Flavor, Satiety and Food Intake

Author: Beverly Tepper,Martin Yeomans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119044898

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 8827

This unique book provides a comprehensive review of the latest science on a key aspect of appetite control. It brings together contributions by leading researchers worldwide who approach this complex, multifaceted issue from a variety of differing perspectives, including those of food science, psychology, nutrition, and medicine, among others. It is well known that products that require greater oral processing tend to be more sating. At the same time, the orosensory exposure hypothesis holds that flavor and texture in the mouth are critical in determining meal-size. They may act as key predictors of nutritional benefits and so promote better processing of foods. These two related ideas are at the forefront of current thinking on flavor-satiety interactions. Yet, until Flavor, Satiety and Food Intake no book has offered an integrated treatment of both concepts. The only single-source reference of its kind, it brings health professionals, product developers, and students up to speed on the latest thinking and practices in this fascinating and important area of research. Provides readers with a unique and timely summary of critical recent developments in research on the impact of flavor on satiety Explores a topic of central importance both for food professionals seeking to develop healthier products and health professionals concerned with obesity and over-eating Brings together relevant topics from the fields of food science, psychology, nutrition and medicine Flavor, Satiety and Food Intake provides product developers with valuable information on how to integrate sensory evaluation with product formulation and marketing. It will also serve as a useful resource for health professionals and is a must-read for students of a range of disciplines in which appetite and satiety are studied.

Food Irradiation Research and Technology

Author: Christopher H. Sommers,Xuetong Fan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470276398

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 317

View: 2084

The benefits of food irradiation to the public health have been described extensively by organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the U.S. and the World Health Organization. The American Medical Association and the American Dietetic Association have both endorsed the irradiation process. Yet the potential health benefits of irradiation are unknown to many consumers and food industry representatives who are wary of irradiated foods due to myth-information from “consumer-advocate” groups. Food Irradiation Research and Technology presents the latest scientific findings of researchers at the leading edge of food irradiation. In this book, experts from industry, government, and academia: define the basic principles of irradiation and the public health benefits of irradiation describe advances in irradiation technology, detection technology, and radiation dosimetry review the regulations pertaining to food irradiation and the toxicological safety data provide food industry representatives and public health officials with effective methodologies to educate consumers and counteract misinformation review recent advances in the irradiation of meat and poultry, fruits and vegetables, seafood, and the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment Food Irradiation Research and Technology appeals to a broad readership: industry food scientists involved in the processing of meat and fish, fruits and vegetables; food microbiologists and radiation processing specialists; government and industry representatives involved in the import and export of food commodities; and industry, local, and state officials involved in educational efforts regarding food irradiation. Food scientists and technologists share a responsibility to ensure that educational materials provided to the public regarding food safety and processing technologies are based on sound science and fact, not on misconceptions. Food Irradiation Research and Technology meets that goal.

Flavor

From Food to Behaviors, Wellbeing and Health

Author: Patrick Etiévant,Elisabeth Guichard,Christian Salles,Andree Voilley

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081003005

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 509

Flavor: From Food to Behaviors, Wellbeing and Health is the first single-volume resource focused on the different mechanisms of flavor perception from food ingestion, to sensory image integration and the physiological effects that may explain food behaviors. The information contained is highly multidisciplinary, starting with chemistry and biochemistry, and then continuing with psychology, neurobiology, and sociology. The book gives coherence between results obtained in these fields to better explain how flavor compounds may modulate food intake and behavior. When available, physiological mechanisms and mathematical models are explained. Since almost half a billion people suffer from obesity and food related chronic diseases in the world, and since recent research has investigated the possible roles of pleasure linked to the palatability of food and eating pleasure on food intake, food habits, and energy regulation, this book is a timely resource on the topic. This book links these results in a logical story, starting in the food and the food bolus, and explaining how flavor compounds can reach different receptors, contribute to the emergence of a sensory image, and modulate other systems recognized as controlling food intake and food behavior. The influence of age, physiological disorders, or social environments are included in this approach since these parameters are known to influence the impact of food flavor on human behavior. Uniquely brings together multidisciplinary fields to explain, in a narrative structure, how flavor compounds may modulate food intake and behavior Includes discussions of chemistry and biochemistry, psychology, neurobiology, and sociology Presents an extremely current view that offers a wide perspective on flavor, an area of rapidly expanding knowledge Edited by renowned experts in the field of flavor perception

Sugars and Sweeteners

Author: Norman Kretchmer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849388354

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 2525

Sugars and Sweeteners is a comprehensive volume examining the supposed role of sugar as a causative agent in hyperactivity, coronary artery disease, diabetes, dental caries, and other afflictions, as well as the chemistry of sugar and the metabolism of simple sugars, disaccharides, and sugar alcohols. It also explores the history of sugar in several areas worldwide, including Europe and southeast Asia. Regulations for sugar substitutes are presented, in addition to the metabolism of sugar substitutes in humans. Food scientists, dieticians, and diabetologists will find plenty of useful information in this book.

Satiation, Satiety and the Control of Food Intake

Theory and Practice

Author: John E Blundell,France Bellisle

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857098713

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 3198

With growing concerns about the rising incidence of obesity, there is interest in understanding how the human appetite contributes to energy balance and how it might be affected by the foods we consume, as well as other cultural and environmental factors. Satiation, satiety and the control of food intake provides a concise and authoritative overview of these areas. Part one introduces the concepts of satiation and satiety and discusses how these concepts can be quantified. Chapters in part two focus on biological factors of satiation and satiety before part three moves on to explore food composition factors. Chapters in part four discuss hedonic, cultural and environmental factors of satiation and satiety. Finally, part five explores public health implications and evaluates consumer understanding of satiation and satiety and related health claims. Provides a concise and authoritative overview of appetite regulation Focuses on the effects of biological factors, food composition and hedonic, cultural and environmental factors affecting appetite control Discusses implications for public health

Methods in Consumer Research, Volume 2

Alternative Approaches and Special Applications

Author: Gaston Ares,Paula Varela

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081017448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

View: 4395

Methods for Consumer Research, Volume Two: Alternative Approaches and Special Applications brings together world leading experts in global consumer research who provide a fully comprehensive state-of-the-art coverage of emerging methodologies and their innovative application. The book puts consumer research in-context with coverage of immersive techniques and virtual reality, while also looking at health-related Issues in consumer science, including sections on food intake and satiation. Other sections delve into physiological measurements within the context of consumer research and how to design studies for specific populations. In conjunction with the first volume, which covers new approaches to classical methodology, this book is an invaluable reference for academics working in the fields of in-sensory and consumer science, psychology, marketing and nutrition. With examples of the methodology being applied throughout, it serves as a practical guide to research and development managers in both food and non-food companies. Presents comprehensive coverage of new and emerging techniques in consumer science Provides examples of successful application of the methodologies presented throughout Identifies how to design research for special populations, including children, the elderly and low-income consumers Discusses sensitivity to cross-cultural populations and emerging markets Includes research design for food, cosmetic and household products Highlights both psychological and physiological consumer measurements

Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations

Author: High-stress Situations,Committee on Optimization of Nutrient Composition of Military Rations for Short-term,Committee on Military Nutrition Research,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309096413

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 462

View: 9549

Recognizing the importance of good nutrition for physical and mental status, the Department of Defense asked the Institute of Medicine to guide the design of the nutritional composition of a ration for soldiers on short-term, high-stress missions. Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations considers military performance, health concerns, food intake, energy expenditure, physical exercise, and food technology issues. The success of military operations depends to a large extent on the physical and mental status of the individuals involved. Appropriate nutrition during assault missions is a continuous challenge mainly due to diminished appetites of individuals under stress. Many less controllable and unpredictable factors, such as individual preferences and climate, come into play to reduce appetite. In fact, soldiers usually consume about half of the calories needed, leaving them in a state called "negative energy balance." The consequences of being in negative energy balance while under these circumstances range from weight loss to fatigue to mental impairments. An individual's physiological and nutritional status can markedly affect one's ability to maximize performance during missions and may compromise effectiveness. With the number of these missions increasing, the optimization of rations has become a high priority.

Not Eating Enough

Overcoming Underconsumption of Military Operational Rations

Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Military Nutrition Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309176101

Category: Medical

Page: 500

View: 1491

Eating enough food to meet nutritional needs and maintain good health and good performance in all aspects of life--both at home and on the job--is important for all of us throughout our lives. For military personnel, however, this presents a special challenge. Although soldiers typically have a number of options for eating when stationed on a base, in the field during missions their meals come in the form of operational rations. Unfortunately, military personnel in training and field operations often do not eat their rations in the amounts needed to ensure that they meet their energy and nutrient requirements and consequently lose weight and potentially risk loss of effectiveness both in physical and cognitive performance. This book contains 20 chapters by military and nonmilitary scientists from such fields as food science, food marketing and engineering, nutrition, physiology, psychology, and various medical specialties. Although described within a context of military tasks, the committee's conclusions and recommendations have wide-reaching implications for people who find that job-related stress changes their eating habits.

Pediatric Food Preferences and Eating Behaviors

Author: Julie C. Lumeng,Jennifer O. Fisher

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128117176

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 5251

Pediatric Food Preferences and Eating Behaviors reviews scientific works that investigate why children eat the way they do and whether eating behaviors are modifiable. The book begins with an introduction and historical perspective, and then delves into the development of flavor preferences, the role of repeated exposure and other types of learning, the effects of modeling eating behavior, picky eating, food neophobia, and food selectivity. Other sections discuss appetite regulation, the role of reward pathways, genetic contributions to eating behaviors, environmental influences, cognitive aspects, the development of loss of control eating, and food cognitions and nutrition knowledge. Written by leading researchers in the field, each chapter presents basic concepts and definitions, methodological issues pertaining to measurement, and the current state of scientific knowledge as well as directions for future research. Delivers an up-to-date synthesis of the research evidence addressing the development of children’s eating behaviors, from birth to age 18 years Provides an in-depth synthesis of the basic eating behaviors that contribute to consumption patterns Translates the complex and sometimes conflicting research in this area to clinical and public health practice Concludes each chapter with practical implications for practice Presents the limits of current knowledge and the next steps in scientific inquiry

Leveraging Food Technology for Obesity Prevention and Reduction Efforts:

Workshop Summary

Author: Food Forum,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309212618

Category: Medical

Page: 118

View: 4121

Obesity is a major public health challenge. More than one-third of the U.S. adult population is considered obese, a figure that has more than doubled since the mid-1970s. Among children, obesity rates have more than tripled over the same period. Not only is obesity associated with numerous medical complications, but it incurs significant economic cost. At its simplest, obesity is a result of an energy imbalance, with obese (and overweight) people consuming more energy (calories) than they are expending. During the last 10-20 years, behavioral scientists have made significant progress toward building an evidence base for understanding what drives energy imbalance in overweight and obese individuals. Meanwhile, food scientists have been tapping into this growing evidence base to improve existing technologies and create new technologies that can be applied to alter the food supply in ways that reduce the obesity burden on the American population. Leveraging Food Technology for Obesity Prevention and Reduction Effort examines the complexity of human eating behavior and explores ways in which the food industry can continue to leverage modern food processing technologies to influence energy intake. The report also examines the opportunities and challenges of altering the food supply--both at home and outside the home--and outlines lessons learned, best practices, and next steps.

Nutrition and Sensation

Author: Alan R. Hirsch

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466569085

Category: Medical

Page: 353

View: 9267

Nutrition and Sensation explores how sensations can impact nutrition. It unravels the hidden sensory universe acting to control our appetite and nutritional desires. The sensory influence on food choice is ubiquitous. Whether it is the color of soda, the viscosity of maple syrup, or the aroma of chocolate, the sensory experience fuels consumption. The book covers the impact of olfaction, gustation, retronasal olfaction, vision, vestibular function, hearing, and somatosensory and tactile nature on nutrition. It also discusses the use of the sensory system to treat nutritional disorders including obesity. Special attention is given to the mechanisms surrounding smell and taste and how they can influence satiety and weight. This book is a fascinating read for anyone looking for deeper understanding of the link between the sensory system and nutrition.

Formulation Engineering of Foods

Author: Jennifer E. Norton,Peter Fryer,Ian T. Norton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118597680

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 3944

Formulation Engineering of Foods provides an in-depth look at formulation engineering approaches to food processing and product development of healthier, higher-performance foods. Through the use of eye-catching examples, such as low fat and low calorie chocolate, and salt reduction strategies in products like cheese and sauces, the book is at once easy to relate to and innovative. Presenting new methods and techniques for engineering food products, this book is cutting edge and as food formulation is a new method of food science, this is a timely publication in the field. All three editors are based in the University of Birmingham, base of the largest Chemical Engineering-based food research group in the UK, incorporating research into structured foods, flavour delivery and food hygiene. Research in food processing is carried out in partnership with key companies such as Nestlé, Unilever and Cadbury, as well as through funding from research councils and DEFRA. Joint research and collaboration has been carried out with Food Science departments at Nottingham, Leeds and Reading.

The Taste for Ethics

An Ethic of Food Consumption

Author: Christian Coff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402045530

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 9352

The field of ethics must be extended to cover responsibility for the production and choice of foodstuffs. This book shows how the focus of ethics can be expanded from its concern for the good life with and for others to cover the good life in fair food production practices.

Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer

A Global Perspective

Author: N.A

Publisher: Amer Inst for Cancer Research

ISBN: N.A

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 517

View: 6961

The Second Expert Report, Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective offers the most up-to-date recommendations for individuals and populations. They are based on the conclusions of an expert panel that certain foods, drinks and lifestyle choices protect against or lead to the development of one or more types of cancer. Additionally, the report explains how the panel reached its conclusions and what those conclusions mean to researchers, educators, practitioners and policymakers around the world. It is the largest report of its kind ever done, covering 60 exposures in relationship to 17 cancer sites. 7,000 individual studies were consulted. Book includes a CD containing the most complete bibliography and presentation of the data ever compiled.

Bioactive Proteins and Peptides as Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Author: Yoshinori Mine,Eunice Li-Chan,Bo Jiang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470961742

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 436

View: 9784

Bioactive Proteins and Peptides as Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals highlights recent developments of nutraceutical proteins and peptides for the promotion of human health. The book considers fundamental concepts and structure-activity relations for the major classes of nutraceutical proteins and peptides. Coverage includes functional proteins and peptides from numerous sources including: soy, Pacific hake, bovine muscle, peas, wheat, fermented milk, eggs, casein, fish collagen, bovine lactoferrin, and rice. The international panel of experts from industry and academia also reviews current applications and future opportunities within the nutraceutical proteins and peptides sector.

Frontiers in Eating and Weight Regulation

Author: Wolfgang Langhans,Nori Geary

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805593007

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 8265

The development of effective preventive and therapeutic measures to control eating and body weight involves basic physiology as well as cognitive and social psychology. The potential of molecular genetics to illuminate brain-behavior relationships became apparent with the discovery of the leptin gene in 1994. At present, molecular methodologies are being integrated with other physiological approaches, resulting in a number of options from which effective therapeutic strategies may evolve. This book highlights this exciting juncture: Fifteen leading experts present brief descriptions of some of the latest developments of the physiology of eating and weight regulation, ranging from endocrine and neural controls to genetics and functional brain imaging. These Frontier chapters are preceded by a general overview that provides requisite background on the physiology of eating as well as a conceptual framework for the Frontier chapters.Due to its special nature, this book will be of great interest to students at a variety of levels, to basic researchers already in the area or new to it, and to researchers and clinicians interested in translational issues.