Forging Industrial Policy

The United States, Britain, and France in the Railway Age

Author: Frank Dobbin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629904

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 9237

This book explores 19th-century railroad policies in the United States, France, and Britain to identify the roots of nations' modern industrial policy styles.

Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie

Author: Klaus Kraemer,Florian Brugger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658081848

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 6844

Das Buch bietet einen fundierten Überblick über die zentralen Inspirationsquellen und Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie und ordnet sie historisch wie systematisch ein. Die moderne Wirtschaft ist ohne soziologisches Wissen über ihre sozialen, kulturellen und politisch-institutionellen Grundlagen nicht angemessen zu verstehen. Von dieser Grundannahme ausgehend untersucht die Wirtschaftssoziologie Märkte und Unternehmen, Geld und Eigentum, Tauschformen und Wirtschaftsordnungen. Wie wirken Netzwerke und Kooperationen, Wertideen und Konventionen, Konflikte und Machtasymmetrien auf Märkten und in Unternehmen? Welchen Einfluss haben kulturelle und staatliche Ordnungen auf Wirtschaftssysteme? Wie kann der Aufstieg und der Niedergang von Märkten soziologisch erklärt werden? Warum sind zahllose Tauschbeziehungen in modernen Gesellschaften marktförmig organisiert, während in anderen Bereichen Märkte abgelehnt werden oder sogar untersagt sind?

European Industrial Policy

The Twentieth-century Experience

Author: Teaches Economics and Economic History at University of Oxford and Fellow James Foreman-Peck,James Foreman-Peck,Giovanni Federico,Teaches in the Department of Modern History Giovanni Federico

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198289982

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 466

View: 9236

At the end of the 20th century with stagnating industrial output, unemployment in many European countries has climbed to levels not seen since the 1930s. Interventionist industrial policies thus find new popularity after the gentle flirtation with liberalization in the early 1990s. Under theMaastricht Treaty, the European Union was granted industrial policy powers for the first time. The present study aims to contribute to an understanding of European industrial policy by introducing an historical perspective. National policy continuities and the considerable time over which industrial performance responds to changed environments emerge with greater clarity in the long run. Thechapters in this book take a broad view of industrial policy, including those policies that establish the `framework', such as competition law, as well as sector for firm specific policies. The overall conclusion is that improved framework policies, such as liberalization and re-regulation, are still essential. Monetary union in the `core' will increase tensions arising from economic inflexibility. Although there are often strong political barriers blocking implementation ofappropriate industrial policies, they will be even more necessary under monetary union.

Industrial Policy in America

Breaking the Taboo

Author: Marco R. Di Tommaso,Stuart O. Schweitzer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782545182

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2159

In contrast to what observers have frequently argued, this timely and thought provoking book suggests that the concept of industrial policy is not alien to the American past and present. The debate on this topic in the US has always been full of contradictory rhetoric and policy practices, and the expert authors therefore acknowledge a need to rethink the traditional antagonist positions. They illustrate that contemporary markets continue to demand to be fixed by government policies, and governments continue to show how fixing-the-market policies might fail. The conclusion is that the future of industrial policy is about how to make both markets and governments better in their functioning, but that the real goal for industrial policy is to make better-market and better-government policies consistent with the goal of building a better society. Affirming that it is time to break the taboo and discuss the nationÕs goals, targets, and tools to develop a new, effective American industrial policy, this pathbreaking book will prove a thought provoking and challenging read for students, academics and policymakers with an interest in political economy and industrial policy, public sector and international economics.

The Politics of Telecommunications

National Institutions, Convergence, and Change in Britain and France

Author: Mark Thatcher

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198280743

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 2803

This book confronts some of the most important questions related to liberalization, regulation, and the role of the nation state in an increasingly international economy. In the face of powerful transitional pressures for change, to what extent are states able to maintain stable institutionalframeworks? Do different domestic structures generate dissimilar patterns of policy-making and economic performance? How important are past institutional choices to subsequent reform? The author addresses these questions through a study of the transformations of a strategic economic sector,telecommunications, in Britain and France over the past three decades. It analyses the theoretical strengths and weaknesses of various models of public policy formation and, the role and reform of national institutions and the continuing role of the nation state.

Employment and Development under Globalization

State and Economy in Brazil

Author: S. Cohn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137001410

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 4858

Cohn lays out a new strategy of how states can produce economic development in poor nations – by considering barber shops, beauty parlours, hotels and restaurants in Brazil. Cohn considers the case of nations with budgetary limits that cannot afford to follow the East Asian model, and finds alternative policies that create jobs and reduce poverty.

Doing Capitalism in the Innovation Economy

Markets, Speculation and the State

Author: William H. Janeway

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139789902

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 8133

The innovation economy begins with discovery and culminates in speculation. Over some 250 years, economic growth has been driven by successive processes of trial and error: upstream exercises in research and invention and downstream experiments in exploiting the new economic space opened by innovation. Drawing on his professional experiences, William H. Janeway provides an accessible pathway for readers to appreciate the dynamics of the innovation economy. He combines personal reflections from a career spanning forty years in venture capital, with the development of an original theory of the role of asset bubbles in financing technological innovation and of the role of the state in playing an enabling role in the innovation process. Today, with the state frozen as an economic actor and access to the public equity markets only open to a minority, the innovation economy is stalled; learning the lessons from this book will contribute to its renewal.

The Most Valuable Asset of the Reich

A History of the German National Railway

Author: Alfred C. Mierzejewski

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469620200

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 6196

The largest enterprise in the capitalist world between 1920 and 1932, the Deutsche Reichsbahn (German National Railway) was at the center of events in a period of great turmoil in Germany. In the first detailed history of this important organization, Alfred Mierzejewski presents a sophisticated analysis of the Reichsbahn's operations, finances, and political and social roles. In addition, he uses the story of the Reichsbahn to gain new perspectives on modern German economic and political history. Mierzejewski describes and analyzes the beginnings of the national railway in Germany and the problems that it faced. He examines the Reichsbahn's noncapitalistic, "commonweal" approach to economic management and shows how the railway was used to hold Germany together, especially in the face of Bavarian particularism. Mierzejewski's account also provides unparalleled insight into Germany's reparations policies, demonstrating that Germany was fully capable of paying the Dawes annuities and that the government's claims that reparations paid by the Reichsbahn hurt both the railway and Germany were groundless. A second volume will cover the period from 1933 to 1945.

Millennium

Die Geburt Europas aus dem Mittelalter

Author: Tom Holland

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608101446

Category: History

Page: 518

View: 6827

Mit »Millenium« schließt Tom Holland an seinen weltweiten Erfolg »Persisches Feuer« an. Anno Domini 900: Von drei Himmelsrichtungen durch unerbittliche Feinde bedrängt, während in der vierten Richtung nur der Ozean lag, schien es, dass der christlichen Bevölkerung keinerlei Spielraum mehr blieb. Und im Schatten des Jahrtausendwechsels befürchteten viele, dass der Antichrist erscheinen würde, um die Welt in Blut zu ertränken und ihr Ende anzukünden. Doch das Christentum brach nicht zusammen. Vielmehr wurde in den Erschütterungen jener furchtbaren Zeiten eine neue Zivilisation geschmiedet. In weit ausholendem epischem Zugriff, der uns von der Kreuzigung Christi zum Ersten Kreuzzug mitnimmt, vom Prunk Konstantinopels zu den trostlosen Küsten Kanadas, ist »Millennium« die brillante Darstellung einer schicksalsträchtigen Revolution: dem Auftauchen Westeuropas als einer unterscheidbaren, expansionistischen Macht.

Zero - Kadett der Sterne

Roman

Author: Sara King

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 364114289X

Category: Fiction

Page: 656

View: 4589

Alien-Bootcamp Seit feindliche Aliens die Erde unterworfen haben, liegt der Planet in Trümmern, und die Eroberer zwingen den erstgeborenen Sohn einer jeden Familie, in ihrer Armee zu dienen. Einer von ihnen ist der vierzehnjährige Joe Dobbs, der irgendwo am anderen Ende der Galaxis die knallharte Grundausbildung absolviert, als er eines Tages eine eigenartige Prophezeiung erhält: Er ist der lange erwartete Held, der die Menschen von der Herrschaft der Aliens befreien wird – doch zuvor muss er erst einmal das Bootcamp überleben ...

Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 6008

Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

Inventing Equal Opportunity

Author: Frank Dobbin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400830893

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 9559

Equal opportunity in the workplace is thought to be the direct legacy of the civil rights and feminist movements and the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964. Yet, as Frank Dobbin demonstrates, corporate personnel experts--not Congress or the courts--were the ones who determined what equal opportunity meant in practice, designing changes in how employers hire, promote, and fire workers, and ultimately defining what discrimination is, and is not, in the American imagination. Dobbin shows how Congress and the courts merely endorsed programs devised by corporate personnel. He traces how the first measures were adopted by military contractors worried that the Kennedy administration would cancel their contracts if they didn't take "affirmative action" to end discrimination. These measures built on existing personnel programs, many designed to prevent bias against unionists. Dobbin follows the changes in the law as personnel experts invented one wave after another of equal opportunity programs. He examines how corporate personnel formalized hiring and promotion practices in the 1970s to eradicate bias by managers; how in the 1980s they answered Ronald Reagan's threat to end affirmative action by recasting their efforts as diversity-management programs; and how the growing presence of women in the newly named human resources profession has contributed to a focus on sexual harassment and work/life issues. Inventing Equal Opportunity reveals how the personnel profession devised--and ultimately transformed--our understanding of discrimination.

The New Economic Sociology

A Reader

Author: Frank Dobbin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691049068

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 565

View: 5087

Dobbin presents twenty classic, representative articles in the field of economic sociology and organizes them according to four themes. He thus introduces the field and its history to students and establishes a schema for interpreting the field based on what it hopes to achieve.

Forging Ahead, Falling Behind

Author: Open Media Research Institute

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563249259

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 2954

The premier source for a comprehensive update and overview of developments in the most rapidly changing region in the world. Each edition features thematic coverage of regional, political, and economic developments. Chapters on every country of the region cover essential historical background as well as current developments and domestic and foreign policy issues. Supplementing the chapters are maps, data boxes, documents, and sidebars.