Foundations of Chemical Biology

Author: Christopher M. Dobson,Juliet A. Gerrard,Andrew J. Pratt

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199248995

Category: Science

Page: 97

View: 6213

This book introduces the fundamental chemistry of the molecules that are essential to all cells, covering amino acids and sugar phosphate derivatives, and the macromolecules derived from them. In such a short text it is not possible to provide a comprehensive account of such molecules; instead it covers important concepts concerning their intrinsic chemistry. The aim is to provide the fundamental ideas relating to the chemistry of life that can then be applied to more advanced aspects of chemical biology.

The Physical Basis of Biochemistry

The Foundations of Molecular Biophysics

Author: Peter R. Bergethon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441963246

Category: Science

Page: 949

View: 4062

Biological chemistry has changed since the completion of the human genome project. There is a renewed interest and market for individuals trained in biophysical chemistry and molecular biophysics. The Physical Basis of Biochemistry, Second Edition, emphasizes the interdisciplinary nature of biophysical chemistry by incorporating the quantitative perspective of the physical sciences without sacrificing the complexity and diversity of the biological systems, applies physical and chemical principles to the understanding of the biology of cells and explores the explosive developments in the area of genomics, and in turn, proteomics, bioinformatics, and computational and visualization technologies that have occurred in the past seven years. The book features problem sets and examples, clear illustrations, and extensive appendixes that provide additional information on related topics in mathematics, physics and chemistry.

McGraw-Hill Education MCAT: Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems 2016, Cross-Platform Edition

Author: George J. Hademenos

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 1259588386

Category: Study Aids

Page: N.A

View: 3167

Expert Preparation for the Revised MCAT--in Print, Online, and Mobile Totally geared to the brand-new test introduced in 2015, this book offers concise summaries of all important concepts, textbook-quality scientific diagrams, and abundant practice questions. The unique Cross-Platform format adds outstanding value: students can study the whole program in print, online, or on a mobile device. About the Book This volume of McGraw-Hill Education's four-book MCAT test-prep series covers the chemical and physical science topics that MCAT candidates need to master. Chapters are organized around the “Foundational Concepts” specified in the MCAT syllabus. Each unit ends with a Minitest in MCAT format to give students ample practice with MCAT-style questions. Closely follows the MCAT syllabus created for the all-new 2015 test EXPANDED! Practice with MCAT-style questions on every topic Textbook-quality illustrations to enhance understanding Focuses tightly on topics tested on the MCAT About the Cross-Platform format: The Cross-Platform format provides a fully-comprehensive print, online, and mobile program: Entire instructional content available in print and digital form Personalized study plan and daily goals Powerful analytics to assess test readiness Flashcards, games, and social media for additional support About the Authors George Hademenos, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor at the University of Dallas, where he teaches General Physics and Quantum Physics. He has also taught at the University of Massachusetts and at UCLA. Candice McCloskey Campbell, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Chemistry at Georgia Perimeter College (Dunwoody, GA). Shaun Murphree, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Chemistry at Allegheny College (Meadville, PA). Jennifer M. Warner, Ph.D., teaches biology at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte. Amy B. Wachholz, Ph.D., is Director of Health Psychology at UMass Medical School (Worcester, MA). Kathy A. Zahler, MS, is a widely published test-prep author.

Foundations of Mathematical Biology

Subcellular Systems

Author: Robert J. Rosen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483272133

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 8294

Foundations of Mathematical Biology, Volume 1, Subcellular Systems, provides an introduction the place of mathematical biology in relation to the other biological, physical, and organizational sciences. It discusses the use of mathematical tools and techniques to solve biological problems. The book contains four chapters and begins with a discussion of the nature of hierarchical control in living matter. This is followed by a chapter on chemical kinetics and enzyme kinetics, covering the physicomathematical principles, models, and approximations underlying transition-state theory and the unimolecular reaction. Subsequent chapters deal with quantum genetics and membrane excitability.

Systems Biology

Philosophical Foundations

Author: Fred Boogerd,Frank J. Bruggeman,Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr,H.V. Westerhoff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080475271

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 9200

Systems biology is a vigorous and expanding discipline, in many ways a successor to genomics and perhaps unprecedented in its combination of biology with a great many other sciences, from physics to ecology, from mathematics to medicine, and from philosophy to chemistry. Studying the philosophical foundations of systems biology may resolve a longer standing issue, i.e., the extent to which Biology is entitled to its own scientific foundations rather than being dominated by existing philosophies. * Answers the question of what distinguishes the living from the non-living * An in-depth look to a vigorous and expanding discipline, from molecule to system * Explores the region between individual components and the system

Essentials of Chemical Biology

Structure and Dynamics of Biological Macromolecules

Author: Andrew D. Miller,Julian Tanner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687833

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 4900

“This excellent work fills the need for an upper-levelgraduate course resource that examines the latest biochemical,biophysical, and molecular biological methods for analyzing thestructures and physical properties of biomolecules… Thisreviewer showed [the book] to several of his senior graduatestudents, and they unanimously gave the book rave reviews.Summing Up: Highly recommended…” CHOICE Chemical biology is a rapidly developing branch of chemistry,which sets out to understand the way biology works at the molecularlevel. Fundamental to chemical biology is a detailed understandingof the syntheses, structures and behaviours of biologicalmacromolecules and macromolecular lipid assemblies that togetherrepresent the primary constituents of all cells and all organisms.The subject area of chemical biology bridges many differentdisciplines and is fast becoming an integral part of academic andcommercial research. This textbook is designed specifically as a key teachingresource for chemical biology that is intended to build onfoundations lain down by introductory physical and organicchemistry courses. This book is an invaluable text for advancedundergraduates taking biological, bioorganic, organic andstructural chemistry courses. It is also of interest to biochemistsand molecular biologists, as well as professionals within themedical and pharmaceutical industry. Key Features: A comprehensive introduction to this dynamic area of chemistry,which will equip chemists for the task of understanding andstudying the underlying principles behind the functioning ofbiological macro molecules, macromolecular lipid assemblies andcells. Covers many basic concepts and ideas associated with the studyof the interface between chemistry and biology. Includes pedagogical features such as: key examples, glossaryof equations, further reading and links to websites. Clearly written and richly illustrated in fullcolour.

Foundations of Structural Biology

Author: Leonard J. Banaszak

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080521848

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 1004

Imagine trying to understand an engine without visualizing its moving parts. Biological processes involve far more complex chemical reactions and components than any engine. Furthermore, the parts work together to do many more functions than an engine which sole task is to turn a shaft. Understanding the implications of the three-dimensional coordinates for a molecule with several thousand atoms requires an understanding of, and practice with, 3D imaging. For many biologists, this means acquiring a whole new set of skills. Foundations of Structural Biology is aimed at helping the reader develop visualization skills for protein or DNA segments, while also describing the fundamental principles underlying the organization and interaction between these complex molecules. Key Features * Explains how to use coordinate databases and atomic coordinates of biological macromolecules * Teaches the skills of stereoviewing * Contains computer-generated stereographics * Describes the principles of symmetry and handedness in proteins and DNA * Introduces metal and lipid binding proteins and DNA-protein interactions * Explains the principles involved in understanding secondary and quaternary structure * Includes coverage of protein-metal, protein-nucleic acid, and protein-lipid interactions

The Evolutionary Foundations of Economics

Author: Kurt Dopfer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443234

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 6377

It is widely recognised that mainstream economics has failed to translate micro consistently into macro economics and to provide endogenous explanations for the continual changes in the economic system. Since the early 1980s, a growing number of economists have been trying to provide answers to these two key questions by applying an evolutionary approach. This new departure has yielded a rich literature with enormous variety, but the unifying principles connecting the various ideas and views presented are, as yet, not apparent. This 2005 volume brings together fifteen original articles from scholars - each of whom has made a significant contribution to the field - in their common effort to reconstruct economics as an evolutionary science. Using meso economics as an analytical entity to bridge micro and macro economics as well as static and dynamic realms, a unified economic theory emerges.

Foundations of Modern EPR

Author: Gareth R. Eaton,Sandra S. Eaton

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810232955

Category: Science

Page: 818

View: 3554

Since its inception 50 years ago, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR, also called ESR or EMR) has become a major tool in diverse fields ranging from biology and chemistry to solid state physics and materials science. This important book includes personal descriptions of early experiments by pioneers who laid the foundations for the field, perspectives on the state of the art, and glimpses of future opportunities. It presents a broad view of the foundations of EPR and its applications, and will therefore appeal to scientists in many fields. Even the expert will find here history not previously recorded and provocative views of future directions.

Asymmetry: The Foundation of Information

Author: Scott J. Muller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540698841

Category: Computers

Page: 165

View: 6407

This book gathers concepts of information across diverse fields –physics, electrical engineering and computational science – surveying current theories, discussing underlying notions of symmetry, and showing how the capacity of a system to distinguish itself relates to information. The author develops a formal methodology using group theory, leading to the application of Burnside's Lemma to count distinguishable states. This provides a tool to quantify complexity and information capacity in any physical system.

Chemistry for the Biosciences

The Essential Concepts

Author: Jonathan Crowe,Tony Bradshaw

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199570876

Category: Education

Page: 678

View: 7682

Focuses on the key chemical concepts which students of the biosciences need to understand, making the scope of the book directly relevant to the target audience.

Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Foundations of Computer-Aided Process Design

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444634428

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 840

View: 3533

This volume collects together the presentations at the Eighth International Conference on Foundations of Computer-Aided Process Design, FOCAPD-2014, an event that brings together researchers, educators, and practitioners to identify new challenges and opportunities for process and product design. The chemical industry is currently entering a new phase of rapid evolution. The availability of low-cost feedstocks from natural gas is causing renewed investment in basic chemicals in the OECD, while societal pressures for sustainability and energy security continue to be key drivers in technology development and product selection. This dynamic environment creates opportunities to launch new products and processes and to demonstrate new methodologies for innovation, synthesis and design. FOCAPD-2014 fosters constructive interaction among thought leaders from academia, industry, and government and provides a showcase for the latest research in product and process design. Focuses exclusively on the fundamentals and applications of computer-aided design for the process industries. Provides a fully archival and indexed record of the FOCAPD14 conference Aligns the FOCAPD series with the ESCAPE and PSE series

Foundations of Bioenergetics

Author: Harold Morowitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323154050

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 5765

Foundations of Bioenergetics provides an introduction to the physical foundations of bioenergetics and the methods of applying these constructs to biological problems. It combines parts of thermal physics, biochemistry, ecology, and cellular and organismic biology into a single coherent work. Much of the material in this volume comes from ""Entropy for Biologists,"" an introductory thermodynamics book aimed particularly at life scientists. Some of the topics originally appeared in the monograph ""Energy Flow in Biology."" The current volume expands on that material with respect to biological applications and attempts to bridge the gap between physics and biology. The book explains basic concepts such as energy, temperature, the second law of thermodynamics, entropy, information theory, and statistical mechanics. It discusses the relations between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, free-energy functions, radiant energy, the free energy of cells and tissue, chemical kinetics, and cyclic flows. It examines the relationships between energy flows and biological processes; applications of the concepts of Gibbs free energy, chemical potential, and activity; and measurements of temperature, energy, and thermochemical quantities. The book also includes chapters that deal with irreversible dynamics, irreversible theory, and osmotic flow.

Organische Chemie für Dummies

Author: Arthur Winter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527822402

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 1064

Man könnte meinen, dass eine Wissenschaft, die sich hauptsächlich mit Verbindungen eines einzigen Elements auseinandersetzt, vergleichsweise übersichtlich ist. Doch Kohlenstoff ist ein ganz besonderes Element, denn Kohlenstoffverbindungen bilden die Grundlagen des Lebens. "Organische Chemie für Dummies" führt Sie in die Geheimnisse der organischen Verbindungen ein, erklärt Ihnen die Grundlagen der Spektrometrie und Spektroskopie, zeigt Ihnen, welche Reaktionen möglich und welche unmöglich sind und vieles mehr. Nach jedem Kapitel finden Sie Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen. So unterstützt Sie das Buch bei Ihrem Einstieg in die Organische Chemie.

Foundations of Biophilosophy

Author: Martin Mahner,Mario Bunge,Professor Mario Bunge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540618386

Category: Medical

Page: 423

View: 9934

Over the past three decades, the philosophy of biology has emerged from the shadow of the philosophy of physics to become a respectable and thriving philosophical subdiscipline. In their book, the authors take a fresh look at the life sciences and their philosophy from a strictly realist and emergentist-naturalist perspective. They outline a unified and science-oriented philosophical framework that enables them to clarify many foundational and philosophical issues in biology. Thus, this book should be of interest to both life scientists and philosophers and is suitable as a textbook for courses at the advanced levels as well as for independent study.

Biophysics

Author: W. Hoppe,W. Lohmann,H. Markl,H. Ziegler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642688772

Category: Science

Page: 941

View: 9155

What is biophysics? As with all subjects which straddle traditional boundaries between fields, it eludes a precise definition. Furthermore, it is impossible to do biophysics without having a certain foundation of knowledge in biology, physics, physical chemistry, chemistry and biochemistry. One approach to a biophysics textbook would be to refer the student to the literature of these neighboring fields, and to leave the selection of the appropriate supplementary material up to the student. The editors of this volume are of the opinion that it is more useful and less time-consuming to present a selection of the supplementary knowledge, in concentrated form, together with the subject matter specific to biophysics. The reader will thus find in this book introductions to such subjects as the structure and function of the cell, the chemical structure of biogenic macromolecules, and even theoretical chemistry. What, indeed, is biophysics? Must we consider it to include physiology, electromedicine, radiation medicine, etc. ? The field has evolved continuously in recent years. Molecular understanding oflife processes has come more and more to the fore. Just as the field of molecular physics has developed to describe structures and processes in the realm of non-living systems, there has been a corresponding development of molecular biophysics.

Realismus und Chemie

philosophische Untersuchungen der Wissenschaft von den Stoffen

Author: Joachim Schummer

Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann

ISBN: 9783826011634

Category: Chemistry

Page: 339

View: 4760


Problems of Cell Permeability

International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Biology: Modern Trends in Physiological Sciences

Author: A.S. Troshin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483222616

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 2443

Modern Trends in Physiological Science, Volume 26: Problem of Cell Permeability covers expounded sorptional theory of cell permerbeality. The problem of cell permeability deals with the questions connected with the laws of the entrance of substances from the surrounding medium into cells and the excretion from the latter of the products of intracellular metabolism. This book is composed of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of the chemical composition and structure of cell membrane, as well as the membrane theory of cell permeability. The next chapters treat the issues of cell’s osmometric activity and the physico-chemical properties of protoplasm as a system of coacervates. Considerable chapters are devoted to cell permeability for various substrates, such as non-electrolytes, organic acids, vital dyes, and mineral substances. The concluding chapters discuss the relationship between metabolism and cell permeability; the bioelectric properties of cell; and the protective action of non-electrolytes against live matter damage caused by dilute saline media. This book will be of value to cell biologists, biochemists, and research workers in cell permeability.

Molecules in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

Electronic Structure and Chemical Reactivity

Author: Jean Maruani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027725981

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 8943

Volume 1: General Introduction to Molecular Sciences Volume 2: Physical Aspects of Molecular Systems Volume 3: Electronic Structure and Chemical Reactivity Volume 4: Molecular Phenomena in Biological Sciences