Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119010160

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 3140

8.2.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 1 -- 8.2.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 1 -- 8.3 Example 2 -- 8.3.1 Process Description 2 -- 8.3.2 Traditional DHA -- 8.3.3 Risk-based DHA -- 8.3.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 2 -- 8.4 Example 3 -- 8.4.1 Process Description - Example 3 -- 8.4.2 Traditional DHA - Example 3 -- 8.4.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 3 -- 8.5 Summary -- 8.6 References -- Appendix A Regulations and Codes -- A.1 Regulations -- A.1.1 U.S. -- A.1.2 International -- A.2 Codes -- References -- Appendix B Additional Resources -- B.1 Books -- B.2 U.S. Chemical Safety Board Reports -- B.3 Journal Articles -- B.4 Other -- Appendix C Data for Risk-based DHA -- C.1 Probability Assessment of Process Unit Fire or Dust Explosion -- C.1.1 Initiating Event Frequencies -- C.1.2 Ignition Probabilities -- C.1.3 Protection Layer PFDs -- C.2 References -- Appendix D Good Practices -- D.1 Self Assessment -- D.2 Housekeeping -- D.2.1 Combustible Dust Housekeeping Inspection Checklist -- D.3 Explosion Protection Methods -- Appendix E DHA Roadmap -- Notes for Figure E.1 -- INDEX -- EULA

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers

Author: Stephen Hall

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128110384

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 8106

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, Sixth Edition, is the most complete guide for chemical and process engineers who need reliable and authoritative solutions to on-the-job problems. The text is comprehensively revised and updated with new data and formulas. The book helps solve process design problems quickly, accurately and safely, with hundreds of common sense techniques, shortcuts and calculations. Its concise sections detail the steps needed to answer critical design questions and challenges. The book discusses physical properties for proprietary materials, pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical sector heuristics, process design, closed-loop heat transfer systems, heat exchangers, packed columns and structured packings. This book will help you: save time you no longer have to spend on theory or derivations; improve accuracy by exploiting well tested and accepted methods culled from industry experts; and save money by reducing reliance on consultants. The book brings together solutions, information and work-arounds from engineers in the process industry. Includes new chapters on biotechnology and filtration Incorporates additional tables with typical values and new calculations Features supporting data for selecting and specifying heat transfer equipment

Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470938102

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 346

View: 4242

This Guidelines book provides technical information on how to conduct a consequence analysis to satisfy your company's needs and the EPA rules. It covers quantifying the size of a release, dispersion of vapor clouds to an endpoint concentration, outcomes for various types of explosions and fires, and the effect of the release on people and structures. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

Process Safety

Key Concepts and Practical Approaches

Author: James A. Klein,Bruce K. Vaughen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351645471

Category: Science

Page: 389

View: 399

Effective process safety programs consist of three interrelated foundations—safety culture and leadership, process safety systems, and operational discipline—designed to prevent serious injuries and incidents resulting from toxic releases, fires, explosions, and uncontrolled reactions. Each of these foundations is important and one missing element can cause poor process safety performance. Process Safety: Key Concepts and Practical Approaches takes a systemic approach to the traditional process safety elements that have been identified for effective process safety programs. More effective process safety risk reduction efforts are achieved when these process safety systems, based on desired activities and results rather than by specific elements, are integrated and organized in a systems framework. This book provides key concepts, practical approaches, and tools for establishing and maintaining effective process safety programs to successfully identify, evaluate, and manage process hazards. It introduces process safety systems in a way that helps readers understand the purpose, design, and everyday use of overall process safety system requirements. Understanding what the systems are intended to achieve, understanding why they have been designed and implemented in a specific way, and understanding how they should function day-to-day is essential to ensure continued safe and reliable operations.

Guidelines for chemical process quantitative risk analysis

Author: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety

Publisher: Wiley-AIChE

ISBN: 9780816907205

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 754

View: 2263

Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118265467

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 2868

This updated version of one of the most popular and widely usedCCPS books provides plant design engineers, facility operators, andsafety professionals with key information on selected topics ofinterest. The book focuses on process safety issues in the designof chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities.It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate therelease of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to afire, explosion, or environmental damage. Key areas to be enhanced in the new edition include inherentlysafer design, specifically concepts for design of inherently saferunit operations and Safety Instrumented Systems and Layer ofProtection Analysis. This book also provides an extensivebibliography to related publications and topic-specificinformation, as well as key information on failure modes andpotential design solutions.

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety

Author: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470767723

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 498

This updated version of one of the most popular and widely used CCPS books provides plant design engineers, facility operators, and safety professionals with key information on selected topics of interest. The book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage. Key areas to be enhanced in the new edition include inherently safer design, specifically concepts for design of inherently safer unit operations and Safety Instrumented Systems and Layer of Protection Analysis. This book also provides an extensive bibliography to related publications and topic-specific information, as well as key information on failure modes and potential design solutions.

Scale-up

Modellübertragung in der Verfahrenstechnik

Author: Marko Zlokarnik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527660461

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 2599

Die Übertagung von Verfahren aus dem Labor-bzw. dem Techni-kumsmaßstab in den industriellen maßstab einer Produktiosanlage ist eine der wichtigsten ingenieurstechnischen Aufgaben in der chemischen Industrie. Die einzige zuverlässige Methode dazu basiert auf der Darstellung von Versuchsergebnissen im zutreffenden dimensions-analytischen Raum, der sich als maßstabsinvariant erweist. Das Buch ist in zwei Teile gegliedert: In der ersten Hälfte werden die vertiefte mathematische Vorkenntnisse dieses Themengebiet näherzubringen. Diskutiert werden die Grundlagen der Dimensionsanalyse, die Behandlung von temperaturabhängigen und von rheologischen Stoffwerten und die Modellübertragung bei Nichtverfügbarkeit von Modellstoffsystemen, sowie bei partieller Ähnlichkeit/ All dies wird dem leser anhand von 20 modernen Beispielen aus der heutigen verfahrenstechnischcen Praxis illustriert, der sich mit 25 in dieser Auflage neu hinzugekommenen Übungsaufgaben sein Verständnis aktive erarbeiten und anhand der Lösungen kontrollieren kann. Im zweitem Teil des Buches werden die einzelnen verfahrenstechnischen Grundoperationen aus den Bereichen mechanische, thermische und chemische Verfahrenstechnik aus der Sicht der Dimensionsanalyse und der Modellübertragung beispielhaft behandelt, und es werden für jede Operation die Maßstabsübertragungsregeln vorgestellt und diskutiert. Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich dementsprechend an Studenten wie auch bereits auf dem gebiet tätige Ingenieure, Chemiker und Verfahrenstechniker.

Guidelines for safe handling of powders and bulk solids

Author: Stanley S. Grossel,Robert G. Zalosh,American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety

Publisher: Wiley-AIChE

ISBN: 9780816909513

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 796

View: 9842

Powders and bulk solids, handled widely in the chemical, pharmaceutical, agriculture, smelting, and other industries present unique fire, explosion, and toxicity hazards. Indeed, substances which are practically inert in consolidated form may become quite hazardous when converted to powders and granules. The U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board is currently investigating dust explosions that occured in 2003 at WestPharma, CTA Acoustics, and Hayes-Lemmerz, and is likely to recommend that companies that handle powders or whose operations produce dust pay more attention to understanding the hazards that may exist at their facility. This new CCPS guidelines book will discuss the types of hazards that can occur in a wide range of process equipment and with a wide range of substances, and will present measures to address these hazards.

Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, 9th Edition

Author: Don W. Green,Marylee Z. Southard

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071834095

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2352

View: 5785

Up-to-Date Coverage of All Chemical Engineering Topics―from the Fundamentals to the State of the Art Now in its 85th Anniversary Edition, this industry-standard resource has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with vital information, data, and insights. Thoroughly revised to reflect the latest technological advances and processes, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Ninth Edition, provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering. You will get comprehensive details on chemical processes, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation, process and chemical plant safety, and much more. This fully updated edition covers: Unit Conversion Factors and Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data including Prediction and Correlation of Physical Properties • Mathematics including Differential and Integral Calculus, Statistics , Optimization • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics *Reaction Kinetics • Process Control and Instrumentation• Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Operations and Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment •Chemical Reactors • Bio-based Reactions and Processing • Waste Management including Air ,Wastewater and Solid Waste Management* Process Safety including Inherently Safer Design • Energy Resources, Conversion and Utilization* Materials of Construction

Explosionsschutz

Grundlagen und Anwendung

Author: Wolfgang Bartknecht

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642775161

Category: Science

Page: 891

View: 6939

Keinem Ingenieur sollte ein Betrieb anvertraut werden, der nicht mit den reak tionstechnischen Voraussetzungen zur Entstehung und mit den verheerenden Auswirkungen entstandener Explosionen auf Menschen und Sachgüter und in der Umwelt vertraut ist. Gas- und Staub explosionen treten immer unerwartet auf. Die Anforderungen an das Verantwortungsbewußtsein aller im Betrieb tä tigen Menschen können wegen der vielfach tragischen Folgen von Explosionen nicht hoch genug gestellt werden. Es sind nicht nur technische, sondern, in starkem Maße, auch psychologische Probleme, die gelöst werden müssen, wenn den Explosionen und allen damit verbundenen Gefahren wirkungsvoll begeg net werden soll. Der Autor dieses Buches hat sein technisch-wissenschaftliches Wirken dem Explosionsschutz gewidmet. Dieses Buch, dem bereits zwei Bücher zum glei chen Thema vorausgingen, ist das des hervorragenden und engagierten Inge nieurs und Wissenschaftlers. Seine Arbeiten gereichen dem "Verein Deutscher Ingenieure", insbesondere der ,,YDI-Kommission Reinhaltung der Luft" zur Ehre. Denn der Autor hat nicht nur die technisch-wissenschaftlichen Erkennt nisse zusammen mit ebenso engagierten Kollegen erarbeitet und gesammelt, er hat sie auch im Rahmen von öffentlichen Veranstaltungen des VDI den Fach kollegen in Industrie und Wissenschaft vermittelt. Seine Arbeit galt und gilt dem Schutz des Menschen, den technischen Anlagen und der Umwelt. Gestützt auf die zum Thil mit großem Aufwand erarbeiteten technisch-wis senschaftlichen Grundlagen werden der vorbeugende und der konstruktive Schutz vor Explosionen brennbarer Gase und Dämpfe, brennbarer Stäube so wie hybrider Gemische aus diesen Stoffgruppen behandelt. Darüber hinaus werden Schutzmaßnahmen für besondere Apparate und Anlagenteile ausführ lich behandelt.

Hot Zone

Ebola, das tödliche Virus

Author: Richard Preston

Publisher: Knaur eBook

ISBN: 3426434571

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 368

View: 6577

Richard Prestons populärwissenschaftlicher Tatsachen-Thriller liest sich spannender als jeder Horror-Roman. Preston berichtet darin über die ersten Infektionen mit dem Ebola-Virus vor über vierzig Jahren. Sein Tatsachenthriller von 1998 ist immer noch hochaktuell, wie die schreckliche Ebola-Epidemie in Zentralafrika gerade zeigt. Ebola gehört zu den gefährlichsten Killerviren. Diese aus dem Afrikanischen Regenwald stammenden sogenannten „Filoviren“, können einen Menschen auf grausamste Art und Weise töten. Das Virus löst innerhalb weniger Tage die inneren Organe auf, und der Erkrankte verblutet von innen. Das Virus ist zudem extrem ansteckend, und weltweit gibt es immer noch kein wirksames Heilmittel dagegen. Deshalb ist es nicht auszuschließen, dass die Menschheit eines Tages einer Seuche wie Ebola erliegen könnte. Preston schildert, wie der Ebola-Erreger über Affen, die für medizinische Versuche importiert wurden, schließlich nach Amerika kommt. In einem kleinen Labor in Reston, USA, verbreitet er Angst und Schrecken. Als sich die Seuche unter den im Quarantänelager zusammengepferchten Affen ausbreitet, rufen die Betreiber der Anlage die Gesundheitsbehörden zu Hilfe. Bald müssen die Wissenschaftler feststellen, dass sich das Virus inzwischen nicht nur durch Kontakt, sondern auch durch die Luft verbreiten kann.