Factions and Finance in China

Elite Conflict and Inflation

Author: Victor C. Shih

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521106474

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 2749

How does the Chinese banking sector really work? Nearly all financial institutions in China are managed by members of the Communist Party, yet economists and even those who engage the Chinese banking sector simply do not have a framework with which to analyze the links between banking and politics. Drawing from interviews, statistical analysis, and archival research, this book is the first to develop a framework with which to analyze how elite politics impact both monetary and banking policies. This book serves as an important reference point for all subsequent work on Chinese banking.

Chinas Kapitalismus

Entstehung, Verlauf, Paradoxien

Author: Tobias ten Brink

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359339880X

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 2658

Das chinesische Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten 30 Jahre stellt mittlerweile jeden anderen langen Aufschwung der neueren Geschichte in den Schatten. Wie konnte sich diese Entwicklung in einem Land vollziehen, in dem die uneingeschränkte Herrschaft der Kommunistischen Partei gilt? Tobias ten Brink untersucht die politische Ökonomie Chinas erstmals systematisch anhand von Erkenntnissen aus der vergleichenden und internationalen Kapitalismusforschung. Seine Analyse der Dynamiken dieses eigentümlichen Wirtschaftstyps zeigt zudem, dass der chinesische Kapitalismus eine paradoxale Entwicklung durchläuft, die den Aufstieg Chinas zur Weltmacht beeinträchtigen könnte.

Politics in China

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199384835

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 6185

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

The China Development Model

Between the State and the Market

Author: Dominique de Rambures

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137465492

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 5017

Over the last thirty years, China has been reforming its economy at breakneck speed. However a surge in nationalism is threatening China's relations with its neighbours and its rise to regional leadership. This book addresses a wide range of factors influencing the development of China's model and its influence on the rest of the world.

China and Global Trade Governance

China's First Decade in the World Trade Organization

Author: Ka Zeng,Wei Liang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136161813

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

View: 3130

China's historic accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in November 2001 not only represents an important milestone in the country’s transition to a market economy and integration into the global economy, but is also among the most important events in the history of the WTO and the multilateral trading system. China and Global Trade Governance: China's First Decade in the World Trade Organization provides us with some fresh empirical data to assess the country’s behaviour in the liberal international economic regime. Such an assessment is both timely and necessary as it can help us better understand China’s role in the evolving structure of global economic governance, in addition to shedding light on the broader debate about the implications of the rise of China for the international system. Through a thorough examination of China’s WTO compliance record and its experience in multilateral trade negotiations, this book seeks to better understand the sources of constraints on China’s behaviour in the multilateral trade institution as well as the country’s influence on the efficacy of the World Trade Organization. In doing so, this project speaks directly to the following questions raised by China’s unprecedented ascent in the international system: Is China a rule maker, rule follower, or rule breaker in international regimes? Is Beijing a responsible stakeholder capable of making positive contributions to global trade governance in the long-term?

The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

The Rhetoric of Reform and Regulation

Author: Wyn Grant,Graham K. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199641986

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 314

Systematically exploring the consequences of the global financial crisis, this text focuses primarily on the impact on policy and politics. It asks how governments responded to the challenges that the crisis has posed, and the policy and political impact of the combination of both the crisis itself and these responses.

The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 3607

Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism " (VOC) and "comparative business systems " fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 32 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.

Living with the Dragon

How the American Public Views the Rise of China

Author: Benjamin I Page,Tao Xie

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525494

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 3529

It is widely believed that most Americans not only distrust but also despise China. Considering the country's violent political history, unprecedented economic rise, and growing military capabilities, China has become America's strongest market competitor and arguably the most challenging global threat to the United States. Nevertheless, a full consideration of American opinion proves the opposite to be true. Carefully analyzing all available polls and surveys, Benjamin I. Page and Tao Xie find most Americans favor peaceful engagement with China. The public view has been surprisingly coherent and consistent, changing only in response to major events and new information. While a majority of Americans are not happy that China's economy is projected to become as large as that of the United States, they are prepared to live with it. "Unfair" Chinese trade practices and their impact on American jobs and wages are a concern, along with the quality and safety of Chinese-made goods. However, Americans favor free trade with China, provided it is tempered with environmental and workplace protections. They also believe that the United States should "balance" Chinese power through alliances with neighboring countries, such as Japan. Yet they oppose military action to defend Taiwan. Page and Xie examine these opinions in relation to facts about China and in light of current U.S. debates on diplomacy and policy.

The Political Economy of State-owned Enterprises in China and India

Author: X. Yi-chong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271655

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 1731

Focused on unique features of economic development, this edited volume examines the nature and structure of corporate governance of several key state-owned enterprises in China and public sector units in India in five strategic sectors: oil and natural gas, steel, coal, electricity generation, and banking industries.

The China Problem in Postwar Japan

Japanese National Identity and Sino-Japanese Relations

Author: Robert Hoppens

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472575474

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5912

The 1970s were a period of dramatic change in relations between Japan and the People's Republic of China (PRC). The two countries established diplomatic relations for the first time, forged close economic ties and reached political agreements that still guide and constrain relations today. This book delivers a history of this foundational period in Sino-Japanese relations. It presents an up-to-date diplomatic history of the relationship but also goes beyond this to argue that Japan's relations with China must be understood in the context of a larger "China problem†? that was inseparable from a domestic contest to define Japanese national identity. The China Problem in Postwar Japan challenges some common assertions or assumptions about the role of Japanese national identity in postwar Sino-Japanese relations, showing how the history of Japanese relations with China in the 1970s is shaped by the strength of Japanese national identity, not its weakness.

War and Nationalism in China: 1925-1945

Author: Hans van de Ven

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134759258

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 458

In 1937, the Nationalists under Chiang Kaishek were leading the Chinese war effort against Japan and were lauded in the West for their efforts to transform China into an independent and modern nation; yet this image was quickly tarnished. The Nationalists were soon denounced as militarily incompetent, corrupt, and antidemocratic and Chiang Kaishek, the same. In this book, van de Ven investigates the myths and truths of Nationalist resistance including issues such as: the role of the US in East Asia during the Second World War the achievements of Chiang Kaishek as Nationalist leader the respective contributions of the Nationalists and the Communists to the defeat of Japan the consequences of the Europe First strategy for Asia. War and Nationalism in China offers a major new interpretation of the Chinese Nationalists, placing their war of resistance against Japan in the context of their prolonged efforts to establish control over their own country and providing a critical reassessment of Allied Warfare in the region. This groundbreaking volume will interest students and researchers of Chinese History and Warfare.

Politische Systeme im Vergleich

Formale und informelle Institutionen im politischen Prozess

Author: Hans-Joachim Lauth

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110398524

Category: Political Science

Page: 520

View: 4629

der Titel umfasst eine systematische Analyse politischer Systeme auf der Grundlage eines gemeinsamen Vergleichskonzepts, das alle Beiträge strukturiert. Neben dem Einbezug von formalen und informellen Institutionen liegt ein besonderer Reiz des Bandes in seiner Prozessorientierung, die den Wandel der politischen Systeme einschließt. Beachtet werden die relevanten Akteurskonstellationen und die kulturellen Rahmenbedingungen. Der historische Rückblick beginnt nach 1945. Analysiert werden maßgeblich die letzten zwei bis drei Dekaden. Die gewonnenen Kenntnisse betreffen nicht nur die empirischen Fälle, sondern ermöglichen weiterführende Studien zu anderen Ländern anhand des vorgestellten konzeptionellen Ansatzes.

Xun Xu and the Politics of Precision in Third-Century Ad China

Author: Howard L. Goodman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900418337X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 414

View: 2595

"This biography of the court scholar Xun Xu explores central areas of intellectual life in third-century China - court lyrics, music, metrology, pitch systems, archeology, and historiography. It clarifies the relevant source texts in order to reveal fierce debates. Besides solving technical puzzles about the material details of court rites, the book unfolds factional struggles that developed into scholarly ones. Xun's opponents were major figures like Zhang Hua and Zhi Yu. Xun Xu's overall approach to antiquity and the derivation of truth made appeals to an idealized Zhou for authority. Ultimately, Xun's precision and methods cost him both reputation and court status. The events mark a turning point in which ideals were moving away from such court constructs toward a relatively more philosophical antiquarianism and towards new terms and genres of self-expression."--Publisher's description.

How East Asians View Democracy

Author: Yun-han Chu,Larry Diamond,Andrew J. Nathan,Doh Chull Shin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231517831

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 8675

East Asian democracies are in trouble, their legitimacy threatened by poor policy performance and undermined by nostalgia for the progrowth, soft-authoritarian regimes of the past. Yet citizens throughout the region value freedom, reject authoritarian alternatives, and believe in democracy. This book is the first to report the results of a large-scale survey-research project, the East Asian Barometer, in which eight research teams conducted national-sample surveys in five new democracies (Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Thailand, and Mongolia), one established democracy (Japan), and two nondemocracies (China and Hong Kong) in order to assess the prospects for democratic consolidation. The findings present a definitive account of the way in which East Asians understand their governments and their roles as citizens. Contributors use their expert local knowledge to analyze responses from a set of core questions, revealing both common patterns and national characteristics in citizens' views of democracy. They explore sources of divergence and convergence in attitudes within and across nations. The findings are sobering. Japanese citizens are disillusioned. The region's new democracies have yet to prove themselves, and citizens in authoritarian China assess their regime's democratic performance relatively favorably. The contributors to this volume contradict the claim that democratic governance is incompatible with East Asian cultures but counsel against complacency toward the fate of democracy in the region. While many forces affect democratic consolidation, popular attitudes are a crucial factor. This book shows how and why skepticism and frustration are the ruling sentiments among today's East Asians.

The Chinese State, Oil and Energy Security

Author: M. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137350555

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 6821

Monique Taylor analyses the policy rationale and institutional underpinnings of China's state-led or neomercantilist oil strategy, and its development, set against the wider context of economic transformation as the country transitions from a centrally planned to market economy.

Two Crises, Different Outcomes

East Asia And Global Finance

Author: T. J. Pempel,Keiichi Tsunekawa

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455014

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9773

Two Crises, Different Outcomes examines East Asian policy reactions to the two major crises of the last fifteen years: the global financial crisis of 2008–9 and the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98. The calamity of the late 1990s saw a massive meltdown concentrated in East Asia. In stark contrast, East Asia avoided the worst effects of the Lehman Brothers collapse, incurring relatively little damage when compared to the financial devastation unleashed on North America and Europe. Much had changed across the intervening decade, not least that China rather than Japan had become the locomotive of regional growth, and that the East Asian economies had taken numerous steps to buffer their financial structures and regulatory regimes. This time, Asia avoided disaster; it bounced back quickly after the initial hit and has been growing in a resilient fashion ever since. The authors of this book explain how the earlier financial crisis affected Asian economies, why government reactions differed so widely during that crisis, and how Asian economies weathered the Great Recession. Drawing on a mixture of single-country expertise and comparative analysis, they conclude by assessing the long-term prospects that Asian countries will continue their recent success. Contributors: Muhamad Chatib Basri, Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia and Professor of Economics at the University of Indonesia; Yun-han Chu, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica; Richard Doner, Emory University; Barry Naughton, University of California, San Diego; Yasunobu Okabe, Japan International Cooperation Agency Research Institute; T. J. Pempel, University of California, Berkeley; Tom Pepinsky, Cornell University; Keiichi Tsunekawa, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Tokyo

China

Author: Diana Grant,Stanlee Brimberg

Publisher: Scholastic Inc.

ISBN: 9780590769877

Category: Education

Page: 96

View: 739

A complete resource filled with background Information, primary sources, hands-on activities, art projects, maps, reproducibles, and much more, this comprehensive curriculum unit, written by teachers from the acclaimed Bank Street School for Children, is packed with activities that cover Chinese history, geography, philosophy, language, religion, and art. Projects include Designing a Dynasty Chart, Exploring China by Sampan Boat, and Painting Scroll Landscapes. Grades 4-8.

Animal Spirits with Chinese Characteristics

Investment Booms and Busts in the World’s Emerging Economic Giant

Author: M. DeWeaver

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137110120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 1552

Will China eventually be able to eliminate its socialist animal spirits? Highlighting the importance of China's investment booms and busts for both the Chinese and the world economy, Animal Spirits with Chinese Characteristics describes the origins and evolution of the investment cycle during the command economy period.