Fatal Invention

How Science, Politics, and Big Business Re-create Race in the Twenty-first Century

Author: Dorothy Roberts

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595584951

Category: Genomics

Page: 388

View: 1757

A decade after the Human Genome Project proved that human beings are not naturally divided by race, the emerging fields of personalized medicine, reproductive technologies, genetic genealogy, and DNA databanks are attempting to resuscitate race as a biological category written in our genes. In this provocative analysis, leading legal scholar and social critic Dorothy Roberts argues that America is once again at the brink of a virulent outbreak of classifying population by race. By searching for differences at the molecular level, a new race-based science is obscuring racism in our society and legitimizing state brutality against communities of color at a time when America claims to be post-racial. Moving from an account of the evolution of race--proving that it has always been a mutable and socially defined political division supported by mainstream science--Roberts delves deep into the current debates, interrogating the newest science and biotechnology, interviewing its researchers, and exposing the political consequences obscured by the focus on genetic difference. Fatal Invention is a provocative call for us to affirm our common humanity.

Fatal Invention

How Science, Politics, and Big Business Re-Create Race in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Dorothy Roberts

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781595588340

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 1971

Explores the ways science, politics, and large corporations affect race in the twenty-first century, discussing the efforts and results of the Human Genome Project, and describing how technology-driven science researchers are developing a genetic definition of race.

Decoding Racial Ideology in Genomics

Author: Johnny E. Williams

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739148974

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 3758

Although the human genome exists apart from society, genomicists’ thinking is informed by their inability to escape the wake of the “race” concept. The book reveals that genomicists’ preoccupation with race—regardless of good or ill intent—contributes to its perception as a category of differences that is scientifically rigorous.

Biopolitik

Author: Wolfgang van den Daele

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 332280772X

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 7718

Biopolitik reagiert auf Grenzüberschreitungen. Sie reagiert darauf, dass Randbedingungen der menschlichen Natur, die bisher fraglos galten, technisch verfügbar werden. Und sie reagiert darauf, dass kulturell verankerte Deutungen des Menschen durch konkurrierende wissenschaftliche Konzepte in Frage gestellt werden. Das Ergebnis sind moralische Kontroversen und Regulierungsdebatten, in denen es im Kern um die alte Frage geht, ob wir dürfen, was wir können. Sollen die neuen Optionen, die sich für den technischen Umgang mit dem Menschen bieten, freigegeben werden? Oder sollen an die Stelle der faktischen Grenzen des Könnens nun die Grenzen des moralischen und rechtlichen Dürfens treten? Die Analysen in diesem Band zielen auf diese Konfliktarena und fragen nach dem möglichen Beitrag soziologischer Aufklärung zu den dort verhandelten Fragen.

Reproductive Tourism in the United States

Creating Family in the Mother Country

Author: Lauren Jade Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317610156

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 4707

This book examines the United States as a destination for international consumers of assisted fertility services, including egg donation, surrogacy, and sex selection. Based on interviews conducted with fertility industry insiders who market their services to an international clientele in three of the largest American hubs of the global fertility marketplace - New York City, Los Angeles, and San Francisco - and focusing on the providers rather than the consumers of assisted fertility services, the book shines a light on how professional ethics and norms, in addition to personal moralities, shape the practice of reproductive tourism.

Antiblack Racism and the AIDS Epidemic

State Intimacies

Author: A. Geary

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137438037

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 9390

Anti-Black Racism and the AIDS Epidemic: State Intimacies argues that racial disparities in HIV rates reflect the organization of racialized poverty and structural violence. Challenging the popular perception of HIV, black vulnerability to HIV in the US is shown to be created by the violent intimacy of the state.

Habeas Viscus

Racializing Assemblages, Biopolitics, and Black Feminist Theories of the Human

Author: Alexander G. Weheliye

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822376490

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9846

Habeas Viscus focuses attention on the centrality of race to notions of the human. Alexander G. Weheliye develops a theory of "racializing assemblages," taking race as a set of sociopolitical processes that discipline humanity into full humans, not-quite-humans, and nonhumans. This disciplining, while not biological per se, frequently depends on anchoring political hierarchies in human flesh. The work of the black feminist scholars Hortense Spillers and Sylvia Wynter is vital to Weheliye's argument. Particularly significant are their contributions to the intellectual project of black studies vis-à-vis racialization and the category of the human in western modernity. Wynter and Spillers configure black studies as an endeavor to disrupt the governing conception of humanity as synonymous with white, western man. Weheliye posits black feminist theories of modern humanity as useful correctives to the "bare life and biopolitics discourse" exemplified by the works of Giorgio Agamben and Michel Foucault, which, Weheliye contends, vastly underestimate the conceptual and political significance of race in constructions of the human. Habeas Viscus reveals the pressing need to make the insights of black studies and black feminism foundational to the study of modern humanity.

Me Medicine vs. We Medicine

Reclaiming Biotechnology for the Common Good

Author: Donna Dickenson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231534418

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 8430

Personalized healthcare—or what the award-winning author Donna Dickenson calls "Me Medicine"—is radically transforming our longstanding "one-size-fits-all" model. Technologies such as direct-to-consumer genetic testing, pharmacogenetically developed therapies in cancer care, private umbilical cord blood banking, and neurocognitive enhancement claim to cater to an individual's specific biological character, and, in some cases, these technologies have shown powerful potential. Yet in others they have produced negligible or even negative results. Whatever is behind the rise of Me Medicine, it isn't just science. So why is Me Medicine rapidly edging out We Medicine, and how has our commitment to our collective health suffered as a result? In her cogent, provocative analysis, Dickenson examines the economic and political factors fueling the Me Medicine phenomenon and explores how, over time, this paradigm shift in how we approach our health might damage our individual and collective well-being. Historically, the measures of "We Medicine," such as vaccination and investment in public-health infrastructure, have radically extended our life spans, and Dickenson argues we've lost sight of that truth in our enthusiasm for "Me Medicine." Dickenson explores how personalized medicine illustrates capitalism's protean capacity for creating new products and markets where none existed before—and how this, rather than scientific plausibility, goes a long way toward explaining private umbilical cord blood banks and retail genetics. Drawing on the latest findings from leading scientists, social scientists, and political analysts, she critically examines four possible hypotheses driving our Me Medicine moment: a growing sense of threat; a wave of patient narcissism; corporate interests driving new niche markets; and the dominance of personal choice as a cultural value. She concludes with insights from political theory that emphasize a conception of the commons and the steps we can take to restore its value to modern biotechnology.

Genpool

Biopolitik und Körper-Utopien

Author: Theo Steiner,Steirischer Herbst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783851655537

Category: Biotechnology

Page: 399

View: 3061


Menschheit 2.0

Die Singularität naht

Author: Ray Kurzweil

Publisher: Lola Books

ISBN: 3944203135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 4167

Das Jahr 2045 markiert einen historischen Meilenstein: Es ist das Jahr, in dem der Mensch seine biologischen Begrenzungen mithilfe der Technik überwinden wird. Diese als technologische Singularität bekannt gewordene Revolution wird die Menschheit für immer verändern. Googles Chefingenieur Ray Kurzweil, dessen wahnwitzigen Visionen in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten immer wieder genau ins Schwarze trafen, zeichnet in diesem Klassiker des Transhumanismus mit beispielloser Detailwut eine bunt schillernde Momentaufnahme der technischen Evolution und legt dar, weshalb diese so bald kein Ende finden, sondern im Gegenteil immer weiter an Dynamik gewinnen wird. Daraus ergibt sich eine ebenso faszinierende wie schockierende Vision für die Zukunft der Menschheit.

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 1562

Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

Der Rassenkampf

Sociologische untersuchungen

Author: Ludwig Gumplowicz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 7544