Handbook of South American Archaeology

Author: Helaine Silverman,William Isbell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387749075

Category: Social Science

Page: 1192

View: 9796

Perhaps the contributions of South American archaeology to the larger field of world archaeology have been inadequately recognized. If so, this is probably because there have been relatively few archaeologists working in South America outside of Peru and recent advances in knowledge in other parts of the continent are only beginning to enter larger archaeological discourse. Many ideas of and about South American archaeology held by scholars from outside the area are going to change irrevocably with the appearance of the present volume. Not only does the Handbook of South American Archaeology (HSAA) provide immense and broad information about ancient South America, the volume also showcases the contributions made by South Americans to social theory. Moreover, one of the merits of this volume is that about half the authors (30) are South Americans, and the bibliographies in their chapters will be especially useful guides to Spanish and Portuguese literature as well as to the latest research. It is inevitable that the HSAA will be compared with the multi-volume Handbook of South American Indians (HSAI), with its detailed descriptions of indigenous peoples of South America, that was organized and edited by Julian Steward. Although there are heroic archaeological essays in the HSAI, by the likes of Junius Bird, Gordon Willey, John Rowe, and John Murra, Steward states frankly in his introduction to Volume Two that “arch- ology is included by way of background” to the ethnographic chapters.

The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

Author: Timothy Pauketat,Timothy R. Pauketat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190241098

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 3897

This volume explores 15,000 years of indigenous human history on the North American continent, drawing on the latest archaeological theories, time-honored methodologies, and rich datasets. From the Arctic south to the Mexican border and east to the Atlantic Ocean, all of the major cultural developments are covered in 53 chapters, with certain periods, places, and historical problems receiving special focus by the volume's authors. Questions like who first peopled the continent, what did it mean to have been a hunter-gatherer in the Great Basin versus the California coast, how significant were cultural exchanges between Native North Americans and Mesoamericans, and why do major historical changes seem to correspond to shifts in religion, politics, demography, and economy are brought into focus. The practice of archaeology itself is discussed as contributors wrestle with modern-day concerns with the implications of doing archaeology and its relevance for understanding ourselves today. In the end, the chapters in this book show us that the principal questions answered about human history through the archaeology of North America are central to any larger understanding of the relationships between people, cultural identities, landscapes, and the living of everyday life.

Die Anden

Ein geographisches Porträt

Author: Axel Borsdorf,Christoph Stadel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827424585

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 3058

Bodenschätze, die überwältigenden Naturschönheiten, die Vielfalt scheinbar intakter Kulturen, wirtschaftliche Vielfalt - das sind Stichwörter, die man gemeinhin mit den Anden verbindet. Erstmals seit Jahrzehnten wird eine Gesamtschau eines Erdraums versucht, der durch die längste Gebirgskette der Erde verbunden ist. In diesem Raum von außerordentlicher klimatischer, floristischer und geologischer Vielfalt hatten sich vor Ankunft der Spanier Hochkulturen entwickelt und bis heute ist der Andenraum durch die Diversität von ethnischen, demographischen, kulturellen und wirtschaftlichen Strukturen sowie die Disparität von sozioökonomischen Schichten gekennzeichnet. Die Andenländer stellen sich auf unterschiedlichen Wegen der Herausforderung, ihre natürlichen und kulturellen Potenziale besser zu nutzen und dennoch die ökologischen Grundlagen nicht zu gefährden, die wirtschaftlichen Disparitäten zu überwinden, und soziale Kohärenz herzustellen. Dieses mit faszinierenden Fotos und anschaulichen Grafiken reich bebilderte Buch liefert Grundlagen für ein besseres Verständnis dieses Naturraums mit seinen Problemen. Axel Borsdorf ist Ordinarius des Instituts für Geographie an der Universität Innsbruck und Leiter des Instituts für Interdisziplinare Gebirgsforschung der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Er ist Autor oder Herausgeber zahlreicher Bücher zu verschiedenen Themen der Humangeographie, der Alpen und der Anden. Christoph Stadel ist Emeritus an der Universität Salzburg und Adjunct Professor des Institute for Natural Resources an der University of Manitoba, Kanada. Er ist der Verfasser zahlreicher Arbeiten zur vergleichenden Hochgebirgsgeographie und zur Geographie der Anden.

The Native Languages of South America

Origins, Development, Typology

Author: Loretta O'Connor,Pieter Muysken

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139867989

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: N.A

View: 5318

In South America indigenous languages are extremely diverse. There are over one hundred language families in this region alone. Contributors from around the world explore the history and structure of these languages, combining insights from archaeology and genetics with innovative linguistic analysis. The book aims to uncover regional patterns and potential deeper genealogical relations between the languages. Based on a large-scale database of features from sixty languages, the book analyses major language families such as Tupian and Arawakan, as well as the Quechua/Aymara complex in the Andes, the Isthmo-Colombian region and the Andean foothills. It explores the effects of historical change in different grammatical systems and fills gaps in the World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) database, where South American languages are underrepresented. An important resource for students and researchers interested in linguistics, anthropology and language evolution.

Handbook of Latin American Studies

Social Sciences

Author: Dolores Moyano Martin,P. Sue Mundell

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292752115

Category: Social Science

Page: 952

View: 8142

Beginning with volume 41 (1979), the University of Texas Press became the publisher of the Handbook of Latin American Stuides, the most comprehensive annual bibliography in the field. Compiled by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress and annotated by a corps of more than 130 specialists in various disciplines, the Handbook alternates from year to year between social sciences and humanities. The Handbook annotates works on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and the Guianas, Spanish South America, and Brazil, as well as materials covering Latin America as a whole. Most of the subsections are preceded by introductory essays that serve as biannual evaluations of the literature and research underway in specialized areas. The Handbook of Latin American Studies is the oldest continuing reference work in the field. Dolores Moyano Martin, of the Library of Congress Hispanic Division, has been the editor since 1977, and P. Sue Mundell has been assistant editor since 1994. The subject categories for Volume 55 are as follows: Anthropology (including Archaeology and Ethnology) Economics Electronic Resources for the Social Sciences Geography Government and Politics International Relations Sociology

The Garland Handbook of Latin American Music

Author: Dale Olsen,Daniel Sheehy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135900086

Category: Music

Page: 592

View: 2782

The Garland Handbook of Latin American Music is comprised of essays from The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: Volume 2, South America, Mexico, Central America, and the Carribean, (1998). Revised and updated, the essays offer detailed, regional studies of the different musical cultures of Latin America and examine the ways in which music helps to define the identity of this particular area. Part One provides an in-depth introduction to the area of Latin America and describes the history, geography, demography, and cultural settings of the regions that comprise Latin America. It also explores the many ways to research Latin American music, including archaeology, iconography, mythology, history, ethnography, and practice. Part Two focuses on issues and processes, such as history, politics, geography, and immigration, which are responsible for the similarities and the differences of each region’s uniqueness and individuality. Part Three focuses on the different regions, countries, and cultures of Caribbean Latin America, Middle Latin America, and South America with selected regional case studies. The second edition has been expanded to cover Haiti, Panama, several more Amerindian musical cultures, and Afro-Peru. Questions for Critical Thinking at the end of each major section guide focus attention on what musical and cultural issues arise when one studies the music of Latin America -- issues that might not occur in the study of other musics of the world. Two audio compact discs offer musical examples of some of the music of Latin America.

Communities in Contact

Essays in Archaeology, Ethnohistory & Ethnography of the Amerindian Circum-Caribbean

Author: Corinne Lisette Hofman,Anne van Duijvenbode

Publisher: Sidestone Press

ISBN: 9088900639

Category: History

Page: 508

View: 7490

"Communities in Contact represents the outcome of the Fourth International Leiden in the Caribbean symposium, entitled "From Prehistory to Ethnography in the circum-Caribbean." The contributions included in this volume cover a wide range of topics from avariety of disciplines - archaeology, bioarchaeology, ethnohistory and ethnography - revolving around the themes of mobility and exchange, culture contact, and settlement and community. The application of innovative approaches and the multi-dimensional character of these essays have provided exiting new perspectives on the indigenous communities of the circum-Caribbean and Amazonian regions throughout prehistory until the present."--pub. desc.

Ethnicity in Ancient Amazonia

Reconstructing Past Identities from Archaeology, Linguistics, and Ethnohistory

Author: Alf Hornborg,Jonathan D. Hill

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607320959

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 7247

A transdisciplinary collaboration among ethnologists, linguists, and archaeologists, Ethnicity in Ancient Amazonia traces the emergence, expansion, and decline of cultural identities in indigenous Amazonia. Hornborg and Hill argue that the tendency to link language, culture, and biology--essentialist notions of ethnic identities--is a Eurocentric bias that has characterized largely inaccurate explanations of the distribution of ethnic groups and languages in Amazonia. The evidence, however, suggests a much more fluid relationship among geography, language use, ethnic identity, and genetics. In Ethnicity in Ancient Amazonia, leading linguists, ethnographers, ethnohistorians, and archaeologists interpret their research from a unique nonessentialist perspective to form a more accurate picture of the ethnolinguistic diversity in this area. Revealing how ethnic identity construction is constantly in flux, contributors show how such processes can be traced through different ethnic markers such as pottery styles and languages. Scholars and students studying lowland South America will be especially interested, as will anthropologists intrigued by its cutting-edge, interdisciplinary approach.

Handbook of Archaeological Theories

Author: R. Alexander Bentley,Herbert D. G. Maschner,Christopher Chippindale

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780759100336

Category: Social Science

Page: 590

View: 3918

This handbook, a companion to the authoritative Handbook of Archaeological Methods, gathers original, authoritative articles from leading archaeologists on all aspects of the latest thinking about archaeological theory. It is the definitive resource for understanding how to think about archaeology.

Häuptlingstum Jalca

Bevölkerung und Ressourcen bei den vorspanischen Chachapoya Peru

Author: Peter Lerche

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Incas

Page: 229

View: 8840


The Global Prehistory of Human Migration

Author: Immanuel Ness

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118970586

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 2469

Previously published as the first volume of The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, this work is devoted exclusively to prehistoric migration, covering all periods and places from the first hominin migrations out of Africa through the end of prehistory. Presents interdisciplinary coverage of this topic, including scholarship from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, genetics, biology, linguistics, and more Includes contributions from a diverse international team of authors, representing 17 countries and a variety of disciplines Divided into two sections, covering the Pleistocene and Holocene; each section examines human migration through chapters that focus on different regional and disciplinary lenses

Mit Haut und Haar

Roman

Author: Kathy Reichs

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641138272

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 9431

Die Arbeit einer echten Anthropologin umgesetzt in hochspannende Fiktion Der Sommer ist brütend heiß in Charlotte, North Carolina. Gerade will Tempe Brennan vor der Hitze in den wohlverdienten Urlaub fliehen, als auf einer verlassenen Farm Überreste von brutal abgeschlachteten Schwarzbären gefunden werden. Doch das ist noch nicht alles. Zwischen den skelettierten Pranken stößt Tempe auf menschliche Knochen und damit auf die Spur von Schmugglern, die mit dem Töten von Wildtieren blutiges Geld verdienen. Wer ihnen zu nahe kommt, muss um sein Leben fürchten. Tempe ermittelt.

International Handbook of Historical Archaeology

Author: Teresita Majewski,David Gaimster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387720715

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 6749

In studying the past, archaeologists have focused on the material remains of our ancestors. Prehistorians generally have only artifacts to study and rely on the diverse material record for their understanding of past societies and their behavior. Those involved in studying historically documented cultures not only have extensive material remains but also contemporary texts, images, and a range of investigative technologies to enable them to build a broader and more reflexive picture of how past societies, communities, and individuals operated and behaved. Increasingly, historical archaeology refers not to a particular period, place, or a method, but rather an approach that interrogates the tensions between artifacts and texts irrespective of context. In short, historical archaeology provides direct evidence for how humans have shaped the world we live in today. Historical archaeology is a branch of global archaeology that has grown in the last 40 years from its North American base into an increasingly global community of archaeologists each studying their area of the world in a historical context. Where historical archaeology started as part of the study of the post-Columbian societies of the United States and Canada, it has now expanded to interface with the post-medieval archaeologies of Europe and the diverse post-imperial experiences of Africa, Latin America, and Australasia. The 36 essays in the International Handbook of Historical Archaeology have been specially commissioned from the leading researchers in their fields, creating a wide-ranging digest of the increasingly global field of historical archaeology. The volume is divided into two sections, the first reviewing the key themes, issues, and approaches of historical archaeology today, and the second containing a series of case studies charting the development and current state of historical archaeological practice around the world. This key reference work captures the energy and diversity of this global discipline today.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199569061

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 9739

This Handbook reviews the state of mortuary archaeology and its practice with forty-four chapters focusing on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods and geographical areas.

Handbook of Latin American Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Latin America

Page: N.A

View: 5365

Contains scholarly evaluations of books and book chapters as well as conference papers and articles published worldwide in the field of Latin American studies. Covers social sciences and the humanities in alternate years.

HEADS OF STATE

ICONS, POWER, AND POLITICS IN THE ANCIENT AND MODERN ANDES

Author: Denise Y Arnold,Christine A Hastorf

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598741713

Category: Religion

Page: 293

View: 8514

Addresses the importance of the human head in political, ritual and symbolic contexts in the ancient and modern Andes.

Distant Provinces in the Inka Empire

Toward a Deeper Understanding of Inka Imperialism

Author: Michael A. Malpass,Sonia Alconini

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 158729933X

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 9335

Who was in charge of the widespread provinces of the great Inka Empire of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries: Inka from the imperial heartland or local leaders who took on the trappings of their conquerors, either by coercion or acceptance? By focusing on provinces far from the capital of Cuzco, the essays in this multidisciplinary volume provide up-to-date information on the strategies of domination asserted by the Inka across the provinces far from their capital and the equally broad range of responses adopted by their conquered peoples. Contributors to this cutting-edge volume incorporate the interaction of archaeological and ethnohistorical research with archaeobotany, biometrics, architecture, and mining engineering, among other fields. The geographical scope of the chapters—which cover the Inka provinces in Bolivia, in southeast Argentina, in southern Chile, along the central and north coast of Peru, and in Ecuador—build upon the many different ways in which conqueror and conquered interacted. Competing factors such as the kinds of resources available in the provinces, the degree of cooperation or resistance manifested by local leaders, the existing levels of political organization convenient to the imperial administration, and how recently a region had been conquered provide a wealth of information on regions previously understudied. Using detailed contextual analyses of Inka and elite residences and settlements in the distant provinces, the essayists evaluate the impact of the empire on the leadership strategies of conquered populations, whether they were Inka by privilege, local leaders acculturated to Inka norms, or foreign mid-level administrators from trusted ethnicities. By exploring the critical interface between local elites and their Inka overlords, Distant Provinces in the Inka Empire builds upon Malpass’s 1993 Provincial Inca: Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Assessment of the Impact of the Inca State to support the conclusions that Inka strategies of control were tailored to the particular situations faced in different regions. By contributing to our understanding of what it means to be marginal in the Inka Empire, this book details how the Inka attended to their political and economic goals in their interactions with their conquered peoples and how their subjects responded, producing a richly textured view of the reality that was the Inka Empire.