Globalization and Defence in the Asia-Pacific

Arms Across Asia

Author: Geoffrey Till,Emrys Chew,Joshua Ho

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415440483

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 7940

This edited volume examines the impact of globalisation on the economies, security policies and military-industrial complexes of the Asia-Pacific region. The work is structured into three main parts. The first explores globalization and its general effects on the policy-making of the nation-state; the second section looks at how globalisation affects a country's threat perception and defence posture within the specific context of the Asia-Pacific region; while the third explores how it impacts on a state's allocation of resources to defence, and how economic globalization affects the defence industry, with specific reference to the procurement policies and practices of different states across the Asia-Pacific.

Globalisation and Defence in the Asia-Pacific

Arms Across Asia

Author: Geoffrey Till,Emrys Chew,Joshua Ho

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134069693

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4094

This edited volume examines the impact of globalisation on the economies, security policies and military-industrial complexes of the Asia-Pacific region. The work is structured into three main parts. The first explores globalization and its general effects on the policy-making of the nation-state; the second section looks at how globalisation affects a country’s threat perception and defence posture within the specific context of the Asia-Pacific region; while the third explores how it impacts on a state’s allocation of resources to defence, and how economic globalization affects the defence industry, with specific reference to the procurement policies and practices of different states across the Asia-Pacific.

Sea Power and the Asia-Pacific

The Triumph of Neptune?

Author: Geoffrey Till,Patrick Bratton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136627243

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9926

With particular focus on the Asia-Pacific region, this book examines the rise and fall of sea powers. In the Asia-Pacific region there has been significant expansion of sea-based economies together with burgeoning naval power. Many claim that these processes will transform the world’s future economic and security relationships. The book addresses the question of to what extent the notion of ‘Asia rising’ is reflected by and dependent on its developing sea power. A central theme is the Chinese challenge to long-term Western maritime ascendency and what might be the consequences of this. In order to situate current and future developments this book includes chapters which analyse what sea power means and has meant, as well as its role, both historic and contemporary, in the rise and fall of great powers. This book will be of much interest to students of naval power, Asian politics, strategic studies, war and conflict studies, IR and security studies.

Globalization and Social Transformation in the Asia-Pacific

The Australian and Malayasian Experience

Author: C. Tazreiter,S. Tham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137298383

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 3249

The contributors engage with a range of critical and contemporary issues of two key societies in the Asia-Pacific region, Australia and Malaysia. These include foreign policy and national security; multiculturalism and citizenship; the middle class; global governance; migrants and international students.

Asia Pacific in the Age of Globalization

Author: R. Johnson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137455381

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 8046

The essays in this volume examine United States-East Asian relations in the framework of global history, incorporating fresh insights that have been offered by scholars on such topics as globalization, human rights, historical memory, and trans-cultural relations.

Meeting the Challenges in an Era of Globalization by Strengthening Regional Development Cooperation

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211203783

Category: Asia

Page: 159

View: 558

This study explores the current state of regional co-operation in the Asia-Pacific region, and the development policy challenges involved in managing the effects of increasing globalisation. It focuses on four key areas of trade, finance, transport and information and communications technology (ICT). Issues discussed include: whether the EU can provide an integration model for the region; regional co-operation arrangements such as ASEAN and SAARC; as well as a number of recent initiatives including the growing array of preferential trade agreements, the Asian Bond Market proposals; the Digital Solidarity Agenda; the Asian Highway; and the Trans-Asian railway.

Southeast Asia and the Rise of Chinese and Indian Naval Power

Between Rising Naval Powers

Author: Sam Bateman,Joshua Ho

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135147256

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 3464

This book examines the emerging maritime security scene in Southeast Asia. It considers highly topical implications for the region of possible strategic competition between China and India - the rising naval powers of Asia - with a possible naval "arms race" emerging between these countries both with naval force development and operations. As part of its "Look East" policy, India has deployed naval units to the Pacific Ocean for port visits and exercises both with East Asian navies and the US Navy, but India is also concerned about the possibility of the Chinese Navy operating in the Indian Ocean. Even as the US-India defence relationship continues to deepen, the US and China are struggling to build a closer links. China’s and India’s strategic interests overlap in this region both in maritime strategic competition or conflict – which might be played out in the Bay of Bengal, the Malacca and Singapore Straits and the South China Sea. The sea lines of communication (SLOCs) through Southeast Asian waters constitute vital "choke points" between the Indian and Pacific Oceans carrying essential energy supplies for China and other Northeast Asian countries. Any strategic competition between China and India has implications for other major maritime players in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, especially Australia, the Republic of Korea and Japan, as well as the US. This book identifies possible cooperative and confidence-building measures that may contribute to enhanced relations between these two major powers and dampen down the risks associated with their strategic competition.

Globalization and Economic Nationalism in Asia

Author: Anthony P. D'Costa

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191641014

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 4749

This collection documents the different ways in which Asian governments have been pursuing economic nationalism even as they have been integrating with the world economy. The book challenges the popular view that with globalization, either the role of the state becomes redundant or that states are unable to purposefully intervene in the economy. The book argues that since most states pursue national interests, which largely include economic development, they work with national business and often intervene on their behalf to create internationally competitive industries. States are thus viewed as integral to capitalist development, and economic nationalism is neither theoretically nor empirically redundant. Contributors from Asia and elsewhere present wide-ranging arguments and evidence to counter the view that with globalization economic nationalism is passé. Instead, they demonstrate that states in Asia are active in shaping trade, investment, technological, industrial, and financial outcomes. Using interdisciplinary social science approaches that are also historically sensitive, this book critically assesses why and how states in select Asian countries continue to intervene in the economy in both familiar and novel ways. Countries covered include India, China, South Korea, Singapore, Japan, and the East Asian region as a whole. Together they illustrate why these states practice economic nationalism even as they enthusiastically embrace the generalized process of globalization through domestic reforms and liberalization.

Asia-Pacific in the New World Order

Author: Christopher Brook,Anthony McGrew

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136222812

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7562

Asia-Pacific in the New World Order critically explores the notion that a distinctive regional power bloc is developing linking countries bordering the Pacific, with East Asia at its core. This student-friendly volume sheds light on the complex interplay between global, regional and national forces which have transformed the Asia-Pacific area into one of the most vibrant and economically successful regions in the world. Historical narratives alongside geopolitical and geoeconomic perspectives are deployed to examine the shifting pattern of power relations and security structures across the region, set within a wider world context. Key issues addressed include: * what are the primary security problems of the region and how are they being resolved? * does the dynamic growth of the region, and particularly the rise of China, pose a challenge to existing structures of world order? The text has a strong interdisciplinary flavour drawing on analytical approaches from the international relations, political economy and political geography literature. Authors have been drawn from the Asia-Pacific region and the UK and all are established scholars in their specialist fields.

The Globalization of U.S.-Latin American Relations

Democracy, Intervention, and Human Rights

Author: Virginia Marie Bouvier

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275972509

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 5487

Through the shifting prisms of democracy, intervention, and human rights, Bouvier and her contributors analyze the impact of globalization on U.S.-Latin American relations. They address the changing nature of and responses to U.S. interventions, the links between democracy at home and abroad, and the growing consensus around human rights issues and norms.

The Globalization of the Cold War

Diplomacy and Local Confrontation, 1975-85

Author: Max Guderzo,Bruna Bagnato

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135180962

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 9888

This book focuses on the globalisation of the Cold War in the years 1975-85, highlighting the transformation from bipolar US-Soviet competition to global confrontation. Offering a detailed analysis of this fundamental shift that occurred during this period, as well as the interconnections of this process with the new industrial-technological revolution, this book demonstrates how the United States returned to a position of global economic leadership. In so doing, the book aims to challenge the traditional and misleading paradigm that interprets the gradual development of the Cold War in basic bipolar terms; in fact, most of the factors triggering superpower attitudes and interplay were linked to a complex web of relations with their allies, as well as to the political, economic, social, ideological and military factors structurally intrinsic to the ‘peripheral’ regions where the confrontation actually took place. Many of the essays in this volume focus on the foreign and security policies of the United States, with the aim of reassessing the Carter administration as the foundation for Reagan’s final show-down with the Soviet Union. The contributors, however, go beyond the traditional patterns of foreign policy analysis, giving due attention to transnational phenomena and institutional histories that better explain the gradual transformation in the years that prepared the world for the post-Cold War globalisation era. This book will be of much interest to students of Cold War studies, international history, US foreign policy, European politics and IR in general. Max Guderzo is Professor of the History of International Relations and holds the Jean Monnet Chair of the History of European Unification at the University of Florence. Bruna Bagnato is Associate Professor of the History of International Relations at the University of Florence.

The Balance of Power in Asia-Pacific Security

US-China Policies on Regional Order

Author: Liselotte Odgaard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134118473

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8201

Investigating the dynamics of balancing patterns in the Asia-Pacific, this book focuses particularly on the contribution of great powers and middle powers to regional stability. Taking the US and China as great powers, and using ASEAN, Russia, Australia and South Korea as example of middle powers, the author addresses the following questions: Do middle powers influence balancing patterns in the Asia-Pacific? Are the United States and China balancing each other in the Asia-Pacific, and if so, by which means? What is the contribution of the English school to understanding balance of power dynamics? The Balance of Power in Asia-Pacific Security makes a persuasive contribution to the debate on the US-China relationship. Interviews with policy practitioners and academics in the region offer a systematic analysis of the complexities of Asia-Pacific security. Providing conceptual insights, this book gives a fresh understanding of the mechanisms necessary to maintain regional stability and explains the implications of US-China power balancing for global security. It will be an important resource for scholars and students of Asia-Pacific politics and security.

Contemporary Security and Strategy

Author: Craig A. Snyder

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137327138

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 2591

This text brings together a range of specially-commissioned chapters to provide an accessible introduction to Security Studies in the 21st century. Thethird edition has been expanded to cover non-military challenges to security, and includes new learning aids.

Education Reform and Education Policy in East Asia

Author: Ka-ho Mok

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134207379

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 1133

This book assesses the impact of globalization on the education systems of key East Asian countries, including China, Hong Kong, Japan, and the "tiger economies" of South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, examining how the increasingly interdependent economic system has driven policy change and education reform. It discusses how policy makers have responded to changes required in educational outcomes in order to equip their societies for new global conditions and explores the impact of new approaches and ideologies related to globalization, such as marketization, privatization, governance changes, managerialism, economic rationalism and neo-liberalism, making comparisons across the region. Based upon in-depth research, fieldwork, literature analysis, policy document analysis and personal reflections of academics serving in the education sector, this volume recounts heated debates about the pros and cons of education restructuring in East Asia. The discussions on national responses and coping strategies in this volume offer highly relevant insights on how globalization has resulted in restructuring and draws lessons from comparative public policy analysis and comparative education studies.

Geopolitics and Globalization in the Twentieth Century

Author: Brian Blouet

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 9781861890856

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 5288

This book looks at the struggle between the processes of globalization and geopolitical forces over the last 150 years. The twentieth century witnessed a struggle between geopolitical states who wanted to close off and control earth space, resources and population and globalizing ones who wished to open up the world to the free flow of ideas, goods and services. Brian W. Blouet analyzes the tug-of-war between these tendencies, the playing out of which determined the shape and behavior of today's world. Beginning his survey in the late nineteenth century, Blouet shows how the Second World War served to focus international awareness on the ramifications of global controls, and how we may be facing the end of geopolitics today.

Rethinking Globalization

Author: Nick Bisley

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137021489

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 579

Today the debates on globalization between its evangelists and detractors are still raging. In this concise, balanced and accessible new text, Nick Bisley assesses the nature and extent of globalization, the key debates surrounding it and its impact on and significance for world politics.

Saving Globalization

Why Globalization and Democracy Offer the Best Hope for Progress, Peace and Development

Author: Mike Moore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118179315

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 4878

Globalization is not new, nor is it a policy, it’s a processthat has existed as long as man looked over the horizon, travelledand traded. It can’t be stopped but it can beslowed. It came to a grinding halt in August 1914 and theMarxist detour cost millions of lives and lost three generationstheir opportunity and hope in many countries. More wealth hasbeen created in the past 60 years than in all of history. After the most successful decade of sustained economic growth inhistory, this progress is threatened. Extreme inequality, corruption and environmental degradationthreaten the stability and legitimacy of many developingcountries’ regimes. Anti-globalization andanti-capitalist campaigners’ confidence has been emboldeneddue to the present economic crisis. Protectionist rhetoric isgrowing as are the arguments to control and regulate markets. Leaders are meeting to discuss how to face these problems andcreate a new international architecture. How did we get tothis position? What should we do? What is it that determineswhy some contemporary states are successful while others havefailed? Saving Globalization departs from its analysis ofthe globalised economy in the twenty-first century to answer thesequestion by tracing the development of what Moore considers to be‘the big ideas of history’: democracy, independentcourts, the separation of church and state, property rights,independent courts, a professional civil service, and civilsociety. Democratic capitalism has worked for most people. Why? It is a remarkable story, from the Greeks to the Geeks,encompassing technological progress and the corrections andcontradictions between liberty and equality, technology, growth andthe environment. In defence of the many virtues andopportunities that globalisation offers, Mike Moore makes the casefor a fresh and new approach to our international Institutions andfor domestic policies that promote equity and fairness. The book controversially attacks the new enemies of reason andevidence. The threats now come from all sides, especiallyworkers in developed countries who fear for their jobs. MikeMoore is a political practitioner turned theoretician.

The Oxford Handbook of Economic and Institutional Transparency

Author: Jens Forssbaeck,Lars Oxelheim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394830

Category: Political Science

Page: 624

View: 5674

In recent years, the term 'transparency' has emerged as one of the most popular and keenly-touted concepts around. In the economic-political debate, the principle of transparency is often advocated as a prerequisite for accountability, legitimacy, policy efficiency, and good governance, as well as a universal remedy against corruption, corporate and political scandals, financial crises, and a host of other problems. But transparency is more than a mere catch-phrase. Increased transparency is a bearing ideal behind regulatory reform in many areas, including financial reporting and banking regulation. Individual governments as well as multilateral bodies have launched broad-based initiatives to enhance transparency in both economic and other policy domains. Parallel to these developments, the concept of transparency has seeped its way into academic research in a wide range of social science disciplines, including the economic sciences. This increased importance of transparency in economics and business studies has called for a reference work that surveys existing research on transparency and explores its meaning and significance in different areas. The Oxford Handbook of Economic and Institutional Transparency is such a reference. Comprised of authoritative yet accessible contributions by leading scholars, this Handbook addresses questions such as: What is transparency? What is the rationale for transparency? What are the determinants and the effects of transparency? And is transparency always beneficial, or can it also be detrimental (if so, when)? The chapters are presented in three sections that correspond to three broad themes. The first section addresses transparency in different areas of economic policy. The second section covers institutional transparency and explores the role of transparency in market integration and regulation. Finally, the third section focuses on corporate transparency. Taken together, this volume offers an up-to-date account of existing work on and approaches to transparency in economic research, discusses open questions, and provides guidance for future research, all from a blend of disciplinary perspectives.