Foundations of Infinitesimal Stochastic Analysis

Author: K.D. Stroyan,J.M. Bayod

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080960421

Category: Computers

Page: 491

View: 1553

This book gives a complete and elementary account of fundamental results on hyperfinite measures and their application to stochastic processes, including the *-finite Stieltjes sum approximation of martingale integrals. Many detailed examples, not found in the literature, are included. It begins with a brief chapter on tools from logic and infinitesimal (or non-standard) analysis so that the material is accessible to beginning graduate students.

Nonstandard Methods in Stochastic Analysis and Mathematical Physics

Author: Sergio Albeverio,Jens Erik Fenstad,Raphael Høegh-Krohn,Tom Lindstrøm

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486468992

Category: Mathematics

Page: 526

View: 6242

Two-part treatment begins with a self-contained introduction to the subject, followed by applications to stochastic analysis and mathematical physics. "A welcome addition." — Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 1986 edition.

Hyperfinite Dirichlet Forms and Stochastic Processes

Author: Sergio Albeverio,Ruzong Fan,Frederik S. Herzberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642196591

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

View: 3366

This monograph treats the theory of Dirichlet forms from a comprehensive point of view, using "nonstandard analysis." Thus, it is close in spirit to the discrete classical formulation of Dirichlet space theory by Beurling and Deny (1958). The discrete infinitesimal setup makes it possible to study the diffusion and the jump part using essentially the same methods. This setting has the advantage of being independent of special topological properties of the state space and in this sense is a natural one, valid for both finite- and infinite-dimensional spaces. The present monograph provides a thorough treatment of the symmetric as well as the non-symmetric case, surveys the theory of hyperfinite Lévy processes, and summarizes in an epilogue the model-theoretic genericity of hyperfinite stochastic processes theory.

Mathematics + Physics

Lectures on Recent Results(Volume II)

Author: L Streit

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814579319

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 9403

Contents: The Inverse Method in Quantum Mechanics (H Grosse)An Invitation to Alain Connes' Cyclic Cohomology (D Kastler)Topological Methods in Field Theory (L A-Gaumé)Non-Standard Analysis: Applications to Probability Theory and Mathematical Physics (S Albeverio)Nonlinear Evolution Equation: Cauchy Problem and Scattering Theory (J Ginibre & G Velo)and other papers Readership: Mathematical and quantum physicists.

An Introduction to Mathematical Analysis for Economic Theory and Econometrics

Author: Dean Corbae,Maxwell B. Stinchcombe,Juraj Zeman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400833086

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 688

View: 4299

Providing an introduction to mathematical analysis as it applies to economic theory and econometrics, this book bridges the gap that has separated the teaching of basic mathematics for economics and the increasingly advanced mathematics demanded in economics research today. Dean Corbae, Maxwell B. Stinchcombe, and Juraj Zeman equip students with the knowledge of real and functional analysis and measure theory they need to read and do research in economic and econometric theory. Unlike other mathematics textbooks for economics, An Introduction to Mathematical Analysis for Economic Theory and Econometrics takes a unified approach to understanding basic and advanced spaces through the application of the Metric Completion Theorem. This is the concept by which, for example, the real numbers complete the rational numbers and measure spaces complete fields of measurable sets. Another of the book's unique features is its concentration on the mathematical foundations of econometrics. To illustrate difficult concepts, the authors use simple examples drawn from economic theory and econometrics. Accessible and rigorous, the book is self-contained, providing proofs of theorems and assuming only an undergraduate background in calculus and linear algebra. Begins with mathematical analysis and economic examples accessible to advanced undergraduates in order to build intuition for more complex analysis used by graduate students and researchers Takes a unified approach to understanding basic and advanced spaces of numbers through application of the Metric Completion Theorem Focuses on examples from econometrics to explain topics in measure theory

Principles of Infinitesimal Stochastic and Financial Analysis

Author: Imme van den Berg

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810243586

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 8040

There has been a tremendous growth in the volume of financial transactions based on mathematics, reflecting the confidence in the Nobel-Prize-winning Black-Scholes option theory. Risks emanating from obligatory future payments are covered by a strategy of trading with amounts not determined by guessing, but by solving equations, and with prices not resulting from offer and demand, but from computation. However, the mathematical theory behind that suffers from inaccessibility. This is due to the complexity of the mathematical foundation of the Black-Scholes model, which is the theory of continuous-time stochastic processes: a thorough study of mathematical finance is considered to be possible only at postgraduate level. The setting of this book is the discrete-time version of the Black-Scholes model, namely the Cox-Ross-Rubinstein model. The book gives a complete description of its background, which is now only the theory of finite stochastic processes. The novelty lies in the fact that orders of magnitude -- in the sense of nonstandard analysis -- are imposed on the parameters of the model. This not only makes the model more economically sound (such as rapid fluctuations of the market being represented by infinitesimal trading periods), but also leads to a significant simplification: the fundamental results of Black-Scholes theory are derived in full generality and with mathematical rigour, now at graduate level. The material has been repeatedly taught in a third-year course to econometricians.

Fundamentals of Stochastic Filtering

Author: Alan Bain,Dan Crisan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387768963

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 7254

This book provides a rigorous mathematical treatment of the non-linear stochastic filtering problem using modern methods. Particular emphasis is placed on the theoretical analysis of numerical methods for the solution of the filtering problem via particle methods. The book should provide sufficient background to enable study of the recent literature. While no prior knowledge of stochastic filtering is required, readers are assumed to be familiar with measure theory, probability theory and the basics of stochastic processes. Most of the technical results that are required are stated and proved in the appendices. Exercises and solutions are included.

Stochastic Calculus with Infinitesimals

Author: Frederik S. Herzberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642331491

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

View: 3419

Stochastic analysis is not only a thriving area of pure mathematics with intriguing connections to partial differential equations and differential geometry. It also has numerous applications in the natural and social sciences (for instance in financial mathematics or theoretical quantum mechanics) and therefore appears in physics and economics curricula as well. However, existing approaches to stochastic analysis either presuppose various concepts from measure theory and functional analysis or lack full mathematical rigour. This short book proposes to solve the dilemma: By adopting E. Nelson's "radically elementary" theory of continuous-time stochastic processes, it is based on a demonstrably consistent use of infinitesimals and thus permits a radically simplified, yet perfectly rigorous approach to stochastic calculus and its fascinating applications, some of which (notably the Black-Scholes theory of option pricing and the Feynman path integral) are also discussed in the book.

Model theory of stochastic processes

Author: Sergio Fajardo,H. Jerome Keisler

Publisher: A K Peters Ltd

ISBN: 9781568811673

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 5865

This book presents new research in probability theory using ideas from mathematical logic. It is a general study of stochastic processes on adapted probability spaces, employing the concept of similarity of stochastic processes based on the notion of adapted distribution. The authors use ideas from model theory and methods from nonstandard analysis. The construction of spaces with certain richness properties, defined by insights from model theory, becomes easy using nonstandard methods, but remains difficult or impossible without them.

Introduction to Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Analysis

Author: Zhi-yuan Huang,Jia-an Yan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401141088

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 547

The infinite dimensional analysis as a branch of mathematical sciences was formed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Motivated by problems in mathematical physics, the first steps in this field were taken by V. Volterra, R. GateallX, P. Levy and M. Frechet, among others (see the preface to Levy[2]). Nevertheless, the most fruitful direction in this field is the infinite dimensional integration theory initiated by N. Wiener and A. N. Kolmogorov which is closely related to the developments of the theory of stochastic processes. It was Wiener who constructed for the first time in 1923 a probability measure on the space of all continuous functions (i. e. the Wiener measure) which provided an ideal math ematical model for Brownian motion. Then some important properties of Wiener integrals, especially the quasi-invariance of Gaussian measures, were discovered by R. Cameron and W. Martin[l, 2, 3]. In 1931, Kolmogorov[l] deduced a second partial differential equation for transition probabilities of Markov processes order with continuous trajectories (i. e. diffusion processes) and thus revealed the deep connection between theories of differential equations and stochastic processes. The stochastic analysis created by K. Ito (also independently by Gihman [1]) in the forties is essentially an infinitesimal analysis for trajectories of stochastic processes. By virtue of Ito's stochastic differential equations one can construct diffusion processes via direct probabilistic methods and treat them as function als of Brownian paths (i. e. the Wiener functionals).

Applied Nonstandard Analysis

Author: Martin Davis

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486152340

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 1022

This applications-oriented text assumes no knowledge of mathematical logic in its development of nonstandard analysis techniques and their applications to elementary real analysis and topological and Hilbert space. 1977 edition.

An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling

Author: Howard M. Taylor,Samuel Karlin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483220443

Category: Mathematics

Page: 578

View: 6321

An Introduction to Stochastic Modeling, Revised Edition provides information pertinent to the standard concepts and methods of stochastic modeling. This book presents the rich diversity of applications of stochastic processes in the sciences. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of diverse types of stochastic models, which predicts a set of possible outcomes weighed by their likelihoods or probabilities. This text then provides exercises in the applications of simple stochastic analysis to appropriate problems. Other chapters consider the study of general functions of independent, identically distributed, nonnegative random variables representing the successive intervals between renewals. This book discusses as well the numerous examples of Markov branching processes that arise naturally in various scientific disciplines. The final chapter deals with queueing models, which aid the design process by predicting system performance. This book is a valuable resource for students of engineering and management science. Engineers will also find this book useful.

Stochastic Differential Equations

An Introduction with Applications

Author: Bernt Oksendal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662130505

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 5774

These notes are based on a postgraduate course I gave on stochastic differential equations at Edinburgh University in the spring 1982. No previous knowledge about the subject was assumed, but the presen tation is based on some background in measure theory. There are several reasons why one should learn more about stochastic differential equations: They have a wide range of applica tions outside mathematics, there are many fruitful connections to other mathematical disciplines and the subject has a rapidly develop ing life of its own as a fascinating research field with many interesting unanswered questions. Unfortunately most of the literature about stochastic differential equations seems to place so much emphasis on rigor and complete ness that is scares many nonexperts away. These notes are an attempt to approach the subject from the nonexpert point of view: Not knowing anything (except rumours, maybe) about a subject to start with, what would I like to know first of all? My answer would be: 1) In what situations does the subject arise? 2) What are its essential features? 3) What are the applications and the connections to other fields? I would not be so interested in the proof of the most general case, but rather in an easier proof of a special case, which may give just as much of the basic idea in the argument. And I would be willing to believe some basic results without proof (at first stage, anyway) in order to have time for some more basic applications.

Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R

Author: Robert P. Dobrow

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118740653

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 1240

An introduction to stochastic processes through the use of R Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R is an accessible and well-balanced presentation of the theory of stochastic processes, with an emphasis on real-world applications of probability theory in the natural and social sciences. The use of simulation, by means of the popular statistical freeware R, makes theoretical results come alive with practical, hands-on demonstrations. Written by a highly-qualified expert in the field, the author presents numerous examples from a wide array of disciplines, which are used to illustrate concepts and highlight computational and theoretical results. Developing readers’ problem-solving skills and mathematical maturity, Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R features: Over 200 examples and 600 end-of-chapter exercises A tutorial for getting started with R, and appendices that contain review material in probability and matrix algebra Discussions of many timely and interesting supplemental topics including Markov chain Monte Carlo, random walk on graphs, card shuffling, Black-Scholes options pricing, applications in biology and genetics, cryptography, martingales, and stochastic calculus Introductions to mathematics as needed in order to suit readers at many mathematical levels A companion website that includes relevant data files as well as all R code and scripts used throughout the book Introduction to Stochastic Processes with R is an ideal textbook for an introductory course in stochastic processes. The book is aimed at undergraduate and beginning graduate-level students in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines. The book is also an excellent reference for applied mathematicians and statisticians who are interested in a review of the topic.

Markov Processes

Characterization and Convergence

Author: Stewart N. Ethier,Thomas G. Kurtz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317329

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 6021

The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. "[A]nyone who works with Markov processes whose state space is uncountably infinite will need this most impressive book as a guide and reference." -American Scientist "There is no question but that space should immediately be reserved for [this] book on the library shelf. Those who aspire to mastery of the contents should also reserve a large number of long winter evenings." -Zentralblatt für Mathematik und ihre Grenzgebiete/Mathematics Abstracts "Ethier and Kurtz have produced an excellent treatment of the modern theory of Markov processes that [is] useful both as a reference work and as a graduate textbook." -Journal of Statistical Physics Markov Processes presents several different approaches to proving weak approximation theorems for Markov processes, emphasizing the interplay of methods of characterization and approximation. Martingale problems for general Markov processes are systematically developed for the first time in book form. Useful to the professional as a reference and suitable for the graduate student as a text, this volume features a table of the interdependencies among the theorems, an extensive bibliography, and end-of-chapter problems.

Probabilistic Analysis and Related Topics

Author: A. T. Bharucha-Reid

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483275469

Category: Mathematics

Page: 270

View: 8117

Probabilistic Analysis and Related Topics, Volume 3 focuses on the continuity, integrability, and differentiability of random functions, including operator theory, measure theory, and functional and numerical analysis. The selection first offers information on the qualitative theory of stochastic systems and Langevin equations with multiplicative noise. Discussions focus on phase-space evolution via direct integration, phase-space evolution, linear and nonlinear systems, linearization, and generalizations. The text then ponders on the stability theory of stochastic difference systems and Markov properties for random fields. Topics include Markov property of solutions of stochastic partial differential equations; Markov property for generalized Gaussian random fields; Markov properties for generalized random fields; stochastic stability of nonlinear systems; and linear stochastic systems. The publication examines the method of random contractors and its applications to random nonlinear equations, including integral contractors and applications to random equations; random contractors with random nonlinear majorant functions; and random contractors and application to random nonlinear operator equations. The selection is a valuable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in the general theory of random functions.

Radically Elementary Probability Theory. (AM-117)

Author: Edward Nelson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400882141

Category: Mathematics

Page: 107

View: 3013

Using only the very elementary framework of finite probability spaces, this book treats a number of topics in the modern theory of stochastic processes. This is made possible by using a small amount of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis and not attempting to convert the results into conventional form.

Proceedings of the Conference Foundations of Probability and Physics

V„xj”, Sweden, 25 November-1 December, 2000

Author: Andre? I?U?r?evich Khrennikov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810248466

Category: Medical

Page: 377

View: 713

In this volume, leading experts in experimental as well as theoretical physics (both classical and quantum) and probability theory give their views on many intriguing (and still mysterious) problems regarding the probabilistic foundations of physics. The problems discussed during the conference include Einstein?Podolsky?Rosen paradox, Bell's inequality, realism, nonlocality, role of Kolmogorov model of probability theory in quantum physics, von Mises frequency theory, quantum information, computation, ?quantum effects? in classical physics.

The Malliavin Calculus and Related Topics

Author: David Nualart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540283293

Category: Mathematics

Page: 382

View: 6582

The Malliavin calculus is an infinite-dimensional differential calculus on a Gaussian space, developed to provide a probabilistic proof to Hörmander's sum of squares theorem but has found a range of applications in stochastic analysis. This book presents the features of Malliavin calculus and discusses its main applications. This second edition includes recent applications in finance and a chapter devoted to the stochastic calculus with respect to the fractional Brownian motion.