Sanctioning Modernism

Architecture and the Making of Postwar Identities

Author: Timothy Parker,Monica Penick,Vladimir Kulic

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292757255

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 4636

In the decades following World War II, modern architecture spread around the globe alongside increased modernization, urbanization, and postwar reconstruction—and it eventually won widespread acceptance. But as the limitations of conventional conceptions of modernism became apparent, modern architecture has come under increasing criticism. In this collection of essays, experienced and emerging scholars take a fresh look at postwar modern architecture by asking what it meant to be "modern," what role modern architecture played in constructing modern identities, and who sanctioned (or was sanctioned by) modernism in architecture. This volume presents focused case studies of modern architecture in three realms—political, religious, and domestic—that address our very essence as human beings. Several essays explore developments in Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia and document a modernist design culture that crossed political barriers, such as the Iron Curtain, more readily than previously imagined. Other essays investigate various efforts to reconcile the concerns of modernist architects with the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church and other Christian institutions. And a final group of essays looks at postwar homebuilding in the United States and demonstrates how malleable and contested the image of the American home was in the mid-twentieth century. These inquiries show the limits of canonical views of modern architecture and reveal instead how civic institutions, ecclesiastical traditions, individual consumers, and others sought to sanction the forms and ideas of modern architecture in the service of their respective claims or desires to be modern.

The Amusement Park

History, Culture and the Heritage of Pleasure

Author: Jason Wood

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317045130

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 4931

Cyclone, Revolution, Corkscrew; Luna Park, Pleasure Beach, Dreamland – names and places instantly familiar to rollercoaster and amusement park enthusiasts. But what first gave rise to the concept and nomenclature of the amusement park; how did amusement parks develop in Britain and elsewhere, and what fate awaits historic amusement parks and their rides today? This thought-provoking and timely book brings together leading writers from a variety of disciplines to explore the social history and cultural heritage of the amusement park. Rooted in the British experience but informed by extensive international coverage, it provides a thematic, comparative exploration of the origins, development, decline and significance of the amusement park. The rich set of case studies presented comment on the interrelationships between history, culture and heritage, challenging traditional academic boundaries while offering important contributions to policy-making and regeneration initiatives. The book provides new insights into a neglected aspect of popular culture and will be a valuable resource to students and scholars of history, heritage, tourism, leisure, technology and design.

Modern Architecture

Author: Adam Sharr

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198783442

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 6739

Somewhere between 1910 and 1970, architecture changed. Now that modern architecture has become familiar (sometimes celebrated, sometimes vilified), it's hard to imagine how novel it once seemed. Expensive buildings were transformed from ornamental fancies which referred to the classical and medieval pasts into strikingly plain reflections of novel materials, functions, and technologies. Modern architecture promised the transformation of cities from overcrowded conurbations characterized by packed slums and dirty industries to spacious realms of generous housing and clean mechanized production set in parkland. At certain times and in certain cultures, it stood for the liberation of the future from the past. This Very Short Introduction explores the technical innovations that opened up the cultural and intellectual opportunities for modern architecture to happen. Adam Sharr shows how the invention of steel and reinforced concrete radically altered possibilities for shaping buildings, transforming what architects were able to imagine, as did new systems for air conditioning and lighting. While architects weren't responsible for these innovations, they were among the first to appreciate how they could make the world look and feel different, in connection with imagery from other spheres like modern art and industrial design. Focusing on a selection of modern buildings that also symbolize bigger cultural ideas, Sharr discusses what modern architecture was like, why it was like that, and how it was imagined. Considering the work of some of the historians and critics who helped to shape modern architecture, he demonstrates how the field owes as much to its storytellers as to its buildings. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Landscapes of Communism

A History Through Buildings

Author: Owen Hatherley

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1620971895

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 4768

When communism took power in Eastern Europe it remade cities in its own image, transforming everyday life and creating sweeping boulevards and vast, epic housing estates in an emphatic declaration of a noncapitalist idea. The regimes that built them are now dead and long gone, but from Warsaw to Berlin, Moscow to postrevolutionary Kiev, the buildings remain, often populated by people whose lives were scattered by the collapse of communism. Landscapes of Communism is a journey of historical discovery, plunging us into the lost world of socialist architecture. Owen Hatherley, a brilliant, witty, young urban critic shows how power was wielded in these societies by tracing the sharp, sudden zigzags of official communist architectural style: the superstitious despotic rococo of high Stalinism, with its jingoistic memorials, palaces, and secret policemen’s castles; East Germany’s obsession with prefabricated concrete panels; and the metro systems of Moscow and Prague, a spectacular vindication of public space that went further than any avant-garde ever dared. Throughout his journeys across the former Soviet empire, Hatherley asks what, if anything, can be reclaimed from the ruins of Communism—what residue can inform our contemporary ideas of urban life?

Dresden um 1900

Die Innenstadt in kolorierten Ansichtskarten

Author: Mark Lehmstedt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783942473552

Category: Central business districts

Page: 135

View: 5751


1000 Kleider

Formen, Stile, Stoffe

Author: Tracy Fitzgerald,Alison Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783258601182

Category:

Page: 288

View: 4258


Géricault - Bilder auf Leben und Tod

Author: Gregor Wedekind,Schirn-Kunsthalle Frankfurt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783777420776

Category:

Page: 223

View: 7801

Die Ausstellung rückt zwei der zentralen Themenkomplexe des bedeutenden französischen Malers der romantischen Schule in den Mittelpunkt: das physische Leiden des modernen Menschen, wie es eindrücklich in Stillleben von abgeschnittenen Köpfen und Gliedmaßen als das Ineinander von Leben und Tod zum Ausdruck kommt, sowie die psychische Qual, wie sie seine Porträts von Geisteskranken zeigen. Diese komplett neuartigen Darstellungen von existenziellen Situationen, von Wahnsinn und Krankheit, von Leiden und Tod stehen beispielhaft für Géricaults besondere Modernität, die solchen mit Abscheu und Ekel besetzten Sujets Bildwürdigkeit und eine verstörende Aktualität verleiht. 0Exhibition: Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany (18.10.2013-26.01.2014) & Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Gent, Belgium (25.02.2014-21.05.2014). 0.

Basics Architekturfotografie

Author: Michael Heinrich

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 303561184X

Category: Architecture

Page: 80

View: 5381

Für Studenten ist die Architekturfotografie ein wichtiges Mittel, sich mit gebauter Architektur auseinanderzusetzen, oder auch eigene Projekte zu dokumentieren. Basics Architekturfotografie erläutert praxisnah die wichtigsten Grundlagen der Fotografie, der Bildanalyse und der Weiterverarbeitung von Fotoaufnahmen und gibt Tipps für die eigene Arbeit. Themen: Fotografische Begriffe (Brennweite, Bildkreis, Bildwinkel, Tiefenschärfe, Belichtungszeit, Kontrastumfang etc.) Ausrüstung (Kamera, Objektiv, Stativ, Belichtungsmesser etc.) Fotografieren von Architektur (Perspektiven, Architekturmodelle etc.) Stilmittel in der Architekturfotografie Außenaufnahmen Innenaufnahmen Bildbearbeitung, Scannen, Bildkorrekturen

Charles & Ray Eames : 1907 - 1978, 1912 - 1988 ; Vorreiter der Nachkriegsmoderne

Author: Gloria Koenig

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783836545358

Category:

Page: 96

View: 4681

Das dynamische Designer-Duo Die illustre Karriere von Charles und Ray Eames "Irgendwann ist alles mit allem verbunden - Menschen, Ideen, Dinge etc. ... die Qualität der Verbindungen ist der Schlüssel zur Qualität insgesamt." - Charles Eames "... alles hängt an irgendetwas anderem." - Ray Eames Nichts drückt die Vollkommenheit der Moderne besser aus als ein Eames-Design. Das Ehepaar Eames ist dem breiten Publikum vor allem durch seine Möbelklassiker bekannt. Charles (1907-1978) und Ray Eames (1912-1988) waren aber auch wegweisend in den Bereichen Architektur, Industriedesign, Fotografie und Film. Dieses Buch deckt alle Aspekte ihres Schaffens ab, von den frühesten Experimenten mit geformtem Schichtholz über die "Case Study Houses" und ihre Zusammenarbeit mit dem Möbelhersteller Herman Miller bis hin zu Experimentalfilmen wie dem bahnbrechenden Kurzfilm Powers of Ten (1977).

Baumeister der Revolution

sowjetische Kunst und Architektur 1915 - 1935 ; [anlässlich der Ausstellung Baumeister der Revolution: Sowjetische Kunst und Architektur 1915 - 1935, CaixaForum Barcelona, 3. Februar - 17. April 2011 ... Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, 5. April - 8. Juli 2012]

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886340965

Category: Architects

Page: 272

View: 5851

Dieses faszinierende Buch zeichnet den erstaunlichen Weg der russischen Avantgarde-Architektur von 1922-1935 nach; eine kurze, jedoch äußerst bewegte Periode auf den Gebieten Design und Konstruktion. Architekten wie Konstantin Melnikow, Moisej Ginsburg und die Wesnin-Brüder erarbeiteten Entwürfe, deren innovativer Stil die Energie und den Optimismus des neugegründeten sowjetischen Staates verkörperte. Der Architekturfotograf Richard Pare hat in den letzten 15 Jahren den heutigen Zustand dieser symbolhaften Bauwerke dokumentiert. Seine spektakulären großformatigen Fotografien stehen neben meisterhaften Fotografien, zeitgenössischen Periodika und zahlreichen Entwürfen und Gemälden von Künstlern des Konstruktivismus, u. a. Malewitsch, Tatlin, Popowa und El Lissitzky.

Metropolis

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: N.A

View: 3508