An environmental history written with the undergraduate and the non-specialist in mind.
An Environmental History of Africa, 1800-1990
Author: James McCann
Publisher: James Currey Publishers
Author: J. R. McNeill,Erin Stewart Mauldin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
From St. Augustine and early Ethiopian philosophers to the anti-colonialist movements of Pan-Africanism and Negritude, this encyclopedia offers a comprehensive view of African thought, covering the intellectual tradition both on the continent in its entirety and throughout the African Diaspora in the Americas and in Europe. The term "African thought" has been interpreted in the broadest sense to embrace all those forms of discourse - philosophy, political thought, religion, literature, important social movements - that contribute to the formulation of a distinctive vision of the world determined by or derived from the African experience. The Encyclopedia is a large-scale work of 350 entries covering major topics involved in the development of African Thought including historical figures and important social movements, producing a collection that is an essential resource for teaching, an invaluable companion to independent research, and a solid guide for further study.
Author: Abiola Irele,Biodun Jeyifo
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
The complex relationships between ethno-nationality, rights to land, and territorial sovereignty have long fed disputes over territorial control and landed rights between different nations, ethnicities, and religions. These disputes raise a number of interesting issues related to the nature of land regimes and to their economic and political implications. The studies drawn together in this key volume explore these and related issues for a broad variety of countries and times. They illuminate the diverse causes of ethno-national land disputes, and the different forms of adjustment and accommodation to the power differences between the contesting groups. This is done within a framework outlined by the editors in their analytical overview, which offers contours for comparative examinations of such disputes, past and present. Providing conceptual and factual analyses of comparative nature and wealth of empirical material (both historical and contemporary), this book will appeal to economic historians, economists, political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists and all scholars interested in issues concerning ethno-nationality and land rights in historical perspective.
Author: Stanley Engerman,Jacob Metzer
Category: Business & Economics
Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the Encyclopedia of African History is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia is the first reference of this scale and scope. Also includes 99 maps.
Author: Kevin Shillington
The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.
Author: John Parker,Richard Reid
Publisher: OUP Oxford
A genuinely comparative study of the different trajectories and experiences of independent African states. This expanded, revised and updated new edition of an established text now includes the latest scholarship and features more on issues such as AIDS, urbanisation, South Sudan, questions of citizenship and the importance of transnational spaces.
Author: Paul Nugent
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Comprised of ten of the best articles published in Safundi the last two years, this volume brings together comparative U.S. and South African scholarship that is both highly engaging and useful in the classroom. The articles address such topics as the death of Amy Biehl, the politics of African Americans in U.S.-South African diplomacy in the early 1900s, the teaching of South African literature and psychology in the United States, and, in an interview with Noam Chomsky, the "contours of the contemporary world order." Each of the included articles appeared in Safundi: The Journal of South African and American Comparative Studies, an online, peer-reviewed, quarterly academic journal with more than two thousand members worldwide. The name "Safundi" is an invented word created from the following components: "S" represents South Africa, "a" symbolizes America, and "fundi" originates from the Xhosa verb "-funda," or "to learn."
The Best of Safundi, 2003-2004
Author: Andrew Offenburger,Christopher C. Saunders,Christopher J. Lee
Religiosity is one aspect without which Ethiopian society cannot be fully understood. This book aims to map out the terrain of the discourse in religion-social change nexus in Ethiopian using the notion of covenant as an interpretive tool.
Toward a Hermeneutic of Covenant
Author: M. Girma
Lowe Borjeson is a researcher at the Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University.
intensive agriculture in the Mbulu Highlands, Tanzania, 19th century to the present
Author: Lowe Börjeson
Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell Intl
Category: Social Science
This is a pioneering study of the impact of humans on the environment in the history of South Africa and the role that the environment has played in shaping the history of human development in the country. It consists of two parts. The first is a series of local and particular studies, such as the invasion of prickly pear in the Eastern Cape; the impact of windmills and barbed wire on farming practice and the environment in the Karoo; and ecological change in the Lake St Lucia region. The second is a series of regional and continental comparisons that bring out both the similarities and differences in the environmental histories of South Africa, on the one hand, and South America, South Asia, Australia and the rest of Africa, on the other. Book jacket.
cases & comparisons
Author: Stephen Dovers
Publisher: Ohio Univ Pr
Category: Business & Economics
The landscapes of the Middle East have captured our imaginations throughout history. Images of endless golden dunes, camel caravans, isolated desert oases, and rivers lined with palm trees have often framed written and visual representations of the region. Embedded in these portrayals is the common belief that the environment, in most places, has been deforested and desertified by centuries of misuse. It is precisely such orientalist environmental imaginaries, increasingly undermined by contemporary ecological data, that the eleven authors in this volume question. This is the first volume to critically examine culturally constructed views of the environmental history of the Middle East and suggest that they have often benefitted elites at the expense of the ecologies and the peoples of the region. The contributors expose many of the questionable policies and practices born of these environmental imaginaries and related histories that have been utilized in the region since the colonial period. They further reveal how power, in the form of development programs, notions of nationalism, and hydrological maps, for instance, relates to environmental knowledge production.
Author: Diana K. Davis,Edmund Burke
Publisher: Ohio University Press Series i
This work analyzes the social and environmental impact of colonial conquest and pacification of Africa through a case study of the Angolan-Namibian borderlands. These areas were exposed to three different systems of colonial expansion: German, Portuguese, and British (South African). This study demonstrates the interactions between social and environmental factors, structures and processes and shows that colonial conquest needs to be acknowledged as a major problem. It includes in-depth analysis of the late 19th to 20th century processes of social and environmental change at the village, household, and individual levels. It illustrates how refugees managed to restore a workable environment without massive outside aid and despite colonial exactions. It includes in-depth analysis of the late 19th to 20th century processes of social and environmental change at the village, household, and individual levels. It illustrates how refugees managed to restore a workable environment without massive outside aid and despite colonial exactions.
Land Use, Environment, and Society in Southern Angola and Northern Namibia
Author: Emmanuel Kreike
Category: Land tenure
For more than two thousand years, Ethiopia’s ox-plow agricultural system was the most efficient and innovative in Africa, but has been afflicted in the recent past by a series of crises: famine, declining productivity, and losses in biodiversity. James C. McCann analyzes the last two hundred years of agricultural history in Ethiopia to determine whether the ox-plow agricultural system has adapted to population growth, new crops, and the challenges of a modern political economy based in urban centers. This agricultural history is set in the context of the larger environmental and landscape history of Ethiopia, showing how farmers have integrated crops, tools, and labor with natural cycles of rainfall and soil fertility, as well as with the social vagaries of changing political systems. McCann traces characteristic features of Ethiopian farming, such as the single-tine scratch plow, which has retained a remarkably consistent design over two millennia, and a crop repertoire that is among the most genetically diverse in the world. People of the Plow provides detailed documentation of Ethiopian agricultural practices since the early nineteenth century by examining travel narratives, early agricultural surveys, photographs and engravings, modern farming systems research, and the testimony of farmers themselves, collected during McCann’s five years of fieldwork. He then traces the ways those practices have evolved in the twentieth century in response to population growth, urban markets, and the presence of new technologies.
An Agricultural History of Ethiopia, 1800–1990
Author: James McCann
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press