Factions and Finance in China

Elite Conflict and Inflation

Author: Victor C. Shih

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521106474

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 8635

How does the Chinese banking sector really work? Nearly all financial institutions in China are managed by members of the Communist Party, yet economists and even those who engage the Chinese banking sector simply do not have a framework with which to analyze the links between banking and politics. Drawing from interviews, statistical analysis, and archival research, this book is the first to develop a framework with which to analyze how elite politics impact both monetary and banking policies. This book serves as an important reference point for all subsequent work on Chinese banking.

Politics in China

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199384835

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 2790

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

State-Led Privatization in China

The Politics of Economic Reform

Author: Jin Zeng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134464967

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 6570

Large-scale privatization did not emerge spontaneously in China in the late 1990s. Rather, the Chinese state led and carefully “planned” ownership transformation with timetables and measurable privatization quotas, not for the purpose of extracting the state from the economy, but in order to strengthen the rule of the Party. While it is widely believed that authoritarian regimes are better suited than democracies to carry out economic reform, this book provides a more nuanced understanding of reform in China, demonstrating that the Chinese state’s capacity to impose unpopular reform is contingent on its control over local state agents and its adaptability to societal demands. Building on rich fieldwork data gathered in three Chinese cities (Shenyang, Shanghai, and Xiamen), this book offers the first comparative study of China’s privatization processes at the local level. Instead of focusing solely on political elites, Jin Zeng adopts a multi-level interaction approach to examine how the complex interplay of the central leadership, grassroots officials, and state-owned enterprise managers and workers shaped the contour of privatization in China.The book advances three central arguments. First, local economic structure and cadre evaluation system mediated local officials’ incentives to initiate privatization. Second, local officials relied on mobilization campaigns and various appeasement measures to implement privatization. Finally, the dynamics of privatization were fundamentally driven by the central government’s reactions to social opposition and by the subsequent responses of local officials to the changed political-regulatory environment. As a detailed analysis of the dual transformation of the property regime and state–society relations in China, this book will be invaluable to students and scholars of Chinese politics, economic reform, as well as those interested in comparative political economy and economic development more broadly.

The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

The Rhetoric of Reform and Regulation

Author: Wyn Grant,Graham K. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199641986

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 7860

Systematically exploring the consequences of the global financial crisis, this text focuses primarily on the impact on policy and politics. It asks how governments responded to the challenges that the crisis has posed, and the policy and political impact of the combination of both the crisis itself and these responses.

The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 5508

Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism" (VOC) and "comparative business systems" fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 31 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.

Constructing China's Capitalism

Shanghai and the Nexus of Urban-Rural Industries

Author: D. Buck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137074078

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 8287

By investigating the nexus of relationships between urban and rural factories in the Shanghai region of China, this book shines light on an overlooked part of China's massive industrial growth since the 1980s.

Why Communism Did Not Collapse

Understanding Authoritarian Regime Resilience in Asia and Europe

Author: Martin K. Dimitrov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107276799

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9258

This volume brings together a distinguished group of scholars working to address the puzzling durability of communist autocracies in Eastern Europe and Asia, which are the longest-lasting type of non-democratic regime to emerge after World War I. The volume conceptualizes the communist universe as consisting of the ten regimes in Eastern Europe and Mongolia that eventually collapsed in 1989–91, and the five regimes that survived the fall of the Berlin Wall: China, Vietnam, Laos, North Korea and Cuba. The essays offer a theoretical argument that emphasizes the importance of institutional adaptations as a foundation of communist resilience. In particular, the contributors focus on four adaptations: of the economy, of ideology, of the mechanisms for inclusion of potential rivals, and of the institutions of vertical and horizontal accountability. The volume argues that when regimes are no longer able to implement adaptive change, contingent leadership choices and contagion dynamics make collapse more likely.

Living with the Dragon

How the American Public Views the Rise of China

Author: Benjamin I Page,Tao Xie

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525494

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 8148

It is widely believed that most Americans not only distrust but also despise China. Considering the country's violent political history, unprecedented economic rise, and growing military capabilities, China has become America's strongest market competitor and arguably the most challenging global threat to the United States. Nevertheless, a full consideration of American opinion proves the opposite to be true. Carefully analyzing all available polls and surveys, Benjamin I. Page and Tao Xie find most Americans favor peaceful engagement with China. The public view has been surprisingly coherent and consistent, changing only in response to major events and new information. While a majority of Americans are not happy that China's economy is projected to become as large as that of the United States, they are prepared to live with it. "Unfair" Chinese trade practices and their impact on American jobs and wages are a concern, along with the quality and safety of Chinese-made goods. However, Americans favor free trade with China, provided it is tempered with environmental and workplace protections. They also believe that the United States should "balance" Chinese power through alliances with neighboring countries, such as Japan. Yet they oppose military action to defend Taiwan. Page and Xie examine these opinions in relation to facts about China and in light of current U.S. debates on diplomacy and policy.

The China Development Model

Between the State and the Market

Author: Dominique de Rambures

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137465492

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 8652

Over the last thirty years, China has been reforming its economy at breakneck speed. However a surge in nationalism is threatening China's relations with its neighbours and its rise to regional leadership. This book addresses a wide range of factors influencing the development of China's model and its influence on the rest of the world.

The Political Economy of State-owned Enterprises in China and India

Author: X. Yi-chong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271655

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 4507

Focused on unique features of economic development, this edited volume examines the nature and structure of corporate governance of several key state-owned enterprises in China and public sector units in India in five strategic sectors: oil and natural gas, steel, coal, electricity generation, and banking industries.

The China Problem in Postwar Japan

Japanese National Identity and Sino-Japanese Relations

Author: Robert Hoppens

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472575474

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6576

The 1970s were a period of dramatic change in relations between Japan and the People's Republic of China (PRC). The two countries established diplomatic relations for the first time, forged close economic ties and reached political agreements that still guide and constrain relations today. This book delivers a history of this foundational period in Sino-Japanese relations. It presents an up-to-date diplomatic history of the relationship but also goes beyond this to argue that Japan's relations with China must be understood in the context of a larger "China problem†? that was inseparable from a domestic contest to define Japanese national identity. The China Problem in Postwar Japan challenges some common assertions or assumptions about the role of Japanese national identity in postwar Sino-Japanese relations, showing how the history of Japanese relations with China in the 1970s is shaped by the strength of Japanese national identity, not its weakness.

The Cultural Revolution

Years of Chaos in China

Author: Andrew Langley

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 0756534836

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 4877

Describes the ten-year period of the Cultural Revolution when strict Maoists and the Red Guard gained political control of China and many urban dwellers were forced into the countryside.

War and Nationalism in China: 1925-1945

Author: Hans van de Ven

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134759258

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 7693

In 1937, the Nationalists under Chiang Kaishek were leading the Chinese war effort against Japan and were lauded in the West for their efforts to transform China into an independent and modern nation; yet this image was quickly tarnished. The Nationalists were soon denounced as militarily incompetent, corrupt, and antidemocratic and Chiang Kaishek, the same. In this book, van de Ven investigates the myths and truths of Nationalist resistance including issues such as: the role of the US in East Asia during the Second World War the achievements of Chiang Kaishek as Nationalist leader the respective contributions of the Nationalists and the Communists to the defeat of Japan the consequences of the Europe First strategy for Asia. War and Nationalism in China offers a major new interpretation of the Chinese Nationalists, placing their war of resistance against Japan in the context of their prolonged efforts to establish control over their own country and providing a critical reassessment of Allied Warfare in the region. This groundbreaking volume will interest students and researchers of Chinese History and Warfare.

China

Author: Diana Grant,Stanlee Brimberg

Publisher: Scholastic Inc.

ISBN: 9780590769877

Category: Education

Page: 96

View: 9937

A complete resource filled with background Information, primary sources, hands-on activities, art projects, maps, reproducibles, and much more, this comprehensive curriculum unit, written by teachers from the acclaimed Bank Street School for Children, is packed with activities that cover Chinese history, geography, philosophy, language, religion, and art. Projects include Designing a Dynasty Chart, Exploring China by Sampan Boat, and Painting Scroll Landscapes. Grades 4-8.

Wohlstand ohne Wachstum

Leben und Wirtschaften in einer endlichen Welt

Author: Tim Jackson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783865814142

Category:

Page: 221

View: 1699

Unsere gesamte Wirtschaftsordnung baut auf ewigem Wachstum auf - aber nun brauchen wir einen anderen Motor, sagt Tim Jackson. In seinem Standardwerk zur Wachstumsdebatte fordert der britische Ökonom nicht weniger als eine neue Wirtschaftsordnung, die auf einem anderen Wohlstandsbegriff beruht.

Choosing China's Leaders

Author: Chien-wen Kou,Xiaowei Zang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136694447

Category: Political Science

Page: 167

View: 1056

Political elites are a key topic in contemporary China studies, and have been investigated in relation to factional politics, generation politics, technocracy, and crucially, institutionalization. The institutionalization of elite replacement began in China in the 1980s and quickly accelerated after the early 1990s, as mechanisms emerged to regulate political elites’ entry and exit, including age limits, term limits, and step-by-step promotion. By examining the various processes of elite selection, this book explores the role played by institutionalization in elite recruitment, promotion and turnover in China. While existing studies have developed our understanding of Chinese elite politics, two key puzzles regarding institutionalisation remain. Although institutionalisation is recognised as an important trend in Chinese politics, there is as yet no theoretical framework to explain the forces that have brought about and sustained this. Further, it is unclear how the process of institutionalisation has impacted on factional politics, and how factions would continue to operate within the parameters of formal politics. Drawing on a wide range of studies, this book looks at Politburo members, senior People’s Liberation Army officers, provincial leaders, heads of major central state-owned enterprises, and Youth League affiliates, to provide a comprehensive understanding of elite recruitment and mobility in contemporary China. This book will be of great interests to students and scholars of Chinese politics and government, Chinese studies and Asian politics more broadly.

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 3700

Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

Siebzehn Widersprüche und das Ende des Kapitalismus

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843710716

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4996

WORUM GEHT ES? Gibt es seit dem Ende des Kommunismus wirklich keine echten Alternativen zum Kapitalismus? David Harvey meint: Doch! Man muss allerdings das Wesen des Kapitalismus genau verstehen, um ihn durch einen revolutionären Humanismus ersetzen zu können, in dessen Zentrum nicht das Kapital, sondern der Mensch steht. Konkret untersucht Harvey die Anhäufung von Kapital, das fatale Wachstumscredo, den spekulativen Immobilienmarkt und den Raubbau an der Natur. Er beschreibt jedoch nicht nur Krisen, sondern zeigt auch Chancen auf. Denn gerade die Widersprüche im Kapitalismus können Anfangspunkte für neue politische und kulturelle Bewegungen sein. Die utopische Kraft dafür kommt aus den Städten. WAS IST BESONDERS? Eine fundierte, realitätsnahe Kapitalismuskritik und zugleich ein Manifest des Wandels – geschrieben von einem der führenden Sozialtheoretiker der heutigen Zeit. WER LIEST? • Jeder, der die globalen Machtverhältnisse kritisch sieht • Leser von Stéphane Hessel, Michael J. Sandel, David Graeber und Thomas Piketty

Animal Spirits with Chinese Characteristics

Investment Booms and Busts in the World’s Emerging Economic Giant

Author: M. DeWeaver

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137110120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 3832

Will China eventually be able to eliminate its socialist animal spirits? Highlighting the importance of China's investment booms and busts for both the Chinese and the world economy, Animal Spirits with Chinese Characteristics describes the origins and evolution of the investment cycle during the command economy period.