Higher Topos Theory (AM-170)

Author: Jacob Lurie

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400830559

Category: Mathematics

Page: 944

View: 1071

Higher category theory is generally regarded as technical and forbidding, but part of it is considerably more tractable: the theory of infinity-categories, higher categories in which all higher morphisms are assumed to be invertible. In Higher Topos Theory, Jacob Lurie presents the foundations of this theory, using the language of weak Kan complexes introduced by Boardman and Vogt, and shows how existing theorems in algebraic topology can be reformulated and generalized in the theory's new language. The result is a powerful theory with applications in many areas of mathematics. The book's first five chapters give an exposition of the theory of infinity-categories that emphasizes their role as a generalization of ordinary categories. Many of the fundamental ideas from classical category theory are generalized to the infinity-categorical setting, such as limits and colimits, adjoint functors, ind-objects and pro-objects, locally accessible and presentable categories, Grothendieck fibrations, presheaves, and Yoneda's lemma. A sixth chapter presents an infinity-categorical version of the theory of Grothendieck topoi, introducing the notion of an infinity-topos, an infinity-category that resembles the infinity-category of topological spaces in the sense that it satisfies certain axioms that codify some of the basic principles of algebraic topology. A seventh and final chapter presents applications that illustrate connections between the theory of higher topoi and ideas from classical topology.

Higher Operads, Higher Categories

Author: Tom Leinster

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521532150

Category: Mathematics

Page: 433

View: 9346

Higher-dimensional category theory is the study of n-categories, operads, braided monoidal categories, and other such exotic structures. It draws its inspiration from areas as diverse as topology, quantum algebra, mathematical physics, logic, and theoretical computer science. The heart of this book is the language of generalized operads. This is as natural and transparent a language for higher category theory as the language of sheaves is for algebraic geometry, or vector spaces for linear algebra. It is introduced carefully, then used to give simple descriptions of a variety of higher categorical structures. In particular, one possible definition of n-category is discussed in detail, and some common aspects of other possible definitions are established. This is the first book on the subject and lays its foundations. It will appeal to both graduate students and established researchers who wish to become acquainted with this modern branch of mathematics.

Bordism, Stable Homotopy, and Adams Spectral Sequences

Author: Stanley O. Kochman

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821806005

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 3924

This book is a compilation of lecture notes that were prepared for the graduate course ``Adams Spectral Sequences and Stable Homotopy Theory'' given at The Fields Institute during the fall of 1995. The aim of this volume is to prepare students with a knowledge of elementary algebraic topology to study recent developments in stable homotopy theory, such as the nilpotence and periodicity theorems. Suitable as a text for an intermediate course in algebraic topology, this book provides a direct exposition of the basic concepts of bordism, characteristic classes, Adams spectral sequences, Brown-Peterson spectra and the computation of stable stems. The key ideas are presented in complete detail without becoming encyclopedic. The approach to characteristic classes and some of the methods for computing stable stems have not been published previously. All results are proved in complete detail. Only elementary facts from algebraic topology and homological algebra are assumed. Each chapter concludes with a guide for further study.

D-Modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory

Author: Ryoshi Hotta,Toshiyuki Tanisaki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 081764363X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 4565

D-modules continues to be an active area of stimulating research in such mathematical areas as algebraic, analysis, differential equations, and representation theory. Key to D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory is the authors' essential algebraic-analytic approach to the theory, which connects D-modules to representation theory and other areas of mathematics. To further aid the reader, and to make the work as self-contained as possible, appendices are provided as background for the theory of derived categories and algebraic varieties. The book is intended to serve graduate students in a classroom setting and as self-study for researchers in algebraic geometry, representation theory.

Higher Topos Theory

Author: Jacob Lurie

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0691140480

Category: Mathematics

Page: 925

View: 6730

In 'Higher Topos Theory', Jacob Lurie presents the foundations of this theory using the language of weak Kan complexes introduced by Boardman and Vogt, and shows how existing theorems in algebraic topology can be reformulated and generalized in the theory's new language.

Rational Homotopy Theory

Author: Yves Felix,Stephen Halperin,J.-C. Thomas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146130105X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 539

View: 1248

Rational homotopy theory is a subfield of algebraic topology. Written by three authorities in the field, this book contains all the main theorems of the field with complete proofs. As both notation and techniques of rational homotopy theory have been considerably simplified, the book presents modern elementary proofs for many results that were proven ten or fifteen years ago.

Fourier-Mukai Transforms in Algebraic Geometry

Author: Daniel Huybrechts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199296863

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 2467

This work is based on a course given at the Institut de Mathematiques de Jussieu, on the derived category of coherent sheaves on a smooth projective variety. It is aimed at students with a basic knowledge of algebraic geometry and contains full proofs and exercises that aid the reader.

The Elements of Cantor Sets

With Applications

Author: Robert W. Vallin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118407431

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 6755

A systematic and integrated approach to Cantor Sets and their applications to various branches of mathematics The Elements of Cantor Sets: With Applications features a thorough introduction to Cantor Sets and applies these sets as a bridge between real analysis, probability, topology, and algebra. The author fills a gap in the current literature by providing an introductory and integrated perspective, thereby preparing readers for further study and building a deeper understanding of analysis, topology, set theory, number theory, and algebra. The Elements of Cantor Sets provides coverage of: Basic definitions and background theorems as well as comprehensive mathematical details A biography of Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor, one of the most significant mathematicians of the last century Chapter coverage of fractals and self-similar sets, sums of Cantor Sets, the role of Cantor Sets in creating pathological functions, p-adic numbers, and several generalizations of Cantor Sets A wide spectrum of topics from measure theory to the Monty Hall Problem An ideal text for courses in real analysis, topology, algebra, and set theory for undergraduate and graduate-level courses within mathematics, computer science, engineering, and physics departments, The Elements of Cantor Sets is also appropriate as a useful reference for researchers and secondary mathematics education majors.

Rings, Modules, and Algebras in Stable Homotopy Theory

Author: Anthony D. Elmendorf,I. Kriz,M. A. Mandell,J. P. May

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821843036

Category: Mathematics

Page: 249

View: 7215

This book introduces a new point-set level approach to stable homotopy theory that has already had many applications and promises to have a lasting impact on the subject. Given the sphere spectrum $S$, the authors construct an associative, commutative, and unital smash product in a complete and cocomplete category of ``$S$-modules'' whose derived category is equivalent to the classical stable homotopy category. This construction allows for a simple and algebraically manageable definition of ``$S$-algebras'' and ``commutative $S$-algebras'' in terms of associative, or associative and commutative, products $R\wedge _SR \longrightarrow R$. These notions are essentially equivalent to the earlier notions of $A_{\infty }$ and $E_{\infty }$ ring spectra, and the older notions feed naturally into the new framework to provide plentiful examples. There is an equally simple definition of $R$-modules in terms of maps $R\wedge _SM\longrightarrow M$. When $R$ is commutative, the category of $R$-modules also has an associative, commutative, and unital smash product, and its derived category has properties just like the stable homotopy category. These constructions allow the importation into stable homotopy theory of a great deal of point-set level algebra.

Cyclic Homology

Author: Jean-Louis Loday

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662217392

Category: Mathematics

Page: 454

View: 9613

This book is a comprehensive study of cyclic homology theory together with its relationship with Hochschild homology, de Rham cohomology, S1 equivariant homology, the Chern character, Lie algebra homology, algebraic K-theory and non-commutative differential geometry. Though conceived as a basic reference on the subject, many parts of this book are accessible to graduate students.

Noncommutative Geometry

Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Martina Franca, Italy, September 3-9, 2000

Author: Alain Connes,Joachim Cuntz,Erik G. Guentner,Nigel Higson,Jerome Kaminker,John E. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540203575

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

View: 2531

Noncommutative Geometry is one of the most deep and vital research subjects of present-day Mathematics. Its development, mainly due to Alain Connes, is providing an increasing number of applications and deeper insights for instance in Foliations, K-Theory, Index Theory, Number Theory but also in Quantum Physics of elementary particles. The purpose of the Summer School in Martina Franca was to offer a fresh invitation to the subject and closely related topics; the contributions in this volume include the four main lectures, cover advanced developments and are delivered by prominent specialists.

Arithmetic Moduli of Elliptic Curves. (AM-108)

Author: Nicholas M. Katz,Barry Mazur

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400881714

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 3078

This work is a comprehensive treatment of recent developments in the study of elliptic curves and their moduli spaces. The arithmetic study of the moduli spaces began with Jacobi's "Fundamenta Nova" in 1829, and the modern theory was erected by Eichler-Shimura, Igusa, and Deligne-Rapoport. In the past decade mathematicians have made further substantial progress in the field. This book gives a complete account of that progress, including not only the work of the authors, but also that of Deligne and Drinfeld.

Fundamental Algebraic Geometry

Grothendieck's FGA Explained

Author: Barbara Fantechi

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821842455

Category: Mathematics

Page: 339

View: 4752

Alexander Grothendieck introduced many concepts into algebraic geometry; they turned out to be astoundingly powerful and productive and truly revolutionized the subject. Grothendieck sketched his new theories in a series of talks at the Seminaire Bourbaki between 1957 and 1962 and collected his write-ups in a volume entitled ``Fondements de la Geometrie Algebrique,'' known as FGA. Much of FGA is now common knowledge; however, some of FGA is less well known, and its full scope is familiar to few. The present book resulted from the 2003 ``Advanced School in Basic Algebraic Geometry'' at the ICTP in Trieste, Italy. The book aims to fill in Grothendieck's brief sketches. There are four themes: descent theory, Hilbert and Quot schemes, the formal existence theorem, and the Picard scheme. Most results are proved in full detail; furthermore, newer ideas are introduced to promote understanding, and many connections are drawn to newer developments. The main prerequisite is a thorough acquaintance with basic scheme theory. Thus this book is a valuable resource for anyone doing algebraic geometry.

Local Homotopy Theory

Author: John F. Jardine

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493923005

Category: Mathematics

Page: 508

View: 7501

This monograph on the homotopy theory of topologized diagrams of spaces and spectra gives an expert account of a subject at the foundation of motivic homotopy theory and the theory of topological modular forms in stable homotopy theory. Beginning with an introduction to the homotopy theory of simplicial sets and topos theory, the book covers core topics such as the unstable homotopy theory of simplicial presheaves and sheaves, localized theories, cocycles, descent theory, non-abelian cohomology, stacks, and local stable homotopy theory. A detailed treatment of the formalism of the subject is interwoven with explanations of the motivation, development, and nuances of ideas and results. The coherence of the abstract theory is elucidated through the use of widely applicable tools, such as Barr's theorem on Boolean localization, model structures on the category of simplicial presheaves on a site, and cocycle categories. A wealth of concrete examples convey the vitality and importance of the subject in topology, number theory, algebraic geometry, and algebraic K-theory. Assuming basic knowledge of algebraic geometry and homotopy theory, Local Homotopy Theory will appeal to researchers and advanced graduate students seeking to understand and advance the applications of homotopy theory in multiple areas of mathematics and the mathematical sciences.

Finite Structures with Few Types

Author: Gregory L. Cherlin,Ehud Hrushovski

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691113319

Category: Mathematics

Page: 193

View: 2932

This book applies model theoretic methods to the study of certain finite permutation groups, the automorphism groups of structures for a fixed finite language with a bounded number of orbits on 4-tuples. Primitive permutation groups of this type have been classified by Kantor, Liebeck, and Macpherson, using the classification of the finite simple groups. Building on this work, Gregory Cherlin and Ehud Hrushovski here treat the general case by developing analogs of the model theoretic methods of geometric stability theory. The work lies at the juncture of permutation group theory, model theory, classical geometries, and combinatorics. The principal results are finite theorems, an associated analysis of computational issues, and an "intrinsic" characterization of the permutation groups (or finite structures) under consideration. The main finiteness theorem shows that the structures under consideration fall naturally into finitely many families, with each family parametrized by finitely many numerical invariants (dimensions of associated coordinating geometries). The authors provide a case study in the extension of methods of stable model theory to a nonstable context, related to work on Shelah's "simple theories." They also generalize Lachlan's results on stable homogeneous structures for finite relational languages, solving problems of effectivity left open by that case. Their methods involve the analysis of groups interpretable in these structures, an analog of Zilber's envelopes, and the combinatorics of the underlying geometries. Taking geometric stability theory into new territory, this book is for mathematicians interested in model theory and group theory.

A Study in Derived Algebraic Geometry: Volume I: Correspondences and Duality

Author: Dennis Gaitsgory,Nick Rozenblyum

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470435691

Category: Algebraic geometry -- (Co)homology theory -- Differentials and other special sheaves

Page: 553

View: 4816

Derived algebraic geometry is a far-reaching generalization of algebraic geometry. It has found numerous applications in various parts of mathematics, most prominently in representation theory. This volume develops the theory of ind-coherent sheaves in the context of derived algebraic geometry. Ind-coherent sheaves are a “renormalization” of quasi-coherent sheaves and provide a natural setting for Grothendieck-Serre duality as well as geometric incarnations of numerous categories of interest in representation theory. This volume consists of three parts and an appendix. The first part is a survey of homotopical algebra in the setting of -categories and the basics of derived algebraic geometry. The second part builds the theory of ind-coherent sheaves as a functor out of the category of correspondences and studies the relationship between ind-coherent and quasi-coherent sheaves. The third part sets up the general machinery of the -category of correspondences needed for the second part. The category of correspondences, via the theory developed in the third part, provides a general framework for Grothendieck's six-functor formalism. The appendix provides the necessary background on -categories needed for the third part.

A Study in Derived Algebraic Geometry

Volumes I and II

Author: Dennis Gaitsgory,Nick Rozenblyum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781470435684

Category:

Page: 1016

View: 6971

Derived algebraic geometry is a far-reaching generalization of algebraic geometry. It has found numerous applications in various parts of mathematics, most prominently in representation theory. This two-volume monograph develops generalization of various topics in algebraic geometry in the context derived algebraic geometry. Volume 1 presents the theory of ind-coherent sheaves, which are a ``renormalization'' of quasi-coherent sheaves and provide a natural setting for Grothendieck-Serre duality as well as geometric incarnations of numerous categories of interest in representation theory. Volume 2 develops deformation theory, Lie theory and the theory of algebroids in the context of derived algebraic geometry. To that end, it introduces the notion of inf-scheme, which is an infinitesimal deformation of a scheme and studies ind-coherent sheaves on inf-schemes. As an application of the general theory, the six-functor formalism for D-modules in derived geometry is obtained.

Mathematical Aspects of Quantum Field Theories

Author: Damien Calaque,Thomas Strobl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319099493

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 6788

Despite its long history and stunning experimental successes, the mathematical foundation of perturbative quantum field theory is still a subject of ongoing research. This book aims at presenting some of the most recent advances in the field, and at reflecting the diversity of approaches and tools invented and currently employed. Both leading experts and comparative newcomers to the field present their latest findings, helping readers to gain a better understanding of not only quantum but also classical field theories. Though the book offers a valuable resource for mathematicians and physicists alike, the focus is more on mathematical developments. This volume consists of four parts: The first Part covers local aspects of perturbative quantum field theory, with an emphasis on the axiomatization of the algebra behind the operator product expansion. The second Part highlights Chern-Simons gauge theories, while the third examines (semi-)classical field theories. In closing, Part 4 addresses factorization homology and factorization algebras.