Author: Hans-Jürgen Zimmermann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401587027

Category: Mathematics

Page: 435

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### Fuzzy Set Theory—and Its Applications

Fuzzy Set Theory - And Its Applications, Third Edition is a textbook for courses in fuzzy set theory. It can also be used as an introduction to the subject. The character of a textbook is balanced with the dynamic nature of the research in the field by including many useful references to develop a deeper understanding among interested readers. The book updates the research agenda (which has witnessed profound and startling advances since its inception some 30 years ago) with chapters on possibility theory, fuzzy logic and approximate reasoning, expert systems, fuzzy control, fuzzy data analysis, decision making and fuzzy set models in operations research. All chapters have been updated. Exercises are included.

### Axiomatic Fuzzy Set Theory and Its Applications

This volume examines Axiomatic Fuzzy Sets (AFS), in which fuzzy sets and probability are treated in a unified and coherent fashion. It presents AFS as a rigorous mathematical theory as well as a flexible methodology for the development of intelligent systems.

### Fuzzy sets and their applications

A systematic treatise of fuzzy set theory and of some of its applications, containing many of the author's original results together with those of other Czech scientists. Intended for researchers, teachers and students of artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, system engineering, modelling and control of industrial processes, decision-making and management sciences, mathematics and logic, knowledge engineering and expert systems.

### Fuzzy Sets Theory and Applications

Problems in decision making and in other areas such as pattern recogni tion, control, structural engineering etc. involve numerous aspects of uncertainty. Additional vagueness is introduced as models become more complex but not necessarily more meaningful by the added details. During the last two decades one has become more and more aware of the fact that not all this uncertainty is of stochastic (random) cha racter and that, therefore, it can not be modelled appropriately by probability theory. This becomes the more obvious the more we want to represent formally human knowledge. As far as uncertain data are concerned, we have neither instru ments nor reasoning at our disposal as well defined and unquestionable as those used in the probability theory. This almost infallible do main is the result of a tremendous work by the whole scientific world. But when measures are dubious, bad or no longer possible and when we really have to make use of the richness of human reasoning in its variety, then the theories dealing with the treatment of uncertainty, some quite new and other ones older, provide the required complement, and fill in the gap left in the field of knowledge representation. Nowadays, various theories are widely used: fuzzy sets, belief function, the convenient associations between probability and fuzzines~ etc ••• We are more and more in need of a wide range of instruments and theories to build models that are more and more adapted to the most complex systems.

### Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

In the beginning of 1983, I came across A. Kaufmann's book "Introduction to the theory of fuzzy sets" (Academic Press, New York, 1975). This was my first acquaintance with the fuzzy set theory. Then I tried to introduce a new component (which determines the degree of non-membership) in the definition of these sets and to study the properties of the new objects so defined. I defined ordinary operations as "n", "U", "+" and "." over the new sets, but I had began to look more seriously at them since April 1983, when I defined operators analogous to the modal operators of "necessity" and "possibility". The late George Gargov (7 April 1947 - 9 November 1996) is the "god father" of the sets I introduced - in fact, he has invented the name "intu itionistic fuzzy", motivated by the fact that the law of the excluded middle does not hold for them. Presently, intuitionistic fuzzy sets are an object of intensive research by scholars and scientists from over ten countries. This book is the first attempt for a more comprehensive and complete report on the intuitionistic fuzzy set theory and its more relevant applications in a variety of diverse fields. In this sense, it has also a referential character.

### Fuzzy Set Theory

The purpose of this book is to provide the reader who is interested in applications of fuzzy set theory, in the first place with a text to which he or she can refer for the basic theoretical ideas, concepts and techniques in this field and in the second place with a vast and up to date account of the literature. Although there are now many books about fuzzy set theory, and mainly about its applications, e. g. in control theory, there is not really a book available which introduces the elementary theory of fuzzy sets, in what I would like to call "a good degree of generality". To write a book which would treat the entire range of results concerning the basic theoretical concepts in great detail and which would also deal with all possible variants and alternatives of the theory, such as e. g. rough sets and L-fuzzy sets for arbitrary lattices L, with the possibility-probability theories and interpretations, with the foundation of fuzzy set theory via multi-valued logic or via categorical methods and so on, would have been an altogether different project. This book is far more modest in its mathematical content and in its scope.

### Fuzzy Set Theory and Advanced Mathematical Applications

Fuzzy Set Theory and Advanced Mathematical Applications contains contributions by many of the leading experts in the field, including coverage of the mathematical foundations of the theory, decision making and systems science, and recent developments in fuzzy neural control. The book supplies a readable, practical toolkit with a clear introduction to fuzzy set theory and its evolution in mathematics and new results on foundations of fuzzy set theory, decision making and systems science, and fuzzy control and neural systems. Each chapter is self-contained, providing up-to-date coverage of its subject. Audience: An important reference work for university students, and researchers and engineers working in both industrial and academic settings.

### Fuzzy Set Theory

Fuzzy set theory deals with sets or categories whose boundaries are blurry or, in other words, "fuzzy." This book presents an accessible introduction to fuzzy set theory, focusing on its applicability to the social sciences. Unlike most books on this topic, Fuzzy Set Theory: Applications in the Social Sciences provides a systematic, yet practical guide for researchers wishing to combine fuzzy set theory with standard statistical techniques and model-testing.

### An Introduction to Fuzzy Set Theory and Fuzzy Logic

### Metric Spaces of Fuzzy Sets

The primary aim of the book is to provide a systematic development of the theory of metric spaces of normal, upper semicontinuous fuzzy convex fuzzy sets with compact support sets, mainly on the base space ?n. An additional aim is to sketch selected applications in which these metric space results and methods are essential for a thorough mathematical analysis.This book is distinctly mathematical in its orientation and style, in contrast with many of the other books now available on fuzzy sets, which, although all making use of mathematical formalism to some extent, are essentially motivated by and oriented towards more immediate applications and related practical issues. The reader is assumed to have some previous undergraduate level acquaintance with metric spaces and elementary functional analysis.

### Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Logic, and Fuzzy Systems

This book consists of selected papers written by the founder of fuzzy set theory, Lotfi A Zadeh. Since Zadeh is not only the founder of this field, but has also been the principal contributor to its development over the last 30 years, the papers contain virtually all the major ideas in fuzzy set theory, fuzzy logic, and fuzzy systems in their historical context. Many of the ideas presented in the papers are still open to further development. The book is thus an important resource for anyone interested in the areas of fuzzy set theory, fuzzy logic, and fuzzy systems, as well as their applications. Moreover, the book is also intended to play a useful role in higher education, as a rich source of supplementary reading in relevant courses and seminars.The book contains a bibliography of all papers published by Zadeh in the period 1949-1995. It also contains an introduction that traces the development of Zadeh's ideas pertaining to fuzzy sets, fuzzy logic, and fuzzy systems via his papers. The ideas range from his 1965 seminal idea of the concept of a fuzzy set to ideas reflecting his current interest in computing with words ? a computing in which linguistic expressions are used in place of numbers.Places in the papers, where each idea is presented can easily be found by the reader via the Subject Index.

### Fuzzy Set Theory Fuzzy Logic and their Applications

Classical Sets Fuzzy Relation Equations Basic Concepts On Fuzzy Sets Possibility Theory Fuzzy Sets Versus Crisp Sets Fuzzy Logic Operations On Fuzzy Sets Uncertainty-Based Information Interval Arithmetic Approximate Reasoning Fuzzy Numbers And Fuzzy Arithmetic Fuzzy Control And Fuzzy Expert Systems Fuzzy Relations Fuzzy Decision Making Index

### The Fuzzification of Systems

Today, Fuzzy Set Theory is the core discipline of so-called ‘soft’ computing, and provides new impetus for research in the field of artificial intelligence. In this fascinating book, the history of Fuzzy Set Theory and the ways it was first used are incorporated into the history of 20th century science and technology. Influences from philosophy, system theory and cybernetics stemming from the earliest part of the 20th century are considered alongside those of communication and control theory from mid-century.

### Views on Fuzzy Sets and Systems from Different Perspectives

This book presents the complete philosophy of Fuzzy Set Theory. It offers a collection of views from scholars involved in various research projects concerning fuzziness in science, technology, economic systems, social sciences, logics and philosophy.

### Fuzzy Sets, Decision Making, and Expert Systems

In the two decades since its inception by L. Zadeh, the theory of fuzzy sets has matured into a wide-ranging collection of concepts, models, and tech niques for dealing with complex phenomena which do not lend themselves to analysis by classical methods based on probability theory and bivalent logic. Nevertheless, a question which is frequently raised by the skeptics is: Are there, in fact, any significant problem areas in which the use of the theory of fuzzy sets leads to results which could not be obtained by classical methods? The approximately 5000 publications in this area, which are scattered over many areas such as artificial intelligence, computer science, control engineering, decision making, logic, operations research, pattern recognition, robotics and others, provide an affirmative answer to this question. In spite of the large number of publications, good and comprehensive textbooks which could facilitate the access of newcomers to this area and support teaching were missing until recently. To help to close this gap and to provide a textbook for courses in fuzzy set theory which can also be used as an introduction to this field, the first volume ofthis book was published in 1985 [Zimmermann 1985 b]. This volume tried to cover fuzzy set theory and its applications as extensively as possible. Applications could, therefore, only be described to a limited extent and not very detailed.

### Fuzzy Sets & their Application to Clustering & Training

Fuzzy set theory - and its underlying fuzzy logic - represents one of the most significant scientific and cultural paradigms to emerge in the last half-century. Its theoretical and technological promise is vast, and we are only beginning to experience its potential. Clustering is the first and most basic application of fuzzy set theory, but forms the basis of many, more sophisticated, intelligent computational models, particularly in pattern recognition, data mining, adaptive and hierarchical clustering, and classifier design. Fuzzy Sets and their Application to Clustering and Training offers a comprehensive introduction to fuzzy set theory, focusing on the concepts and results needed for training and clustering applications. It provides a unified mathematical framework for fuzzy classification and clustering, a methodology for developing training and classification methods, and a general method for obtaining a variety of fuzzy clustering algorithms. The authors - top experts from around the world - combine their talents to lay a solid foundation for applications of this powerful tool, from the basic concepts and mathematics through the study of various algorithms, to validity functionals and hierarchical clustering. The result is Fuzzy Sets and their Application to Clustering and Training - an outstanding initiation into the world of fuzzy learning classifiers and fuzzy clustering.

### First Course on Fuzzy Theory and Applications

Fuzzy theory has become a subject that generates much interest among the courses for graduate students. However, it was not easy to find a suitable textbook to use in the introductory course and to recommend to the students who want to self-study. The main purpose of this book is just to meet that need. The author has given lectures on the fuzzy theory and its applications for ten years and continuously developed lecture notes on the subject. This book is a publication of the modification and summary of the lecture notes. The fundamental idea of the book is to provide basic and concrete concepts of the fuzzy theory and its applications, and thus the author focused on easy illustrations of the basic concepts. There are numerous examples and figures to help readers to understand and also added exercises at the end of each chapter. This book consists of two parts: a theory part and an application part. The first part (theory part) includes chapters from 1 to 8. Chapters 1 and 2 introduce basic concepts of fuzzy sets and operations, and Chapters 3 and 4 deal with the multi-dimensional fuzzy sets. Chapters 5 and 6 are extensions of the fuzzy theory to the number and function, and Chapters 7 and 8 are developments of fuzzy properties on the probability and logic theories.

### Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Decision-Making

The increasing number of applications of fuzzy mathematics has generated interest in widely ranging fields, from engineering and medicine to the humanities and management sciences. Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Decision-Making provides an introduction to fuzzy set theory and lays the foundation of fuzzy mathematics and its applications to decision-making. New concepts are simplified with the use of figures and diagrams, and methods are discussed in terms of their direct applications in obtaining solutions to real problems, particularly to decision-related problems. The first chapter presents the current state of knowledge of fuzzy set theory, using pan-Venn-diagrams to illustrate mathematical concepts. The second chapter clearly describes the theory of factor spaces, on which fuzzy decision-making is based. The remainder of the book is devoted to the methods, applications, techniques, and examples of this fuzzy decision-making, and includes methods for determining membership functions and for treating multifactorial and variable weights analyses.

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Author: Hans-Jürgen Zimmermann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401587027

Category: Mathematics

Page: 435

View: 1427

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ISBN: 3790818704

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ISBN: 9401587418

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ISBN: 1461523575

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ISBN: 9789810224219

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Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540717951

Category: Computers

Page: 412

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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354093801X

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ISBN: 9780849389313

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