"The unique features of the American system of justice - which allowed it to handle claims that originated over fifty years ago and in another part of the world - made it the only forum in the world where Holocaust claims could be heard. Without the lawsuits brought by American lawyers. Bazyler asserts, the claims of the elderly survivors and their heirs would continue to be ignored."--BOOK JACKET.
The Battle for Restitution in America's Courts
Author: Michael J. Bazyler
Publisher: NYU Press
Schlagworte der seit den neunziger Jahren geführten globalen Diskussion über "Wiedergutmachung" sind Historical Justice und Transitional Justice. Von diesem Diskurs wurden Politik und Praxis der deutschen Entschädigung für NS-Verfolgte beeinflusst. In eingängigen Fallstudien zeigen deutsche und israelische Zeithistoriker, wie sich neue Akteure und Experten - z.B. große Unternehmen, der Kunsthandel, Vertriebenenverbände, aber auch die Historiker selbst - im Lauf der letzten zwei Jahrzehnte in diesem Feld verhalten haben, wie die Dominanz eines "amerikanisierten" Rechtsdiskurses die Wiedergutmachung verändert hat und welche Rolle internationale Konferenzen dabei spielten. Der Band schließt mit einem Gespräch über die "Moral" von sechs Jahrzehnten Wiedergutmachungspolitik, an dem sich prominente Denker aus den USA, Israel, Österreich und Deutschland beteiligten. Dabei werden provokante Positionen zu Schuld und Schulden, Pflichten und Verantwortung und zu den Aufgaben von Staat und Gesellschaft deutlich.
Politik, Moral, Moralpolitik
Author: José Brunner,Constantin Goschler,Norbert Frei
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
Volume I begins with a basic introduction into the general topic, in order to present the handbook's scope and implications and to specify the various situations where it is applicable in practice. Then all aspects of illegal trafficking of cultural goods are discussed from a de facto and de jure perspective: cultural theft, illegal export of valuable cultural goods belonging to the respective national heritage, looted art, cultural flight assets, stolen art and 'degenerate' art, illegal nationalization of art works and colonial cultural goods transfers.
Author: Michael Anton
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Der »Schwabinger Kunstfund« in der Wohnung des Kunsthändlersohns Cornelius Gurlitt, der »Welfenschatz« und der Hollywoodstreifen »Monuments Men« – sie alle sorgten jüngst für internationales Aufsehen. Die Debatten drehen sich dabei stets um das Thema »NSRaubkunst «: um Kunstwerke also, die während der Nazizeit von offiziellen deutschen Stellen beschlagnahmt oder gestohlen wurden. Anders Rydell macht in seinem fulminanten Buch die Kunstpolitik der Nationalsozialisten begreiflich, die ihre Tiefpunkte in der Ausstellung »Entartete Kunst«, im devisenbringenden Verkauf und in der Zerstörung von Gemälden fand. Er erzählt, fast wie ein Kinofilm, vom Beutezug, mit dem Hitler und seine Helfershelfer riesige Kunstsammlungen anhäuften. Und er veranschaulicht eindrücklich, welche Anstrengungen man heute noch immer unternimmt, um die geraubten Werke aufzufinden und sie den rechtmäßigen Besitzern zurückzugeben.
Kunstraub der Nazis - Raubkunst in der Gegenwart
Author: Anders Rydell
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Author: Herbert R. Reginbogin
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
die Verstrickung des Weltkonzerns in die Verbrechen der Nazis
Author: Edwin Black
eine Untersuchung über Schuld und Sühne
Author: Daniel Jonah Goldhagen
This collection of historical studies deals with the multiple connections between the history and culture of the Jews of the Netherlands from the beginning of the seventeenth century until the period after the Holocaust, and phenomena and processes that distinguish the history of the Jewish people in the modern period. The Jews of the Netherlands were not only nourished by the cultural creativity of the great Sephardi and Ashkenazi centers, East and West, but also at various stages they served as a source of inspiration for Jews elsewhere in the Jewish Diaspora. The articles of this volume examin the influence of general Jewish history on that of the Jews of the Netherlands and focus on events and processes that highlight the significance of of Dutch Jewry for modern Jewish culture.
The Jews and the Netherlands in Modern History
Author: Yosef Kaplan
Can human rights be enforced against corporations? This work analyses different enforcement mechanisms. It examines one of the most powerful instruments: the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) litigation in the United States. The ATCA has been used as one of the chief weapons in a 21st-century battle over corporate responsibility in the age of globalization. For instance, the ATCA has been invoked to seek compensation from German companies in respect of forced labor during the Holocaust. Further examples include claims relating to genocide against a Canadian company, forced labor claims against a US company and numerous others. The ATCA litigation often refers to the -law of nations-, but do the US courts interpret this term consistently with other accepted interpretations of international law? The short answer to that question is 'no'. However, in the absence of enforceable international law mechanisms, this lacuna needs to be filled. Domestic litigation of matters that are inherently transnational in character, as occurs in ATCA human rights litigation, represents a viable mechanism to enforce human rights."
An Analysis of ATCA Litigation Against Corporations
Author: Niels Beisinghoff
Publisher: Peter Lang
The genocide of Jewish and non-Jewish civilians perpetrated by the German regime during World War Two continues to confront scholars with elusive questions even after nearly seventy years and hundreds of studies. This multi-contributory work is a landmark publication that sees experts renowned in their field addressing these questions in light of current research. A comprehensive introduction to the history of the Holocaust, this volume has 42 chapters which add important depth to the academic study of the Holocaust, both geographically and topically. The chapters address such diverse issues as: continuities in German and European history with respect to genocide prior to 1939 the eugenic roots of Nazi anti-Semitism the response of Europe's Jewish Communities to persecution and destruction the Final Solution as the German occupation instituted it across Europe rescue and rescuer motivations the problem of prosecuting war crimes gender and Holocaust experience the persecution of non-Jewish victims the Holocaust in postwar cultural venues. This important collection will be essential reading for all those interested in the history of the Holocaust.
Author: Jonathan C. Friedman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
A great deal of contemporary law has a direct connection to the Holocaust. That connection, however, is seldom acknowledged in legal texts and has never been the subject of a full-length scholarly work. This book examines the background of the Holocaust and genocide through the prism of the law; the criminal and civil prosecution of the Nazis and their collaborators for Holocaust-era crimes; and contemporary attempts to criminally prosecute perpetrators for the crime of genocide. It provides the history of the Holocaust as a legal event, and sets out how genocide has become known as the "crime of crimes" under both international law and in popular discourse. It goes on to discuss specific post-Holocaust legal topics, and examines the Holocaust as a catalyst for post-Holocaust international justice. Together, this collection of subjects establishes a new legal discipline, which the author Michael Bazyler labels "Post-Holocaust Law."
A Quest for Justice in a Post-Holocaust World
Author: Michael Bazyler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Accomplished Holocaust scholars--among them Raul Hilberg, Gerhard L. Weinberg, Christopher Browning, Peter Hayes, and Lynn Rapaport--bring a necessary interdisciplinary focus to bear on timely and often controversial topics in cutting-edge Holocaust studies that range from historical analysis to popular culture.
Ambiguity and Compromise in the Holocaust and Its Aftermath
Author: Jonathan Petropoulos,John K. Roth
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Revealing a history of mysterious deaths, shady characters, and moral and political tensions, exposes the inner workings of the Catholic Church to trace how the Vatican evolved from an institution of faith into an extremely wealthy corporate power.
A History of Money and Power at the Vatican
Author: Gerald Posner
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Business & Economics
Uses photographs and eyewitness accounts to examine the lingering fallout from the Holocaust.
Author: Jason Skog
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
In Conquest and Redemption, Gregg J. Rickman explains how the Nazis stole the possessions of their Jewish victims and obtained the cooperation of institutions across Europe in these crimes of convenience. He also describes how those institutions are being brought to justice, sixty years later, for their retention of their ill-gotten gains. Rickman not only explains how the robbery was accomplished, tracked, stalled, and then finally reversed, but also clearly shows the ways in which robbery was inextricably connected to the murder of the Jews. The Nazis took everything from Jews--their families, their possessions, and even their names. As with the murder of Jews, the Nazis' robbery was an organized, institutionalized effort. Jews were isolated, robbed, and left homeless, regarded as parasites in the Nazis' eyes, and thus fair game. In short, the organized robbery of the Jews facilitated their slaughter. How did the German people come to believe that it was permissible to isolate, outlaw, rob, and murder Jews? A partial explanation can be found in the Nazis' creation of a virtual religion of German nationalism and homogeneity that delegitimized Jews as a people and as individuals. This belief system was expressed through a complex structure of religious rules, practices, and institutions. While Nazi ideology was the guiding principle, how that ideology was formed and how it was applied is important to understand if one is to fully grasp the Holocaust. Rickman painstakingly describes the structural composition and motivation for the plundering of Jewish assets. The Holocaust will always remain a memory of unequalled pain and suffering, but, as Rickman shows, the return of stolen goods to their survivors is a partial victory for the long aggrieved. Conquest and Redemption will be of interest to students and scholars in the history of the Holocaust and its aftermath.
A History of Jewish Assets from the Holocaust
Author: Gregg J. Rickman
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
The Nazis and their state-sponsored cohorts stole mercilessly from the Jews of Europe. In the aftermath of the Holocaust, returning survivors had to navigate a frequently unclear path to recover their property from governments and neighbors who had failed to protect them and who often had been complicit in their persecution. While the return of Nazi-looted art has garnered the most media attention, and there have been well-publicized settlements involving stolen Swiss bank deposits and unpaid insurance policies, there is a larger piece of Holocaust injustice that has not been adequately dealt with: stolen land and buildings, much of which today still remain unrestituted. This book is about the less publicized area of post-Holocaust restitution involving immovable (real) property confiscated from European Jews and others during World War II. In 2009, 47 countries convened in Prague to deal with the lingering problem of restitution of pre-war private, communal and heirless property stolen in the Holocaust. The outcome was the issuance by 47 states of the Terezin Declaration on Holocaust Era Assets and Related Issues, which aimed, among other things, to "rectify the consequences" of the wrongful property seizures. This book sets forth the legal history of Holocaust immovable property restitution in each of the Terezin Declaration signatory states. It also analyses how each of the 47 countries has fulfilled the standards of the Guidelines and Best Practices of the Terezin Declaration, issued in 2010 in conjunction with the establishment of the European Shoah Legacy Institute (ESLI) to monitor compliance. The book is based on the Holocaust (Shoah) Immovable Property Restitution Study commissioned by ESLI, written by the authors and issued in Brussels in 2017 before the European Parliament.
Fulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution
Author: Michael J. Bazyler,Kathryn Lee Boyd,Kristen L. Nelson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This important book fills a historical gap and acts as a valuable corrective in the general treatment of Switzerland's role during the Second World War. In addressing all of the moral and historical charges laid at Switzerland's door in relation to Nazi Germany, it does not offer an apology but, far more valuably, provides a sustained, nuanced analysis of the issues at stake. Contending that Swiss neutrality during the Second World War has not only been misunderstood, but has also been unfairly stigmatized, the book's wide-ranging assessment offers a much-needed corrective to received wisdom on the subject. Commendably, it presents a comparative assessment, comparing the Swiss both to European neutrals, and to the U.S. - which, it is often forgotten, defended the posture of neutrality for the first two years of the war. The study highlights the need for careful assessment in the context of more than half a century ago. Seen in those terms, the behavior of the Swiss emerges far more nuanced, more driven by the desperate conditions of total war, and far less susceptible to present-day moralizations than in the work of many writers. This important contribution deepens our understanding of the Second World War.
A Comparative Analysis of the Neutrality of Switzerland and Other Neutral Nations During WW II
Author: Herbert R. Reginbogin,Detlev F. Vagts
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Beiträge zur Genozidforschung
Author: Dominik J. Schaller
Category: Armenian massacres, 1915-1923