Heat Wave

A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago

Author: Eric Klinenberg

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022627621X

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 470

On Thursday, July 13, 1995, Chicagoans awoke to a blistering day in which the temperature would reach 106 degrees. The heat index, which measures how the temperature actually feels on the body, would hit 126 degrees by the time the day was over. Meteorologists had been warning residents about a two-day heat wave, but these temperatures did not end that soon. When the heat wave broke a week later, city streets had buckled; the records for electrical use were shattered; and power grids had failed, leaving residents without electricity for up to two days. And by July 20, over seven hundred people had perished-more than twice the number that died in the Chicago Fire of 1871, twenty times the number of those struck by Hurricane Andrew in 1992—in the great Chicago heat wave, one of the deadliest in American history. Heat waves in the United States kill more people during a typical year than all other natural disasters combined. Until now, no one could explain either the overwhelming number or the heartbreaking manner of the deaths resulting from the 1995 Chicago heat wave. Meteorologists and medical scientists have been unable to account for the scale of the trauma, and political officials have puzzled over the sources of the city's vulnerability. In Heat Wave, Eric Klinenberg takes us inside the anatomy of the metropolis to conduct what he calls a "social autopsy," examining the social, political, and institutional organs of the city that made this urban disaster so much worse than it ought to have been. Starting with the question of why so many people died at home alone, Klinenberg investigates why some neighborhoods experienced greater mortality than others, how the city government responded to the crisis, and how journalists, scientists, and public officials reported on and explained these events. Through a combination of years of fieldwork, extensive interviews, and archival research, Klinenberg uncovers how a number of surprising and unsettling forms of social breakdown—including the literal and social isolation of seniors, the institutional abandonment of poor neighborhoods, and the retrenchment of public assistance programs—contributed to the high fatality rates. The human catastrophe, he argues, cannot simply be blamed on the failures of any particular individuals or organizations. For when hundreds of people die behind locked doors and sealed windows, out of contact with friends, family, community groups, and public agencies, everyone is implicated in their demise. As Klinenberg demonstrates in this incisive and gripping account of the contemporary urban condition, the widening cracks in the social foundations of American cities that the 1995 Chicago heat wave made visible have by no means subsided as the temperatures returned to normal. The forces that affected Chicago so disastrously remain in play in America's cities, and we ignore them at our peril. For the Second Edition Klinenberg has added a new Preface showing how climate change has made extreme weather events in urban centers a major challenge for cities and nations across our planet, one that will require commitment to climate-proofing changes to infrastructure rather than just relief responses.

Modern Romance

Auf der Suche nach Liebe im 21. Jahrhundert -

Author: Aziz Ansari

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641182638

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 352

View: 9635

Der New-York-Times-Bestseller über die Liebe in Modernen Zeiten Noch nie zuvor hatten wir in der Liebe so viele Optionen – denn romantische Begegnungen sind in Zeiten von Online-Dating, Facebook, Tinder & Co. häufig nur einen Mausklick entfernt. Doch ist das für Singles ein Segen oder ein Fluch? Der weltbekannte amerikanische Schauspieler und Comedian Aziz Ansari begibt sich mit dem Soziologen Eric Klinenberg auf die lehrreiche und äußerst unterhaltsame Suche nach einer Antwort auf diese Frage.

Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten

Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593507668

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 3384

In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ

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Roman

Author: John Brunner

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641100550

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 4308

„Sauerstoff – 25 Cent!“ Kurz nach der Jahrtausendwende steht die Menschheit am Abgrund: In den Städten ist die Luftverschmutzung so stark, dass man ohne Filtermasken das Haus nicht mehr verlassen kann; die Sonne sieht man nur noch selten; Meere und Seen sind verseucht; Leitungswasser zu trinken birgt ein unkalkulierbares Risiko. Die Verbrechensrate ist explodiert, die Menschen sind krank, immer mehr Kinder kommen missgebildet zur Welt. Wie bei einem Puzzle setzt sich nach und nach aus verschiedenen Handlungssträngen, Nachrichtenfetzen, Listen von Umweltgiften und Werbeslogans das erschreckende Bild einer Zukunft zusammen, die immer noch Wirklichkeit werden kann.

Fatal Isolation

The Devastating Paris Heat Wave of 2003

Author: Richard C. Keller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022625643X

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 5740

In a cemetery on the southern outskirts of Paris lie the bodies of nearly a hundred of what some have called the first casualties of global climate change. They were the so-called abandoned victims of the worst natural disaster in French history, the devastating heat wave that struck in August 2003, leaving 15,000 dead. They died alone in Paris and its suburbs, and were then buried at public expense, their bodies unclaimed. They died, and to a great extent lived, unnoticed by their neighbors--their bodies undiscovered in some cases until weeks after their deaths. Fatal Isolation tells the stories of these victims and the catastrophe that took their lives. It explores the multiple narratives of disaster--the official story of the crisis and its aftermath, as presented by the media and the state; the life stories of the individual victims, which both illuminate and challenge the ways we typically perceive natural disasters; and the scientific understandings of disaster and its management. Fatal Isolation is both a social history of risk and vulnerability in the urban landscape and a story of how a city copes with emerging threats and sudden, dramatic change.

Minimum

Vom Vergehen und Neuentstehen unserer Gemeinschaft

Author: Frank Schirrmacher

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 364101266X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9841

Warum man Freunde gewinnen muss – und was es kostet Unsere sozialen Beziehungen werden in den nächsten Jahrzehnten einer großen Belastung ausgesetzt: Sie werden knapp werden wie ein kostbarer Rohstoff. Schon heute bewegen sie sich in Teilen des Landes auf ein historisch nie gekanntes Minimum zu. Als Ergebnis der unumstößlichen Schrumpfung unserer Gesellschaft und aufgrund vielfältiger Globalisierungseffekte wird es eine Reduzierung unserer kleinsten Welt, der unserer Freunde und Familien geben. Diese Revolution wird sich in allen Lebensbereichen Geltung verschaffen: in der Politik wie in der Kultur, in der Wissenschaft wie im Alltag. Wer ist da, wenn niemand mehr da ist? Jeder hat gelernt, dass er für die Zukunft vorsorgen muss. Wir sollen sparen, Geld und Vorräte anlegen. Aber kann man eigentlich Kinder sparen, die man nie geboren hat? Zu den knappen Rohstoffen der Zukunft wird etwas gehören, das man nicht sparen kann: Verwandte, Freunde, Beziehungen, kurzum das, was man soziales Kapital nennt. In den kommenden Jahren wird sich unsere Lebensweise radikal verändern. In vielen Ländern Europas wird eine wachsende Zahl von Kindern in ihrer eigenen Generation wenige oder gar keine Blutsverwandte mehr haben. Künftig sehen sich ganze Landstriche, wie heute schon Teile Ostdeutschlands, mit einer Wanderungsbewegung junger Frauen konfrontiert; zurück bleiben Männer, deren Chancen, eine Partnerin zu finden, immer geringer werden. Frank Schirrmacher zeigt, dass unsere Gesellschaften auf diese Entwertung ihres sozialen Kapitals nicht vorbereitet sind: Der Wohlfahrtsstaat zieht sich in einem Moment als großer Ernährer zurück, in dem sich das private Versorgungsnetz aus Freundschaft, Verwandtschaft und Familie auflöst. Kann es in diesem Umfeld Uneigennützigkeit und Altruismus, selbstlose Hilfe und Unterstützung für den anderen überhaupt noch geben? Der Zusammenbruch unserer sozialen Grundfesten zwingt uns, unser alltägliches Zusammenleben von Grund auf umzuorganisieren. Dabei werden Frauen eine alles entscheidende Rolle spielen. "Wenn du einen Jungen erziehst, erziehst du eine Person, wenn du ein Mädchen erziehst, erziehst du eine Familie und eine ganze Gemeinschaft - ja, eine Nation." (JAMES D. WOLFENSOHN, EHEMALIGER WELTBANKPRÄSIDENT)

Qualitative Forschung

Analysen und Diskussionen – 10 Jahre Berliner Methodentreffen

Author: Günter Mey,Katja Mruck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658055383

Category: Social Science

Page: 335

View: 2638

In dem Band werden im ersten Teil von führenden Repräsentant_innen Analysen zum Stand der qualitativen Forschung geleistet, aus denen nicht nur deren Leistungsfähigkeit erkennbar wird, sondern auch zukünftige Entwicklungen kartiert werden. Spezielle Herausforderungen qualitativer Forschung werden im zweiten Teil in einem innovativen Format präsentiert, indem Forschende sich in Gesprächen über zentrale Fragen, Probleme und Perspektiven qualitativer Forschungspraxis austauschen.

Climate Change and Public Health

Author: Barry Levy,Jonathan Patz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190202467

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 761

Climate change is causing, and will increasingly cause, a wide range of adverse health effects, including heat-related disorders, infectious diseases, respiratory and allergic disorders, malnutrition, mental health problems, and violence. The scientific bases for the associations between climate change and health problems are evolving as are the strategies for adapting to climate change and mitigating the greenhouse gases, which are its primary cause. With contributions from 78 leading experts in climate change and in public health, this book contains a concise and comprehensive book that represents a core curriculum on climate change and public health, including key strategies for adaptation and mitigation. Written primarily for students and mid-career professionals in public health and environmental sciences, the book clearly describes concepts and their application to the health impacts of climate change. Chapters are supplemented with case studies, graphs, tables and photographs. The book's organization in 15 chapters makes it an ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses in public health, environmental sciences, public policy, and other fields.

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities for Children and their Families after Disasters

A Global Survey

Author: Adenrele Awotona

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443818208

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 485

View: 6862

Disasters impose enormous misery on children, the most vulnerable members of the community. Records show that two million children have died as a direct consequence of armed conflict over the past decade. Globally, millions more have suffered death, disease, and dislocation as a result of such natural disasters as earthquakes, droughts, and floods. And even when emergency relief is available, permanent human damage remains; all too often, families fall apart, women are assaulted and degraded, and children are left to take care of themselves. In November 2008, the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston, USA, hosted an international conference to examine how to reconstruct sustainable communities that would be safe and secure for children and their families after disasters. This volume collects some of the papers that were presented at the conference. It is remarkable for the sheer assortment of topics covered. These include the role of gender equality in alleviating poverty and assisting children, their families and their communities after disasters; war and child soldiers; lessons from Hurricane Katrina and the Tsunami; the nature of psychosocial resilience and its significance for managing mass emergencies, disasters and terrorism; and, the promotion of human dignity in the creation of sustainable environments that empower families in the aftermath of disasters.

Zeitoun

Author: Dave Eggers

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462306693

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 9529

»›Zeitoun‹ gehört zum Interessan testen, Packendsten und Aufregendsten, das man gerade lesen kann.« FAZ Dave Eggers erzählt in seiner vielfach ausgezeichneten literarischen Reportage die Geschichte der amerikanisch-syrischen FamilieZeitoun, die nach dem Hurrikan Katrina unschuldig ins Visier der amerikanischen Terrorismusfahnder gerät. Nachdem Hurrikan Katrina im August 2005 New Orleans verwüstet hat, schickt der Familienvater Abdulrahman Zeitoun seine Frau und die vier Kinder nach Arizona und bleibt selbst in der Stadt. Mit seinem Kanu fährt er durch die überfluteten Straßen und hilft, wo er kann – bis er am 6. September ohne Angabe von Gründen verhaftet und unter unmenschlichen Bedingungen festgehalten wird. Erst nach langen Wochen erreicht die Familie ein Lebenszeichen, und sie beginnt, um Zeitouns Freilassung zu kämpfen.Drei Jahre hat Dave Eggers in enger Zusammenarbeit mit der Familie Zeitoun an diesem Buch gearbeitet und herausgekommen ist »ein grandioser Reportage-Roman« (SZ). »Dave Eggers hat den Job des Schriftstellers brillant gemacht, er hat ihn in gewisser Weise für unsere Zeit neu erfunden.« (Spiegel Online) »Eine überwältigende literarische Reportage« (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) »Ein großartiger Tatsachenroman, der ein unglaubliches Heldendrama aus dem überschwemmten New Orleans erzählt.« (Süddeutsche Zeitung)

Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters

Author: Joshua L. Miller

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519761

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 5065

Disaster responders treat more than just the immediate emotional and psychological trauma of victims: they empower individuals and families to heal themselves long into a disaster's aftermath. This requires helping survivors to rebuild their ability to meet their emotional and psychological needs, not only for themselves but also for others, which necessitates a careful consideration of survivors' social, economic, and political realities as their communities heal and recover. This comprehensive book integrates Western mental health approaches and international models of psychosocial capacity building within a social ecology framework, providing practitioners and volunteers with a blueprint for individual, family, group, and community interventions. Joshua L. Miller focuses on a range of disasters at local, regional, national, and international levels. Global case studies explore the social, psychological, economic, political, and cultural issues affecting various reactions to disaster and illustrate the importance of drawing on local cultural practices to promote empowerment and resiliency. Miller encourages developing people's capacity to direct their own recovery, using a social ecology framework to conceptualize disasters and their consequences. He also considers sources of vulnerability and how to support individual, family, and community resiliency; adapt and implement traditional disaster mental health interventions in different contexts; use groups and activities to facilitate recovery as part of a larger strategy of psychosocial capacity building; and foster collective grieving and memorializing. Miller's text examines the unique dynamics of intergroup conflict and the relationship between psychosocial healing, social justice, and peace and reconciliation. Each chapter ends with a mindfulness exercise, and a section reviews practitioner self-care.

Heat Islands

Understanding and Mitigating Heat in Urban Areas

Author: Lisa Mummery Gartland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136564209

Category: Architecture

Page: 208

View: 9647

Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Time, Consumption and Everyday Life

Practice, Materiality and Culture

Author: Elizabeth Shove,Frank Trentmann,Richard Wilk

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847886248

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3973

Has material civilization spun out of control, becoming too fast for our own well-being and that of the planet? This book confronts these anxieties and examines the changing rhythms and temporal organization of everyday life. How do people handle hurriedness, burn-out and stress? Are slower forms of consumption viable? In case studies covering the United States, Asia and Europe, international experts follow routines and rhythms, their emotional and political dynamics and show how they are anchored in material culture and everyday practice. Running themes of the book are questions of coordination and disruption; cycles and seasons; and the interplay between power and freedom, and between material and natural forces. The result is a volume that brings studies of practice, temporality and material culture together to open up a new intellectual agenda.

The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual E-Book

Author: Christopher A. Sanford,Elaine C. Jong

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437710697

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 7202

Prevent, evaluate, and manage diseases that can be acquired in tropical environments and foreign countries with The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual. This pragmatic, pocket-sized resource equips medical providers with the knowledge they need to offer effective aid, covering key topics in pre- and post-travel medicine, caring for immigrants and refugees, and working in low-resource settings. It's also the perfect source for travelers seeking quick, easy access to the latest travel medicine information. Dynamic images illustrate key concepts for an enhanced visual understanding. Evidence-based treatment recommendations enable you to manage diseases confidently. Pocket-sized format provides access to need-to-know information quickly and easily. Highlights new evidence and content surrounding mental health and traveling. Covers emerging hot topics such as Ebola virus disease, viral hemorrhagic fevers, the role of point-of-care testing in travel medicine, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in returning travelers and students traveling abroad. Includes an enhanced drug appendix in the back of the book.

Fighting for Air

The Battle to Control America's Media

Author: Eric Klinenberg

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 9781429923606

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 5331

A groundbreaking investigative work by a critically acclaimed sociologist on the corporate takeover of local news and what it means for all Americans For the residents of Minot, North Dakota, Clear Channel Communications is synonymous with disaster. Early in the morning of January 18, 2002, a train derailment sent a cloud of poisonous gas drifting toward the small town. Minot's fire and rescue departments attempted to reach Clear Channel, which owned and operated all six local commercial radio stations, to warn residents of the approaching threat. But in the age of canned programming and virtual DJs, there was no one in the conglomerate's studio to take the call. The people of Minot were taken unawares. The result: one death and more than a thousand injuries. Opening with the story of the Minot tragedy, Eric Klinenberg's Fighting for Air takes us into the world of preprogrammed radio shows, empty television news stations, and copycat newspapers to show how corporate ownership and control of local media has remade American political and cultural life. Klinenberg argues that the demise of truly local media stems from the federal government's malign neglect, as the agencies charged with ensuring diversity and open competition have ceded control to the very conglomerates that consistently undermine these values and goals. Such "big media" may not be here to stay, however. Fighting for Air delivers a call to action, revealing a rising generation of new media activists and citizen journalists—a coalition of liberals and conservatives—who are demanding and even creating the local coverage they need and deserve.

Social Causes of Health and Disease

Author: William C. Cockerham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745680755

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9231

In this stimulating book, William C. Cockerham, a leading medical sociologist, assesses the evidence that social factors (such as stress, poverty, unhealthy lifestyles, and unpleasant living and work conditions) have direct causal effects on health and many diseases. Noting a new emphasis upon social structure in both theory and multi-level research techniques, the author argues that a paradigm shift has been emerging in 21st-century medical sociology, which looks beyond individual explanations for health and disease. The field has headed toward a fundamentally different orientation, and Cockerham’s work has been at the forefront of these changes. The second edition of his compelling account has been thoroughly revised and updated with further contemporary developments, and also includes an expanded discussion of the relationship between race and health as well as new material on health care reform and social policy. This engaging text will be indispensable reading for all students and scholars of medical sociology, especially those with the courage to confront the possibility that society really does make people sick.

Living Alone

Globalization, Identity and Belonging

Author: Lynn Jamieson,Roona Simpson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113731852X

Category: Political Science

Page: 305

View: 3556

Exploring the growing global trend of solo living, this highly original study addresses core debates about contemporary social change in the context of globalization, including individualization and connection, the future of family formation, consumption and identities, belonging and 'community', living arrangements and sustainability.

Plagues and Epidemics

Infected Spaces Past and Present

Author: D. Ann Herring,Alan C. Swedlund

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847887554

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 4869

Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.