First Ecology

Ecological Principles and Environmental Issues

Author: Alan Beeby,Anne-Maria Brennan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199298082

Category: Nature

Page: 403

View: 7311

How much do we know about the living world? Enough to predict its future? First Ecology: ecological principles and environmental issues provides a critical and evaluative introduction to the science of ecology. Alan Beeby and Anne-Maria Brennan present a succinct survey of ecology, describing and explaining the relationship between living organisms and their environment. The third edition of this popular book continues to introduce ecology from a human perspective. This view of humanity as part of the ecology of the planet makes the fundamental relevance of ecology to all life science students apparent throughout. First Ecology develops in sequence the core themes in ecology at each level of organisation - subcellular, population, ecosystem, landscape and planetary. Understanding this hierarchy - and the interplay between these levels - is crucial to the environmental decisions our species faces at the start of the twenty-first century. First Ecology is the ideal primer for you to develop this understanding. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre features the following materials: For lecturers (password protected): · A virtual field course comprising a series of basic exercises using real data helps students prepare for, and gain more from, their time in the field · Figures from the book, available to download to facilitate lecture preparation · PowerPoint slides introducing key concepts, supported with integrated figures from the book, help to save time in preparing and planning lectures · Routes help students follow and understand various themes and connections throughout the book and offer schemes for independent study · Answers to exercises provided in the book For students: · Hyperlinks to the primary literature cited in the book to facilitate access to original research papers · Routes map out how key themes are developed throughout the book . Web link library of all the URLs included in the book, together with additional web links on specific topics

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 008091456X

Category: Science

Page: 3120

View: 7025

The groundbreaking Encyclopedia of Ecology provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the complete field of ecology, from general to applied. It includes over 500 detailed entries, structured to provide the user with complete coverage of the core knowledge, accessed as intuitively as possible, and heavily cross-referenced. Written by an international team of leading experts, this revolutionary encyclopedia will serve as a one-stop-shop to concise, stand-alone articles to be used as a point of entry for undergraduate students, or as a tool for active researchers looking for the latest information in the field. Entries cover a range of topics, including: Behavioral Ecology Ecological Processes Ecological Modeling Ecological Engineering Ecological Indicators Ecological Informatics Ecosystems Ecotoxicology Evolutionary Ecology General Ecology Global Ecology Human Ecology System Ecology The first reference work to cover all aspects of ecology, from basic to applied Over 500 concise, stand-alone articles are written by prominent leaders in the field Article text is supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Fully indexed and cross referenced with detailed references for further study Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert Available electronically on ScienceDirect shortly upon publication

Ecology and Society

An Introduction

Author: Luke Martell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745667724

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4245

This book introduces green ideas to students of the social sciences, showing how society affects and is affected by nature and assessing the future of the green movement.

An Introduction to Ecological Economics

Author: Robert Costanza,John H Cumberland,Herman Daly,Robert Goodland,Richard B Norgaard

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420048353

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6087

Ecological economics is a way of rethinking the relationship between humans and the environment and working out the implications of how we manage our lives and the planet. An Introduction to Ecological Economics offers a starting point for undergraduate and graduate students and environmental professionals interested in this transdisciplinary field. Beginning in Section 1 with a description of some current problems in society and their underlying causes, Section 2 then takes a historical perspective to explain how world views regarding economics and ecology have evolved. Section 3 presents the fundamental principles of ecological economics, and Part 4 outlines and discusses a set of policies for creating a sustainable society as well as instruments that could be used to implement those policies. A conclusions section summarizes the main points of the book and proposes prospects for the future. Let An Introduction to Ecological Economics introduce you to important issues affecting our ecology, our economy, our world.

Ecology of Arctic Environments

13th Special Symposium of the British Ecological Society

Author: Sarah J. Woodin,Mick Marquiss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521839983

Category: Nature

Page: 294

View: 6305

Leading ecologists discuss the issues currently affecting the Arctic's environment in this important review. Early chapters provide a background to the soils and periglacial processes of the Arctic, and to the role of microbial and plant communities in ecosystem function. The following chapters consider the relationship between individual arctic species and their environment, particularly in the context of climate, whilst a further chapter draws together terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The book concludes with chapters concentrating on man's impacts on the arctic environment.

Policy for Land

Law and Ethics

Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell,Kristin Sharon Shrader-Frechette

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847677795

Category: Nature

Page: 332

View: 6613

Because God Said 'You Are Very Special' was stirred in Karen's heart after hearing her son-in-law's first sermon as pastor. Jason spoke on creation and Karen felt burdened to share with all children how powerful GOD'S Word is; when GOD spoke, life began. Karen went home that afternoon and began to write from Genesis 1 and Psalm 139. She wrote BECAUSE GOD SAID 'You Are Very Special' with every child's heart in mind. Children need to know they are created and have purpose. They are valued and loved by a personal, yet powerful God. Come join a mother and her son as they discover God's creation. Every child will delight in the colorful illustrations and searching for 'Froggy McButterpants'. This little green frog wants to be a part of this incredible adventure just as much as your little one will.

A Political Ecology of Youth and Crime

Author: A. France,D. Bottrell,D. Armstrong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291486

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 4294

This book explores young people's 'nested' and 'political' ecological relationships with crime through an empirical investigation of the important 'places' and 'spaces' in young people's lives; in their social relationships with peers and family members; and within formal institutional systems such as education, youth justice and social care.

Ecology of Fresh Waters, A View for the Twenty-First Century

Biology, Ecology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467200654

Category: Education

Page: 58

View: 5610

Facts101 is your complete guide to Ecology of Fresh Waters, A View for the Twenty-First Century. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Roots of Ecology

Antiquity to Haeckel

Author: Frank N. Egerton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520953630

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 2696

Ecology is the centerpiece of many of the most important decisions that face humanity. Roots of Ecology documents the deep ancestry of this now enormously important science from the early ideas of Herodotos, Plato, and Pliny, up through those of Linnaeus and Darwin, to those that inspired Ernst Haeckel's mid-nineteenth-century neologism ecology. Based on a long-running series of regularly published columns, this important work gathers a vast literature illustrating the development of ecological and environmental concepts, ideas, and creative thought that has led to our modern view of ecology. Roots of Ecology should be on every ecologist's shelf.

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

The Legacy of Charles Elton

Author: David M. Richardson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444330004

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 8736

Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

Applied Population and Community Ecology

The Case of Feral Pigs in Australia

Author: Jim Hone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118329708

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 4724

Part of the Zoological Society of London's Conservation Science and Practice Series, Applied Population and Community Ecology evaluates theory in population and community ecology using a case study of feral pigs, birds and plants in the high country of south-eastern Australia. In sequence, the book reviews the relevant theory and uses long-term research over a quarter of a century on the population ecology of feral pigs and then community ecology of birds and plants, to evaluate the theory. The book brings together into one volume, research results of many observational, experimental and modelling studies and directly compares them with those from related studies around the world. The implications of the results for future wildlife management are also discussed. Intended readers are ecologists, graduate students in ecology and wildlife management and conservation and pest managers.

Greening the North

A Post-Industial Blueprint for Ecology and Equity

Author: Wolfgang Sachs,Reinhard Loske,Manfred Linz

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781856495080

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 6580

This text presents an analysis and proposals for managing the transition to environmental sustainability in industrial countries. The concept of "environmental space" and its development of indicators for measuring an economy's national and global impact give the text potential political impact.

The German Greens

Paradox Between Movement and Party

Author: Margit Mayer,John Ely

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566395168

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 5061

The Greens have been not only a political force and social conscience for Germany before reunification and after but also an inspiration to political groups and movements in many other countries. The Greens have raised the issues of ecology, gender, and grassroots democracy in protest against government. They have also had the rare opportunity to try converting themselves into a political party that works within the system. This is a book about their paradoxical situation and about the dilemmas all advocates of change face when they become powerful enough to negotiate with the status quo. The critical essays by German social scientists and activists also provide a detailed picture of the dynamics of the German Greens—where their support has come from, The nature of the competing factions, And The place of feminism. The editors provide a substantial introduction. The flavor and texture of the Greens—including their raucous public arguments and their innovative campaign tactics—are suggested by the political posters included in the book and by a whole section of primary documents. The documents And The essays (except for one originally written in English) have been translated from German. The result is to make available to English-speaking readers a view of a complex movement whose very name and color have become synonymous with social action in favor of the environment And The empowerment of people. Author note:Margit Mayeris Professor of Politics at the Free University of Berlin. She has also taught at the New School for Social Research And The University of California, Santa Cruz.John Elyis a long-time commentator on social movements in Germany.

Population Ecology

First Principles

Author: John H. Vandermeer,Deborah Esther Goldberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691114415

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 5183

How can the future number of deer, agricultural pests, or cod be calculated based on the present number of individuals and their age distribution? How long will it take for a viral outbreak in a particular city to reach another city five hundred miles away? In addressing such basic questions, ecologists today are as likely to turn to complicated differential equations as to life histories--a dramatic change from thirty years ago. Population ecology is the mathematical backbone of ecology. Here, two leading experts provide the underlying quantitative concepts that all modern-day ecologists need. John Vandermeer and Deborah Goldberg show that populations are more than simply collections of individuals. Complex variables such as the size distribution of individuals and allotted territory for expanding groups come into play when mathematical models are applied. The authors build these models from the ground up, from first principles, using a much broader range of empirical examples--from plants to animals, from viruses to humans--than do standard texts. And they address several complicating issues such as age-structured populations, spatially distributed populations, and metapopulations. Beginning with a review of elementary principles, the book goes on to consider theoretical issues involving life histories, complications in the application of the core principles, statistical descriptions of spatial aggregation of individuals and populations as well as population dynamic models incorporating spatial information, and introductions to two-species interactions. Complemented by superb illustrations that further clarify the links between the mathematical models and biology, Population Ecology is the most straightforward and authoritative overview of the field to date. It will have broad appeal among undergraduates, graduate students, and practicing ecologists.

Earth Days

Ecology Comes of Age as a Science

Author: William Dritschilo

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595338208

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 4197

Earth Days details the events of the revolution in ecology initiated by the publication of Silent Spring from the perspective of someone involved in its events. It is a book having to do with ideas and the people who held them. Earth Days starts with Rachel Carson and the other writers and scientists whose words caught the attention of the public on Earth Day. It tells about the Odum brothers from the corn pone South, champions of the ecosystem idea, Robert MacArthur, the "James Dean" of ecology, and Jared Diamond, who tried to be his successor and in the effort set off a war in ecology. It tells about Dan Simberloff, who rebelled against the science inspired by his own mentors in that war. It tells about Paul Ehrlich and David Pimentel, for whom no environmental issue was beyond their expertise. It also tells about Gene Likens, who looked and acted more like an insurance salesman, yet found a way through the swirling controversies in his science to put it to good practical use. There are, of course, many others, each trying to find their own personal way in the broad, important science that is ecology. Earth Days details that revolution from the perspective of someone involved in its events. It also gives the reader the necessary background to follow the most technical material. Difficult material becomes easy, lively reading. -Howard V. Cornell (University of Delaware): "Fantastic! It kept me up all night. I couldn't put it down." -Nicholas Gotelli (University of Vermont): "It is very lively and fun to read." -Daniel Simberloff (University of Tennessee): " an excellent and engaging writer appears to be a really major and interesting book." -David Pimentel (Cornell University): " fantastic job of writing to capture the views of numerous ecologists!" -Gene Likens (New York Botanical Garden): "I learned some things about myself."

Systematic Intervention with Disturbed Children

Author: Marvin J. Fine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401163294

Category: Medical

Page: 275

View: 1894

Disturbed children constitute a sizeable and varied percentage of the child population. Generally, two to three percent have severe, longstanding problems and 20 to 30 percent have current, more transient problems. While preventive efforts are needed, it also seems obvious that many children will continue to function in a disturbed and disturbing fashion and will continue to require vari ous kinds of therapeutic interventions. These interventions will mainly occur in school and community settings. This book attempts to present a picture of some fairly popular models of intervention and to consider important related issues. There are probably as many ways of coping with disturbed children as there are creative, caring persons attempting to do the coping. A growing literature exists on ways of conceptual izing and intervening with such children. It was believed by the editor that an organized body of information on these concepts and techniques would prove useful to student and practitioner. A danger with such collections is that if they mainly portray novel or atypi cal techniques, while informative, the book quickly becomes passe and of li mited value. This book's focus is on contemporary thought, but also on orien tations that have stood the test of some time and the stability of the under lying theory.

Industrial Ecology and Spaces of Innovation

Author: K. Green

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847202950

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 6989

This is an especially timely book. Carefully organized and well motivated, its power lies in the explicit effort to ask how industrial ecology and innovation studies do, can and should intersect. Reid Lifset, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and editor, Journal of Industrial Ecology This book explores the disciplinary interfaces and practical implications of working across the two disciplines of industrial ecology (IE) and innovation studies (IS). Both disciplines have something to say about instigating environmental improvement and more sustainable futures. IE is predicated on the idea that social and economic systems mirror, or should be made to mirror, natural ecological systems. Proponents of IE devise models and techniques to trace material and energy resource flows as they move through social and economic systems. They propose policy and management improvements to increase the resource efficiency of such systems. By contrast, IS researchers work with the idea that innovation is a dynamic activity, vital to social and economic change and is shaped by a range of actors in industry, in government and in households. The authors illustrate the conceptual and practical problems and opportunities of working across this bi-disciplinary interface, with case studies presented from each and from hybrid perspectives that draw on both. These include applied examples from IE such as an evaluation of industrial symbiosis in the UK and from working projects in industrialising countries. Cases that originate with IS cover the areas of food, construction and waste incineration. New directions for conceptual development and further research are also offered. Conceptual blindspots and research gaps are identified at the interface of the two disciplines. Industrial Ecology and Spaces of Innovation will appeal to a wide and interdisciplinary audience including academics and researchers of environmental innovation, management and economics, industrial ecology and schools of environmental engineering. Business environmental practitioners, consultants and managers working with techniques such as life-cycle analysis, environmental impact assessment and collaborative industrial symbiosis initiatives will also find much to engage them within this book.

The Ecology and Silviculture of Oaks

Author: Paul S. Johnson,Stephen R. Shifley,Robert Rogers

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 184593475X

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 4396

The management of oak forests is essential to the ecosystems of many countries, and current trends in managing forests are based on sustaining desired ecosystems, rather than timber and other commodity outputs. By considering oak forests as responsive ecosystems, this updated new edition draws on the authors' extensive experience in order to examine topics essential to understanding the unique characteristics of oaks and oak forests, covering distribution, ecology and population dynamics, and silvicultural practices for multi-resource management such as creating and sustaining oak savannas, and increasing and measuring acorn production. With new information on carbon sequestration, biofuel production, impacts of climate change, and sudden oak death - a serious and newly discovered pathogen - the book will be essential reading for ecologists, silviculturists, environmentalists, wildlife managers and students in these disciplines.

Methods in Stream Ecology

Author: F. Richard Hauer,Gary A. Lamberti

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080547435

Category: Science

Page: 896

View: 5383

Methods in Stream Ecology, Second Edition, provides a complete series of field and laboratory protocols in stream ecology that are ideal for teaching or conducting research. This updated edition reflects recent advances in the technology associated with ecological assessment of streams, including remote sensing. In addition, the relationship between stream flow and alluviation has been added, and a new chapter on riparian zones is also included. The book features exercises in each chapter; detailed instructions, illustrations, formulae, and data sheets for in-field research for students; and taxanomic keys to common stream invertebrates and algae. With a student-friendly price, this book is key for all students and researchers in stream and freshwater ecology, freshwater biology, marine ecology, and river ecology. This text is also supportive as a supplementary text for courses in watershed ecology/science, hydrology, fluvial geomorphology, and landscape ecology. Exercises in each chapter Detailed instructions, illustrations, formulae, and data sheets for in-field research for students Taxanomic keys to common stream invertebrates and algae Link from Chapter 22: FISH COMMUNITY COMPOSITION to an interactive program for assessing and modeling fish numbers