Hazardous Wastes

Sources, Pathways, Receptors

Author: Richard J. Watts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 764

View: 6464

A fundamental approach to the scientific principles of hazardous waste management and engineering, with the study of both currently-generated hazardous wastes and the assessment and characterization of contaminated sites.

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry

Author: Richard A. Larson,Eric J. Weber

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873712583

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 2489

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry classifies and organizes the reactions of environmentally important organic compounds using concepts and data drawn from traditional mechanistic and physical organic chemistry. It will help readers understand these reactions and their importance for the environmental fates or organic compounds of many types. The book has a molecular and mechanistic emphasis, and it is organized by reaction type. Organic molecules and their fates are examined in an ecosystem context. Their reactions are discussed in terms that organic chemists would use. The book will benefit organic chemists, environmental engineers, water treatment professionals, hazardous waste specialists, and biologists. Although conceived as a comprehensive monograph, the book could also be used as a text or reference for environmental chemistry classes at the undergraduate or graduate level.

Hazardous Waste Management

Second Edition

Author: Michael D. LaGrega,Phillip L. Buckingham,Jeffrey C. Evans

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478609346

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1202

View: 1383

Hazardous waste management is a complex, interdisciplinary field that continues to grow and change as global conditions change. Mastering this evolving and multifaceted field of study requires knowledge of the sources and generation of hazardous wastes, the scientific and engineering principles necessary to eliminate the threats they pose to people and the environment, the laws regulating their disposal, and the best or most cost-effective methods for dealing with them. Written for students with some background in engineering, this comprehensive, highly acclaimed text does not only provide detailed instructions on how to solve hazardous waste problems but also guides students to think about ways to approach these problems. Each richly detailed, self-contained chapter ends with a set of discussion topics and problems. Case studies, with equations and design examples, are provided throughout the book to give students the chance to evaluate the effectiveness of different treatment and containment technologies.

Just and Lasting Change

When Communities Own Their Futures

Author: Daniel C. Taylor,Carl E. Taylor

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421419475

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 7733

How can public health workers, policy experts, and medical professionals work with members of developing nations to promote social change in rapid, cost-effective, and locally appropriate ways? In Just and Lasting Change, Daniel C. and Carl E. Taylor present readers with an innovative, proven, and site-specific guide to helping communities thrive through growing their own change in partnership with experts, donors, and government. The Taylors built their decades-long careers by partnering with key thinkers to combat inequity, environmental degradation, and globalization. The SEED-SCALE model they describe enables people (wherever they might live) to transform their communities by analyzing their local context in relation to the global, taking appropriate actions based on their priorities and resources, and assessing what succeeding actions may be needed to continue making progress. Just and Lasting Change describes, step by step, how the SEED-SCALE model can be effectively implemented. Drawing from a variety of engaging personal experiences and case studies, this wide-ranging book describes early attempts to promote social development a century ago, as well as current efforts in South America, Africa, and Asia. It also reveals how community-based social change unfolded in America, spurred at different points by Abraham Lincoln’s leadership style and the Green Bay Packers’s ownership model, and presents readers with thematic global examples from the anti-smoking campaign, Green Revolution, Child Survival Revolution, and urban agriculture. The second edition of this pathbreaking handbook offers a hopeful description of how people have improved the quality of life in diverse communities around the world and is fully revised and updated with· Five completely new chapters · Thirteen years of scholarship and global evidence· Contributions from leading international experts in community-based development and public health

Urban Drainage, Third Edition

Author: David Butler,John Davies

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203849051

Category: Architecture

Page: 632

View: 7739

Urban Drainage has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect changes in the practice and priorities of urban drainage. New and expanded coverage includes: Sewer flooding The impact of climate change Flooding models The move towards sustainability Providing a descriptive overview of the issues involved as well as the engineering principles and analysis, it draws on real-world examples as well as models to support and demonstrate the key issues facing engineers dealing with drainage issues. It also deals with both the design of new drainage systems and the analysis and upgrading of existing infrastructure. This is a unique and essential textbook for students of water, environmental, and public health engineering as well as a valuable resource for practising engineers.

Environmental Biology for Engineers and Scientists

Author: David A. Vaccari,Peter F. Strom,James E. Alleman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471741787

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 6355

The growth of the environmental sciences has greatly expanded the scope of biological disciplines today's engineers have to deal with. Yet, despite its fundamental importance, the full breadth of biology has been given short shrift in most environmental engineering and science courses. Filling this gap in the professional literature, Environmental Biology for Engineers and Scientists introduces students of chemistry, physics, geology, and environmental engineering to a broad range of biological concepts they may not otherwise be exposed to in their training. Based on a graduate-level course designed to teach engineers to be literate in biological concepts and terminology, the text covers a wide range of biology without making it tedious for non-biology majors. Teaching aids include: * Notes, problems, and solutions * Problem sets at the end of each chapter * PowerPoints(r) of many figures A valuable addition to any civil engineering and environmental studies curriculum, this book also serves as an important professional reference for practicing environmental professionals who need to understand the biological impacts of pollution.

Environmental Transport Phenomena

Author: A. Eduardo Sáez,James C. Baygents

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466576243

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 3902

Environmental Transport Phenomena offers a detailed yet accessible introduction to transport phenomena. It begins by explaining the underlying principles and mechanisms that govern mass transport and continues by tackling practical problems spanning all subdisciplines of environmental science and chemical engineering. Assuming some knowledge of ordinary differential equations and a familiarity with basic applications of fluid mechanics, this classroom-tested text: Addresses mass conservation and macroscopic mass balances, placing a special emphasis on applications to environmental processes Covers the fundamentals of diffusive transport, applications of the diffusion equation, and diffusive transport in reactive systems Discusses convective transport, hydrodynamic dispersion, and transport in multiphase systems Presents a mathematical framework for formulating and solving transport phenomena problems Environmental Transport Phenomena makes an ideal textbook for a one-semester advanced undergraduate or graduate introductory course in transport phenomena. It provides a fundamental understanding of how to quantify the spread and distribution of contaminants in the environment as well as the basis for designing processes related to water purification, wastewater treatment, and solid waste disposal, among others.

A Brief Introduction to Circuit Analysis

Author: J. David Irwin

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 8615

* Chapter selection covers all the necessary topics for a basic understanding of circuit analysis. Op-Amp coverage is integrated throughout when appropriate in chapters 3,4,5 and 8. * Irwin does it better than any other text in the market! This brief text offers students the most accessible and proven presentation of any circuit analysis text available. Through real-world examples and reader friendly explanations students will be motivated to learn this topic . * Practice makes perfect. With the inclusion of many example problems to the Applications sections throughout the text and the availability of eGrade, an on-line quizzing function students will have the opportunity to practice, practice, practice...that is until they get it right. * Are you concerned with how well your students are grasping concepts? Special Exercises and drill problems help students assess proper problem-solving techniques needed to solve chapter problems. * Options are always available! Irwin offers a variety of end-of-chapter problems that range from basic to advanced. Basic problems, which graduate in difficulty are further subdivided and referenced to chapter subsections while the more advanced problems require the use of multiple techniques with no assistance. Also included are problems, which students would typically find on the FE Exam. * New! Web-based learning - Circuit Solutions is an innovative web-based learning site available in conjunction with this text. Students walk through carefully produced solutions to select end of chapter problems one step at a time. The site illustrates the necessary concepts that should be applied when solving each problem. Important theories and definitions are highlighted throughout the program, solidifying the key concepts taught in the book.

Environmental Geochemistry

Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories

Author: Benedetto DeVivo,Harvey Belkin,Annamaria Lima

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044464007X

Category: Science

Page: 644

View: 3223

Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories, Second Edition, reviews the role of geochemistry in the environment and details state-of-the-art applications of these principles in the field, specifically in pollution and remediation situations. Chapters cover both philosophy and procedures, as well as applications, in an array of issues in environmental geochemistry including health problems related to environment pollution, waste disposal and data base management. This updated edition also includes illustrations of specific case histories of site characterization and remediation of brownfield sites. Covers numerous global case studies allowing readers to see principles in action Explores the environmental impacts on soils, water and air in terms of both inorganic and organic geochemistry Written by a well-respected author team, with over 100 years of experience combined Includes updated content on: urban geochemical mapping, chemical speciation, characterizing a brownsfield site and the relationship between heavy metal distributions and cancer mortality

Risk-Based Waste Classification in California

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Risk-Based Criteria for Non-RCRA Hazardous Waste

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309184038

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 8869

The Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) of the State of California Environmental Protection Agency is in the process of complying with the Regulatory Structure Update. The Regulatory Structure Update is a comprehensive review and refocusing of California's system for identifying and regulating management of hazardous wastes. As part of this effort, the DTSC proposes to change its current waste classification system that categorizes wastes as hazardous or nonhazardous based on their toxicity. Under the proposed system there would be two risk-based thresholds rather than the single toxicity threshold currently used to distinguish between the wastes. Wastes that contain specific chemicals at concentrations that exceed the upper threshold will be designated as hazardous; those below the lower threshold will be nonhazardous; and those with chemical concentrations between the two thresholds will be "special" wastes and subject to variances for management and disposal. The proposed DTSC system combines toxicity information with short or long-term exposure information to determine the risks associated with the chemicals. Under section 57004 of the California Health and Safety Code, the scientific basis of the proposed waste classification system is subject to external scientific peer review by the National Academy of Sciences, the University of California, or other similar institution of higher learning or group of scientists. This report addresses that regulatory requirement.

Water Chemistry

An Introduction to the Chemistry of Natural and Engineered Aquatic Systems

Author: Patrick Brezonik,William Arnold

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199730725

Category: Science

Page: 782

View: 2071

Secondary audience: the book will serve as a reference source for researchers and other professionals in environmental engineering and all areas of aquatic chemistry.

Managing Industrial Hazardous Waste- A Practical Handbook

Author: Gary F. Lindgren

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351091166

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 403

View: 8370

Here is your new handbook full of information and guidance necessary to understand and comply with the myriad and complex hazardous waste regulations. This handbook explains the regulations regarding identification and listing of hazardous wastes, walks the reader through the three determinations for all manufacturing firms, gives in-depth explanations of applicable standards, outlines the DOT standards applicable to shippers of hazardous wastes, presents a philosophical basis for corporate compliance, gives "how to" for actions and the paperwork necessary for such a program, and concludes with some practical information not commonly found in textbooks or regulations. This essential resource for personnel with waste management responsibilities at manufacturing firms should prove a valuable resource. This book will assist these practitioners in establishing or modifying regulatory compliance programs. This valuable new book helps you to reduce waste generation, segregate hazardous wastes, reuse on-site or off-site, recycle or reclaim, treat to reduce hazards, secure land disposal, follow regulatory standards, use best management practices, and establish or modify compliance programs.

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

Author: Melanie Bergmann,Lars Gutow,Michael Klages

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319165100

Category: Science

Page: 447

View: 2920

This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Waste Incineration and Public Health

Author: Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Health Effects of Waste Incineration,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030906371X

Category: Nature

Page: 364

View: 867

Incineration has been used widely for waste disposal, including household, hazardous, and medical waste--but there is increasing public concern over the benefits of combusting the waste versus the health risk from pollutants emitted during combustion. Waste Incineration and Public Health informs the emerging debate with the most up-to-date information available on incineration, pollution, and human health--along with expert conclusions and recommendations for further research and improvement of such areas as risk communication. The committee provides details on: Processes involved in incineration and how contaminants are released. Environmental dynamics of contaminants and routes of human exposure. Tools and approaches for assessing possible human health effects. Scientific concerns pertinent to future regulatory actions. The book also examines some of the social, psychological, and economic factors that affect the communities where incineration takes place and addresses the problem of uncertainty and variation in predicting the health effects of incineration processes.

Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces:

Detecting, Characterizing, and Documenting Exposures

Author: Division of Military Science and Technology and Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,National Research Council,Commission on Life Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309068754

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 3959

Since Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, Gulf War veterans have expressed concerns about health effects that could be associated with their deployment and service during the war. Although similar concerns were raised after other military operations, the Gulf War deployment focused national attention on the potential, but uncertain, relationship between the presence of chemical and biological (CB) agents and other harmful agents in theater and health symptoms reported by military personnel. Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces which is one of the four two-year studies, examines the detection and tracking of exposures of deployed personnel to multiple harmful agents.

Down to Earth

Solid Waste Disposal for Low-income Countries

Author: Mansoor Ali,Andrew Cotton,Kenneth Westlake

Publisher: WEDC, Loughborough University

ISBN: 0906055660

Category: Recycling (Waste, etc.)

Page: 111

View: 1431

This book presents the findings of a Department for International Development (DFID) funded project. It has been written for policy-makers and professional staff of urban government, development agencies and non-government organizations in low-income countries. The book aims to help improve the poor practices of municipal solid waste management that prevail in many low-income countries - a subject that has received comparatively little attention to other aspects of infrastructure such as water supply and transport. It is a complex subject embracing waste collection, transfer, haulage and disposal and its impacts are wide, including for example, effects on environmental health, municipal finance and management, waste reuse, and informal sector employment.

Information Resources in Toxicology

Author: Philip Wexler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0127447709

Category: Medical

Page: 921

View: 5309

Information Resources in Toxicology, Third Edition is a sourcebook for anyone who needs to know where to find toxicology information. It provides an up-to-date selective guide to a large variety of sources--books, journals, organizations, audiovisuals, internet and electronic sources, and more. For the Third Edition, the editors have selected, organized, and updated the most relevant information available. New information on grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports have also been added. This comprehensive, time-saving tool is ideal for toxicologists, pharmacologists, drug companies, testing labs, libraries, poison control centers, physicians, legal and regulatory professionals, and chemists. Key Features * Serves as an all-in-one resource for toxicology information * New edition includes information on publishers, grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports * Updated to include the latest internet and electronic sources, e-mail addresses, etc. * Provides valuable data about the new fields that have emerged within toxicological research; namely, the biochemical, cellular, molecular, and genetic aspects

Alternatives for Managing the Nation's Complex Contaminated Groundwater Sites

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Future Options for Management in the Nation's Subsurface Remediation Effort

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309278139

Category: Nature

Page: 422

View: 8335

Across the United States, thousands of hazardous waste sites are contaminated with chemicals that prevent the underlying groundwater from meeting drinking water standards. These include Superfund sites and other facilities that handle and dispose of hazardous waste, active and inactive dry cleaners, and leaking underground storage tanks; many are at federal facilities such as military installations. While many sites have been closed over the past 30 years through cleanup programs run by the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. EPA, and other state and federal agencies, the remaining caseload is much more difficult to address because the nature of the contamination and subsurface conditions make it difficult to achieve drinking water standards in the affected groundwater. Alternatives for Managing the Nation's Complex Contaminated Groundwater Sites estimates that at least 126,000 sites across the U.S. still have contaminated groundwater, and their closure is expected to cost at least $110 billion to $127 billion. About 10 percent of these sites are considered "complex," meaning restoration is unlikely to be achieved in the next 50 to 100 years due to technological limitations. At sites where contaminant concentrations have plateaued at levels above cleanup goals despite active efforts, the report recommends evaluating whether the sites should transition to long-term management, where risks would be monitored and harmful exposures prevented, but at reduced costs.

Bio-Geotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation

Author: M.N.V. Prasad,Paulo Jorge de Campos Favas,Subodh Kumar Maiti

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128129875

Category: Science

Page: 730

View: 9286

Bio-Geotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation deals with the biological, physical, chemical, and engineering approaches necessary for the reclamation of mine waste. As mining has negative effects on natural resources and deteriorates the quality of the surrounding environment, this book provides coverage across different types of mining industries, which are currently creating industrial deserts overloaded with technogenic waste. The book offers cost-effective strategies and approaches for contaminated sites, along with remediation and rehabilitation methods for contaminated soils and waste dumps. It is an essential resource for students and academics, but is also ideal for applied professionals in environmental geology, mineral geologists, biotechnologists and policymakers. Deals with global and holistic approaches of abandoned mine land rehabilitation Includes mine waste rehabilitation case studies from around the world Covers integrated technologies, such as bioremediation of metalliferous soil Provide strategies for sustainable ecosystems on mine spoil dumps Offers novel methods for the remediation of acid mine drainage