German Europe

Author: Ulrich Beck

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745669522

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 120

View: 7620

The euro crisis is tearing Europe apart. But the heart of the matter is that, as the crisis unfolds, the basic rules of European democracy are being subverted or turned into their opposite, bypassing parliaments, governments and EU institutions. Multilateralism is turning into unilateralism, equality into hegemony, sovereignty into the dependency and recognition into disrespect for the dignity of other nations. Even France, which long dominated European integration, must submit to Berlin’s strictures now that it must fear for its international credit rating. How did this happen? The anticipation of the European catastrophe has already fundamentally changed the European landscape of power. It is giving birth to a political monster: a German Europe. Germany did not seek this leadership position - rather, it is a perfect illustration of the law of unintended consequences. The invention and implementation of the euro was the price demanded by France in order to pin Germany down to a European Monetary Union in the context of German unification. It was a quid pro quo for binding a united Germany into a more integrated Europe in which France would continue to play the leading role. But the precise opposite has happened. Economically the euro turned out to be very good for Germany, and with the euro crisis Chancellor Angela Merkel became the informal Queen of Europe. The new grammar of power reflects the difference between creditor and debtor countries; it is not a military but an economic logic. Its ideological foundation is ‘German euro nationalism’ - that is, an extended European version of the Deutschmark nationalism that underpinned German identity after the Second World War. In this way the German model of stability is being surreptitiously elevated into the guiding idea for Europe. The Europe we have now will not be able to survive in the risk-laden storms of the globalized world. The EU has to be more than a grim marriage sustained by the fear of the chaos that would be caused by its breakdown. It has to be built on something more positive: a vision of rebuilding Europe bottom-up, creating a Europe of the citizen. There is no better way to reinvigorate Europe than through the coming together of ordinary Europeans acting on their own behalf.

German Power

Das Paradox der deutschen Stärke

Author: Hans Kundnani

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406688640

Category: Political Science

Page: 207

View: 3446

Ist ein „deutsches Europa“ die bittere Frucht der europäischen Krise? In vielen europäischen Ländern wird es so wahrgenommen. Angela Merkel wird mit Hitler verglichen, die Rede ist von deutscher „Hegemonie“ und einem neuen deutschen „Reich“. Doch Deutschland ist heute ein anderes Land als im 19. Oder 20. Jahrhundert. Nur – welches? Einmal mehr könnte es zu einer Quelle der Instabilität im Herzen Europas werden. In German Power geht Hans Kundnani der Transformation Deutschlands seit der Vereinigung 1990 nach und stellt sie in den Kontext der deutschen Geschichte vor 1945. Dabei zeigt er Ähnlichkeiten auf und benennt einige Grundkonflikte – zwischen Kontinuität und Wandel, Ökonomie und Politik, Europa und der Welt. Kundnani kommt in seinem provozierenden Essay zu dem unbequemen Schluss, dass die „deutsche Frage“ wieder zurückgekehrt ist – in geoökonomischer Gestalt.

The Idea of Europe

From Antiquity to the European Union

Author: Anthony Pagden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521795524

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 739

The creation of the European Union and the progressive integration of the European states has raised serious questions about the existence of a distinctive European identity. Do the British share much in common with the French, or the French with the Danes? Will a unified Europe remain an economic and political possibility with no greater cultural or affective foundations? If there is something that distinguishes all Europeans, what is it, and how is it being changed by recent events? This book addresses these questions in essays ranging from ancient Greece to the end of the twentieth century. Their authors come from different intellectual backgrounds and represent differing intellectual traditions. They discuss questions of politics, religion, commerce, law, language, literature and affectivity. Taken together, they provide a powerful insight into the historical origins of the idea of Europe and into the future of the European Union.

German Unification and the Union of Europe

The Domestic Politics of Integration Policy

Author: Jeffrey Anderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521643900

Category: Political Science

Page: 227

View: 1241

German Unification and the Union of Europe discusses some of the most interesting questions in the study of comparative politics and international relations. The book studies the sources of continuity and change in German policy toward the European Union, set in the context of the competing pulls of integration into the EU, and unification of East and West Germany. Employing a framework of analysis premised on the interaction of interests, institutions and ideas, the book asks: how has the domestic politics of unification influenced German policy toward Europe? Why has continuity reigned in some areas, whereas in others significant changes, sometimes reversals, have been registered? What are the implications of this checkered pattern of outcomes for Germany and for Europe? Jeffrey Anderson's book focusses on the political economy issues (such as trade, internal market, energy, and industrial policy) which represent key components of both German domestic politics and Germany's relationship with Europe. Awarded the DAAD 2000 Prize for Distinguished Scholarship in German Studies: Politics and Foreign Policy.

German Policy-Making and Eastern Enlargement of the European Union During the Ko

Managing the Agenda?

Author: Stephen Collins

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719063299

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 207

View: 6413

The aim of this important new book is to investigate the internal and external influences of the East Central European states' negotiations to join the European Union on Germany's policy-making. The book begins by looking in depth at German European policy, moves on to consider domestic policy, the European Union and its relations with Germany and finally the negotiations of East Central European states with German bureaucracy.

Der deutsche Genius

Eine Geistes- und Kulturgeschichte von Bach bis Benedikt XVI. -

Author: Peter Watson

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641172128

Category: History

Page: 1024

View: 2185

Deutsche Ideen, deutscher Geist und deutsche Ideologien haben das Weltgeschehen maßgeblich beeinflusst und geprägt. Peter Watson zeichnet diese Entwicklung von der Mitte des 18. Jahr hunderts bis zur Gegenwart nach und ergründet Ursprung und Wesen des »Deutschen Genius«. Philosophie und Literatur, Musik und Malerei, Wissenschaft und Technik – Watson bietet eine beeindruckende Gesamtschau deutschen Geisteslebens von Lessing bis Mann, von Humboldt bis Benz, von Kant bis Habermas, von Schleiermacher bis Ratzinger, von Bach bis Henze, von Friedrich bis Beuys. Eine faszinierende Kultur- und Ideengeschichte.

The Franco-German Axis in European Integration

Author: Gisela Hendriks,Annette Morgan

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782543817

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 6066

'The book provides an excellent understanding of the unity and dissonance within the Franco-German relationship.' - Aslib Book Guide In the latter part of a turbulent century for Europe, France and Germany have been at the forefront of the developments that have shaped both Western and Eastern Europe. Having initiated and controlled economic and monetary union, the greater goal is now that of further European integration, and the Franco-German dynamic is likely to be crucial again in the success or failure of achieving this. The Franco-German Axis in European Integration examines the effectiveness and durability of the Franco-German relationship in European integration, tracing this important partnership through many political and economic disparities. This study goes on to assess the role of these two states in the challenges now facing the Union; from EMU, to the process of stabilising its eastern borders, and from enlargement of the Union, to the struggle to agree on a common foreign security policy.


Author: Jana Hensel

Publisher: N.A


Category: Deutschland DDR - Kind - Alltag - Geschichte 1976-1990 - Erlebnisbericht

Page: 172

View: 2326

The Choice for Europe

Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht

Author: Andrew Moravcsik

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801435096

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 514

View: 2309

The creation of the European Community ranks among the most extraordinary achievements in modern world politics. Observers disagree, however, about the reasons why European governments have chosen to coordinate core economic policies and surrender sovereign prerogatives. In this eagerly awaited book, Andrew Moravcsik analyzes the history of the region's movement toward economic and political union.Do these unifying steps demonstrate the preeminence of national security concerns, the power of federalist ideals, the skill of political entrepreneurs like Jean Monnet and Jacques Delors, or the triumph of technocratic planning? Moravcsik rejects such views. Economic interdependence has been, he maintains in his provocative argument, the primary force compelling these democracies to move in this surprising direction. Politicians rationally pursued national economic advantage through the exploitation of asymmetrical interdependence and the manipulation of institutional commitments. Focusing on Germany, France, and Britain, Moravcsik examines the five decisive agreements that propelled integration forward. He seeks to reintegrate the historical study of European unity with theoretical inquiry into the sources of international cooperation.

The Federal Republic of Germany and the European Community (RLE: German Politics)

Author: Simon Bulmer,William Paterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317535170

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 4965

Originally published in 1987, this book examines German governmental policy from 1969-1986 and explains this in terms of the political, economic and administrative dynamics of the (then) Federal Republic. The study includes analysis of the attitudes and the role of West German interest groups, political parties, public opinion, the legislature and the federal states regarding European policy. The book is based on extensive interviews as well as the authors’ familiarity with the institutions and key players involved. It will appeal to students of German politics, the EU and international relations.

New Europe, New Germany, Old Foreign Policy?

German Foreign Policy Since Unification

Author: Douglas Webber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135280428

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 9879

This work examines the extent to which German foreign policy and European policy has changed since German unification. Despite significant changes on specific issues, most notably on the deployment of military force outside of the NATO area, there is greater continuity than change in post-unification German policy.

The Seduction of Culture in German History

Author: Wolf Lepenies

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691121314

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 9830

During the Allied bombing of Germany, Hitler was more distressed by the loss of cultural treasures than by the leveling of homes. Remarkably, his propagandists broadcast this fact, convinced that it would reveal not his callousness but his sensitivity: the destruction had failed to crush his artist's spirit. It is impossible to begin to make sense of this thinking without understanding what Wolf Lepenies calls The Seduction of Culture in German History. This fascinating and unusual book tells the story of an arguably catastrophic German habit--that of valuing cultural achievement above all else and envisioning it as a noble substitute for politics. Lepenies examines how this tendency has affected German history from the late eighteenth century to today. He argues that the German preference for art over politics is essential to understanding the peculiar nature of Nazism, including its aesthetic appeal to many Germans (and others) and the fact that Hitler and many in his circle were failed artists and intellectuals who seem to have practiced their politics as a substitute form of art. In a series of historical, intellectual, literary, and artistic vignettes told in an essayistic style full of compelling aphorisms, this wide-ranging book pays special attention to Goethe and Thomas Mann, and also contains brilliant discussions of such diverse figures as Novalis, Walt Whitman, Leo Strauss, and Allan Bloom. The Seduction of Culture in German History is concerned not only with Germany, but with how the German obsession with culture, sense of cultural superiority, and scorn of politics have affected its relations with other countries, France and the United States in particular.

Europe's Last Summer

Author: David Fromkin

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1409044025

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9916

The Great War not only destroyed the lives of over twenty million soldiers and civilians, it also ushered in a century of huge political and social upheaval, led directly to the Second World War and altered for ever the mechanisms of governments. And yet its causes, both long term and immediate, have continued to be shrouded in mystery. In Europe's Last Summer, David Fromkin reveals a new pattern in the happenings of that fateful July and August, which leads in unexpected directions. Rather than one war, starting with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, he sees two conflicts, related but not inseparably linked, whose management drew Europe and the world into what The Economist described as early as 1914 as 'perhaps the greatest tragedy in human history'.

German Minorities in Europe

Ethnic Identity and Cultural Belonging

Author: Stefan Wolff

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571815040

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 5617

Ethnic conflicts have shaped the 20th century in significant ways. While the legacy of the last century is primarily one of many unresolved conflicts, the author contends that Western Europe has a track record in containing and settling ethnic conflicts which provides valuable lessons for conflict management elsewhere. Focusing on ethno-territorial crossborder conflicts in Alsace, the Saarland, South Tyrol, and Northern Ireland, Andorra and the New Hebrides, the author develops a four-dimensional analytical framework that synthesizes the distinct factors that influence the complex relationship between host-state, kin-state, actors in the disputed territory, and in the international context.

The New Germany and the New Europe

Author: Paul B. Stares

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815720997

Category: Political Science

Page: 423

View: 9165

Since the first heroic and largely spontaneous acts precipitated the end of the Cold War, Europe has been transformed in a truly remarkable and wholly unforeseen manner: Germany has been unified, the Warsaw Pact has collapsed, and the Soviet Union has disintegrated, leaving in its wake many new independent states. These momentous events have taken place so rapidly and often in such confused circumstances that their full meaning has barely been comprehended let alone assimilated. A clearer and deeper appreciation of the forces and processes unleashed by the recent changes is vitally important, however, to meet the challenges and exploit the opportunities that now present themselves in Europe. This volume, therefore, is intended to promote wider understanding of the key issues, and it represents the most comprehensive assessment to date of the new Germany and the new Europe. The volume begins with detailed accounts by U.S. and German scholars of how unification came about and the resulting changes to the political economy, security policy, and foreign relations. A complementary section discusses the implications for the rest of Europe as well as Japan. While the focus of the book is on the new Germany, two separate chapters provide specific designs for a new adoption of a general system of cooperative security.

Germany's European Diplomacy

Shaping the Regional Milieu

Author: Simon Bulmer,Charlie Jeffery,William E. Paterson

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719058554

Category: History

Page: 148

View: 9972

Germany's size, economic weight and recent history mark it out as the key state in the European Union. This text examines German influence in the EU through its creation of a milieu of multilateral cooperation permitting its interests to flourish.

Screening Strangers

Migration and Diaspora in Contemporary European Cinema

Author: Yosefa Loshitzky

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 025322182X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 214

View: 6015

Yosefa Loshitzky challenges the utopian notion of a post-national "New Europe" by focusing on the waves of migrants and refugees that some view as a potential threat to European identity, a concern heightened by the rhetoric of the war on terror, the London Underground bombings, and the riots in Paris's banlieues. Opening a cinematic window onto this struggle, Loshitzky determines patterns in the representation and negotiation of European identity in several European films from the late 20th and early 21st centuries, including Bernardo Bertolucci's Besieged, Stephen Frears's Dirty Pretty Things, Mathieu Kassovitz's La Haine, and Michael Winterbottom's In This World, Code 46, and The Road to Guantanamo.