Union and represents the first published account of the ACLU's record. Other works on the organization either dealt only with specific issues or have been simply journalistic accounts. Donohue provides the first systematic analysis by a social scientist. It is unquestionably the most serious work now available and is likely to remain the touchstone for any such work for many years to come.

Bad Feminist

Essays

Author: Roxane Gay

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641227550

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 4575

Leider liebt sie Rapmusik, das Frauenbild: grauenvoll. Leider liest sie sehr gerne Fashion-Magazine, das Frauenbild: ebenfalls erschreckend. Und ihre Lieblingsfarbe ist leider: pink. In einer Zeit, in der Barack Obama sich als Feminist bezeichnet und sogar Modeimperien den Schriftzug in großer Zahl auf T-Shirts drucken, wahrscheinlich keine gute Idee. Feminismus ist chic geworden und angekommen in der Popkultur. Aber was kann guter Feminismus heute wirklich sein? In ihrem hochgelobten Essayband sprengt Roxane Gay das ideologische Korsett eines guten und starren Feminismus und erklärt sich selbst ironisch zum Bad Feminist – stimmgewaltig, bestechend klug und fern jeder Ideologie unterzieht sie unsere Gegenwart einer kritischen Analyse und zeigt, wie man alles auf einmal sein kann: eine der bedeutendsten Feministinnen der Gegenwart und dabei definitiv nicht perfekt.

Dangerous Desire

Literature of Sexual Freedom and Sexual Violence Since the Sixties

Author: Pamela Barnett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135877963

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 3433

Dangerous Desire is an important work that calls attention to how post-1960s literary representations of rape have shaped the ways in which both sexual and social freedoms are imagined in American culture. Exploring key post-sixties texts including Cleaver's Soul on Ice , Brownmiller's Against Our Will , French's The Women's Room , Naylor's The Women of Brewster Place , Walker's Meridian , and Dickey's Deliverance , Barnett finds that the widespread literary explorations of rape were almost always conjoined with one or more of the radical social movements of the sixties: civil rights, black nationalism, women's liberation and black feminism. Sexual violence emerges in these texts when the transformative possibilities articulated by sixties-era liberation movements trigger and intensify imbalances of power and cultural difference-for example, Eldridge Cleaver's claim that he lashed out against the white power structure by raping white women. This book should be of considerable interest to students and scholars of 20th century American literature, as well as American Studies and African American Studies scholars interested broadly in issues of sexuality, race, and violenc

Sexus und Herrschaft

Die Tyrannei des Mannes in unserer Gesellschaft

Author: Kate Millett

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462411209

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5049

»Sexus und Herrschaft« ist Kate Milletts erstes Buch. Es erschien 1969 und machte die Autorin über Nacht berühmt. Übersetzungen in zahlreiche Sprachen folgten. Kate Millett stellt in ihrem Buch die These auf, daß Sexualität ein politisches Instrument ist und der Koitus, die scheinbar intimste Beziehung zwischen den Geschlechtern, dem Patriarchat zur Unterdrückung und Demütigung der Frau dient. Als Beleg für ihre These analysiert sie die Werke von Autoren wie D. H. Lawrence, Henry Miller, Norman Mailer, Jean Genet. Das Buch gehört seit seinem Erscheinen zu den Standardwerken der Frauenbewegung.

Law 101

Everything You Need to Know About American Law, Fourth Edition

Author: Jay Feinman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199341710

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 9612

In each of the first three editions of the bestselling Law 101, Jay Feinman gave readers an upbeat and vivid examination of the American legal system. Since the third edition was published in 2010, much has happened: several key Supreme Court cases have been decided, we've seen sensational criminal trials, and the legal system has had to account for the latest developments in Internet law. This fully updated fourth edition of Law 101 accounts for all this and more, as Feinman once again provides a clear introduction to American law. The book covers all the main subjects taught in the first year of law school, and discusses every facet of the American legal tradition, including constitutional law, the litigation process, and criminal, property, and contracts law. To accomplish this, Feinman brings in the most noteworthy, infamous, and often outrageous examples and cases. We learn about the case involving scalding coffee that cost McDonald's half a million dollars, the murder trial in Victorian London that gave us the legal definition of insanity, and the epochal decision of Marbury vs. Madison that gave the Supreme Court the power to declare state and federal law unconstitutional. A key to learning about the law is learning legal vocabulary, and Feinman helps by clarifying terms like "due process" and "equal protection," as well as by drawing distinctions between terms like "murder" and "manslaughter." Above all, though, is that Feinman reveals to readers of all kinds that despite its complexities and quirks, the law is can be understood by everyone. Perfect for students contemplating law school, journalists covering legislature, or even casual fans of "court-television" shows, Law 101 is a clear and accessible introduction to the American legal system. New to this edition: Featured analysis of: -the Obamacare case -Citizens United -the DOMA decision -the Trayvon Martin case As well as recent legal developments pertaining to: -online contracting -mortgages -police investigations -criminal sentencing

Women and the Law

Leaders, Cases, and Documents

Author: Ashlyn K. Kuersten

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0874368782

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 2453

Provides a history of the legal rights of women from the Revolutionary War, discussing court decisions, legal triumphs, key people, and present day causes.

Gay Bathhouses and Public Health Policy

Author: Diane Binson,William J Woods

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317992431

Category: Medical

Page: 274

View: 9230

Explore the impact of AIDS on the gay bathhouse culture Public health policy on bathhouses has been limited and poorly documented. This book—the first to be published on this timely and important topic—will help you become knowledgeable about gay bathhouses. Unlike most other places where men have sex in public, gay bathhouses are subject to government-imposed health regulations. Gay Bathhouses and Public Health Policy examines the bathhouse environment and how it differs from other public sex environments. It describes public policies that have been implemented, discussing policies for HIV prevention, testing, and intervention; issues related to civil liberties; and the legal aspects of these policies. This essential book also includes a fascinating chapter about other types of sex businesses—bookstores, theaters, and sex clubs—and how public policy affected them in the early years of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Helpful tables and figures make the information in this well referenced book easy to access and understand. From the editors: “From a public health perspective, the baths first came to attention as a result of an exponential increase in sexually transmitted infections among men in the 1970s. The spread of these infections among gay men stimulated the public health community to seek ways to combat them. Although there appears to have been some mention of closing bathhouses as an approach, the predominant message was to educate, test, and treat. Of course, AIDS was a different matter in a different time. By early 1984, the once rare call for closure had gained a powerful voice as well as support in powerful gay circles. The tension between the baths and public heath that resulted from the closure debates continues to exist in some cities, but there are also a number of examples of health professionals from local health departments and academic institutions who have established good relationships with owners and managers of bathhouses. Today, 40 of bathhouses in the United States offer HIV testing, which typically requires collaboration either with the local health department or with community-based organizations that run outreach HIV-testing programs.” Gay Bathhouses and Public Health Policy will inform you about: the unique relationship between bathhouse patrons and the environment within which they engage in sexual activities the history of gay bathhouses in the United States, including their transformation from Turkish baths, Russian baths, public baths, health resorts, and spas into gay institutions the San Francisco bathhouse battles of 1984 and their impact on civil liberties, AIDS awareness, and health policy the legal aspects of regulating bathhouses—highlighting cases from 1984 to 1995 where the government sought to close a sex-facilitating business or where such a business sought to invalidate laws and ordinances banning sexual activity an uncensored 1984 report from Coming Up! magazine on sexual activity at bathhouses how the city of Seattle designed and implemented an HIV-counseling and testing program for bathhouses and more!