Public Health

Its Promise for the Future : a Chronicle of the Development of Public Health in the United States, 1607-1914

Author: Wilson George Smillie

Publisher: New York : Macmillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public Health

Page: 501

View: 774


Handbook of Health and Rehabilitation Psychology

Author: Anthony J. Goreczny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 148991028X

Category: Psychology

Page: 692

View: 6703

Despite medical technological advances, the major killers with which we must currently contend have remained essentially the same for the past few decades. Stroke, cancer, and heart disease together account for the vast majority of deaths in the United States. In addition, due to improved medical care, many Americans who would previously have died now survive these disorders, necessitating that they receive appropriate rehabilitation efforts. One result of our own medical advances is that we must now accept the high costs associated with providing quality care to individuals who develop one of these problems, and we must avail ourselves to assist of afflicted individuals. families Despite the relative stability of causes of death and disability, the health-care field is currently experiencing tremendous pressures, both from professionals with in the field, who desire more and better technology than is currently available, and from the public and other payers of health care (e.g., insurance companies), who seek an end to increasing health-care costs. These pressures, along with an increased emphasis on providing evidence of cost-effectiveness and quality assurance, are substantially changing the way that health-care professionals perform their jobs.

Psychology for Health Professionals

Author: Patricia Barkway

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 072957797X

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 1793

This book provides an introduction to psychology for allied health students and it encourages an understanding of the complex and interactive nature of the factors which influence an individual’s health behaviours and health outcomes. Through the use of real life examples, contemporary research and case studies students will be able to apply the material in the text to the health behaviours of the people they care for, their colleagues and themselves. Unlike many health psychology textbooks this new book examines individual personality and psychological theory within the social context of people’s lives. This approach is taken because of the increasing awareness that a person’s behaviour is not only influenced by internal biological and psychological factors, but also by external factors within the person’s social and physical environment. The first half of the book outlines psychological and other relevant theory whilst in the second half those theories are applied to health issues and healthcare practice. Chapters 1—5 presents psychological, lifespan and social theory; chapter 6 addresses the role and contribution of research to healthcare practice; and chapters 7—13 covers the psychological aspects of specific health encounters, issues and interventions. developmental psychology – theories of development and how do we study development along with problems of researching early lifespan development are also discussed. Behavioural interventions with children, adolescents and their families are highlighted models and theories which provide an understanding of and suggest strategies to change health behaviours are presented, as are explanations for human responses to stress, pain and loss critical thinking questions, case studies and examples of research are included throughout the text to encourage students to reflect on the application of theory to practice, and activities are provided for lecturers to use in the classroom learning objectives, critical reflection boxes, diagrams and figures to enhance learning, cases studies from different health professions, chapter summaries, glossaries, recommended reading lists, internet based resources, challenge questions and exercises Evolve website – the activities, case studies, testbanks and powerpoint presentations will complete the package and further demonstrate the integration of psychological principles within the health context

The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication

Author: Teresa L. Thompson,Roxanne Parrott,Jon F. Nussbaum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136931678

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 9718

The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication brings together the current body of scholarly work in health communication. With its expansive scope, it offers an introduction for those new to this area, summarizes work for those already learned in the area, and suggests avenues for future research on the relationships between communicative processes and health/health care delivery. This second edition of the Handbook has been organized to reflect the goals of health communication: understanding to make informed decisions and to promote formal and informal systems of care linked to health and well-being. It emphasizes work in such areas as barriers to disclosure in family conversations and medical interactions, access to popular media and advertising, and individual searches online for information and support to guide decisions and behaviors with health consequences. This edition also adds an overview of methods used in health communication and the unique challenges facing health communication researchers applying traditional methods to efforts to gain reliable and valid evidence about the role of communication for health. It introduces the promise of translational research being conducted by health communication researchers from multiple disciplines to form transdisciplinary theories and teams to increase the well-being of not only humans but the systems of care within their nations. Arguably the most comprehensive scholarly resource available for study in this area, the Routledge Handbook of Health Communication serves an invaluable role and reference for students, researchers, and scholars doing work in health communication.

Inequality, Crime, and Health among African American Males

Author: Marino A. Bruce,Darnell F. Hawkins

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1786350521

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 7103

In this volume, authors draw from theoretical and methodological frameworks in the health, social and behavioral sciences to illustrate how poor outcomes among individuals and communities can be linked to the interplay of multiple factors operating at various levels.

Mental Health Nursing E-Book

An Evidence Based Approach

Author: Rob Newell,Kevin Gournay

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702040797

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 3369

This new edition of Mental Health Nursing: an evidence-based approach has been fully updated to include the latest research-based guidance. A wide variety of client problems is covered with , so that students are assured that what they learn is underpinned by a sound evidence base for treatment, and qualified mental health nurses can be confident that their practice is informed by the most up-to-date research. Skills acquisition is emphasised and experiential exercises encourage connections between theory and practice. Based on up-to-date, evidence-based information Emphasises skills acquisition Puts the nurse's role central to mental health care Contributors and editors are national and international experts in their fields Uses experiential exercises to reinforce learning and encourage connections from theory to practice

Inequalities in Health

The Evidence Presented to the Independent Inquiry Into Inequalities in Health, Chaired by Sir Donald Acheson

Author: Gordon, David,Shaw, Mary

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861341741

Category: Medical

Page: 262

View: 1867

The 19 papers that were submitted as evidence to the Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Chaired by Sir Donald Acheson.

Handbook of Health Behavior Research IV

Relevance for Professionals and Issues for the Future

Author: David S. Gochman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489904840

Category: Psychology

Page: 532

View: 9971

Volume 4 considers the importance of health behavior research in practical settings. Particularly notable are treatments of the "narrative approach", the taxonomy of health behavior, and the organization of health behavior knowledge. Each volume features extensive supplementary and integrative material prepared by the editor, the detailed index to the entire four-volume set, and a glossary of health behavior terminology.

The Health of Sexual Minorities

Public Health Perspectives on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Populations

Author: Ilan H. Meyer,Mary E. Northridge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387313346

Category: Medical

Page: 731

View: 3491

This is the first concise handbook on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) health in the past few years. It breaks the myths, breaks the silence, and breaks new ground on this subject. This resource offers a multidimensional picture of LGBT health across clinical and social disciplines to give readers a full and nuanced understanding of these diverse populations. It contains real-world matters of definition and self-definition, meticulous analyses of stressor and health outcomes, a extensive coverage of research methodology concerns, and critical insights into the sociopolitical context of LGBT individuals’ health and lives.

Handbook of Health Economics

Author: A J. Culyer,J.P. Newhouse

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444504715

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1996

View: 2733

V. 1B. Economics and mental health / Richard G. Frank and Thomas G. McGuire ; Long-term care / Edward C. Norton ; Economics of disability and disability policy / Robert Haveman and Barbara Wolfe ; Child health in developed countries / Janet Currie ; The industrial organization of health care markets / David Dranove and Mark A. Satterthwaite ; Not-for-profit ownership and hospital behavior / Frank A. Sloan ; Economics of general practice / Anthony Scott ; Waiting lists and medical treatment / John G. Cullis, PhilipR. Jones and Carol Propper ; Economics of dental services / Harri sintonen and Ismo Linnosmaa ; The pharmaceutical industry / F.M. Scherer ; Liability for medical malpractice / Patricia M. Danzon ; Antitrust and competition in health care markets / Martin Gaynor and William B. Vogt ; Regulation of prices and investment in hospitals in th U.S. / David S. Salkever ; The economics of smoking / Frank J. Chaloupka and Kenneth E. Warner ; Alcohol / Philip J. Cook and Michael J. Moor ...

Handbook of Religion and Health

Author: Harold Koenig,Dana King,Verna B. Carson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912718

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 1192

View: 1262

The Handbook of Religion and Health has become the seminal research text on religion, spirituality, and health, outlining a rational argument for the connection between religion and health. The Second Edition completely revises and updates the first edition. Its authors are physicians: a psychiatrist and geriatrician, a primary care physician, and a professor of nursing and specialist in mental health nursing. The Second Edition surveys the historical connections between religion and health and grapples with the distinction between the terms ''religion'' and ''spirituality'' in research and clinical practice. It reviews research on religion and mental health, as well as extensive research literature on the mind-body relationship, and develops a model to explain how religious involvement may impact physical health through the mind-body mechanisms. It also explores the direct relationships between religion and physical health, covering such topics as immune and endocrine function, heart disease, hypertension and stroke, neurological disorders, cancer, and infectious diseases; and examines the consequences of illness including chronic pain, disability, and quality of life. Finally, the Handbook reviews research methods and addresses applications to clinical practice. Theological perspectives are interwoven throughout the chapters. The Handbook is the most insightful and authoritative resource available to anyone who wants to understand the relationship between religion and health.

Gender, Ethnicity, and Health Research

Author: Sana Loue

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306475693

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 1875

Health researchers routinely evaluate health and illness across subgroups defined by their sex, gender, ethnicity, and race. All too often, these classifications are proffered as an explanation for any differences that may be detected, for example, in access to care, frequency of disease, or response to treatment. Relatively few researchers, however, have examined what these classifications mean on a theoretical level or in the context of their own research. Assume, for example, that a researcher concludes from his or her data that African- Americans utilize certain surgical procedures less frequently than whites. This conclusion may mean little without an examination of the various underlying issues. Is there such a construct as race at all? How were whites and African-Americans classified as such? Does this finding reflect inappropriate overutilization of the specific procedures among whites or inappropriate underutilization among African-Americans? To what extent are socioeconomic status and method of payment related to the less frequent use? Are there differences in the manner in which health care providers present the various treatment options to whites and to African- Americans that could account for these differences in utilization? Are there differences in health care-seeking and health care preferences between the two groups that would explain the difference in utilization? Is the racial classification a surrogate measure for another variable that has remained unidentified and unmeasured? All too often, unfortunately, such issues are ignored or lightly dismissed with an entreaty for additional research.

The Price of Health

Author: G.J. Agich,C.E. Begley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400947046

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 8925

Medicine, morals and money have, for centuries, lived in uneasy cohabitation. Dwelling in the social institution of care of the sick, each needs the other, yet each is embarrassed to admit the other's presence. Morality, in particular, suffers embarrassment, for it is often required to explain how money and medicine are not inimical. Throughout the history of Western medicine, morality's explanations have been con sistently ambiguous. Pla.o held that the physician must cultivate the art of getting paid as well as the art of healing, for even if the goal of medicine is healing and not making money, the self-interest of the craftsman is satisfied thereby [4]. Centuries later, a medieval medical moralist, Henri de Mandeville, said: "The chief object of the patient ... is to get cured ... the object of the surgeon, on the other hand, is to obtain his money ... ([5], p. 16). This incompatibility, while general, is not universal. Throughout history, medical practitioners have resolved the problem - either in conscience or to their satisfaction. Some physicians have been so reluctant to make a profit from the ills of those whom they treated that they preferred to live in poverty. Samuel Johnson described his friend, Dr. Robert Levet, a Practiser of Physic: No summons mock'd by chill delay, No petty gain disdain'd by pride; The modest wants of ev'ry day The toil of ev'ry day supplied [3].

Toward Equity in Health

A New Global Approach to Health Disparities

Author: Barbara C. Wallace, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103680

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 3844

This essential collection presents a state-of-the-art framework for how workers in public health and related disciplines should conceptualize health disparities and how they should be addressed worldwide. The contributors, who are leading public health professionals, educators, and practitioners in complimentary fields advance new evidence-based models designed to mobilize and educate the next generation of research and practice. The resulting chapters articulate new theory, procedures, and policies; the legacy of racism; community-based participatory research; new internet technology; training community workers and educators; closing the education and health gap; and addressing the needs of special populations. Toward Equity in Health is an essential book for all who are working toward global health equity-whether in health education, health promotion, disease prevention, public health, the health care delivery system, or patient- and population level health.