Foundations of Physics for Chemists

Author: Grant A. D. Ritchie,D. S. Sivia

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand


Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 8176

This physical chemistry primer is specifically designed to introduce physics to undergraduate chemistry students, and show them how a knowledge of physics is relevant to their degree.

Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry

With Applications to New Clean Energies and Fuels

Author: R.M. Santilli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402000874

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 1133

A Physicist's Perspective on the Insufficiencies and Generalizations of Quantum Chemistry My Undergraduate and Graduate Studies in Italy on the Insufficiencies of Quantum Mechanics and Chem istry I was first exposed to quantum chemistry during my undergraduate courses in physics at the University of Naples, Italy, in the late 1950s. My teacher was Prof. Bakunin, a well known lady chemist in Europe at that time, who escaped from Russia with her family during the ad vent of communism. My three exams with her (inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and laboratory chemistry) were, by far, the most dif ficult exams of my life (although I did please Prof. Bakunin during the examinations) . Besides chemistry, during my undergraduate studies I plunged into the study of physics, with particular reference to quantum mechanics and its mathematical structure. My mathematics teacher was Prof. Cac cioppoli, one of the most famous Italian mathematicians of that time, who taught me the necessity of advanced mathematics for quantitative physical studies. By reading the works of the founders of contemporary physics, it was easy for me to see the lack of final character of quantum mechanics already in these undergraduate studies.

Philosophy of Chemistry

Growth of a New Discipline

Author: Eric Scerri,Lee McIntyre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401793646

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 8001

This volume follows the successful book, which has helped to introduce and spread the Philosophy of Chemistry to a wider audience of philosophers, historians, science educators as well as chemists, physicists and biologists. The introduction summarizes the way in which the field has developed in the ten years since the previous volume was conceived and introduces several new authors who did not contribute to the first edition. The editors are well placed to assemble this book, as they are the editor in chief and deputy editors of the leading academic journal in the field, Foundations of Chemistry. The philosophy of chemistry remains a somewhat neglected field, unlike the philosophy of physics and the philosophy of biology. Why there has been little philosophical attention to the central discipline of chemistry among the three natural sciences is a theme that is explored by several of the contributors. This volume will do a great deal to redress this imbalance. Among the themes covered is the question of reduction of chemistry to physics, the reduction of biology to chemistry, whether true chemical laws exist and causality in chemistry. In addition more general questions of the nature of organic chemistry, biochemistry and chemical synthesis are examined by specialist in these areas.

The Story of Chemistry

Author: Anne Rooney

Publisher: Arcturus Publishing

ISBN: 1788880552

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 485

'The importance of the end in view prompted me to undertake all this work, which seemed to me destined to bring about a revolution in physics and chemistry.' Antoine Lavoisier, 1773 Great advances in human history have often rested on and prompted progress in chemistry. The exploitation of fire, the development of pigments, and the discovery that metals could be smelted and worked laid the foundations of civilization. The search for better tools and weapons drove metallurgy, and the need for medicines and perfumes lay behind the first laboratories. Our world and our bodies are immensely complex chemical systems; everything in life and matter comes down to chemistry in the end. The Story of Chemistry traces the emergence of this knowledge as humans have struggled to model and understand the world around and within them. The origins of chemistry lie in practical applications developed in prehistory: smelting metal, cooking, and making pigments and medicines. The Ancient Greeks were the first to seek rational models to explain the behaviour and interaction of matter. Chemistry remains an innately practical science, but now has solid theoretical foundations that extend its usefulness beyond anything our ancestors could have imagined. Our story takes us through centuries of alchemical endeavour, following gifted men who were led down the wrong path by a flawed paradigm, through the beginnings of modern chemistry in the Scientific Revolution, right up to the 21st century. En route we will see how chemistry became divorced from alchemy, with the scientific method applied first by Francis Bacon; how the theoretical groundwork of chemistry was laid by Robert Boyle's The Sceptical Chymist; how great practical and theoretical chemists such as Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, Joseph Priestley, and John Dalton uncovered the nature of gases; and how the discovery of atomic structure has ultimately explained the properties and behaviour of all matter. Chemistry has brought huge benefits to humankind. Its practical application has given fuel to warm us, synthetic materials to enhance our lives, and medicines to cure life-threatening illnesses. Its theoretical framework enables us to explain how our bodies and the wider world work. But in the wake of these discoveries have come some immense problems, including pollution, climate change, and drug-resistant microbes. Modern chemistry uses our newfound knowledge to address these problems. Topics include: Prechemistry since prehistory Alchemy and the transmutation of metals The rise of the scientific method Identifying the chemical elements Understanding gases The nature of the atom Organic chemistry Chemical analysis

Organometallics: Complexes with transition metal-carbon [sigma]-bonds

Author: Manfred Bochmann

Publisher: Oxford Chemistry Primers

ISBN: 0198557507

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 91

View: 5798

This succinct text outlines the main classes of transition metal organometallic complexes and introduces the reader to the chemistry of compounds with metal-carbon s-bonds: metal carbonyls, metal alkyls, and metal alkylidenes and alkylidnes. The synthetic methods leading to each class ofcompounds are illustrated with pertinent examples, followed by the discussion of characteristic structures and reactivity patterns. The aim is to allow undergraduate students a quick overview over this area of chemistry. Highlights and excursions stress general principles and relate the materialto specific applications such as catalytic processes.


Author: Kenneth Whitten,Raymond Davis,Larry Peck,George Stanley

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495011967

Category: Science

Page: 1168

View: 2797

The Eighth Edition of CHEMISTRY incorporates a strong molecular reasoning focus, amplified problem-solving exercises, and innovative technological resources. This kind of reasoning helps students think at the molecular level and make connections between molecular structure and macroscopic properties. Molecular reasoning and visualization are emphasized via Molecular-Reasoning icons, chapter objectives, end-of-chapter problems, and new artwork, and are integrated into the accompanying technology, including OWL (online homework management system) and General ChemistryNow¿ (student assessment program). As in previous editions, thermochemistry is covered mainly in one chapter (Chapter 15) and begins the second half of the course. However, to address the need for more material on thermochemistry earlier in the course, the text now includes information on bond energies in Chapter 7 on Chemical Bonding. The discussion of entropy in Chapter 15 has been expanded to include not only molecular disorder but also the concept of energy dispersal. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Basics of Physics

Author: Rusty L. Myers

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313328572

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 1615

An excellent introduction to the basics of physics from antiquity to the modern era, including motion, work, energy, heat, matter, light, electricity, quantum & nuclear physics.

Chemical Physics

Electrons and Excitations

Author: Sven Larsson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439822514

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 1018

A full understanding of modern chemistry is impossible without quantum theory. Since the advent of quantum mechanics in 1925, a number of chemical phenomena have been explained, such as electron transfer, excitation energy transfer, and other phenomena in photochemistry and photo-physics. Chemical bonds can now be accurately calculated with the help of a personal computer. Addressing students of theoretical and quantum chemistry and their counterparts in physics, Chemical Physics: Electrons and Excitations introduces chemical physics as a gateway to fields such as photo physics, solid-state physics, and electrochemistry. Offering relevant background in theory and applications, it covers the foundations of quantum mechanics and molecular structure, as well as more specialized topics such as transfer reactions and photochemistry.

From Chemical Philosophy to Theoretical Chemistry

Dynamics of Matter and Dynamics of Disciplines, 1800-1950

Author: Mary Jo Nye

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520913561

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 1423

How did chemistry and physics acquire their separate identities, and are they on their way to losing them again? Mary Jo Nye has written a graceful account of the historical demarcation of chemistry from physics and subsequent reconvergences of the two, from Lavoisier and Dalton in the late eighteenth century to Robinson, Ingold, and Pauling in the mid-twentieth century. Using the notion of a disciplinary "identity" analogous to ethnic or national identity, Nye develops a theory of the nature of disciplinary structure and change. She discusses the distinctive character of chemical language and theories and the role of national styles and traditions in building a scientific discipline. Anyone interested in the history of scientific thought will enjoy pondering with her the question of whether chemists of the mid-twentieth century suspected chemical explanation had been reduced to physical laws, just as Newtonian mechanical philosophers had envisioned in the eighteenth century.

Philosophy of Science

An Historical Anthology

Author: Timothy McGrew,Marc Alspector-Kelly,Fritz Allhoff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405175435

Category: Philosophy

Page: 660

View: 2024

By combining excerpts from key historical writings with commentary by experts, Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology provides a comprehensive history of the philosophy of science from ancient to modern times. Provides a comprehensive history of the philosophy of science, from antiquity up to the 20th century Includes extensive commentary by scholars putting the selected writings in historical context and pointing out their interconnections Covers areas rarely seen in philosophy of science texts, including the philosophical dimensions of biology, chemistry, and geology Designed to be accessible to both undergraduates and graduate students

Physikalische Chemie

Author: Peter W. Atkins,Julio de Paula,Michael Bär,Anna Schleitzer,Carsten Heinisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527315462

Category: Science

Page: 1220

View: 2820

The Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular Physics

Author: Robert L Brooks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461466784

Category: Science

Page: 179

View: 6228

The Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular Physics is intended as an introduction to the field for advanced undergraduates who have taken quantum mechanics. Each chapter builds upon the previous, using the same tools and methods throughout. As the students progress through the book, their ability to use these tools will steadily increase, along with their confidence in their efficacy. The book treats the two-electron atom as the simplest example of the many-electron atom—as opposed to using techniques that are not applicable to many-electron atoms—so that it is unnecessary to develop additional equations when turning to multielectron atoms, such as carbon. External fields are treated using both perturbation theory and direct diagonalization and spontaneous emission is developed from first principles. Only diatomic molecules are considered with the hydrogen molecular ion and neutral molecule treated in some detail. This comprehensive coverage of the quantum mechanics of complex atoms and simple diatomic molecules, developed from the very basic components, is extremely useful for students considering graduate studies in any area of physics.

Lectures on Ultrafast Intense Laser Science 1

Author: Kaoru Yamanouchi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540959441

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 314

View: 8821

This book features tutorial-like chapters on ultrafast intense laser science by world-leading scientists who are active in the rapidly developing interdisciplinary research field. It is written to give a comprehensive survey of all the essential aspects of ultrafast intense laser science. The volume covers theories of atoms and molecules in intense laser fields, high intensity physics scaled to long wavelength, pulse shaping techniques, non-linear optics in the XUV region, ultrafast X-ray spectroscopy, quantum emission and applications, filamentation, and ultraintense-laser matter interaction.

Molecules in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

General Introduction to Molecular Sciences

Author: J. Maruani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400928491

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 1060

Volume 1: General Introduction to Molecular Sciences Volume 2: Physical Aspects of Molecular Systems Volume 3: Electronic Structure and Chemical Reactivity Volume 4: Molecular Phenomena in Biological Sciences

The Development of Modern Chemistry

Author: Aaron J. Ihde

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486642356

Category: Science

Page: 851

View: 9718

From ancient Greek theory to the explosive discoveries of the 20th century, this authoritative history shows how major chemists, their discoveries, and political, economic, and social developments transformed chemistry into a modern science. 209 illustrations. 14 tables. Bibliographies. Indices. Appendices.

Foundations of Mathematical Biology

Subcellular Systems

Author: Robert J. Rosen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483272133

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 7825

Foundations of Mathematical Biology, Volume 1, Subcellular Systems, provides an introduction the place of mathematical biology in relation to the other biological, physical, and organizational sciences. It discusses the use of mathematical tools and techniques to solve biological problems. The book contains four chapters and begins with a discussion of the nature of hierarchical control in living matter. This is followed by a chapter on chemical kinetics and enzyme kinetics, covering the physicomathematical principles, models, and approximations underlying transition-state theory and the unimolecular reaction. Subsequent chapters deal with quantum genetics and membrane excitability.