Foundations of Spectroscopy

Author: Simon B. Duckett,Bruce C. Gilbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198503354

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 90

View: 9745

This Primer covers the foundations of spectroscopy at a level suitable for first year chemistry undergraduates. Mass spectrometry, and X-ray diffraction, along with traditional spectroscopic techniques: i.r., n.m.r. and u.v. -visible spectroscopy are covered. The essential physical principles of each method are introduced, and many examples of spectral analysis provided. Problems, and further reading are also included. This Primer is designed to reflect the recent advances in the use of spectroscopic and diffraction methods, not only for obtaining an analysis of elements and groups present in a molecule but also for establishing the arrangement of the constituent atoms. These developments have had a profound effect by increasing scientific knowledge in the fields of chemistry and molecular biology, reflected in the elucidation of the structure and function of a wide range of compounds including drugs, proteins and enzymes, and nucleic acids.

Foundations of Laser Spectroscopy

Author: Stig Stenholm

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150372

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6775

A simple presentation of the theoretical foundations of steady-state laser spectroscopy, this text helps students to apply theory to calculations with a systematic series of examples and exercises. 1984 edition.

Foundations of Molecular Structure Determination

Author: Simon Duckett,Bruce Gilbert,Martin Cockett

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019968944X

Category: Molecular structure

Page: 165

View: 4320

The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primer series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout thetexts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. Foundations of Molecular Structure Determination covers a range of commonspectroscopic and diffraction methods alongside frequent worked examples and problem questions to assist beginning undergraduates in developing their skills in structure analysis.

Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy

Author: Joseph R. Lakowicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475730616

Category: Science

Page: 698

View: 7339

`In the second edition of Principles I have attempted to maintain the emphasis on basics, while updating the examples to include more recent results from the literature. There is a new chapter providing an overview of extrinisic fluorophores. The discussion of timeresolved measurements has been expanded to two chapters. Quenching has also been expanded in two chapters. Energy transfer and anisotropy have each been expanded to three chapters. There is also a new chapter on fluorescence sensing. To enhance the usefulness of this book as a textbook, most chapters are followed by a set of problems. Sections which describe advanced topics are indicated as such, to allow these sections to be skipped in an introduction course. Glossaries are provided for commonly used acronyms and mathematical symbols. For those wanting additional informtion, the final appendix contains a list of recommended books which expand on various specialized topics.' from the author's Preface

Kinetic Theory of Particles and Photons

Theoretical Foundations of Non-LTE Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Joachim Oxenius

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642707289

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 7584

Many laboratory and astrophysical plasmas show deviations from local ther modynamic equilibrium (LTE). This monograph develops non-LTE plasma spectroscopy as a kinetic theory of particles and photons, considering the radiation field as a photon gas whose distribution function (the radiation in tensity) obeys a kinetic equation (the radiative transfer equation), just as the distribution functions of particles obey kinetic equations. Such a unified ap proach provides clear insight into the physics of non-LTE plasmas. Chapter 1 treats the principle of detailed balance, of central importance for understanding the non-LTE effects in plasmas. Chapters 2, 3 deal with kinetic equations of particles and photons, respectively, followed by a chapter on the fluid description of gases with radiative interactions. Chapter 5 is devoted to the H theorem, and closes the more general first part of the book. The last two chapters deal with more specific topics. After briefly discuss ing optically thin plasmas, Chap. 6 treats non-LTE line transfer by two-level atoms, the line profile coefficients of three-level atoms, and non-Maxwellian electron distribution functions. Chapter 7 discusses topics where momentum exchange between matter and radiation is crucial: the approach to thermal equilibrium through interaction with blackbody radiation, radiative forces, and Compton scattering. A number of appendices have been added to make the book self-contained and to treat more special questions. In particular, Appendix B contains an in troductory discussion of atomic line profile coefficients.

Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans R. Griem

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521619417

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 3030

A comprehensive description of theoretical foundations and experimental applications of spectroscopic methods in plasmas. It covers the classical and quantum theory of radiation, spectral line broadening, continuous spectra, thermodynamic relations, radiative energy transfer and losses, and applications of plasma spectroscopy to measurements of densities, magnetic and electric fields, and temperatures.

Molecular Spectroscopy, Second Edition

Author: Jeanne L. McHale

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586613

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 3538

This textbook offers an introduction to the foundations of spectroscopic methods and provides a bridge between basic concepts and experimental applications in fields as diverse as materials science, biology, solar energy conversion, and environmental science. The author emphasizes the use of time-dependent theory to link the spectral response in the frequency domain to the behavior of molecules in the time domain, strengthened by two brand new chapters on nonlinear optical spectroscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy. Theoretical underpinnings are presented to the extent necessary for readers to understand how to apply spectroscopic tools to their own interests.

Foundations of Quantum Physics

Author: Charles E. Burkhardt,Jacob J. Leventhal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387776521

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 8697

This book is meant to be a text for a ?rst course in quantum physics. It is assumed that the student has had courses in Modern Physics and in mathematics through differential equations. The book is otherwise self-contained and does not rely on outside resources such as the internet to supplement the material. SI units are used throughoutexcept for those topics for which atomic units are especially convenient. It is our belief that for a physics major a quantum physics textbook should be more than a one- or two-semester acquaintance. Consequently, this book contains material that, while germane to the subject, the instructor might choose to omit because of time limitations. There are topics and examples included that are not normally covered in introductory textbooks. These topics are not necessarily too advanced, they are simply not usually covered. We have not, however, presumed to tell the instructor which topics must be included and which may be omitted. It is our intention that omitted subjects are available for future reference in a book that is already familiar to its owner. In short, it is our hope that the student will use the book as a reference after having completed the course. We have included at the end of most chapters a “Retrospective” of the chapter. Thisis notmeanttobemerelya summary,but,rather,anoverviewoftheimportance ofthe material andits placein the contextofpreviousandforthcomingchapters.

Electronic and Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Fundamentals and Case Studies

Author: Andrew M. Ellis,Miklos Feher,Timothy G. Wright

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441858

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1728

Electronic and photoelectron spectroscopy can provide extraordinarily detailed information on the properties of molecules and are in widespread use in the physical and chemical sciences. Applications extend beyond spectroscopy into important areas such as chemical dynamics, kinetics and atmospheric chemistry. This book aims to provide the reader with a firm grounding of the basic principles and experimental techniques employed. The extensive use of case studies effectively illustrates how spectra are assigned and how information can be extracted, communicating the matter in a compelling and instructive manner. Topics covered include laser-induced fluorescence, resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization, cavity ringdown and ZEKE spectroscopy. The volume is for advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in spectroscopy and will also be useful to anyone encountering electronic and/or photoelectron spectroscopy during their research.

Foundations of Modern EPR

Author: Gareth R. Eaton,Sandra S. Eaton

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810232955

Category: Science

Page: 818

View: 2479

Since its inception 50 years ago, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR, also called ESR or EMR) has become a major tool in diverse fields ranging from biology and chemistry to solid state physics and materials science. This important book includes personal descriptions of early experiments by pioneers who laid the foundations for the field, perspectives on the state of the art, and glimpses of future opportunities. It presents a broad view of the foundations of EPR and its applications, and will therefore appeal to scientists in many fields. Even the expert will find here history not previously recorded and provocative views of future directions.

Spectroscopic Measurement

An Introduction to the Fundamentals

Author: Mark A. Linne

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124510715

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 6244

Researchers not formally trained who apply spectroscopy in their research need the detail in this book to ensure accuracy of their technique or to develop more sophisticated measurements.

Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy

Author: Shaul Mukamel

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195132915

Category: Science

Page: 543

View: 5700

One of the obstacles facing researchers in nonlinear optical spectroscopy is the flood of experiemtnal techniques and terminologies, which create a serious language barrier. This book presents a systematic and uifying viewpoint for a wide class of techniques.

Colloidal Foundations of Nanoscience

Author: Debora Berti,Gerardo Palazzo

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444595422

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 9267

Colloidal Foundations of Nanoscience explores the theory and concepts of colloid chemistry and its applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology. It provides the essential conceptual and methodological tools to approach nano-research issues. The authors’ expertise in colloid science will contribute to the understanding of basic issues involved in research. Each chapter covers a classical subject of colloid science, in simple and straightforward terms, and addresses its relevance to nanoscience before introducing case studies. Gathers in a single volume the information currently scattered across various sources Straightforward introduction of theoretical concepts and in-depth case studies help you understand molecular mechanisms and master advanced techniques Includes chapter on self-assembly as an alternative to nanostructured phases Includes examples showing applications of classical concepts to real-world cutting-edge research

Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology

Isqm-Tokyo '08 - Proceedings of the 9Th International Symposium

Author: Sachio Ishioka

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814282138

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 4211

This book is the proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology (ISQMOCoTOKYO''08) which aims to link the recent advances in technology with fundamental problems in quantum mechanics. It also discusses fundamental problems and issues in quantum physics and places a special emphasis on OC Quantum Coherence and DecoherenceOCO. The proceedings included a special lecture by Prof C N Yang, OC Pseudopotential Method in Cold Atom ResearchOCO, and 75 refereed papers covering the wide range of quantum physics: cold atoms and molecules; spin-Hall effect and anomalous Hall effect; magnetic domain wall dynamics and spin-related phenomena; Dirac fermions in condensed matter; quantum dot systems; entanglement and quantum information processing, qubit manipulations; mechanical properties of confined geometry; precise measurements; novel properties of nano-systems; and fundamental problems in quantum physics. The book will not only serve as a good reference for experts on quantum coherence and decoherence, but also as an introduction for newcomers to this field."

Foundations of Organic Chemistry

Unity and Diversity of Structures, Pathways, and Reactions

Author: David R. Dalton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118005385

Category: Science

Page: 1532

View: 2075

This book differs from other organic chemistry textbooks in that it is not focused purely on the needs of students studying premed, but rather for all students studying organic chemistry. It directs the reader to question present assumptions rather than to accept what is told, so the second chapter is largely devoted to spectroscopy (rather than finding it much later on as with most current organic chemistry textbooks). Additionally, after an introduction to spectroscopy, thermodynamics and kinetics, the presentation of structural information of compounds and organic families advances from hydrocarbons to alcohols to aldehydes and ketones and, finally, to carboxylic acids.

Molecular Spectroscopy

Author: John M. Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557852

Category: Science

Page: 89

View: 2779

Molecular spectroscopy provides a straightforward introduction to the spectroscopy of diatomic molecules and is written at the level of intermediate undergraduate courses in physical chemistry and chemical physics. Following a general introduction to the subject, Chapter 2 lays out the essential quantum mechanical tools required to understand spectroscopy. Chapter 3 uses this quantum mechanical framework to establish the selection rules which govern spectroscopic transitions. Chapters 4-8 describe the various branches of spectroscopy covered by the book: rotational, rotational-vibrational, Raman, electronic, and photoelectron spectroscopy. Very little previous knowledge is assumed and mathematics is kept to a minimum. The author uses a range of examples to describe how spectra arise and what information on the structure of the molecules can be acquired from their study.

Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Mark J. Winter,John E. Andrew

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198792888

Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 8918

'provides up-to-date information and clearly explains some of the principles, concepts, and rationale for the foundation of current understanding in inorganic chemistry.' Education in Chemistry, November 2001Intended to complement Foundations of Organic Chemistry, the best-selling Primer by Michael Hornby and Josephine Peach, this text is a broad overview of inorganic chemistry. Writing in an informal and relaxed style, Mark Winter and John Andrew cover the basics and also highlight the industrial and environmental relevance of inorganic chemistry.

Laser Spectroscopy 1

Basic Principles

Author: Wolfgang Demtröder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642538592

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 4254

Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., ultrafast lasers (atto- and femtosecond lasers) and parametric oscillators, coherent matter waves, Doppler-free Fourier spectroscopy with optical frequency combs, interference spectroscopy, quantum optics, the interferometric detection of gravitational waves and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.