Holocaust Justice

The Battle for Restitution in America's Courts

Author: Michael J. Bazyler

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814799043

Category: History

Page: 411

View: 7340

"The unique features of the American system of justice - which allowed it to handle claims that originated over fifty years ago and in another part of the world - made it the only forum in the world where Holocaust claims could be heard. Without the lawsuits brought by American lawyers. Bazyler asserts, the claims of the elderly survivors and their heirs would continue to be ignored."--BOOK JACKET.

Illegaler Kulturgüterverkehr

Author: Michael Anton

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3899497228

Category: Law

Page: 1301

View: 5486

Volume I begins with a basic introduction into the general topic, in order to present the handbook's scope and implications and to specify the various situations where it is applicable in practice. Then all aspects of illegal trafficking of cultural goods are discussed from a de facto and de jure perspective: cultural theft, illegal export of valuable cultural goods belonging to the respective national heritage, looted art, cultural flight assets, stolen art and 'degenerate' art, illegal nationalization of art works and colonial cultural goods transfers.

Hitlers Bilder

Kunstraub der Nazis - Raubkunst in der Gegenwart

Author: Anders Rydell

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593425297

Category: History

Page: 365

View: 1213

Der »Schwabinger Kunstfund« in der Wohnung des Kunsthändlersohns Cornelius Gurlitt, der »Welfenschatz« und der Hollywoodstreifen »Monuments Men« – sie alle sorgten jüngst für internationales Aufsehen. Die Debatten drehen sich dabei stets um das Thema »NSRaubkunst «: um Kunstwerke also, die während der Nazizeit von offiziellen deutschen Stellen beschlagnahmt oder gestohlen wurden. Anders Rydell macht in seinem fulminanten Buch die Kunstpolitik der Nationalsozialisten begreiflich, die ihre Tiefpunkte in der Ausstellung »Entartete Kunst«, im devisenbringenden Verkauf und in der Zerstörung von Gemälden fand. Er erzählt, fast wie ein Kinofilm, vom Beutezug, mit dem Hitler und seine Helfershelfer riesige Kunstsammlungen anhäuften. Und er veranschaulicht eindrücklich, welche Anstrengungen man heute noch immer unternimmt, um die geraubten Werke aufzufinden und sie den rechtmäßigen Besitzern zurückzugeben.

The Dutch Intersection

The Jews and the Netherlands in Modern History

Author: Yosef Kaplan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004149961

Category: History

Page: 520

View: 4806

This collection of historical studies deals with the multiple connections between the history and culture of the Jews of the Netherlands from the beginning of the seventeenth century until the period after the Holocaust, and phenomena and processes that distinguish the history of the Jewish people in the modern period. The Jews of the Netherlands were not only nourished by the cultural creativity of the great Sephardi and Ashkenazi centers, East and West, but also at various stages they served as a source of inspiration for Jews elsewhere in the Jewish Diaspora. The articles of this volume examin the influence of general Jewish history on that of the Jews of the Netherlands and focus on events and processes that highlight the significance of of Dutch Jewry for modern Jewish culture.

Corporations and Human Rights

An Analysis of ATCA Litigation Against Corporations

Author: Niels Beisinghoff

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631584187

Category: Law

Page: 326

View: 4252

Can human rights be enforced against corporations? This work analyses different enforcement mechanisms. It examines one of the most powerful instruments: the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) litigation in the United States. The ATCA has been used as one of the chief weapons in a 21st-century battle over corporate responsibility in the age of globalization. For instance, the ATCA has been invoked to seek compensation from German companies in respect of forced labor during the Holocaust. Further examples include claims relating to genocide against a Canadian company, forced labor claims against a US company and numerous others. The ATCA litigation often refers to the -law of nations-, but do the US courts interpret this term consistently with other accepted interpretations of international law? The short answer to that question is 'no'. However, in the absence of enforceable international law mechanisms, this lacuna needs to be filled. Domestic litigation of matters that are inherently transnational in character, as occurs in ATCA human rights litigation, represents a viable mechanism to enforce human rights."

After Evil

Author: Robert Meister

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231150377

Category: Philosophy

Page: 526

View: 8232

The way in which mainstream human rights discourse speaks of such evils as the Holocaust, slavery, or apartheid puts them solidly in the past. Its elaborate techniques of "transitional" justice encourage future generations to move forward by creating a false assumption of closure, enabling those who are guilty to elude responsibility. This approach to history, common to late-twentieth-century humanitarianism, doesn't presuppose that evil ends when justice begins. Rather, it assumes that a time before justice is the moment to put evil in the past. Merging examples from literature and history, Robert Meister confronts the problem of closure and the resolution of historical injustice. He boldly challenges the empty moral logic of "never again" or the theoretical reduction of evil to a cycle of violence and counterviolence, broken only once evil is remembered for what it was. Meister criticizes such methods for their deferral of justice and susceptibility to exploitation and elaborates the flawed moral logic of "never again" in relation to Auschwitz and its evolution into a twenty-first-century doctrine of the Responsibility to Protect.

Rethinking Historical Injustice and Reconciliation in Northeast Asia

The Korean Experience

Author: Gi-Wook Shin,Soon-Won Park,Associate Professor of History and International Affairs Daqing Yang,Daqing Yang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135984786

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8713

Despite witnessing phenomenal economic growth and the spread of democratization in recent decades, as well as impressive intra-regional exchanges and interactions in the economic and cultural spheres, the Northeast Asian region still experience wounds from past wrongs that were committed in times of colonialism, war and dictatorship. Overcoming these historical animosities has become one of the most pressing issues of the future for the region. Of all the countries in the Northeast Asia region coping with this historical injustice, the Republic of Korea stands out as both a victim and an aggressor. Being a nation that has addressed issues of both internal and external injustice, Korea becomes the focus of this volume. Using examples of injustice from the colonial and the Second World War period, the Korean civil War, the current stage of Korean transitional justice and broader regional and global perspectives, the book concludes with a section on forward-looking approaches for arriving at reconciliation in the Asian region. This is a significant book that will be of huge interest to anyone studying East Asian politics, history or society.

The Routledge History of the Holocaust

Author: Jonathan C. Friedman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136870601

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 5669

The genocide of Jewish and non-Jewish civilians perpetrated by the German regime during World War Two continues to confront scholars with elusive questions even after nearly seventy years and hundreds of studies. This multi-contributory work is a landmark publication that sees experts renowned in their field addressing these questions in light of current research. A comprehensive introduction to the history of the Holocaust, this volume has 42 chapters which add important depth to the academic study of the Holocaust, both geographically and topically. The chapters address such diverse issues as: continuities in German and European history with respect to genocide prior to 1939 the eugenic roots of Nazi anti-Semitism the response of Europe's Jewish Communities to persecution and destruction the Final Solution as the German occupation instituted it across Europe rescue and rescuer motivations the problem of prosecuting war crimes gender and Holocaust experience the persecution of non-Jewish victims the Holocaust in postwar cultural venues. This important collection will be essential reading for all those interested in the history of the Holocaust.

Gray Zones

Ambiguity and Compromise in the Holocaust and Its Aftermath

Author: Jonathan Petropoulos,John K. Roth

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845453022

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 3510

Accomplished Holocaust scholars--among them Raul Hilberg, Gerhard L. Weinberg, Christopher Browning, Peter Hayes, and Lynn Rapaport--bring a necessary interdisciplinary focus to bear on timely and often controversial topics in cutting-edge Holocaust studies that range from historical analysis to popular culture.

Conquest and Redemption

A History of Jewish Assets from the Holocaust

Author: Gregg J. Rickman

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412808995

Category: History

Page: 353

View: 6783

In Conquest and Redemption, Gregg J. Rickman explains how the Nazis stole the possessions of their Jewish victims and obtained the cooperation of institutions across Europe in these crimes of convenience. He also describes how those institutions are being brought to justice, sixty years later, for their retention of their ill-gotten gains. Rickman not only explains how the robbery was accomplished, tracked, stalled, and then finally reversed, but also clearly shows the ways in which robbery was inextricably connected to the murder of the Jews. The Nazis took everything from Jews--their families, their possessions, and even their names. As with the murder of Jews, the Nazis' robbery was an organized, institutionalized effort. Jews were isolated, robbed, and left homeless, regarded as parasites in the Nazis' eyes, and thus fair game. In short, the organized robbery of the Jews facilitated their slaughter. How did the German people come to believe that it was permissible to isolate, outlaw, rob, and murder Jews? A partial explanation can be found in the Nazis' creation of a virtual religion of German nationalism and homogeneity that delegitimized Jews as a people and as individuals. This belief system was expressed through a complex structure of religious rules, practices, and institutions. While Nazi ideology was the guiding principle, how that ideology was formed and how it was applied is important to understand if one is to fully grasp the Holocaust. Rickman painstakingly describes the structural composition and motivation for the plundering of Jewish assets. The Holocaust will always remain a memory of unequalled pain and suffering, but, as Rickman shows, the return of stolen goods to their survivors is a partial victory for the long aggrieved. Conquest and Redemption will be of interest to students and scholars in the history of the Holocaust and its aftermath.

Holocaust, Genocide, and the Law

A Quest for Justice in a Post-Holocaust World

Author: Michael Bazyler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190664037

Category: Law

Page: 394

View: 7500

A great deal of contemporary law has a direct connection to the Holocaust. That connection, however, is seldom acknowledged in legal texts and has never been the subject of a full-length scholarly work. This book examines the background of the Holocaust and genocide through the prism of the law; the criminal and civil prosecution of the Nazis and their collaborators for Holocaust-era crimes; and contemporary attempts to criminally prosecute perpetrators for the crime of genocide. It provides the history of the Holocaust as a legal event, and sets out how genocide has become known as the "crime of crimes" under both international law and in popular discourse. It goes on to discuss specific post-Holocaust legal topics, and examines the Holocaust as a catalyst for post-Holocaust international justice. Together, this collection of subjects establishes a new legal discipline, which the author Michael Bazyler labels "Post-Holocaust Law."

God's Bankers

A History of Money and Power at the Vatican

Author: Gerald Posner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416576576

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 9457

Revealing a history of mysterious deaths, shady characters, and moral and political tensions, exposes the inner workings of the Catholic Church to trace how the Vatican evolved from an institution of faith into an extremely wealthy corporate power.

Faces of Neutrality

A Comparative Analysis of the Neutrality of Switzerland and Other Neutral Nations During WW II

Author: Herbert R. Reginbogin,Detlev F. Vagts

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825819140

Category: History

Page: 227

View: 2954

This important book fills a historical gap and acts as a valuable corrective in the general treatment of Switzerland's role during the Second World War. In addressing all of the moral and historical charges laid at Switzerland's door in relation to Nazi Germany, it does not offer an apology but, far more valuably, provides a sustained, nuanced analysis of the issues at stake. Contending that Swiss neutrality during the Second World War has not only been misunderstood, but has also been unfairly stigmatized, the book's wide-ranging assessment offers a much-needed corrective to received wisdom on the subject. Commendably, it presents a comparative assessment, comparing the Swiss both to European neutrals, and to the U.S. - which, it is often forgotten, defended the posture of neutrality for the first two years of the war. The study highlights the need for careful assessment in the context of more than half a century ago. Seen in those terms, the behavior of the Swiss emerges far more nuanced, more driven by the desperate conditions of total war, and far less susceptible to present-day moralizations than in the work of many writers. This important contribution deepens our understanding of the Second World War.

Der Vergleich

die Politik der Schweiz zur Zeit des Zweiten Weltkriegs im internationalen Umfeld

Author: Herbert R. Reginbogin,Arbeitskreis Gelebte Geschichte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 301

View: 577