From Categories to Categorization

Studies in Sociology, Organizations and Strategy at the Crossroads

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787142388

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 478

This volume brings together some of the world’s leading scholars of market categorization. Together, their contributions depict categorization as both a cognitive and a social process, tightly connected to actors involved, their specific acts, the entity being categorized, and the context and timing which inform these activities.

From Categories to Categorization

Studies in Sociology, Organizations and Strategy at the Crossroads

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787143392

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 6593

This volume brings together some of the world’s leading scholars of market categorization. Together, their contributions depict categorization as both a cognitive and a social process, tightly connected to actors involved, their specific acts, the entity being categorized, and the context and timing which inform these activities.

From Categories to Categorization

Studies in Sociology, Organizations and Strategy at the Crossroads

Author: Rodolphe Durand,Nina Granqvist,Anna Tyllström

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787142396

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 402

View: 4191

This volume brings together some of the world's leading scholars of market categorization. Together, their contributions depict categorization as both a cognitive and a social process, tightly connected to actors involved, their specific acts, the entity being categorized, and the context and timing which inform these activities.

From Categories to Categorization

Studies in Sociology, Organizations and Strategy at the Crossroads

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787142388

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 641

This volume brings together some of the world’s leading scholars of market categorization. Together, their contributions depict categorization as both a cognitive and a social process, tightly connected to actors involved, their specific acts, the entity being categorized, and the context and timing which inform these activities.

Basic Epidemiology

Author: R. Bonita,R. Beaglehole,Tord Kjellström,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547073

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 3830

Basic epidemiology provides an introduction to the core principles and methods of epidemiology, with a special emphasis on public health applications in developing countries. This edition includes chapters on the nature and uses of epidemiology; the epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations; the strengths and limitations of epidemiological study designs; and the role of epidemiology in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of health care. The book has a particular emphasis on modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, including environmental and occupational health.

The ISA Handbook of Diverse Sociological Traditions

Author: Sujata Patel

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1847874029

Category: Social Science

Page: 366

View: 1446

This latest edition to the ISA handbook series actively engages with the many traditions of sociology in the world. Twenty-nine chapters from prominent international contributors discuss, challenge and re-conceptualize the global discipline of sociology; evaluating the diversities within and between sociological traditions of many regions and nation-states. They assess all aspects of the discipline: ideas and theories; scholars and scholarship; practices and traditions; ruptures and continuities through an international perspective. Its goal is to become a text for debating the contours of international sociology.

Abolition of Feudalism

Peasants, Lords, and Legislators in the French Revolution

Author: John Markoff

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271044415

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 786


The New Handbook of Organizational Communication

Advances in Theory, Research, and Methods

Author: Fredric M. Jablin,Linda L. Putnam

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412915250

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 911

View: 3069

Organizational communication as a discipline grew tremendously over the latter part of the twentieth century, but accompanying that growth has been a struggle to establish a clear identity for the field. The ongoing evolution of complex organizations in an equally complex global environment has scholars continuing to define and redefine the focus, boundaries, and future of the field. The New Handbook of Organizational Communication is a landmark volume that weaves together the various threads of this interdisciplinary area of scholarship.

Genealogies for the Present in Cultural Anthropology

Author: Bruce M. Knauft

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136661271

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 5362

In the wake of tensions between modern and postmodern sensibilities, what larger directions now emerge in cultural anthropology? In this major work, Bruce Knauft takes stock of important recent initiatives in cultural and critical theory. By combining critical reviews and ethnographic engagements with fresh readings of major figures and approaches, the work develops a larger vantage point for considering the dispersing influence of practice theories, postmodernism, cultural studies, postcolonial studies, modern/post-positive feminism, and multicultural criticisms.

Nonprofit Trusteeship in Different Contexts

Author: Rikki Abzug

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351152343

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 167

View: 6037

Critical interest in the characteristics, make-up and management of nonprofit organizations has seldom been higher. As this impetus grows, this important book draws on advances in neo-institutional organizational theory to explore the environmental and contextual influences on the structure and composition of boards of nonprofit organizations. Using information theoretic modelling, the book studies the interactions of time, place and organizational types (including faith affiliation) on US nonprofit boards, using unique quantitative data, collected from over 300 prestigious nonprofit organizations in a range of major US cities. With examples drawn from a variety of nonprofit sectors, including hospitals, museums, orchestras, universities, family services and community foundations, the book examines how boards evolve over time, in often unexpected ways; and in ways which reflect the regional, industrial and religious differences in the same period. Detailing the important implications for theory, practice and policy, this is the first book-length treatment of this topic to feature such a range of industries, geographic areas, and time frames. It offers a refreshing narrative and scientific approach; new and comprehensive subject matter; and a sweeping new time frame for literature in the field.

The Logic of Practice

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804720113

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 4000

Our usual representations of the opposition between the "civilized" and the "primitive" derive from willfully ignoring the relationship of distance our social science sets up between the observer and the observed. In fact, the author argues, the relationship between the anthropologist and his object of study is a particular instance of the relationship between knowing and doing, interpreting and using, symbolic mastery and practical mastery—or between logical logic, armed with all the accumulated instruments of objectification, and the universally pre-logical logic of practice. In this, his fullest statement of a theory of practice, Bourdieu both sets out what might be involved in incorporating one's own standpoint into an investigation and develops his understanding of the powers inherent in the second member of many oppositional pairs—that is, he explicates how the practical concerns of daily life condition the transmission and functioning of social or cultural forms. The first part of the book, "Critique of Theoretical Reason," covers more general questions, such as the objectivization of the generic relationship between social scientific observers and their objects of study, the need to overcome the gulf between subjectivism and objectivism, the interplay between structure and practice (a phenomenon Bourdieu describes via his concept of the habitus), the place of the body, the manipulation of time, varieties of symbolic capital, and modes of domination. The second part of the book, "Practical Logics," develops detailed case studies based on Bourdieu's ethnographic fieldwork in Algeria. These examples touch on kinship patterns, the social construction of domestic space, social categories of perception and classification, and ritualized actions and exchanges. This book develops in full detail the theoretical positions sketched in Bourdieu's Outline of a Theory of Practice. It will be especially useful to readers seeking to grasp the subtle concepts central to Bourdieu's theory, to theorists interested in his points of departure from structuralism (especially fom Lévi-Strauss), and to critics eager to understand what role his theory gives to human agency. It also reveals Bourdieu to be an anthropological theorist of considerable originality and power.

Studying Organization

Theory and Method

Author: Stewart R Clegg,Cynthia Hardy

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446237192

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 3756

In response to the needs of lecturers, the acclaimed Handbook of Organization Studies has been made available as two major paperback textbooks. In this, the first of a two-volume paperback edition of the landmark Handbook of Organization Studies, editors Stewart Clegg and Cynthia Hardy survey the field of organization studies. Studying Organization is an ideal textbook around which to build courses on organization theory and research methodology. Central to the enterprise has been a concern to reflect and honour the manifest diversity of the field, including recognition of the extent to which the very notion of a single field of organization studies is debated. Part One locates the study of organization by reviewing some of the most significant theoretical paradigms to have shaped our understanding. The second part reflects on the relationships between theory and research in organization studies.

Content Analysis

An Introduction to Its Methodology

Author: Klaus Krippendorff

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506395643

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 472

View: 5872

What matters in people’s social lives? What motivates and inspires our society? How do we enact what we know? Since the first edition published in 1980, Content Analysis has helped shape and define the field. In the highly anticipated Fourth Edition, award-winning scholar and author Klaus Krippendorff introduces you to the most current method of analyzing the textual fabric of contemporary society. Students and scholars will learn to treat data not as physical events but as communications that are created and disseminated to be seen, read, interpreted, enacted, and reflected upon according to the meanings they have for their recipients. Interpreting communications as texts in the contexts of their social uses distinguishes content analysis from other empirical methods of inquiry. Organized into three parts, Content Analysis first examines the conceptual aspects of content analysis, then discusses components such as unitizing and sampling, and concludes by showing readers how to trace the analytical paths and apply evaluative techniques. The Fourth Edition has been completely revised to offer you the most current techniques and research on content analysis, including new information on reliability and social media. You will also gain practical advice and experience for teaching academic and commercial researchers how to conduct content analysis.

Twilight Nationalism

Politics of Existence at Life's End

Author: Daniel Monterescu,Haim Hazan

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 1503605647

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8444

The city of Jaffa presents a paradox: intimate neighbors who are political foes. The official Jewish national tale proceeds from exile to redemption and nation-building, while the Palestinians' is one of a golden age cut short, followed by dispossession and resistance. The experiences of Jaffa's Jewish and Arab residents, however, reveal lives and nationalist sentiments far more complex. Twilight Nationalism shares the stories of ten of the city's elders—women and men, rich and poor, Muslims, Jews, and Christians—to radically deconstruct these national myths and challenge common understandings of belonging and alienation. Through the stories told at life's end, Daniel Monterescu and Haim Hazan illuminate how national affiliation ultimately gives way to existential circumstances. Similarities in lives prove to be shaped far more by socioeconomic class, age, and gender than national allegiance, and intersections between stories usher in a politics of existence in place of politics of identity. In offering the real stories individuals tell about themselves, this book reveals shared perspectives too long silenced and new understandings of local community previously lost in nationalist narratives.

Outside the Fold

Conversion, Modernity, and Belief

Author: Gauri Viswanathan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691058997

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 332

View: 2541

In a radical reexamination of religious conversion, Gauri Viswanathan demonstrates how conversion, especially to a minority or alternative religion, actually may be an act of resistance to established authority. In a wholly original perspective, Viswanathan equates the convert as religious dissenter and as colonial subject. Illustrated.

Fin de Siècle Social Theory

Relativism, Reduction, and the Problem of Reason

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859849965

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 1189

In four closely interwoven studies, Jeffrey Alexander identifies the central dilemma that provokes contemporary social theory and proposes a new way to resolve it. The dream of reason that marked the previous fin de siècle foundered in the face of the cataclysms of the twentieth century, when war, revolution, and totalitarianism came to be seen as themselves products of reason. In response there emerged the profound skepticism about rationality that has so starkly defined the present fin de siècle. From Wittgenstein through Rorty and postmodernism, relativism rejects the very possibility of universal standards, while for both positivism and neo-Marxists like Bourdieu, reductionism claims that ideas simply reflect their social base. In a readable and spirited argument, Alexander develops the alternative of a "neo-modernist" position that defends reason from within a culturally centered perspective while remaining committed to the goal of explaining, not merely interpreting, contemporary social life. On the basis of a sweeping reinterpretation of postwar society and its intellectuals, he suggests that both antimodernist radicalism and postmodernist resignation are now in decline; a more democratic, less ethnocentric and more historically contingent universalizing social theory may thus emerge. Developing in his first two studies a historical approach to the problem of "absent reason," Alexander moves via a critique of Richard Rorty to construct his case for "present reason." Finally, focusing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu, he provokes the most sustained critical reflection yet on this influential thinker. Fin de Siecle Social Theory is a tonic intervention in contemporary debates, showing how social and cultural theory can properly take the measure of the extraordinary times in which we live.

The Creativity of Action

Author: Hans Joas

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226400440

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 5538

Hans Joas is one of the foremost social theorists in Germany today. Based on Joas’s celebrated study of George Herbert Mead, this work reevaluates the contribution of American pragmatism and European philosophical anthropology to theories of action in the social sciences. Joas also establishes direct ties between Mead’s work and approaches drawn from German traditions of philosophical anthropology. Joas argues for adding a third model of action to the two predominant models of rational and normative action—one that emphasizes the creative character of human action. This model encompasses the other two, allowing for a more comprehensive theory of action. Joas elaborates some implications of his model for theories of social movements and social change and for the status of action theory in sociology in the face of competition from theories advanced by Luhmann and Habermas. The problem of action is of crucial importance in both sociology and philosophy, and this book—already widely debated in Germany—will add fresh impetus to the lively discussions current in the English-speaking world.

The Social Construction of Nature

A Sociology of Ecological Enlightenment

Author: Klaus Eder

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 4932

In this unique and agenda-setting examination of the relation between nature and culture, Klaus Eder demonstrates our ideas of nature are culturally determined, and explains how the relation between modern, industrial societies and nature is increasingly violent and destructive. Through an analysis of symbolism, ritual and taboo, Eder questions the view of nature as an object. Showing how nature is socially constructed, he presents a critique of Marx and Durkheim while offering a radical reinterpretation of the relationship among society, culture and nature. Eder concludes with an examination of the symbolic order of society and of the role of religion in modern culture. Using a culturalist interpretation,