Handbook of Deontic Logic and Normative Systems

Author: Dov Gabbay,John Horty,Xavier Parent

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848901322

Category: Mathematics

Page: 646

View: 1610

The Handbook of Deontic Logic and Normative Systems presents a detailed overview of the main lines of research on contemporary deontic logic and related topics. Although building on decades of previous work in the field, it is the first collection to take into account the significant changes in the landscape of deontic logic that have occurred in the past twenty years. These changes have resulted largely, though not entirely, from the interaction of deontic logic with a variety of other fields, including computer science, legal theory, organizational theory, economics, and linguistics. This first volume of the Handbook is divided into three parts, containing nine chapters in all, each written by leading experts in the field. The first part concentrates on historical foundations. The second examines topics of central interest in contemporary deontic logic. The third presents some new logical frameworks that have now become part of the mainstream literature. A second volume of the Handbook is currently in preparation, and there may be a third after that.

Deontic Logic and Normative Systems

12th International Conference, DEON 2014, Ghent, Belgium, July 12-15, 2014. Proceedings

Author: Fabrizio Cariani,Davide Grossi,Joke Meheus,Xavier Parent

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319086154

Category: Mathematics

Page: 273

View: 5918

This volume presents the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Deontic Logic and Normative Systems, DEON 2014, held in Ghent, Belgium, in July 2014. The 17 revised papers and the 2 invited papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 31 submissions. Topics covered include challenges from natural language for deontic logic; the relationship between deontic and other types of modality: epistemic modality, imperatives, supererogatory, etc.; the deontic paradoxes; the modeling of normative concepts other than obligation and permission, e.g., values; the game-theoretical aspects of deontic reasoning; the emergence of norms; norms from a conversational and pragmatic point of view; and norms and argumentation.

Deontic Logic and Artificial Normative Systems

8th International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, DEON 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12-14, 2006, Proceedings

Author: Lou Goble

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540358420

Category: Computers

Page: 271

View: 7612

This volume presents the papers contributed to DEON 2006, the 8th Inter- tional Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, held in Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12–14, 2006. These biennial DEON (more properly, ?EON) workshops are designed to promote international cooperation among scholars across disciplines who are interested in deontic logic and its use in computer science. They support research that links the formal-logical study of normative concepts and normative systems with computer science, arti?cial intelligence, philosophy, organization theory, and law. Papers for these workshops might address such general themes as the dev- opment of formal systems of deontic logic and related areas of logic, such as logics of action and agency, or the formal analysis of all sorts of normative concepts, such as the notions of rule, role, regulation, authority, power, rights, respon- bility, etc. , or the formal representation of legal knowledge. They might also be more concerned with applications, such as the formal speci?cation of systems for the management of bureaucratic processes in public or private administration, or the speci?cation of database integrity constraints or computer security protocols, and more. Of particular interest is the interaction between computer systems and their users. (The DEON 2006 website, http://www. cs. uu. nl/deon2006/,c- tains links to previous workshops and their papers. This history reveals a vibrant interdisciplinary research program.

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Author: Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402006654

Category: Philosophy

Page: 354

View: 4102

suchquestionsforcenturies(unrestrictedbythecapabilitiesofanyhard­ ware). Theprinciplesgoverningtheinteractionofseveralprocesses,forexample, areabstractansimilartoprinciplesgoverningthecooperationoftwolarge organisation.Adetailedrulebasedeffectivebutrigidbureaucracyisvery muchsimilartoacomplexcomputerprogramhandlingandmanipulating data. Myguessisthattheprinciplesunderlyingoneareverymuchthe sameasthoseunderlyingtheother. Ibelievethedayisnotfarawayinthefuturewhenthecomputerscientist willwakeuponemorningwiththerealisationthatheisactuallyakindof formalphilosopher! TheprojectednumberofvolumesforthisHandbookisabout18.The subjecthasevolvedanditsareashavebecomeinterrelatedtosuchanextent thatitnolongermakessensetodedicatevolumestotopics.However,the volumesdofollowsomenaturalgroupingsofchapters. Iwouldliketothankourauthorsarereadersfortheircontributionsand theircommitmentinmakingthisHandbookasuccess. Thanksalsoto ourpublicationadministratorMrsJ.Spurrforherusualdedicationand excellenceandtoKluwerAcademicPublishersfortheircontinuingsupport fortheHandbook. DovGabbay King'sCollegeLondon x Logic II IT Natural Program Artificialin­ Logic p- language controlspec­ telligence gramming processing ification, verification, concurrency Temporal Expressive Expressive Planning. Extension of logic poweroftense power for re­ Time depen­ Horn clause operators. currentevents. dent data. with time Temporal Specification Eventcalculus. capability. indices. Sepa­ of tempo- Persistence Eventcalculus. rationofpast ral control. throughtime­ Temporallogic fromfuture Decisionprob­ the Frame programming. Problem.Tem­ lems. Model checking. poral query language. temporal transactions. Modal logic. generalised Actionlogic Beliefrevision. Negation by Multi-modal quantifiers Inferential failure and logics databases modality Algorithmic Discourse rep­ New logics. Generaltheory Proceduralap­ proof resentation. Generic theo­ of reasoning. proachtologic Direct com- remprovers Non-monotonic putation on systems linguisticinput Non­ Resolving Loopchecking. Intrinsiclogical Negation by monotonic ambigui- Non-monotonic discipline for failure.Deduc­ reasoning ties. Machine decisionsabout AI. Evolving tivedatabases translation. loops. Faults and com­ Document insystems. municating classification. databases Relevance theory Probabilistic logicalanalysis Realtimesys­ Expert sys­ Semantics for and fuzzy oflanguage tems tems.Machine logicprograms logic learning Intuitionistic Quantifiers in Constructive Intuitionistic Horn clause logic logic reasoning and logicisabetter logic is really proof theory logical basis intuitionistic.

Deontic Logic, Agency and Normative Systems

?EON ’96: Third International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, Sesimbra, Portugal, 11 – 13 January 1996

Author: Mark A. Brown,Jose Carmo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447114884

Category: Computers

Page: 235

View: 7854

This volume presents a variety of papers bearing on the relation between deontic logics, logics of action, and normative systems, i.e. systems of or about interacting agents (computers, human beings, corporations, etc.) whose behaviour is subject to ideal constraints that may not always be fulfilled in practice. The papers range from theoretical studies of the logical and conceptual tools needed, to studies of various applications. The set of papers collected in this book should be of interest to investigators working in a variety of fields, from philosophy, logic and legal theory to artificial intelligence, computer and management sciences, since it covers topics ranging from theoretical research on foundational issues in deontic and action logics, defeasible reasoning, decision theory, ethical theory, and legal theory, to research on a variety of issues relevant to applications connected with expert systems in the law, document specification, automation of defeasible reasoning, specification of responsibilities and powers in organizations, normative systems specification, confidentiality in database systems, and a host of other applications.

Enzyklopädie Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie

Bd. 5: Log–N

Author: Jürgen Mittelstraß

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476001407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 629

View: 5813

Das gesamte Wissen der Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie. Die Sach- und Personenartikel des Nachschlagewerks erfassen nicht nur den klassischen Bestand des philosophischen Wissens, sondern werden auch den neueren Entwicklungen in der Philosophie gerecht. Insbesondere in den Bereichen Logik, Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie sowie Sprachphilosophie. Jetzt erscheint der fünfte Band der Neuauflage mit über 70 neuen Artikeln u. a. zu diesen Begriffen: antike Logik, Lüge, Macht, Medizin, Nano und Neurowissenschaften. Mit neuen Personenartikeln, darunter Luhmann, Lyotard, Maturana.

Handbook of Pragmatics



Publisher: N.A


Category: Linguistics

Page: 658

View: 2508

This encyclopaedia of one of the major fields of language studies is a continuously updated source of state-of-the-art information for anyone interested in language use. It provides easy access for scholars with widely divergent backgrounds but with convergent interests in the use and functioning of language to the different topics, traditions and methods which together make up the field of Pragmatics, broadly conceived as the cognitive, social and cultural study of language and communication . The Handbook of Pragmatics is a unique reference work for researchers: the main body of the Handbook is produced in loose-leaf format in 3-ring binders and is accompanied by the bound Manual which contains all necessary background information and user guidelines. The loose-leaf Handbook forms the basis of the Handbook proper giving an overview of the subfields, traditions, methodologies and concepts of Pragmatics. The Handbook is used as a basis for the online version: the Handbook of Pragmatics Online is being expanded and revised annually as of 2003. Future versions will add further records and will include updates, rewritings and extensive revisions of already existing records. The Handbook of Pragmatics Online is available from www.benjamins.com/online as well as a free 30-day trial. The Handbook is also available in combination with the Bibliography of Pragmatics Online at a discounted rate.SPECIAL OFFER: 30% discount for a complete set order (Manual + Installments 1995-2007).

Deontic logic in computer science

normative system specification

Author: John-Jules Ch Meyer,Roel Wieringa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471937432

Category: Computers

Page: 317

View: 8204

Deontic logic originated from moral philosophy and the philosophy of law as an attempt to formalise normative and legal reasoning. This book draws on the experience of researchers - working in fields as diverse as Artificial Intelligence, linguistics, computer system specification and law - who have discovered the benefits of deontic logic when applied to solving computer science and AI problems. A useful logic in which to specify normative system behaviour, deontic logic has a broad spectrum of possible applications within the field: from legal expert systems to natural language processing, database integrity to electronic contracting and the specification of fault-tolerant software. This book provides a unique and timely assessment of the practical value of deontic logic for computer scientists in AI and law and, more particularly, in such areas as distributed AI and intelligent cooperative information systems.

Handbook of Legal Reasoning and Argumentation

Author: Giorgio Bongiovanni,Gerald Postema,Antonino Rotolo,Giovanni Sartor,Chiara Valentini,Douglas Walton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9048194520

Category: Philosophy

Page: 764

View: 6075

This handbook addresses legal reasoning and argumentation from a logical, philosophical and legal perspective. The main forms of legal reasoning and argumentation are covered in an exhaustive and critical fashion, and are analysed in connection with more general types (and problems) of reasoning. Accordingly, the subject matter of the handbook divides in three parts. The first one introduces and discusses the basic concepts of practical reasoning. The second one discusses the general structures and procedures of reasoning and argumentation that are relevant to legal discourse. The third one looks at their instantiations and developments of these aspects of argumentation as they are put to work in the law, in different areas and applications of legal reasoning.

A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence

Volume 1:The Law and The Right, Volume 2: Foundations of Law, Volume 3: Legal Institutions and the Sources of Law, Volume 4: Scienta Juris, Legal Doctrine as Knowledge of Law and as a Source of Law, Volume 5: Legal Reasoning, A Cognitive Approach to the Law

Author: Enrico Pattaro

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402033872

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1958

View: 6379

This paperback edition of the first of the twelve volumes of A Treatises of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence, serves as an introduction to the first-ever multivolume treatment of all important issues in legal philosophy and general jurisprudence, consisting of a five-volume theoretical part and a six-volume historical part. The theoretical part covers the main topics of contemporary debate. The historical volumes trace the development of legal thought from ancient Greek times through the twentieth century. All volumes are edited by the renowned theorist Enrico Pattaro.

Handbook of Paraconsistency

Author: Jean-Yves Béziau,Walter Alexandre Carnielli,Dov M. Gabbay

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781904987734

Category: Computers

Page: 512

View: 6307

Paraconsistent logics are logics which allow solid deductive reasoning under contradictions by offering a mathematical and philosophical support to contradictory yet non-trivial theories. Due to its role in models of scientific reasoning and to its philosophical implications, as well as to its connections to topics such as abduction, automated reasoning, logic programming, and belief revision, paraconsistency has becoming a fast growing area. During the III World Congress on Paraconsistency (WCP3) held in Toulouse, France, in July, 2003, it became apparent that there is a need for a Handbook covering the most recent results on several aspects of paraconsistent logic, including philosophical debates on paraconsistency and its connections to philosophy of language, argumentation theory, computer science, information theory, and artificial intelligence. This book is a basic tool for those who want to know more about paraconsistent logic, its history and philosophy, the various systems of paraconsistent logic and their applications. The present volume is edited by Jean-Yves Beziau, Walter Carnielli and Dov Gabbay, expert logicians versed in a variety of logics.

Logics in Artificial Intelligence

European Workshop, JELIA '96, Evora, Portugal, September 30 - October 3, 1996, Proceedings

Author: Jose Julio Alferes,Luis Moniz Pereira,Eva Orlowska

Publisher: Springer


Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 417

View: 9642

This book presents the refereed proceedings of the Sixth European Workshop on Logics in Artificial Intelligence, JELIA '96, held in Evora, Portugal in September/October 1996. The 25 revised full papers included together with three invited papers were selected from 57 submissions. Many relevant aspects of AI logics are addressed. The papers are organized in sections on automated reasoning, modal logics, applications, nonmonotonic reasoning, default logics, logic programming, temporal and spatial logics, and belief revision and paraconsistency.