Geometry Driven Statistics

Author: Ian L. Dryden,John T. Kent

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118866576

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 5558

A timely collection of advanced, original material in the area of statistical methodology motivated by geometric problems, dedicated to the influential work of Kanti V. Mardia This volume celebrates Kanti V. Mardia′s long and influential career in statistics. A common theme unifying much of Mardia s work is the importance of geometry in statistics, and to highlight the areas emphasized in his research this book brings together 16 contributions from high–profile researchers in the field. Geometry Driven Statistics covers a wide range of application areas including directional data, shape analysis, spatial data, climate science, fingerprints, image analysis, computer vision and bioinformatics. The book will appeal to statisticians and others with an interest in data motivated by geometric considerations. Summarizing the state of the art, examining some new developments and presenting a vision for the future, Geometry Driven Statistics will enable the reader to broaden knowledge of important research areas in statistics and gain a new appreciation of the work and influence of Kanti V. Mardia.

Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology

Protocols and Industrial Innovations

Author: Elisabeth Mansfield

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527340394

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 6479

For the promotion of global trading and the reduction of potential risks, the role of international standardization of nanotechnologies has become more and more important. This book gives an overview of the current status of nanotechnology including the importance of metrology and characterization at the nanoscale, international standardization of nanotechnology, and industrial innovation of nano-enabled products. First the field of nanometrology, nanomaterial standardization and nanomaterial innovation is introduced. Second, major concepts in analytical measurements are given in order to provide a basis for the reliable and reproducible characterization of nanomaterials. The role of standards organizations are presented and finally, an overview of risk management and the commercial impact of metrology and standardization for industrial innovations.

Statistical Shape Analysis

With Applications in R

Author: Ian L. Dryden,Kanti V. Mardia

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119072514

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 4354

A thoroughly revised and updated edition of this introduction to modern statistical methods for shape analysis Shape analysis is an important tool in the many disciplines where objects are compared using geometrical features. Examples include comparing brain shape in schizophrenia; investigating protein molecules in bioinformatics; and describing growth of organisms in biology. This book is a significant update of the highly-regarded `Statistical Shape Analysis’ by the same authors. The new edition lays the foundations of landmark shape analysis, including geometrical concepts and statistical techniques, and extends to include analysis of curves, surfaces, images and other types of object data. Key definitions and concepts are discussed throughout, and the relative merits of different approaches are presented. The authors have included substantial new material on recent statistical developments and offer numerous examples throughout the text. Concepts are introduced in an accessible manner, while retaining sufficient detail for more specialist statisticians to appreciate the challenges and opportunities of this new field. Computer code has been included for instructional use, along with exercises to enable readers to implement the applications themselves in R and to follow the key ideas by hands-on analysis. Statistical Shape Analysis: with Applications in R will offer a valuable introduction to this fast-moving research area for statisticians and other applied scientists working in diverse areas, including archaeology, bioinformatics, biology, chemistry, computer science, medicine, morphometics and image analysis .

Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung für Dummies

Author: Deborah J. Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527805494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 5651

Die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung wird in der Schule oft nur beiläufig behandelt, dabei handelt es sich um ein besonders spannendes und alltagstaugliches Teilgebiet der Mathematik. Für alle, die über dieses Thema noch etwas mehr erfahren wollen oder müssen, erklärt Deborah Rumsey verständlich und mit Humor, was sie unbedingt wissen sollten. Egal ob Kontingenztabelle, zentraler Grenzwertsatz, Stichproben-, Binomial- oder Poissonverteilung, in diesem Buch lernen Sie, was es ist und wie Sie es anwenden. Zu jedem Kapitel finden Sie online eine Übungsaufgabe samt Lösung, um das Gelernte zu festigen. Auch Tipps zu praktischen Anwendungen - ob bei der Arbeit oder am Pokertisch - kommen nicht zu kurz. So finden Sie in diesem Buch alles, was Sie über Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung unbedingt wissen sollten.

Probability with R

An Introduction with Computer Science Applications

Author: Jane Horgan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118165950

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 2520

A Complete Introduction to probability AND its computer ScienceApplications USING R Probability with R serves as a comprehensive andintroductory book on probability with an emphasis oncomputing-related applications. Real examples show how probabilitycan be used in practical situations, and the freely available anddownloadable statistical programming language R illustrates andclarifies the book's main principles. Promoting a simulation- and experimentation-driven methodology,this book highlights the relationship between probability andcomputing in five distinctive parts: The R Language presents the essentials of the R language,including key procedures for summarizing and building graphicaldisplays of statistical data. Fundamentals of Probability provides the foundations ofthe basic concepts of probability and moves into applications incomputing. Topical coverage includes conditional probability,Bayes' theorem, system reliability, and the development of the mainlaws and properties of probability. Discrete Distributions addresses discrete randomvariables and their density and distribution functions as well asthe properties of expectation. The geometric, binomial,hypergeometric, and Poisson distributions are also discussed andused to develop sampling inspection schemes. Continuous Distributions introduces continuous variablesby examining the waiting time between Poisson occurrences. Theexponential distribution and its applications to reliability areinvestigated, and the Markov property is illustrated via simulationin R. The normal distribution is examined and applied tostatistical process control. Tailing Off delves into the use of Markov and Chebyshevinequalities as tools for estimating tail probabilities withlimited information on the random variable. Numerous exercises and projects are provided in each chapter,many of which require the use of R to perform routine calculationsand conduct experiments with simulated data. The author directsreaders to the appropriate Web-based resources for installing the Rsoftware package and also supplies the essential commands forworking in the R workspace. A related Web site features an activeappendix as well as a forum for readers to share findings,thoughts, and ideas. With its accessible and hands-on approach, Probability withR is an ideal book for a first course in probability at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels for readers with abackground in computer science, engineering, and the generalsciences. It also serves as a valuable reference for computingprofessionals who would like to further understand the relevance ofprobability in their areas of practice.

Fifth IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision

Proceedings : WACV 2000, December 4-6, 2000, Palm Springs, California, USA

Author: N.A

Publisher: IEEE

ISBN: 9780769508139

Category: Computers

Page: 261

View: 714

Contains 36 contributed papers (24 oral presentations, 15 poster presentations, and several invited talks, keynote presentations, and a panel discussion) presenting the work of academic, industrial, and government researchers and practitioners discussing the development of practical and novel application-specific methods and applications of computer vision. Topics include image enhancement, document and image processing and analysis, classification and recognition, novel application domains, medical image analysis, roads and traffic, road and range analysis, 3D modeling, motion and tracking, video applications, and motion and stereo. Somewhat fuzzy, bandw photographs that appear to be simply photocopied. Lacks a subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Perspectives in Carbonate Geology

A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg

Author: Peter K. Swart,Gregor P. Eberli,Judith A. McKenzie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444312057

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 9491

This special publication Perspectives in Carbonate Geologyis a collection of papers most of which were presented at asymposium to honor the 80th birthday of Bob Ginsburg at the meetingof Geological Society of America in Salt Lake City in 2005. Themajority of the papers in this publication are connected with thestudy of modern carbonate sediments. Bob Ginsburg pioneered theconcept of comparative sedimentology - that is using the modern tocompare to and relate to and understand the ancient. These studiesare concerned with Bob's areas of passion: coral reefs andsea-level; submarine cementation and formation of beach rock;surface sediments on Great Bahama Bank and other platforms; originof ooids; coastal sediments; formation of stromatolites; impact ofstorms on sediments; and the formation of dolomite. The remainderof the papers apply the study of modern environments andsedimentary processes to ancient sediments. Recent other publications of the International Association ofSedimentologists SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS 40 Analogue and Numerical Modelling of Sedimentary Systems From Understanding to Prediction Edited by P. de Boer, G. Postma, K. van der Zwan, P. Burgess and P.Kukla 2008, 336 pages, 172 illustrations 39 Glacial Sedimentary Processes and Products Edited by M.J. Hambrey, P. Christoffersen, N.F. Glasser and B.Hubbard 2007, 416 pages, 181 illustrations 38 Sedimentary Processes, Environments and Basins A Tribute to Peter Friend Edited by G. Nichols, E. Williams and C. Paola 2007, 648 pages, 329 illustrations 37 Continental Margin Sedimentation From Sediment Transport to Sequence Stratigraphy Edited by C.A. Nittrouer, J.A. Austin, M.E. Field, J.H.Kravitz, J.P.M. Syvitski and P.L. Wiberg 2007, 549 pages, 178 illustrations 36 Braided Rivers Process, Deposits, Ecology and Management Edited by G.H. Sambrook Smith, J.L. Best, C.S. Bristow and G.E.Petts 2006, 390 pages, 197 illustrations 35 Fluvial Sedimentology VII Edited by M.D. Blum, S.B. Marriott and S.F. Leclair 2005, 589 pages, 319 illustrations REPRINT SERIES 4 Sandstone Diagenesis: Recent and Ancient Edited by S.D. Burley and R.H. Worden 2003, 648 pages, 223 illustrations Please see inside the book for the full list of IASpublications Cover design by Code 5 Design For information, news, and content about Wiley-Blackwell booksand journals in Earth Sciences please visit www.earthpages.com

Algebra II für Dummies

Author: Mary Jane Sterling

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527707115

Category:

Page: 378

View: 8262

Da glaubt man, man hätte die Mathematik hinter sich, und dann hatte der Lehrer, der immer behauptete, dass man in der Schule fürs Leben lerne, doch Recht. "Algebra II für Dummies" hilft allen, bei denen die Mathematik unversehens wieder ins Leben zurückgekehrt ist, sei es nun am Arbeitsplatz, bei einer Weiterbildung oder an der Universität. Wem Brüche, Exponenten und Kurvendiskussionen die Haare zu Berge stehen lassen und Terme auch in Papierform den Schweiß auf die Stirn treiben, dem hilft dieses Buch auf einfache und humorvolle Art und Weise.

Process Systems Engineering

Volume 6: Molecular Systems Engineering

Author: Efstratios Pistikopoulos,Michael Georgiadis,Vivek Dua

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527316957

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 1136

Inspired by the leading authority in the field, the Centre for Process Systems Engineering at Imperial College London, this book includes theoretical developments, algorithms, methodologies and tools in process systems engineering and applications from the chemical, energy, molecular, biomedical and other areas. It spans a whole range of length scales seen in manufacturing industries, from molecular and nanoscale phenomena to enterprise-wide optimization and control. As such, this will appeal to a broad readership, since the topic applies not only to all technical processes but also due to the interdisciplinary expertise required to solve the challenge. The ultimate reference for years to come.

Probability

An Introduction with Statistical Applications

Author: John J. Kinney

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111894710X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 2501

Praise for the First Edition "This is a well-written and impressively presentedintroduction to probability and statistics. The text throughout ishighly readable, and the author makes liberal use of graphs anddiagrams to clarify the theory." - The Statistician Thoroughly updated, Probability: An Introduction withStatistical Applications, Second Edition features acomprehensive exploration of statistical data analysis as anapplication of probability. The new edition provides anintroduction to statistics with accessible coverage of reliability,acceptance sampling, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, andsimple linear regression. Encouraging readers to develop a deeperintuitive understanding of probability, the author presentsillustrative geometrical presentations and arguments without theneed for rigorous mathematical proofs. The Second Edition features interesting and practicalexamples from a variety of engineering and scientific fields, aswell as: Over 880 problems at varying degrees of difficulty allowingreaders to take on more challenging problems as their skill levelsincrease Chapter-by-chapter projects that aid in the visualization ofprobability distributions New coverage of statistical quality control and qualityproduction An appendix dedicated to the use ofMathematica® and a companion website containing thereferenced data sets Featuring a practical and real-world approach, this textbook isideal for a first course in probability for students majoring instatistics, engineering, business, psychology, operations research,and mathematics. Probability: An Introduction with StatisticalApplications, Second Edition is also an excellent reference forresearchers and professionals in any discipline who need to makedecisions based on data as well as readers interested in learninghow to accomplish effective decision making from data.

GAMMA

Eulers Konstante, Primzahlstrände und die Riemannsche Vermutung

Author: Julian Havil

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540484965

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 3629

Jeder kennt p = 3,14159..., viele kennen e = 2,71828..., einige i. Und dann? Die "viertwichtigste" Konstante ist die Eulersche Zahl g = 0,5772156... - benannt nach dem genialen Leonhard Euler (1707-1783). Bis heute ist unbekannt, ob g eine rationale Zahl ist. Das Buch lotet die "obskure" Konstante aus. Die Reise beginnt mit Logarithmen und der harmonischen Reihe. Es folgen Zeta-Funktionen und Eulers wunderbare Identität, Bernoulli-Zahlen, Madelungsche Konstanten, Fettfinger in Wörterbüchern, elende mathematische Würmer und Jeeps in der Wüste. Besser kann man nicht über Mathematik schreiben. Was Julian Havil dazu zu sagen hat, ist spektakulär.

Maxima and Minima with Applications

Practical Optimization and Duality

Author: Wilfred Kaplan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031040

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 6325

This new work by Wilfred Kaplan, the distinguished author ofinfluential mathematics and engineering texts, is destined tobecome a classic. Timely, concise, and content-driven, it providesan intermediate-level treatment of maxima, minima, andoptimization. Assuming only a background in calculus and somelinear algebra, Professor Kaplan presents topics in order ofdifficulty. In four short chapters, he describes basic concepts andgeometric aspects of maxima and minima, progresses to problems withside conditions, introduces optimization and programming, andconcludes with an in-depth discussion of research topics involvingthe duality theorems of Fenchel and Rockafellar. Throughout thetext, the subject of convexity is gradually developed-from itstheoretical underpinnings to problems, and finally, to its role inapplications. Other features include: * A strong emphasis on practical applications of maxima andminima * An impressive array of supporting topics such as numericalanalysis * An ample number of examples and problems * More than 60 illustrations highlighting the text * Algorithms to reinforce concepts * An appendix reviewing the prerequisite linear algebra Maxima and Minima with Applications is an ideal text forupper-undergraduate and graduate students taking courses inoperations research, management, general engineering, and appliedmathematics. It can also be used to supplement courses on linearand nonlinear optimization. This volume's broad scope makes it anexcellent reference for professionals wishing to learn more aboutcutting-edge topics in optimization and mathematical programming.