Forecast Verification

A Practitioner's Guide in Atmospheric Science

Author: Ian T. Jolliffe,David B. Stephenson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119961076

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 1075

Forecast Verification: A Practioner's Guide in Atmospheric Science, 2nd Edition provides an indispensible guide to this area of active research by combining depth of information with a range of topics to appeal both to professional practitioners and researchers and postgraduates. The editors have succeeded in presenting chapters by a variety of the leading experts in the field while still retaining a cohesive and highly accessible style. The book balances explanations of concepts with clear and useful discussion of the main application areas. Reviews of first edition: "This book will provide a good reference, and I recommend it especially for developers and evaluators of statistical forecast systems." (Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society; April 2004) "...a good mixture of theory and practical applications...well organized and clearly written..." (Royal Statistical Society, Vol.168, No.1, January 2005) NEW to the second edition: Completely updated chapter on the Verification of Spatial Forecasts taking account of the wealth of new research in the area New separate chapters on Probability Forecasts and Ensemble Forecasts Includes new chapter on Forecasts of Extreme Events and Warnings Includes new chapter on Seasonal and Climate Forecasts Includes new Appendix on Verification Software Cover image credit: The triangle of barplots shows a novel use of colour for visualizing probability forecasts of ternary categories – see Fig 6b of Jupp et al. 2011, On the visualisation, verification and recalibration of ternary probabilistic forecasts, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (in press).

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry

Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition

Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553162

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 3022

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry integrated throughout the book. This new edition of a bestseller provides an updated text with an increased emphasis on sustainability and green chemistry. It is organized based on the five spheres of Earth’s environment: (1) the hydrosphere (water), (2) the atmosphere (air), (3) the geosphere (solid Earth), (4) the biosphere (life), and (5) the anthrosphere (the part of the environment made and used by humans). The first chapter defines environmental chemistry and each of the five environmental spheres. The second chapter presents the basics of toxicological chemistry and its relationship to environmental chemistry. Subsequent chapters are grouped by sphere, beginning with the hydrosphere and its environmental chemistry, water pollution, sustainability, and water as nature’s most renewable resource. Chapters then describe the atmosphere, its structure and importance for protecting life on Earth, air pollutants, and the sustainability of atmospheric quality. The author explains the nature of the geosphere and discusses soil for growing food as well as geosphere sustainability. He also describes the biosphere and its sustainability. The final sphere described is the anthrosphere. The text explains human influence on the environment, including climate, pollution in and by the anthrosphere, and means of sustaining this sphere. It also discusses renewable, nonpolluting energy and introduces workplace monitoring. For readers needing additional basic chemistry background, the book includes two chapters on general chemistry and organic chemistry. This updated edition includes three new chapters, new examples and figures, and many new homework problems.

Da qi ke xue

Scientia atmospherica Sinica

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Atmosphere

Page: N.A

View: 3629


Quantification and Reduction of Predictive Uncertainty for Sustainable Water Resources Management

Author: Eva Boegh

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 507

View: 8549

The contributions in this volume consider the uncertainties in the end-to-end prediction of hydrological variables, beginning with the atmospheric driving, and ending with the hydrological calculations for scientifically-sound decisions in sustainable water management.

Entropy Theory in Hydrologic Science and Engineering

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071835474

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 2372

A THOROUGH INTRODUCTION TO ENTROPY THEORY AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN HYDROLOGIC SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING This comprehensive volume addresses basic concepts of entropy theory from a hydrologic engineering perspective. The application of these concepts to a wide range of hydrologic engineering problems is discussed in detail. The book is divided into sections--preliminaries, rainfall and evapotranspiration, subsurface flow, surface flow, and environmental considerations. Helpful equations, solutions, tables, and diagrams are included throughout this practical resource. Entropy Theory in Hydrologic Science and Engineering covers: Introduction to entropy theory Maximum entropy production principle Performance measures Morphological analysis Evaluation and design of sampling and measurement networks Precipitation variability Rainfall frequency distributions Evaluation of precipitation forecasting schemes Assessment of potential water resources availability Evaporation Infiltration Soil moisture Groundwater flow Rainfall-runoff modeling Streamflow simulation Hydrologic frequency analysis Streamflow forecasting River flow regime classification Sediment yield Eco-index

Climate change

the science, impacts and solutions

Author: A. Barrie Pittock

Publisher: Earthscan / James & James

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 5611

It is widely accepted in the scientific community that climate change is a reality, and is happening now rapidly. In this second edition, leading climate researcher Barrie Pittock revisits the effects that global warming is having on our planet, in light of new scientific research. Pittock presents all sides of the arguments about the science and possible remedies. He argues that "uncertainty is inevitable, but risk is certain". Uncertainty is not a reason for doing nothing (or merely advocating more research) but rather to evaluate and manage risk. This new edition takes into account the latest analyses of climate change, such as alarming observations regarding Arctic sea ice, the recently published IPCC Synthesis Report, and the policies of the new Australian Government and how they affect the implementation of climate change initiatives. It also incudes extensive endnotes with links to ongoing and updated information, as well as extra figures. While the message is clear that climate change is here (and in some areas, might be too far gone), there is still hope for the future, and the ideas presented in this book will inspire people to take action. New material focuses on massive investments in large-scale renewables, such as those being taken up in California, as well as small scale action in individual homes and businesses driven by both regulation and market mechanisms. Climate Change: The Science, Impacts and Solutionsis an important reference for students in environmental or social sciences, policy makers, and people who are genuinely concerned about the future of our environment. Features ' Expert scientific description of the problem of climate change, warts and all ' Answers the frequently asked questions on climate change including 'How do we know it is really happening?', 'What will the effects be?' and 'What can we do about it?' ' Provides a truly global perspective, with sections focussing on the key international players ' Updated beyond the IPCC report of 2007 ' Clear discussion of the potential for rapid sea-level rise associated with Greenland and Antarctica ' New assessment of the need for stricter emissions reductions on the one hand and of new technologies to achieve this on the other ' Recognition of new developments in transport, especially the potential of compressed air cars and improved public transport

Eloquent Science

A Practical Guide to Becoming a Better Writer, Speaker, and Atmospheric Scientist

Author: David M. Schultz

Publisher: Amer Meteorological Society

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 9918

Eloquent Science evolved from a workshop aimed at offering atmospheric science students formal guidance in communications, tailored for their eventual scientific careers. Drawing on advice from over twenty books and hundreds of other sources, this volumepresents informative and often humorous tips for writing scientific journal articles, while also providing a peek behind the curtain into the operations of editorial boards and publishers of major journals. The volume focuses on writing, reviewing, and speaking and is aimed at the domain of the student or scientist at the start of her career. The volume offers tips on poster presentations, media communication, and advice for non-native speakers of English, as well as appendices on proper punctuation usage and commonly misunderstood meteorological concepts. A further reading section at the end of each chapter suggests additional sources for the interested reader, and sidebars written by experts in the field offer diverse viewpoints on reference topics.--Publisher description.

Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071835105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1808

View: 8089

Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology

Economic Value of Weather and Climate Forecasts

Author: Richard W. Katz,Allan H. Murphy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521435710

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 7252

Weather and climate extremes can significantly impact the economics of a region. This book examines how weather and climate forecasts can be used to mitigate the impact of the weather on the economy. Interdisciplinary in scope, it explores the meteorological, economic, psychological, and statistical aspects to weather prediction. The contributors encompass forecasts over a wide range of temporal scales, from weather over the next few hours to the climate months or seasons ahead, and address the impact of these forecasts on human behaviour. Economic Value of Weather and Climate Forecasts seeks to determine the economic benefits of existing weather forecasting systems and the incremental benefits of improving these systems, and will be an interesting and essential reference for economists, statisticians, and meteorologists.

Science

Author: John Michels (Journalist)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3450


Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography

Author: William J. Emery,Richard E. Thomson

Publisher: Pergamon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 634

View: 1257

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography provides a comprehensive and practical compilation of the essential information and analysis techniques required for the advanced processing and interpretation of digital spatiotemporal data in physical oceanography as well in other branches of the geophysical sciences. This book assumes a fundamental understanding of calculus and is directed primarily towards scientists and engineers in industry, government and universities, including graduate and advanced undergraduate students. Spanning five chapters and numerous appendices, the book provides a valuable compendium of the fundamental data processing tools required by the marine scientist.