Forging Industrial Policy

The United States, Britain, and France in the Railway Age

Author: Frank Dobbin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629904

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 3609

This book explores 19th-century railroad policies in the United States, France, and Britain to identify the roots of nations' modern industrial policy styles.

Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie

Author: Klaus Kraemer,Florian Brugger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658081848

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 2683

Das Buch bietet einen fundierten Überblick über die zentralen Inspirationsquellen und Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie und ordnet sie historisch wie systematisch ein. Die moderne Wirtschaft ist ohne soziologisches Wissen über ihre sozialen, kulturellen und politisch-institutionellen Grundlagen nicht angemessen zu verstehen. Von dieser Grundannahme ausgehend untersucht die Wirtschaftssoziologie Märkte und Unternehmen, Geld und Eigentum, Tauschformen und Wirtschaftsordnungen. Wie wirken Netzwerke und Kooperationen, Wertideen und Konventionen, Konflikte und Machtasymmetrien auf Märkten und in Unternehmen? Welchen Einfluss haben kulturelle und staatliche Ordnungen auf Wirtschaftssysteme? Wie kann der Aufstieg und der Niedergang von Märkten soziologisch erklärt werden? Warum sind zahllose Tauschbeziehungen in modernen Gesellschaften marktförmig organisiert, während in anderen Bereichen Märkte abgelehnt werden oder sogar untersagt sind?

European Industrial Policy

The Twentieth-century Experience

Author: Teaches Economics and Economic History at University of Oxford and Fellow James Foreman-Peck,James Foreman-Peck,Giovanni Federico,Teaches in the Department of Modern History Giovanni Federico

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198289982

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 466

View: 2455

At the end of the 20th century with stagnating industrial output, unemployment in many European countries has climbed to levels not seen since the 1930s. Interventionist industrial policies thus find new popularity after the gentle flirtation with liberalization in the early 1990s. Under theMaastricht Treaty, the European Union was granted industrial policy powers for the first time. The present study aims to contribute to an understanding of European industrial policy by introducing an historical perspective. National policy continuities and the considerable time over which industrial performance responds to changed environments emerge with greater clarity in the long run. Thechapters in this book take a broad view of industrial policy, including those policies that establish the `framework', such as competition law, as well as sector for firm specific policies. The overall conclusion is that improved framework policies, such as liberalization and re-regulation, are still essential. Monetary union in the `core' will increase tensions arising from economic inflexibility. Although there are often strong political barriers blocking implementation ofappropriate industrial policies, they will be even more necessary under monetary union.

Industrial Policy in America

Breaking the Taboo

Author: Marco R. Di Tommaso,Stuart O. Schweitzer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782545182

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5975

In contrast to what observers have frequently argued, this timely and thought provoking book suggests that the concept of industrial policy is not alien to the American past and present. The debate on this topic in the US has always been full of contradictory rhetoric and policy practices, and the expert authors therefore acknowledge a need to rethink the traditional antagonist positions. They illustrate that contemporary markets continue to demand to be fixed by government policies, and governments continue to show how fixing-the-market policies might fail. The conclusion is that the future of industrial policy is about how to make both markets and governments better in their functioning, but that the real goal for industrial policy is to make better-market and better-government policies consistent with the goal of building a better society. Affirming that it is time to break the taboo and discuss the nationÕs goals, targets, and tools to develop a new, effective American industrial policy, this pathbreaking book will prove a thought provoking and challenging read for students, academics and policymakers with an interest in political economy and industrial policy, public sector and international economics.

The Politics of Telecommunications

National Institutions, Convergence, and Change in Britain and France

Author: Mark Thatcher

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198280743

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 5624

This book confronts some of the most important questions related to liberalization, regulation, and the role of the nation state in an increasingly international economy. In the face of powerful transitional pressures for change, to what extent are states able to maintain stable institutionalframeworks? Do different domestic structures generate dissimilar patterns of policy-making and economic performance? How important are past institutional choices to subsequent reform? The author addresses these questions through a study of the transformations of a strategic economic sector,telecommunications, in Britain and France over the past three decades. It analyses the theoretical strengths and weaknesses of various models of public policy formation and, the role and reform of national institutions and the continuing role of the nation state.

Red Flags and Lace Coiffes

Identity and Survival in a Breton Village

Author: Charles R. Menzies

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442605146

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 5440

This book explores the question of why fishing communities continue their struggle to survive, despite often calamitous changes in ecology and economy. Using historical ethnography as a lens through which to understand how fishers of the Bigouden region of France and their families have reinvented themselves, Menzies argues that local identity plays an important role in their perseverance as global capitalist pressures continually force them to reorganize or disappear entirely. Touching on many concepts that are fundamental to anthropology—culture, identity, kinship, work, political economy, and globalization—and filled with personal stories and warmth, this ethnography will be a welcome teaching tool for instructors and an enticing read for students.

Employment and Development under Globalization

State and Economy in Brazil

Author: S. Cohn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137001410

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 4805

Cohn lays out a new strategy of how states can produce economic development in poor nations – by considering barber shops, beauty parlours, hotels and restaurants in Brazil. Cohn considers the case of nations with budgetary limits that cannot afford to follow the East Asian model, and finds alternative policies that create jobs and reduce poverty.

The Most Valuable Asset of the Reich

A History of the German National Railway

Author: Alfred C. Mierzejewski

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469620200

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 8137

The largest enterprise in the capitalist world between 1920 and 1932, the Deutsche Reichsbahn (German National Railway) was at the center of events in a period of great turmoil in Germany. In the first detailed history of this important organization, Alfred Mierzejewski presents a sophisticated analysis of the Reichsbahn's operations, finances, and political and social roles. In addition, he uses the story of the Reichsbahn to gain new perspectives on modern German economic and political history. Mierzejewski describes and analyzes the beginnings of the national railway in Germany and the problems that it faced. He examines the Reichsbahn's noncapitalistic, "commonweal" approach to economic management and shows how the railway was used to hold Germany together, especially in the face of Bavarian particularism. Mierzejewski's account also provides unparalleled insight into Germany's reparations policies, demonstrating that Germany was fully capable of paying the Dawes annuities and that the government's claims that reparations paid by the Reichsbahn hurt both the railway and Germany were groundless. A second volume will cover the period from 1933 to 1945.

Inventing Equal Opportunity

Author: Frank Dobbin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400830893

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 9615

Equal opportunity in the workplace is thought to be the direct legacy of the civil rights and feminist movements and the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964. Yet, as Frank Dobbin demonstrates, corporate personnel experts--not Congress or the courts--were the ones who determined what equal opportunity meant in practice, designing changes in how employers hire, promote, and fire workers, and ultimately defining what discrimination is, and is not, in the American imagination. Dobbin shows how Congress and the courts merely endorsed programs devised by corporate personnel. He traces how the first measures were adopted by military contractors worried that the Kennedy administration would cancel their contracts if they didn't take "affirmative action" to end discrimination. These measures built on existing personnel programs, many designed to prevent bias against unionists. Dobbin follows the changes in the law as personnel experts invented one wave after another of equal opportunity programs. He examines how corporate personnel formalized hiring and promotion practices in the 1970s to eradicate bias by managers; how in the 1980s they answered Ronald Reagan's threat to end affirmative action by recasting their efforts as diversity-management programs; and how the growing presence of women in the newly named human resources profession has contributed to a focus on sexual harassment and work/life issues. Inventing Equal Opportunity reveals how the personnel profession devised--and ultimately transformed--our understanding of discrimination.

The New Economic Sociology

A Reader

Author: Frank Dobbin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691049068

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 565

View: 6084

Dobbin presents twenty classic, representative articles in the field of economic sociology and organizes them according to four themes. He thus introduces the field and its history to students and establishes a schema for interpreting the field based on what it hopes to achieve.

Forging Ahead, Falling Behind

Author: Open Media Research Institute

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563249259

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 7683

The premier source for a comprehensive update and overview of developments in the most rapidly changing region in the world. Each edition features thematic coverage of regional, political, and economic developments. Chapters on every country of the region cover essential historical background as well as current developments and domestic and foreign policy issues. Supplementing the chapters are maps, data boxes, documents, and sidebars.