Gender Relations in Early Modern England

Author: Laura Gowing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317862341

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 7651

This concise and accessible book explores the history of gender in England between 1500 and 1700. Amidst the political and religious disruptions of the Reformation and the Civil War, sexual difference and gender were matters of public debate and private contention. Laura Gowing provides unique insight into gender relations in a time of flux, through sources ranging from the women who tried to vote in Ipswich in 1640, to the dreams of Archbishop Laud and a grandmother describing the first time her grandson wore breeches. Examining gender relations in the contexts of the body, the house, the neighbourhood and the political world, this comprehensive study analyses the tides of change and the power of custom in a pre-modern world. This book offers: Previously unpublished documents by women and men from all levels of society, ranging from private letters to court cases A critical examination of a new field, reflecting original research and the most recent scholarship In-depth analysis of historical evidence, allowing the reader to reconstruct the hidden histories of women Also including a chronology, who’s who of key figures, guide to further reading and a full-colour plate section, Gender Relations in Early Modern England is ideal for students and interested readers at all levels, providing a diverse range of primary sources and the tools to unlock them.

Gender and Song in Early Modern England

Author: Leslie C. Dunn,Katherine R. Larson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317130472

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 236

View: 5551

Song offers a vital case study for examining the rich interplay of music, gender, and representation in the early modern period. This collection engages with the question of how gender informed song within particular textual, social, and spatial contexts in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century England. Bringing together ongoing work in musicology, literary studies, and film studies, it elaborates an interdisciplinary consideration of the embodied and gendered facets of song, and of song’s capacity to function as a powerful-and flexible-gendered signifier. The essays in this collection draw vivid attention to song as a situated textual and musical practice, and to the gendered processes and spaces of song's circulation and reception. In so doing, they interrogate the literary and cultural significance of song for early modern readers, performers, and audiences.


Author: Massimo Mastrogregori

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110932989

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 702

Annually published since 1930, the International bibliography of Historical Sciences (IBOHS) is an international bibliography of the most important historical monographs and periodical articles published throughout the world, which deal with history from the earliest to the most recent times. The works are arranged systematically according to period, region or historical discipline, and within this classification alphabetically. The bibliography contains a geographical index and indexes of persons and authors.

Gender and Language Change

Author: Olga Kuzin

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638624528

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 20

View: 4055

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,3, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen (Institut für Anglistik), course: 'Corpus Linguistics and the History of English', 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Sex differences have always been a subject of interest for human beings. So, such interest in language is not an exception. However, linguists prefer the term gender rather than “sex” because sex has to do with biological distinction; it is “a matter of genes, gonads and hormones” (Talbot 1998: 7). The term gender was also chosen as a neutral, an indiscriminating one (see Nevalainen 2003: 110, Curzan 2004). In contrast to the term sex “gender” refers to a linguistic construct on the one side and to the social construct on the other side. Gender as a linguistic construct relates to a gender system of language which is represented by e.g. the personal pronouns he, she, it or lexical items that “refer to men and women, as well as girls and boys” and which “retain gender semantically in a natural gender system” (Curzan 2004). Language as a social construct relates to the roles of males and females in society. The attitudes towards men and women are reflected in the language. Otherwise, we can observe gender differences analysing certain language patterns. It is assumed that language not only reflects gender division, but also creates and sustains it (Coates 1993: 4). In this paper I will be looking primarily at the impact of gender as a social variable on the English language. I will analyse the language change in the past, namely, in the Late Middle and the Early Modern English periods with help of the historical corpora. The paper should answer the question how the social variables such as gender together with social rank or genre cause change of the linguistic variables such as grammatical constructions from a diachronic point of view. The concept of a historical corpus and the historical background will be explained in order to understand the base of the investigations. Also, there will be a chapter on the present-day investigation on the language variation. Afterwards we should be able to compare the results from the past and present studies.

Gender roles and sexual morality in James Joyce's 'Dubliners'

Author: Eleni Papadopoulou

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638426513

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 13

View: 7751

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2-, , 10 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: First of all, and before we proceed with the actual description and basic layout of the term paper, it would be quite interesting to cite an extract from a letter that James Joyce himself wrote to his lover and partner Nora Barnacle. “How could I like the idea of home? ... My mother was slowly killed, I think, by my father’s ill-treatment, by years of trouble, and by my cynical frankness of conduct. When I looked on her face as she lay in the coffin – a face grey and wasted with cancer- I understood that I was looking on the face of a victim and I cursed the system which had made her a victim.” (Letters, II, 48) 1 This quotation roused my interest and became my first motivation concerning the study of gender roles and sexual morality in ‘ Dubliners’, as it summarizes the cruel reality of the position of women at that period of time. In addition to that, it provides us with a general impression of what the situation in Dublin might have been, focusing on the rather inharmonic relations between the two sexes.This small study and description of the gender roles in ‘Dubliners’ is organized in two main parts. As Joyce’s intention was “to write a chapter of the moral history of my [his] country” (D, xxxi), it is essential that the first part provides us with the general historical background of that age. The historical part may conveniently be divided into two sections. The first concerns the roles of both sexes in the Victorian era, whereas the second section brings us closer to the reality of men and women in Ireland, and to be more specific in Dublin. This second section is of great importance, because as already implied by the last quotation, this collection of fifteen short- stories, published in 1914, are expected to mirror the reality of the society of Dublin of that time, and to be more specific, this is done in a very representative way, as the stories involve nearly all stages and aspects of life.After having a general impression of the roles of men and women living in the Irish capital, we will go on to check whether this is in fact true and representative of the people described in the stories of ‘ Dubliners’. This will consist the main topic of the second part of the term paper, which is in turn divided into three sections...

Gender in Caribbean Development

Papers Presented at the Inaugural Seminar of the University of the West Indies, Women and Development Studies Project

Author: University of the West Indies (Saint Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago). Women and Development Studies Project. Seminar,Patricia Mohammed,Catherine Shepherd

Publisher: Canoe Press

ISBN: 9789768125552

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 1704

Witchcraft in Early Modern Germany

Author: Anne Sophie Günzel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638726738


Page: 64

View: 2159

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject History Europe - Other Countries - Middle Ages, Early Modern Age, grade: English Grade:58% von 70%, University of Nottingham (School of History), course: Hauptseminar: Gender and Society in Early Modern Europe, language: English, abstract: 'Witch- hunting is seen as something pathological, a disease infecting like a plague the body of the communities in witch it raged.'1 With these words the historian Bob Scribner described witchcraft and witch-hunts. They are defined as something negative and pathological and it is obviously that witchcraft could easily emerged because of the traditional beliefs rooted in the early modern society of Germany. Witchcraft and witchhunts emerged in this period and made the population susceptible to the carrying out of denunciation and elimination of innocent people. The population had been easily influenced by the authorities like magistrates and their fellow citizens. In the following discussion/passage, witchcraft and witch-hunts concerning the early modern Europe will be less prominent rather than the study about witchcraft and witchhunts in early modern Germany. In particular the main focus will stress on the south of Germany because it was the centre of witchcraft and witch-hunts. In addition to that some examples will be mentioned to show special witchcraft and witch- hunt cases. First it will be examined how the term 'witch' is defined shown in a historical, linguistic and an etymological way. Then the two authors of the Malleus maleficarum2 and their ideas about witches and witchcraft will be mentioned. In the forth chapter the social context shall be examined. In this passage the accused shall be represented and the reasons which led to their accusation. In the last chapter the witch-hunts in early modern Germany shall be represented. It keeps the question in what way the witch-hunts increased during the early modern period and which reasons contributed to their decline. Furthe

Evangelical Gotham

Religion and the Making of New York City, 1783-1860

Author: Kyle B. Roberts

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022638814X

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4180

Kyle Roberts explores the role of evangelical religion in the making of antebellum New York City and its spiritual marketplace. Between the American Revolution and the War of 1812a period of rebuilding after seven years of British occupationevangelicals emphasized individual conversion and rapidly expanded the number of their congregations. Then, up to the Panic of 1837, evangelicals shifted their focus from their own salvation to that of their neighbors, through the use of domestic missions, Seamen s Bethels, tract publishing, free churches, and abolitionism. Finally, in the decades before the Civil War, the city s dramatic expansion overwhelmed evangelicals, whose target audiences shifted, building priorities changed, and approaches to neighborhood and ethnicity evolved. By that time, though, evangelicals and the city had already shaped each other in profound ways, with New York becoming a national center of evangelicalism."

Historians of Early Modern Europe

The Newsletter of the Sixteenth Century Studies Conference and the American Society for Reformation Research

Author: Sixteenth century studies conference (Etats-Unis).,Society for Reformation research (Etats-Unis).

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 4194

"The Waiting Years” by Fumiko Enchi

Gender roles in Japanese Society during the turn of the 19th century

Author: Saskia Guckenburg

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656107890

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 19

View: 784

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7, University of Mannheim, course: The New Woman in American Short Fiction, language: English, abstract: Fumiko Enchi has worked on Onnazaka for eight years, which has been translated to English under the title of The Waiting Years. The novelist-critic Takami Jun describes it as “a rare jewel among masterpieces of modern literature”. The novel reveals how the family system of Meiji Japan (1868-1912) leads to an exploitation of the women and treats various problems which the protagonist Tomo Shirakawa faces. The role of the concubines provides a profound double structure. The novel is a fictional transfor-mation of Enchi’s grandmother Ine’s painful life who endured a polygynous marriage with a man from a samurai family. The protagonist’s suffering and pain expresses Enchi’s own pro-test against the system and the maltreatment of women. First published in pieces in journals, it came out in a book form in 1957. During that time women were resisting the government to reintroduce the traditional Japanese family system. Enchi published several critical novels in the late 1960s criticizing the patriarchal social order. The novel won the Noma Literary Prize, one of Japan’s most prestigious literary awards. Usually the prize is only given to one work, but in 1957 it was awarded jointly to this novel and to Uno Chiyo’s Ohan, which glorifies women’s submissiveness to her husband as a true feminine virtue. In this way, women opposing the “ie” system and men supporting it should both be pleased. To understand the situation of Japanese women during the Meiji period it is necessary to ana-lyze men’s behavior and to reveal the political and historical background. Therefore, the first section of the paper deals with men’s roles. The second section deals with the depiction of women.

Die weltweite Ungleichheit

Der World Inequality Report 2018

Author: Facundo Alvaredo,Lucas Chancel,Thomas Piketty,Emmanuel Saez,Gabriel Zucman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406723861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 2619

Mit seinem Weltbestseller «Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert» hat Thomas Piketty eine heftige Kontroverse über die wachsende Ungleichheit in den westlichen Gesellschaften und deren Ursachen ausgelöst. Nun folgt der «World Inequality Report» – der gründlichste und aktuellste Bericht zur Lage der weltweiten Ungleichheit. Ein junges Team von Ökonomen, zu dem auch Piketty gehört, legt darin Fakten und Analysen vor, die ganz klar zeigen: Fast überall auf der Welt nimmt die Ungleichheit dramatisch zu. 1980 verdienten in den USA die unteren 50 Prozent der Lohnskala 21 Prozent des gesamten nationalen Einkommens, während das oberste 1 Prozent 11 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens mit nach Hause nahm. Doch dieser gewaltige Spagat hat sich heute sogar noch umgekehrt: Während die untersten 50 Prozent nur noch 13 Prozent des Einkommens nach Hause bringen, sichert sich das oberste 1 Prozent mehr als 20 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens. Diesen Trend zunehmender ökonomischer Ungleichheit gibt es nicht nur in den USA, sondern nahezu überall auf der Welt. Er wirkt wie eine bedrohliche kapitalistische Urgewalt, gegen die sich im Zeitalter von Globalisierung und Beschleunigung nichts ausrichten lässt. Der «World Inequality Report» zeigt, dass dies nicht stimmt. Wir können und müssen etwas gegen diesen Trend unternehmen – und eine starke Demokratie mit klaren Spielregeln für die Marktwirtschaft kann dies bewirken.

Research Methods for History

Author: Simon Gunn

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654046

Category: Reference

Page: 256

View: 414

Providing a lively critical survey of methods for historical research at all levels, this textbook covers well-established sources and methods together with those that are less widely known. It reflects current theoretical and technical approaches to hist

Geschichte der Universität in Europa

Author: Walter Rüegg,Asa Briggs

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406369537

Category: Education, Higher

Page: 542

View: 7402

Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.

Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800

Author: Thomas Schoenberg

Publisher: Gale


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 528

View: 3091

Comprehensive critical coverage of the works of the greatest writers and thinkers of the late Middle Ages, Renaissance and Restoration eras. A cumulative title index is published separately (included in subscription).

The Representation of Femininty in Shakespeare's "Hamlet"

Author: Katrin Miel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668219974

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 21

View: 3462

Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Wuppertal, course: Shakespeare's Tragedies, language: English, abstract: Shakespeare's tragedy "Hamlet" is often described as an elaborate, dramatic presentation of modern subjectivity and confronts its reader with gender issues. As far as the gender issues in Hamlet are concerned, the following question arises: which feminist’s approach should be applied to analyse Hamlet’s character and to demonstrate in how far the historical background influences the gender constellations in "Hamlet"? Therefore, it is important to give a historical background of social structures and social roles during the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. Elizabethans lived in a time, in which patriarchy was part of their lives. Women were obligated to follow the rules of men. First, it is inevitable to label the categories ‘masculinity’ and ‘femininity’ in connection with cruelty and domination. However, it is difficult to define what is associated with ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ characteristics and to position these categories in a patriarchal system without developing clichés. To which extent, for instance is Hamlet allowed to grieve deeply for his father and why does Hamlet act misogynously towards women he loves? Obviously, along with the gender distinctions go different functional roles thus, examining the representation of gender roles in Hamlet in connection with social roles will play a dominant role in this paper. This term paper will first address the early modern society to outline the hierarchical system in the Elizabethan World View. After a brief presentation of the Elizabethan World View, patriarchal structures in the early modern England will be illustrated since the cultural context describes the beliefs of Shakespeare’s time and provides the basis for the analysis of gender roles in "Hamlet".