Global Collective Action

Author: Todd Sandler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139454261

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3838

This book examines how nations and other key participants in the global community address problems requiring collective action. The global community has achieved some successes, such as eradicating smallpox, but other efforts to coordinate nations' actions, such as the reduction of drug trafficking, have not been sufficient. This book identifies the factors that promote or inhibit successful collective action at the regional and global level for an ever-growing set of challenges stemming from augmented cross-border flows associated with globalization. Modern principles of collective action are identified and applied to a host of global challenges, including promoting global health, providing foreign assistance, controlling rogue nations, limiting transnational terrorism, and intervening in civil wars. Because many of these concerns involve strategic interactions where choices and consequences are dependent on one's own and others' actions, the book relies, in places, on elementary game theory that is fully introduced for the uninitiated reader.

Global Risks and Collective Action Failures: What Can the International Community Do?

Author: Ms. Inci Otker-Robe

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1498307043

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 27

View: 9395

Abstract What do climate change, global financial crises, pandemics, and fragility and conflict have in common? They are all examples of global risks that can cross geographical and generational boundaries and whose mismanagement can reverse gains in development and jeopardize the well-being of generations. Managing risks such as these becomes a global public good, whose benefits also cross boundaries, providing a rationale for collective action facilitated by the international community. Yet, as many public goods, provision of global public goods suffer from collective action failures that undermine international coordination. This paper discusses the obstacles to addresing these global risks effectively, highlighting their implications for the current juncture. It claims that remaining gaps in information, resources, and capacity hamper accumulation and use of knowledge to triger appropriate action, but diverging national interests remain the key impediment to cooperation and effectiveness of global efforts, even when knowledge on the risks and their consequences are well understood. The paper argues that managing global risks requires a cohesive international community that enables its stakeholders to work collectively around common goals by facilitating sharing of knowledge, devoting resources to capacity building, and protecting the vulnerable. When some countries fail to cooperate, the international community can still forge cooperation, including by realigning incentives and demonstrating benefit from incremental steps toward full cooperation.

The Perils of Global Legalism

Author: Eric A. Posner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226675920

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 955

The first months of the Obama administration have led to expectations, both in the United States and abroad, that in the coming years America will increasingly promote the international rule of law—a position that many believe is both ethically necessary and in the nation’s best interests. With The Perils of Global Legalism, Eric A. Posner explains that such views demonstrate a dangerously naive tendency toward legalism—an idealistic belief that law can be effective even in the absence of legitimate institutions of governance. After tracing the historical roots of the concept, Posner carefully lays out the many illusions—such as universalism, sovereign equality, and the possibility of disinterested judgment by politically unaccountable officials—on which the legalistic view is founded. Drawing on such examples as NATO’s invasion of Serbia, attempts to ban the use of land mines, and the free-trade provisions of the WTO, Posner demonstrates throughout that the weaknesses of international law confound legalist ambitions—and that whatever their professed commitments, all nations stand ready to dispense with international agreements when it suits their short- or long-term interests. Provocative and sure to be controversial, The Perils of Global Legalism will serve as a wake-up call for those who view global legalism as a panacea—and a reminder that international relations in a brutal world allow no room for illusions.

Psychologie und Nachhaltigkeit

Konzeptionelle Grundlagen, Anwendungsbeispiele und Zukunftsperspektiven

Author: Claudia Thea Schmitt,Eva Bamberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658199652

Category: Psychology

Page: 258

View: 3194

Dieser Sammelband setzt sich zum Ziel, wesentliche Beiträge und Potenziale der Psychologie für (globale) Nachhaltigkeit herauszuarbeiten, innerhalb der psychologischen Disziplin (weiter) für den gesellschaftlichen Nachhaltigkeitsdiskurs zu sensibilisieren und künftige Forschungs- und Anwendungsperspektiven in den interdisziplinären Dialog einzubringen. Die Psychologie als Wissenschaft vom Erleben und Verhalten des Menschen bietet in vielfältiger Weise konzeptionelle sowie empirische Anknüpfungspunkte für den aktuellen Diskurs um nachhaltige Entwicklung – insbesondere im Hinblick auf die Umsetzung der als Agenda 2030 im September 2015 von den UN proklamierten Sustainable Development Goals.

Global Tensions

Challenges and Opportunities in the World Economy

Author: Lourdes Beneria,Savitri Bisnath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135952655

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 331

Against the backdrop of demonstrations in Seattle, Porto Alegre and Genoa and within the context of growing resistances to free trade and the current global trends, Global Tensions takes a close look at the challenges posed by the processes of globalization at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Composed of original essays by renowned scholars, this volume explores controversial topics such as free trade, women's rights, labor standards, the World Trade Organization and global tensions.

Global Warming and China's Environmental Diplomacy

Author: Hongyuan Yu

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781604560169

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 9203

Since the early 1990s, there are two increasingly hot topics attracting numerous scholarly attentions in Chinese politics: first, it is the transformation of China's political system. Second, it is China's increasingly involvement in international regimes. Nevertheless, until now, there are only a few scholars to work out the distinctive relations between them, and even less people work on the bureaucratic politics level. By explaining and evaluating the development of policymaking coordination in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the author demonstrates the argument that international regimes have contributed to the development of coordination in Chinese Policymaking, taking the UNFCCC as a departure.

Global Governance at Risk

Author: David Held,Charles Roger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745671942

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 7160

Since 2007 the world has lurched from one crisis to the next. The rise of new powers, the collapse of our global financial system, the proliferation of nuclear weapons and crisis in the Eurozone have led to a build up of risks that is likely to provoke a more general crisis in our system of global governance if it cannot be made fairer, more effective and accountable. In this book, nine leading scholars explore the fault lines and mounting challenges that are putting pressure on existing institutions, the ways in which we are currently attempting to manage them – or failing to – and the prospects for global governance in the 21st century. In doing so, the contributors offer a fresh look at one of the most important issues confronting the world today and they suggest strategies for adapting current institutions to better manage our mutual interdependence in the future. Contributors include Ha-Joon Chang, Benjamin Cohen, Michael Cox, David Held, George Magnus, Robert Skidelsky, Robert Wade, Martin Wolf and Kevin Young.

The Stiglitz Report

Reforming the International Monetary and Financial Systems in the Wake of the Global Crisis

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595585915

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 3227

The fact that our global economy is broken may be widely accepted, but what precisely needs to be fixed has become the subject of enormous controversy. In 2008, the president of the United Nations General Assembly convened an international panel, chaired by Nobel Prize–winning economist Joseph Stiglitz and including twenty leading international experts on the international monetary system, to address this crucial issue. The Stiglitz Report, released by the committee in late 2009, sees the recent financial crisis as the latest and most damaging of several concurrent crises—of food, water, energy, and sustainability—that are tightly interrelated. The analysis and recommendations in the report cover the gamut from short-term mitigation to deep structural changes, from crisis response to reform of the global, economic, and financial architecture. The report establishes a bold agenda for policy change, that is sure to be the gold standard for understanding and contending with the international economy for many years to come. The Stiglitz Report is essential reading for anyone concerned about a secure and prosperous world.

Liberalization, Financial Instability and Economic Development

Author: Yılmaz Akyüz

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783082623

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 8956

Weighing up the costs and benefits of economic interdependence in a finance-driven world, this book argues that globalization, understood and promoted as absolute freedom for all forms of capital, has been oversold to the Global South, and that the South should be as selective about globalization as the North. ‘Liberalization, Financial Instability and Economic Development’ challenges the orthodoxy on the link between financial deepening and economic growth, as well as that between the efficiency of financial markets and the benefits of liberalization. Ultimately, the author urges developing countries to control capital flows and asset bubbles, preventing financial fragility and crises, and recommends regional policy options for managing capital flows and exchange rates.

Global Monitoring Report 2004

Policies and Actions for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals and Related Outcomes

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821358597

Category: Reference

Page: 228

View: 4138

References pp. 217-228.

The Quest for Security

Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Mary Kaldor

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527659

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 5103

The essays in this collection boldly confront the quest for security arising from the social, economic, environmental, and political crises and transformations of our century. Joseph E. Stiglitz and Mary Kaldor begin with an expansive, balanced analysis of the global landscape and the factors contributing to the growth of insecurity. Whereas earlier studies have touched on how globalization has increased economic insecurity and how geopolitical changes may have contributed to military insecurity, this volume looks for some common threads: in a globalized world without a global government, with a system of global governance not up to the task, how do we achieve security without looking inward and stepping back from globalization? In each of their areas of expertise, contributors seek answers to questions about how we achieve protection of those people who are most insecure without resorting to economic, military, or mafia protectionism. Some have suggested that the turmoil in the Eurozone "proves" the deficiencies in the welfare state. This book argues that the superior performance of Scandinavian countries arises from their superior systems of social protection, which allow their citizens to undertake greater risk and more actively participate in globalization. Some suggest that we can address terrorism or transnational crimes through the strengthening of borders or long-distance wars. This book develops the proposition that such approaches have the opposite effect and that only through spreading the human security experienced in well-ordered societies can these dangers be managed. This book also examines how these global changes play out, not only in the relations among countries and the management of globalization, but at every level of our society, especially in our cities. It explores the potential for cities to ensure personal security, promote political participation, and protect the environment in the face of increasing urbanization.

Conflict and Cooperation in the Global Commons

A Comprehensive Approach for International Security

Author: Scott Jasper

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589019237

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 8015

More than ever, international security and economic prosperity depend upon safe access to the shared domains that make up the global commons: maritime, air, space, and cyberspace. Together these domains serve as essential conduits through which international commerce, communication, and governance prosper. However, the global commons are congested, contested, and competitive. In the January 2012 defense strategic guidance, the United States confirmed its commitment “to continue to lead global efforts with capable allies and partners to assure access to and use of the global commons, both by strengthening international norms of responsible behavior and by maintaining relevant and interoperable military capabilities.” In the face of persistent threats, some hybrid in nature, and their consequences, Conflict and Cooperation in the Global Commons provides a forum where contributors identify ways to strengthen and maintain responsible use of the global commons. The result is a comprehensive approach that will enhance, align, and unify commercial industry, civil agency, and military perspectives and actions.

The Rise of Global Health

The Evolution of Effective Collective Action

Author: Joshua K. Leon

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438455178

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5289

Chronicles the expanding global effort to confront public health challenges. Since the year 2000, unprecedented resources have been committed to the complex challenge of developing global public health solutions by national governments, multilateral organizations, and civil society groups. This vast global movement is one of the most remarkable political phenomena of twenty-first-century international relations—but is it working? In The Rise of Global Health, Joshua K. Leon argues against the conventional wisdom, which argues that collective action on development issues—including controversial increases in foreign aid—is too inherently inefficient to succeed. Leon shows that public action on a global level can successfully pursue health equality. Often at the behest of grassroots activists, these disparate groups of actors are cooperating more than ever with the aim of improving our human potential through better health. Though operating at cross purposes with unequal trade agreements and other factors within the global economy harming the Global South, we learn something surprising about global health governance—it is evolving in ways more efficient than we think.

Strengthening the World Bank's Role in Global Programs and Partnerships

Author: Uma Lele

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821364111

Category: Aide économique - Évaluation - Congrès

Page: 60

View: 2613

This volume reports on a conference held by the World Bank's independent Operations Evaluation Department (OED) to discuss the Bank's rote in global program partnerships. The starting point for the discussions was a comprehensive review by OED of the effectiveness of 26 of the largest programs, including the Consultative Group on International AgricuRural Research and programs in health, environment, and trade. Participants at the conference provided crosscutting lessons about program design, implementation, and evaluation, and shared views about how the Bank can best help build commitment and assure financing for high priority global public goods that benefit the poor.

Globalization, Growth, and Poverty

Building an Inclusive World Economy

Author: Paul Collier,David Dollar

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821350485

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 174

View: 3661

Globalization - the growing integration of economies and societies around the world, is a complex process. The focus of this research is the impact of economic integration on developing countries and especially the poor people living in these countries. Whether economic integration supports poverty reduction and how it can do so more effectively are key questions asked. The research yields 3 main findings with bearings on current policy debates about globalization. Firstly, poor countries with some 3 billion people have broken into the global market for manufactures and services, and this successful integration has generally supported poverty reduction. Secondly, inclusion both across countries and within them is important as a number of countries (pop. 2 billion) are failing as states, trading less and less, and becoming marginal to the world economy. Thirdly, standardization or homogenization is a concern - will economic integration lead to cultural or institutional homogenization?

Climate Change

Who's Carrying the Burden? : the Chilly Climates of the Global Environment Dilemma

Author: L. Anders Sandberg,Tor Sandberg

Publisher: Canadian Centre Policy Alternatives

ISBN: 1926888065

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 4168

"Climate Change\U+2014\Who\U+2019\s Carrying the Burden? rallies the call of climate justice advocates and activists concerned with \U+2018\system change not climate change\U+2019\. This call demands control of local resources, the restitution of past wrongs, and the willingness to conceive and accept different modes of living and seeing."--Back cover.

Many Thin Companies

The Change in Customer Dealings and Managers Since September 11, 2001

Author: David L Loudon,Tony Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317718364

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 138

View: 3113

Discover what happened to the economy after 9/11—from an insider outlook Many Thin Companies: The Change in Customer Dealings and Managers Since September 11, 2001 is an up-to-date examination of the aftereffects of the World Trade Center bombings upon businesses nationwide. In this important text, you will learn about the efforts of several companies that were hit hard by 9/11, including Aon Corporation and PricewaterhouseCoopers. This resource will help university professors and students—as well as consultants and managers already at work—understand more clearly the current business trends and prepare them for future consequences. Many Thin Companies looks at how the tragedy has forever altered the economy, advertising practices, and consumer behavior. The book supplies statistics and case studies for New York City commerce, the airlines industry, and several well-known companies from both before and after 9/11—revealing the patterns of growth, decline, and return. It also contains valuable information on how companies can reorganize their internal structure and distribution of funds with more effort on safety and crisis management planning. With Many Thin Companies, you’ll gain a better understanding of: New York City’s proposed budget gap-closing plan increasing security needs despite financial difficulties “The Verizon Promise”—how Verizon was able to restore service in Manhattan in one week, thanks to preparedness and sales organization communication starting over—planning new outcomes for businesses after unexpected hardships performance issues—how to take care of the employees after a crisis international marketing concerns post-September 11 Many Thin Companies: The Change in Customer Dealings and Managers Since September 11, 2001 provides a wealth of data that can be used to help prepare companies and industries for the short- and long-term consequences of 9/11. This book can help you prevent oversights and ensure that the businesses you work with are dependable to shareholders and consumers when that security is most needed.

Learning in Modern International Society

On the Cognitive Problem Solving Abilities of Political Actors

Author: Claudia Hofmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783531907895

Category: Political Science

Page: 159

View: 9191

Claudia Hofmann engages in a theoretical modelling of international learning processes and the substantiation of this model through three cases from international politics. She answers two questions: How may international actors learn as a collective? And how may the lessons learned influence actor behaviour and problem solving processes? As a foundation for answering these questions she examines the nature of actor behaviour within a social international system and integrates the diffusion of norms and values among macro-level actors.