Geometry of Complex Numbers

Author: Hans Schwerdtfeger

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486135861

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 1940

Illuminating, widely praised book on analytic geometry of circles, the Moebius transformation, and 2-dimensional non-Euclidean geometries.

Basic Complex Analysis: A Comprehensive Course in Analysis, Part 2A

Author: Barry Simon

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470411008

Category: Mathematical analysis

Page: 641

View: 1236

A Comprehensive Course in Analysis by Poincaré Prize winner Barry Simon is a five-volume set that can serve as a graduate-level analysis textbook with a lot of additional bonus information, including hundreds of problems and numerous notes that extend the text and provide important historical background. Depth and breadth of exposition make this set a valuable reference source for almost all areas of classical analysis. Part 2A is devoted to basic complex analysis. It interweaves three analytic threads associated with Cauchy, Riemann, and Weierstrass, respectively. Cauchy's view focuses on the differential and integral calculus of functions of a complex variable, with the key topics being the Cauchy integral formula and contour integration. For Riemann, the geometry of the complex plane is central, with key topics being fractional linear transformations and conformal mapping. For Weierstrass, the power series is king, with key topics being spaces of analytic functions, the product formulas of Weierstrass and Hadamard, and the Weierstrass theory of elliptic functions. Subjects in this volume that are often missing in other texts include the Cauchy integral theorem when the contour is the boundary of a Jordan region, continued fractions, two proofs of the big Picard theorem, the uniformization theorem, Ahlfors's function, the sheaf of analytic germs, and Jacobi, as well as Weierstrass, elliptic functions.

How to Solve Applied Mathematics Problems

Author: B. L. Moiseiwitsch

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486285227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 4815

This workbook bridges the gap between lectures and practical applications, offering students of mathematics, engineering, and physics the chance to practice solving problems from a wide variety of fields. 2011 edition.

Complex Analysis in Banach Spaces

Author: Jorge Mujica

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486474666

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 6404

The development of complex analysis is based on issues related to holomorphic continuation and holomorphic approximation. This volume presents a unified view of these topics in finite and infinite dimensions. A high-level tutorial in pure and applied mathematics, its prerequisites include a familiarity with the basic properties of holomorphic functions, the principles of Banach and Hilbert spaces, and the theory of Lebesgue integration. The four-part treatment begins with an overview of the basic properties of holomorphic mappings and holomorphic domains in Banach spaces. The second section explores differentiable mappings, differentiable forms, and polynomially convex compact sets, in which the results are applied to the study of Banach and Fréchet algebras. Subsequent sections examine plurisubharmonic functions and pseudoconvex domains in Banach spaces, along with Riemann domains and envelopes of holomorphy. In addition to its value as a text for advanced graduate students of mathematics, this volume also functions as a reference for researchers and professionals.

Distribution Theory and Transform Analysis

An Introduction to Generalized Functions, with Applications

Author: A.H. Zemanian

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151948

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 6108

Distribution theory, a relatively recent mathematical approach to classical Fourier analysis, not only opened up new areas of research but also helped promote the development of such mathematical disciplines as ordinary and partial differential equations, operational calculus, transformation theory, and functional analysis. This text was one of the first to give a clear explanation of distribution theory; it combines the theory effectively with extensive practical applications to science and engineering problems. Based on a graduate course given at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, this book has two objectives: to provide a comparatively elementary introduction to distribution theory and to describe the generalized Fourier and Laplace transformations and their applications to integrodifferential equations, difference equations, and passive systems. After an introductory chapter defining distributions and the operations that apply to them, Chapter 2 considers the calculus of distributions, especially limits, differentiation, integrations, and the interchange of limiting processes. Some deeper properties of distributions, such as their local character as derivatives of continuous functions, are given in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 introduces the distributions of slow growth, which arise naturally in the generalization of the Fourier transformation. Chapters 5 and 6 cover the convolution process and its use in representing differential and difference equations. The distributional Fourier and Laplace transformations are developed in Chapters 7 and 8, and the latter transformation is applied in Chapter 9 to obtain an operational calculus for the solution of differential and difference equations of the initial-condition type. Some of the previous theory is applied in Chapter 10 to a discussion of the fundamental properties of certain physical systems, while Chapter 11 ends the book with a consideration of periodic distributions. Suitable for a graduate course for engineering and science students or for a senior-level undergraduate course for mathematics majors, this book presumes a knowledge of advanced calculus and the standard theorems on the interchange of limit processes. A broad spectrum of problems has been included to satisfy the diverse needs of various types of students.

Mathematics for Quantum Chemistry

Author: Jay Martin Anderson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151484

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 9802

Introduction to problems of molecular structure and motion covers calculus of orthogonal functions, algebra of vector spaces, and Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of classical mechanics. Answers to problems. 1966 edition.

Advanced Calculus of Several Variables

Author: Charles Henry Edwards

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486683362

Category: Mathematics

Page: 457

View: 7189

Modern conceptual treatment of multivariable calculus, emphasizing the interplay of geometry and analysis via linear algebra and the approximation of nonlinear mappings by linear ones. At the same time, ample attention is paid to the classical applications and computational methods. Hundreds of examples, problems and figures. 1973 edition.

An Introduction to Lebesgue Integration and Fourier Series

Author: Howard J. Wilcox,David L. Myers

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486682938

Category: Mathematics

Page: 159

View: 8531

This book arose out of the authors' desire to present Lebesgue integration and Fourier series on an undergraduate level, since most undergraduate texts do not cover this material or do so in a cursory way. The result is a clear, concise, well-organized introduction to such topics as the Riemann integral, measurable sets, properties of measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, convergence and the Lebesgue integral, pointwise convergence of Fourier series and other subjects. The authors not only cover these topics in a useful and thorough way, they have taken pains to motivate the student by keeping the goals of the theory always in sight, justifying each step of the development in terms of those goals. In addition, whenever possible, new concepts are related to concepts already in the student's repertoire. Finally, to enable readers to test their grasp of the material, the text is supplemented by numerous examples and exercises. Mathematics students as well as students of engineering and science will find here a superb treatment, carefully thought out and well presented , that is ideal for a one semester course. The only prerequisite is a basic knowledge of advanced calculus, including the notions of compactness, continuity, uniform convergence and Riemann integration.

Geometry: A Comprehensive Course

Author: Dan Pedoe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131734

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 5871

Introduction to vector algebra in the plane; circles and coaxial systems; mappings of the Euclidean plane; similitudes, isometries, Moebius transformations, much more. Includes over 500 exercises.

The Thirteen Books of the Elements

Author: Euclid

Publisher: Dover Publications

ISBN: 9780486600888

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 5837

This is the definitive edition of one of the very greatest classics of all time — the full Euclid, not an abridgement. Using the text established by Heiberg, Sir Thomas Heath encompasses almost 2,500 years of mathematical and historical study upon Euclid. This unabridged republication of the original enlarged edition contains the complete English text of all 13 books of the Elements, plus a critical apparatus that analyzes each definition, postulate, and proposition in great detail. It covers textual and linguistic matters; mathematical analyses of Euclid’s ideas; classical, medieval, Renaissance, modern commentators; refutations, supports, extrapolations, reinterpretations, and historical notes, all given with extensive quotes. “The textbook that shall really replace Euclid has not yet been written and probably never will be.” — Encyclopaedia Britannica. Volume 1. 151-page Introduction: life and other works of Euclid; Greek and Islamic commentators; surviving mss., scholia, translations; bases of Euclid’s thought. Books I and II of the Elements, straight lines, angles, intersection of lines, triangles, parallelograms, etc. Volume 2. Books III-IX: Circles, tangents, segments, figures described around and within circles, rations, proportions, magnitudes, polygons, prime numbers, products, plane and solid numbers, series of rations, etc. Volume 3. Books X to XIII: planes, solid angles, etc.; method of exhaustion in similar polygons within circles, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, etc. Appendix: Books XIV, XV, sometimes ascribed to Euclid.

Theory of Linear Operators in Hilbert Space

Author: Naum Ilʹich Akhiezer,Izrailʹ Markovich Glazman

Publisher: Dover Books on Mathematics

ISBN: 9780486677484

Category: Mathematics

Page: 218

View: 6456

This classic textbook introduces linear operators in Hilbert Space, and presents the geometry of Hilbert space and the spectral theory of unitary and self-adjoint operators. Invaluable for every mathematician and physicist. 1961, 1963 edition.

Theory of Markov Processes

Author: Evgeniĭ Borisovich Dynkin

Publisher: Dover Books on Mathematics


Category: Mathematics

Page: 210

View: 5799

An investigation of the logical foundations of the theory behind Markov random processes, this text explores subprocesses, transition functions, and conditions for boundedness and continuity. Rather than focusing on probability measures individually, the work explores connections between functions. An elementary grasp of the theory of Markov processes is assumed. Starting with a brief survey of relevant concepts and theorems from measure theory, the text investigates operations that permit an inspection of the class of Markov processes corresponding to a given transition function. It advances to the more complicated operations of generating a subprocess, followed by examinations of the construction of Markov processes with given transition functions, the concept of a strictly "Markov process," and the conditions required for boundedness and continuity of a Markov process. Addenda, notes, references, and indexes supplement the text.

Almost All about Waves

Author: John R. Pierce

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 4093

This text considers waves the great unifying concept of physics, employing minimal mathematics to explore behavior common to earthquake waves, ocean waves, sound waves, and mechanical waves. 1974 edition.

The Theory of Remainders

Author: Andrea Rothbart

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications


Category: Mathematics

Page: 178

View: 8966

An imaginative introduction to number theory, this unique approach employs a pair of fictional characters, Ant and Gnam. Ant leads Gnam through a variety of theories, and together, they put the theories into action—applying linear diophantine equations to football scoring, using a black-magic device to simplify problems in modular structures, and developing intriguing modifications to the rules of chess. Appropriate for anyone familiar with algebra at the high-school level, The Theory of Remainders offers a captivating introduction to both number theory and abstract algebra. Both elementary and challenging, it provides a view of mathematics as a conceptual net and illustrates the differences between conceptual and paraconceptual claims—an excellent start to expanding students' perspectives on mathematics. Exercises throughout the book form an integral part of the text, extending students' experience with the concepts under discussion and presenting opportunities to observe patterns. In addition to the exercises, a series of optional problems allows more advanced readers to further develop the concepts.

Differential Topology

First Steps

Author: Andrew H. Wallace

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486453170

Category: Mathematics

Page: 130

View: 3827

Keeping mathematical prerequisites to a minimum, this undergraduate-level text stimulates students' intuitive understanding of topology while avoiding the more difficult subtleties and technicalities. Its focus is the method of spherical modifications and the study of critical points of functions on manifolds. No previous knowledge of topology is necessary for this text, which offers introductory material regarding open and closed sets and continuous maps in the first chapter. Succeeding chapters discuss the notions of differentiable manifolds and maps and explore one of the central topics of differential topology, the theory of critical points of functions on a differentiable manifold. Additional topics include an investigation of level manifolds corresponding to a given function and the concept of spherical modifications. The text concludes with applications of previously discussed material to the classification problem of surfaces and guidance, along with suggestions for further reading and study.

Integral Equations

Author: Benjamin Lawrence Moiseiwitsch

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486441627

Category: Mathematics

Page: 166

View: 757

Geared toward upper-level undergraduate students, this text begins with a straightforward account, accompanied by simple examples of a variety of integral equations and the methods of their solution. The treatment becomes gradually more abstract, with discussions of Hilbert space and linear operators, the resolvent, Fredholm theory, and more. 1977 edition.

Anschauliche Funktionentheorie

Author: Tristan Needham

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486709025

Category: Mathematics

Page: 685

View: 1865

Needhams neuartiger Zugang zur Funktionentheorie wurde von der Fachpresse begeistert aufgenommen. Mit über 500 zum großen Teil perspektivischen Grafiken vermittelt er im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes eine Anschauung von der sonst oft als trocken empfundenen Funktionentheorie. 'Anschauliche Funktionentheorie ist eine wahre Freude und ein Buch so recht nach meinem Herzen. Indem er ausschließlich seine neuartige geometrische Perspektive verwendet, enthüllt Tristan Needham viele überraschende und bisher weitgehend unbeachtete Facetten der Schönheit der Funktionentheorie.' (Sir Roger Penrose)

The Origin of Continents and Oceans

Author: Alfred Wegener

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486617084

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 8052

In 1915 Alfred Wegener's seminal work describing the continental drift was first published in German. Wegener explained various phenomena of historical geology, geomorphy, paleontology, paleoclimatology, and similar areas in terms of continental drift. This edition includes new data to support his theories, helping to refute the opponents of his controversial views. 64 illustrations.