Foundations of Spectroscopy

Author: Simon B. Duckett,Bruce C. Gilbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198503354

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 90

View: 9350

This Primer covers the foundations of spectroscopy at a level suitable for first year chemistry undergraduates. Mass spectrometry, and X-ray diffraction, along with traditional spectroscopic techniques: i.r., n.m.r. and u.v. -visible spectroscopy are covered. The essential physical principles of each method are introduced, and many examples of spectral analysis provided. Problems, and further reading are also included. This Primer is designed to reflect the recent advances in the use of spectroscopic and diffraction methods, not only for obtaining an analysis of elements and groups present in a molecule but also for establishing the arrangement of the constituent atoms. These developments have had a profound effect by increasing scientific knowledge in the fields of chemistry and molecular biology, reflected in the elucidation of the structure and function of a wide range of compounds including drugs, proteins and enzymes, and nucleic acids.

Foundations of Laser Spectroscopy

Author: Stig Stenholm

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150372

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 9759

A simple presentation of the theoretical foundations of steady-state laser spectroscopy, this text helps students to apply theory to calculations with a systematic series of examples and exercises. 1984 edition.

Foundations of Quantum Physics

Author: Charles E. Burkhardt,Jacob J. Leventhal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387776521

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 2996

This book is meant to be a text for a ?rst course in quantum physics. It is assumed that the student has had courses in Modern Physics and in mathematics through differential equations. The book is otherwise self-contained and does not rely on outside resources such as the internet to supplement the material. SI units are used throughoutexcept for those topics for which atomic units are especially convenient. It is our belief that for a physics major a quantum physics textbook should be more than a one- or two-semester acquaintance. Consequently, this book contains material that, while germane to the subject, the instructor might choose to omit because of time limitations. There are topics and examples included that are not normally covered in introductory textbooks. These topics are not necessarily too advanced, they are simply not usually covered. We have not, however, presumed to tell the instructor which topics must be included and which may be omitted. It is our intention that omitted subjects are available for future reference in a book that is already familiar to its owner. In short, it is our hope that the student will use the book as a reference after having completed the course. We have included at the end of most chapters a “Retrospective” of the chapter. Thisis notmeanttobemerelya summary,but,rather,anoverviewoftheimportance ofthe material andits placein the contextofpreviousandforthcomingchapters.

Foundations of Modern EPR

Author: Gareth R. Eaton,Sandra S. Eaton

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810232955

Category: Science

Page: 818

View: 3890

Since its inception 50 years ago, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR, also called ESR or EMR) has become a major tool in diverse fields ranging from biology and chemistry to solid state physics and materials science. This important book includes personal descriptions of early experiments by pioneers who laid the foundations for the field, perspectives on the state of the art, and glimpses of future opportunities. It presents a broad view of the foundations of EPR and its applications, and will therefore appeal to scientists in many fields. Even the expert will find here history not previously recorded and provocative views of future directions.

Foundations of Forensic Document Analysis

Theory and Practice

Author: Michael J. Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118729919

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 5769

Forensic document examination is a long established specialty and its practitioners have regularly been shown to have acquired skills that enable them to assist the judicial process. This book, aimed primarily at students studying forensic science and document examination in particular, introduces all of the essential ideas that are to be found in the work of the forensic document examiner in a concise and straightforward way. Each examination type is described not only in terms of its procedural basis but also the science and reasoning that underpins it. The reader will be able to relate the different kinds of interpretation skills used by the document examiner to those used in other forensic disciplines. This book will be an invaluable text for all students taking courses in Forensic Science or related subjects. The book will also be a useful reference for researchers new to this field or practitioners looking for an accessible overview. The author will be adding new references that are relevant as they are published and some more worked examples from time to time. Please visit qdbook.blogspot.co.uk for more details.

Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology

Isqm-Tokyo '08 - Proceedings of the 9Th International Symposium

Author: Sachio Ishioka

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814282138

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 5642

This book is the proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology (ISQMOCoTOKYO''08) which aims to link the recent advances in technology with fundamental problems in quantum mechanics. It also discusses fundamental problems and issues in quantum physics and places a special emphasis on OC Quantum Coherence and DecoherenceOCO. The proceedings included a special lecture by Prof C N Yang, OC Pseudopotential Method in Cold Atom ResearchOCO, and 75 refereed papers covering the wide range of quantum physics: cold atoms and molecules; spin-Hall effect and anomalous Hall effect; magnetic domain wall dynamics and spin-related phenomena; Dirac fermions in condensed matter; quantum dot systems; entanglement and quantum information processing, qubit manipulations; mechanical properties of confined geometry; precise measurements; novel properties of nano-systems; and fundamental problems in quantum physics. The book will not only serve as a good reference for experts on quantum coherence and decoherence, but also as an introduction for newcomers to this field."

Foundations of Sport-Related Brain Injuries

Author: Semyon M. Slobounov,Wayne J. Sebastianelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387325654

Category: Medical

Page: 482

View: 6121

In summarizing current insights and controversies over concussions in athletics, this book makes the vital point that symptom resolution does not necessarily mean injury resolution. Research shows that dysfunctional pathways continue for extended periods even after a minor concussion. Until the consequences of short-term perturbations and long-term residual brain dysfunctions are better understood, concussions must be treated with respect and given a higher priority for continued research activity.

Laser Spectroscopy 1

Basic Principles

Author: Wolfgang Demtröder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642538592

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 8506

Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., ultrafast lasers (atto- and femtosecond lasers) and parametric oscillators, coherent matter waves, Doppler-free Fourier spectroscopy with optical frequency combs, interference spectroscopy, quantum optics, the interferometric detection of gravitational waves and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.

Fundamentals in Chemical Physics

Author: F. Battaglia,T.F. George,Thomas F.. George

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792352143

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 6264

Along with its inherent interdisciplinary character, chemical physics is also a recognised science on its own. Its foundations consist of understanding chemical phenomena in terms of the most fundamental laws of physics. This book focuses on the concepts on which this science is founded rather than on the applications. The subject is presented starting from the main ideas of physics (classical, quantum and statistical) relevant to the description of phenomena of interest from the chemical point of view. The authors have taken an individual approach in their presentation of the essence of a connected theory rather than mere explanations of apparently unrelated facts. Audience: The book will be useful to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in fields such as chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology, where there is a need for a knowledge of chemistry which includes, beside the presentation of facts, their explanation in terms of general principles.

Electronic and Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Fundamentals and Case Studies

Author: Andrew M. Ellis,Miklos Feher,Timothy G. Wright

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441858

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1975

Electronic and photoelectron spectroscopy can provide extraordinarily detailed information on the properties of molecules and are in widespread use in the physical and chemical sciences. Applications extend beyond spectroscopy into important areas such as chemical dynamics, kinetics and atmospheric chemistry. This book aims to provide the reader with a firm grounding of the basic principles and experimental techniques employed. The extensive use of case studies effectively illustrates how spectra are assigned and how information can be extracted, communicating the matter in a compelling and instructive manner. Topics covered include laser-induced fluorescence, resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization, cavity ringdown and ZEKE spectroscopy. The volume is for advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in spectroscopy and will also be useful to anyone encountering electronic and/or photoelectron spectroscopy during their research.

Foundations of Organic Chemistry

Unity and Diversity of Structures, Pathways, and Reactions

Author: David R. Dalton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118005385

Category: Science

Page: 1532

View: 3355

This book differs from other organic chemistry textbooks in that it is not focused purely on the needs of students studying premed, but rather for all students studying organic chemistry. It directs the reader to question present assumptions rather than to accept what is told, so the second chapter is largely devoted to spectroscopy (rather than finding it much later on as with most current organic chemistry textbooks). Additionally, after an introduction to spectroscopy, thermodynamics and kinetics, the presentation of structural information of compounds and organic families advances from hydrocarbons to alcohols to aldehydes and ketones and, finally, to carboxylic acids.

Kinetic Theory of Particles and Photons

Theoretical Foundations of Non-LTE Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Joachim Oxenius

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642707289

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 7736

Many laboratory and astrophysical plasmas show deviations from local ther modynamic equilibrium (LTE). This monograph develops non-LTE plasma spectroscopy as a kinetic theory of particles and photons, considering the radiation field as a photon gas whose distribution function (the radiation in tensity) obeys a kinetic equation (the radiative transfer equation), just as the distribution functions of particles obey kinetic equations. Such a unified ap proach provides clear insight into the physics of non-LTE plasmas. Chapter 1 treats the principle of detailed balance, of central importance for understanding the non-LTE effects in plasmas. Chapters 2, 3 deal with kinetic equations of particles and photons, respectively, followed by a chapter on the fluid description of gases with radiative interactions. Chapter 5 is devoted to the H theorem, and closes the more general first part of the book. The last two chapters deal with more specific topics. After briefly discuss ing optically thin plasmas, Chap. 6 treats non-LTE line transfer by two-level atoms, the line profile coefficients of three-level atoms, and non-Maxwellian electron distribution functions. Chapter 7 discusses topics where momentum exchange between matter and radiation is crucial: the approach to thermal equilibrium through interaction with blackbody radiation, radiative forces, and Compton scattering. A number of appendices have been added to make the book self-contained and to treat more special questions. In particular, Appendix B contains an in troductory discussion of atomic line profile coefficients.

Atomic Astrophysics and Spectroscopy

Author: Anil K. Pradhan,Sultana N. Nahar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113949497X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6569

Spectroscopy enables the precise study of astronomical objects and phenomena. Bridging the gap between physics and astronomy, this is the first integrated graduate-level textbook on atomic astrophysics. It covers the basics of atomic physics and astrophysics, including state-of-the-art research applications, methods and tools. The content is evenly balanced between the physical foundations of spectroscopy and their applications to astronomical objects and cosmology. An undergraduate knowledge of physics is assumed, and relevant basic material is summarized at the beginning of each chapter. The material is completely self-contained and features sufficient background information for self-study. Advanced users will find it handy for spectroscopic studies. A website hosted by the authors contains updates, corrections, exercises and solutions, as well as news items from physics and astronomy related to spectroscopy. A link to this can be found at www.cambridge.org/9780521825368.

Molecular Spectroscopy, Second Edition

Author: Jeanne L. McHale

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586613

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 4595

This textbook offers an introduction to the foundations of spectroscopic methods and provides a bridge between basic concepts and experimental applications in fields as diverse as materials science, biology, solar energy conversion, and environmental science. The author emphasizes the use of time-dependent theory to link the spectral response in the frequency domain to the behavior of molecules in the time domain, strengthened by two brand new chapters on nonlinear optical spectroscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy. Theoretical underpinnings are presented to the extent necessary for readers to understand how to apply spectroscopic tools to their own interests.

Foundations of Molecular Structure Determination

Author: Simon Duckett,Bruce Gilbert,Martin Cockett

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019968944X

Category: Molecular structure

Page: 165

View: 6024

The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primer series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout thetexts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. Foundations of Molecular Structure Determination covers a range of commonspectroscopic and diffraction methods alongside frequent worked examples and problem questions to assist beginning undergraduates in developing their skills in structure analysis.

Plasma Spectroscopy

The Influence of Microwave and Laser Fields

Author: Eugene Oks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642766706

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 3831

A systematic development of the foundations of spectroscopy for plasmas subjected to quasi-monochromatic electric fields in the microwave or visible range. Of importance are the transverse fields present in the plasmas of tokamaks, laser fusion, and technological microwave discharges. The book describes methods for measuring the field and plasma parameters and discusses their practical application, while also presenting new results on nonpertubative analysis of the interaction of quantum systems with a strong radiation field.

Electrodynamics of Solids

Optical Properties of Electrons in Matter

Author: Martin Dressel,George Gruner,George Grüner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521597265

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 5722

A graduate-level book about the propagation of electromagnetic fields and their interaction with condensed matter.

Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans R. Griem

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521619417

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 683

A comprehensive description of theoretical foundations and experimental applications of spectroscopic methods in plasmas. It covers the classical and quantum theory of radiation, spectral line broadening, continuous spectra, thermodynamic relations, radiative energy transfer and losses, and applications of plasma spectroscopy to measurements of densities, magnetic and electric fields, and temperatures.

New Trends in Fluorescence Spectroscopy

Applications to Chemical and Life Sciences : With 187 Figures and 39 Tables

Author: Bernard Valeur

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540677796

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 736

This first volume in the new "Springer Series on Fluorescence" brings together fundamental and applied research from this highly interdisciplinary field ranging from chemistry and physics to biology and medicine. Special attention is given to supramolecular systems, sensor applications, confocal microscopy and protein-protein interactions. This carefully edited collection of state-of-the-art articles will serve as an invaluable tool for practitioners and novices and provide inspiration for new developments and applications.