The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 4902

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

Developing the Rivers of East and West Africa

An Environmental History

Author: Heather J. Hoag

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441111220

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 351

How did rivers contribute to the economic and political development of modern Africa? How did African and European notions of nature's value and meaning differ? And how have these evaluations of Africa's rivers changed between 1850 and the present day? Drawing upon examples from across the African continent, Developing the Rivers of East and West Africa explores the role African waterways played in the continent's economic, social, and political development and provides the first historical study of the key themes in African river history. Rivers acted as more than important transportation byways; their waters were central to both colonial and postcolonial economic development efforts. This book synthesizes the available research on African rivers with new evidence to offer students of African and environmental history a narrative of how people have used and engaged the continent's water resources. It analyzes key themes in Africa's modern history - European exploration, establishment of colonial rule, economic development, 'green' politics - and each case study provides a lens through which to view social, economic and ecological change in Africa.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Author: Abiola Irele,Biodun Jeyifo

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195334736

Category: History

Page: 988

View: 7712

From St. Augustine and early Ethiopian philosophers to the anti-colonialist movements of Pan-Africanism and Negritude, this encyclopedia offers a comprehensive view of African thought, covering the intellectual tradition both on the continent in its entirety and throughout the African Diaspora in the Americas and in Europe. The term "African thought" has been interpreted in the broadest sense to embrace all those forms of discourse - philosophy, political thought, religion, literature, important social movements - that contribute to the formulation of a distinctive vision of the world determined by or derived from the African experience. The Encyclopedia is a large-scale work of 350 entries covering major topics involved in the development of African Thought including historical figures and important social movements, producing a collection that is an essential resource for teaching, an invaluable companion to independent research, and a solid guide for further study.

Land Rights, Ethno-nationality and Sovereignty in History

Author: Stanley Engerman,Jacob Metzer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113435746X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 7872

The complex relationships between ethno-nationality, rights to land, and territorial sovereignty have long fed disputes over territorial control and landed rights between different nations, ethnicities, and religions. These disputes raise a number of interesting issues related to the nature of land regimes and to their economic and political implications. The studies drawn together in this key volume explore these and related issues for a broad variety of countries and times. They illuminate the diverse causes of ethno-national land disputes, and the different forms of adjustment and accommodation to the power differences between the contesting groups. This is done within a framework outlined by the editors in their analytical overview, which offers contours for comparative examinations of such disputes, past and present. Providing conceptual and factual analyses of comparative nature and wealth of empirical material (both historical and contemporary), this book will appeal to economic historians, economists, political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists and all scholars interested in issues concerning ethno-nationality and land rights in historical perspective.

Encyclopedia of African History 3-Volume Set

Author: Kevin Shillington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135456690

Category: History

Page: 1912

View: 1589

Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the Encyclopedia of African History is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia is the first reference of this scale and scope. Also includes 99 maps.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History

Author: John Parker,Richard Reid

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667552

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 2680

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.

Africa since Independence

Author: Paul Nugent

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 023039356X

Category: History

Page: 680

View: 1871

A genuinely comparative study of the different trajectories and experiences of independent African states. This expanded, revised and updated new edition of an established text now includes the latest scholarship and features more on issues such as AIDS, urbanisation, South Sudan, questions of citizenship and the importance of transnational spaces.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3710

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

People of the Plow

An Agricultural History of Ethiopia, 1800–1990

Author: James McCann

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299146108

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 1038

For more than two thousand years, Ethiopia’s ox-plow agricultural system was the most efficient and innovative in Africa, but has been afflicted in the recent past by a series of crises: famine, declining productivity, and losses in biodiversity. James C. McCann analyzes the last two hundred years of agricultural history in Ethiopia to determine whether the ox-plow agricultural system has adapted to population growth, new crops, and the challenges of a modern political economy based in urban centers. This agricultural history is set in the context of the larger environmental and landscape history of Ethiopia, showing how farmers have integrated crops, tools, and labor with natural cycles of rainfall and soil fertility, as well as with the social vagaries of changing political systems. McCann traces characteristic features of Ethiopian farming, such as the single-tine scratch plow, which has retained a remarkably consistent design over two millennia, and a crop repertoire that is among the most genetically diverse in the world. People of the Plow provides detailed documentation of Ethiopian agricultural practices since the early nineteenth century by examining travel narratives, early agricultural surveys, photographs and engravings, modern farming systems research, and the testimony of farmers themselves, collected during McCann’s five years of fieldwork. He then traces the ways those practices have evolved in the twentieth century in response to population growth, urban markets, and the presence of new technologies.

Kronos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: South Africa

Page: N.A

View: 3247


Wohlstand und Armut der Nationen

Warum die einen reich und die anderen arm sind

Author: David Landes

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051118

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 7903

Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.

Africa

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

View: 5824

Includes Proceedings of the Executive council and List of members, also section "Review of books".

South Africa and the United States Compared

The Best of Safundi, 2003-2004

Author: Andrew Offenburger,Christopher C. Saunders,Christopher J. Lee

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 4696

Comprised of ten of the best articles published in Safundi the last two years, this volume brings together comparative U.S. and South African scholarship that is both highly engaging and useful in the classroom. The articles address such topics as the death of Amy Biehl, the politics of African Americans in U.S.-South African diplomacy in the early 1900s, the teaching of South African literature and psychology in the United States, and, in an interview with Noam Chomsky, the "contours of the contemporary world order." Each of the included articles appeared in Safundi: The Journal of South African and American Comparative Studies, an online, peer-reviewed, quarterly academic journal with more than two thousand members worldwide. The name "Safundi" is an invented word created from the following components: "S" represents South Africa, "a" symbolizes America, and "fundi" originates from the Xhosa verb "-funda," or "to learn."

A history under siege

intensive agriculture in the Mbulu Highlands, Tanzania, 19th century to the present

Author: Lowe Börjeson

Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell Intl

ISBN: 9789122020950

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 9994

Lowe Borjeson is a researcher at the Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University.

Feuer und Zivilisation

Author: Johan Goudsblom

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658065060

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 7438

Für Johan Goudsblom brachte die Entdeckung des Feuers und seiner Kontrolle in der Vorgeschichte eine radikale Umstellung der menschlichen Kultur. Dieser ersten grundlegenden ökologischen Wende folgten mit dem Ackerbau und der industriellen Revolution weitere Entwicklungsphasen im Umgang mit Feuer und deshalb mit der materiellen Umwelt und der ganzen Gesellschaft. Bis in unsere Tage ist die Kontrolle des Feuers ein integraler Bestandteil der Gesellschaften, die Menschen miteinander bilden. Die erste Auflage erschien 1995 beim Suhrkamp Verlag.