In the decades following World War II, modern architecture spread around the globe alongside increased modernization, urbanization, and postwar reconstruction—and it eventually won widespread acceptance. But as the limitations of conventional conceptions of modernism became apparent, modern architecture has come under increasing criticism. In this collection of essays, experienced and emerging scholars take a fresh look at postwar modern architecture by asking what it meant to be "modern," what role modern architecture played in constructing modern identities, and who sanctioned (or was sanctioned by) modernism in architecture. This volume presents focused case studies of modern architecture in three realms—political, religious, and domestic—that address our very essence as human beings. Several essays explore developments in Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia and document a modernist design culture that crossed political barriers, such as the Iron Curtain, more readily than previously imagined. Other essays investigate various efforts to reconcile the concerns of modernist architects with the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church and other Christian institutions. And a final group of essays looks at postwar homebuilding in the United States and demonstrates how malleable and contested the image of the American home was in the mid-twentieth century. These inquiries show the limits of canonical views of modern architecture and reveal instead how civic institutions, ecclesiastical traditions, individual consumers, and others sought to sanction the forms and ideas of modern architecture in the service of their respective claims or desires to be modern.
Architecture and the Making of Postwar Identities
Author: Timothy Parker,Monica Penick,Vladimir Kulic
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Cyclone, Revolution, Corkscrew; Luna Park, Pleasure Beach, Dreamland – names and places instantly familiar to rollercoaster and amusement park enthusiasts. But what first gave rise to the concept and nomenclature of the amusement park; how did amusement parks develop in Britain and elsewhere, and what fate awaits historic amusement parks and their rides today? This thought-provoking and timely book brings together leading writers from a variety of disciplines to explore the social history and cultural heritage of the amusement park. Rooted in the British experience but informed by extensive international coverage, it provides a thematic, comparative exploration of the origins, development, decline and significance of the amusement park. The rich set of case studies presented comment on the interrelationships between history, culture and heritage, challenging traditional academic boundaries while offering important contributions to policy-making and regeneration initiatives. The book provides new insights into a neglected aspect of popular culture and will be a valuable resource to students and scholars of history, heritage, tourism, leisure, technology and design.
History, Culture and the Heritage of Pleasure
Author: Jason Wood
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Somewhere between 1910 and 1970, architecture changed. Now that modern architecture has become familiar (sometimes celebrated, sometimes vilified), it's hard to imagine how novel it once seemed. Expensive buildings were transformed from ornamental fancies which referred to the classical and medieval pasts into strikingly plain reflections of novel materials, functions, and technologies. Modern architecture promised the transformation of cities from overcrowded conurbations characterized by packed slums and dirty industries to spacious realms of generous housing and clean mechanized production set in parkland. At certain times and in certain cultures, it stood for the liberation of the future from the past. This Very Short Introduction explores the technical innovations that opened up the cultural and intellectual opportunities for modern architecture to happen. Adam Sharr shows how the invention of steel and reinforced concrete radically altered possibilities for shaping buildings, transforming what architects were able to imagine, as did new systems for air conditioning and lighting. While architects weren't responsible for these innovations, they were among the first to appreciate how they could make the world look and feel different, in connection with imagery from other spheres like modern art and industrial design. Focusing on a selection of modern buildings that also symbolize bigger cultural ideas, Sharr discusses what modern architecture was like, why it was like that, and how it was imagined. Considering the work of some of the historians and critics who helped to shape modern architecture, he demonstrates how the field owes as much to its storytellers as to its buildings. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Author: Adam Sharr
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
When communism took power in Eastern Europe it remade cities in its own image, transforming everyday life and creating sweeping boulevards and vast, epic housing estates in an emphatic declaration of a noncapitalist idea. The regimes that built them are now dead and long gone, but from Warsaw to Berlin, Moscow to postrevolutionary Kiev, the buildings remain, often populated by people whose lives were scattered by the collapse of communism. Landscapes of Communism is a journey of historical discovery, plunging us into the lost world of socialist architecture. Owen Hatherley, a brilliant, witty, young urban critic shows how power was wielded in these societies by tracing the sharp, sudden zigzags of official communist architectural style: the superstitious despotic rococo of high Stalinism, with its jingoistic memorials, palaces, and secret policemen’s castles; East Germany’s obsession with prefabricated concrete panels; and the metro systems of Moscow and Prague, a spectacular vindication of public space that went further than any avant-garde ever dared. Throughout his journeys across the former Soviet empire, Hatherley asks what, if anything, can be reclaimed from the ruins of Communism—what residue can inform our contemporary ideas of urban life?
A History Through Buildings
Author: Owen Hatherley
Publisher: New Press, The
Die Innenstadt in kolorierten Ansichtskarten
Author: Mark Lehmstedt
Category: Central business districts
Formen, Stile, Stoffe
Author: Tracy Fitzgerald,Alison Taylor
Die Ausstellung rückt zwei der zentralen Themenkomplexe des bedeutenden französischen Malers der romantischen Schule in den Mittelpunkt: das physische Leiden des modernen Menschen, wie es eindrücklich in Stillleben von abgeschnittenen Köpfen und Gliedmaßen als das Ineinander von Leben und Tod zum Ausdruck kommt, sowie die psychische Qual, wie sie seine Porträts von Geisteskranken zeigen. Diese komplett neuartigen Darstellungen von existenziellen Situationen, von Wahnsinn und Krankheit, von Leiden und Tod stehen beispielhaft für Géricaults besondere Modernität, die solchen mit Abscheu und Ekel besetzten Sujets Bildwürdigkeit und eine verstörende Aktualität verleiht. 0Exhibition: Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany (18.10.2013-26.01.2014) & Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Gent, Belgium (25.02.2014-21.05.2014). 0.
Author: Gregor Wedekind,Schirn-Kunsthalle Frankfurt
Dieses faszinierende Buch zeichnet den erstaunlichen Weg der russischen Avantgarde-Architektur von 1922-1935 nach; eine kurze, jedoch äußerst bewegte Periode auf den Gebieten Design und Konstruktion. Architekten wie Konstantin Melnikow, Moisej Ginsburg und die Wesnin-Brüder erarbeiteten Entwürfe, deren innovativer Stil die Energie und den Optimismus des neugegründeten sowjetischen Staates verkörperte. Der Architekturfotograf Richard Pare hat in den letzten 15 Jahren den heutigen Zustand dieser symbolhaften Bauwerke dokumentiert. Seine spektakulären großformatigen Fotografien stehen neben meisterhaften Fotografien, zeitgenössischen Periodika und zahlreichen Entwürfen und Gemälden von Künstlern des Konstruktivismus, u. a. Malewitsch, Tatlin, Popowa und El Lissitzky.
sowjetische Kunst und Architektur 1915 - 1935 ; [anlässlich der Ausstellung Baumeister der Revolution: Sowjetische Kunst und Architektur 1915 - 1935, CaixaForum Barcelona, 3. Februar - 17. April 2011 ... Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, 5. April - 8. Juli 2012]
Wohnungsbau in der Sowjetunion zwischen Stalin und Glasnost
Author: Philipp Meuser
Geïllustreerde inleiding in de bouwkunst van de Oosteuropese landen in de 20e eeuw.
Author: Udo Kultermann
Category: Architectecture, Modern
Geschichte der bildenden Künste bei den Alten ; Bd. 1, Die Völker des Orients