The Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jacqueline Akhavan

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849733309

Category: Education

Page: 193

View: 3180

A unique text which introduces difficult subjects in a readable manner, covering all aspects of explosive chemistry from history to manufacturing techniques and formulation.

Modern Methods and Applications in Analysis of Explosives

Author: Jehuda Yinon,Shmuel Zitrin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471965626

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 1725

An up-to-date handbook, with the latest advances including all the various methods and techniques for analyzing explosives. Explosive compounds and mixtures, residues--their recovery and clean-up procedures--chromatography, polarography, spectroscopy, environmental analysis and mass spectroscopy are among the topics covered.

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering

Author: Per-Anders Persson,Roger Holmberg,Jaimin Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849389788

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 8083

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering covers the practical engineering aspects of many different kinds of rock blasting. It includes a thorough analysis of the cost of the entire process of tunneling by drilling and blasting in comparison with full-face boring. Also covered are the fundamental sciences of rock mass and material strength, the thermal decomposition, burning, shock initiation, and detonation behavior of commercial and military explosives, and systems for charging explosives into drillholes. Functional descriptions of all current detonators and initiation systems are provided. The book includes chapters on flyrock, toxic fumes, the safety of explosives, and even explosives applied in metal working as a fine art. Fundamental in its approach, the text is based on the practical industrial experience of its authors. It is supported by an abundance of tables, diagrams, and figures. This combined textbook and handbook provides students, practitioners, and researchers in mining, mechanical, building construction, geological, and petroleum engineering with a source from which to gain a thorough understanding of the constructive use of explosives.

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti-Terrorism Purposes

Author: M. Krausa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402027168

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 2745

The fast detection of explosives from the vapor phase would be one way to enhance the protection of society against terrorist attacks. Up to now the problem of detection of explosives, especially the location of explosives whether at large areas e. g. station halls, theaters or hidden in cars, aircraft cargo, baggage or explosives hidden in crowds e. g. suicide bombers or bombs in bags has not been solved. Smelling of explosives like dogs do seems to be a valuable tool for a security chain. In general different strategies can be adopt to the basic problem of explosive detection: • bulk detection • vapor detection Normally meetings cover both aspects and applications of the detection. Even though both methods might fulfill special aspects of a general security chain the underlying scientific questions differ strongly. Because of that the discussions of the scientists and practitioners from the different main directions are sometimes only less specific. Therefore the NATO Advisory Panel in Security-Related Civil Science and Technology proposed a small series of NATO ARW's which focuses on the different scientific aspects of explosives detection methods. This book is based on material presented at the first NATO ARW of this series in Moscow which covered the topic: Vapor and trace detection of explosives. The second ARW was held in St. Petersburg and treated the topic Bulk detection methods. The third workshop was held in Warwick and focused on electronic noses which cover a somewhat different aspect of vapor detection.

Explosives Identification Guide

Author: Mike Pickett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781401878214

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 65

View: 3884

Explosives Identification Guide, second edition, is an excellent quick reference for emergency responders - providing the necessary information to effectively identify explosives by type, and how each should be treated. Written with a straight-forward, non-technical approach, this book covers both commercial type and military ordnance explosives, and explains bomb search procedures in a manner that is easy to understand for even the most inexperienced in explosives identification. Keeping up to date, the Second Edition also includes an all-new chapter on Weapons of Mass Destruction, and features brand new photos depicting the explosives available today.

Forensic and Environmental Detection of Explosives

Author: Jehuda Yinon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471983712

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 7038

Forensic and Environmental Detection of Explosives is the firstcomprehensive book on the detection of explosives. It combines thetwo main fields of application: * Forensic detection of explosives - the detection of hiddenexplosives in airfreight, luggage, vehicles, and on suspects. * Environmental detection of explosives - detecting on-siteexplosives in soil and water of contaminated areas and thedetection of landmines. Dr Jehuda Yinon is a world renowned expert on the analysis ofexplosives and has served as consulting expert during the Oklahomabombing trial, where his previous book Modern Methods andApplications in Analysis of Explosives was quoted by both theprosecution and defense experts. This new book complements theauthor's previous book on the analysis of explosives. It includesthe following features: * Classifications of explosives * Explanations of the basic terms related to the detection ofexplosives * Vapor detection methods * Probing radiation methods * Tagging of explosives * Systems integration and performance testing * Detection of explosives in contaminated areas * Detection of landmines. This book is an ideal reference book for those working in forensicand law enforcement agencies concerned with the detection of hiddenexplosives, as well as for environmental scientists dealing withexplosives decontamination. The book is also recommended as a textbook for graduate students in analytical, environmental andforensic science.

Organic Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal,Robert Hodgson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470059357

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 8578

Organic Chemistry of Explosives is the first text to bring together the essential methods and routes used for the synthesis of organic explosives in a single volume. Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds. Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.

Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism

Author: Hiltmar Schubert,Andrey Kuznetsov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402084668

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 7723

The organization of an Advanced Research Workshop with the title “Detection and Disposal of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism” was motivated by international findings about activities in this field of application. This ARW followed a meeting about the “Detection of Disposal Improvised Explosives” (St. Petersburg, 2005). Both items show the logistic problems as one of the lessons, terrorists have to overcome. These problems are connected with the illegal supply and transport of explosives and fuels and as counter-measure the detection of these materials. The invention of liquid explosives goes back to the middle of the 19th century and was used for special purposes in the commercial field of application. Because of the high sensitivity of liquid explosives against mechanical shock, caused by adiabatic compression of air-bobbles producing “hot spots” as origin of initiation the commercial application was not very successful. Because of this high risk, liquid explosives are not used in military or commercial application with some exceptions. In the commercial field explosives as slurries or emulsions consisting of suitable salts (Ammoniumnitrate etc.) and water are used to a large extend because of their high insensitivity. In many cases these slurries or emulsions were unfit for terrorist actions, because of their low sensitivity, large critical diameter and using in confinement. In the military field liquid explosives are used in World War I and II as bomb-fillings.

Gunpowder, Explosives and the State

A Technological History

Author: Brenda J. Buchanan

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754652595

Category: History

Page: 425

View: 7784

Gunpowder studies are still in their infancy despite the long-standing civil and military importance of this explosive since its discovery in China in the mid-ninth century AD. This volume is the first to develop the implications of the subject, not just in the sense of relating it to changing military technologies, but in that of seeing the securing of gunpowder supplies as fundamental to the power of the state and imperial pretensions.

Explosives

Author: Arthur Marshall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Explosives

Page: N.A

View: 6449


Ecotoxicology of Explosives

Author: Geoffrey I. Sunahara,Guilherme Lotufo,Roman G. Kuperman,Jalal Hawari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420004342

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2657

Managing sites contaminated with munitions constituents is an international challenge. Although the choice of approach and the use of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) tools may vary from country to country, the assurance of quality and the direction of ecotoxicological research are universally recognized as shared concerns. Drawing on a multidisciplinary team of contributors, Ecotoxicology of Explosives provides comprehenisve and critical reviews available to date on fate, transport, and effects of explosives. The book delineates the state of the science of the ecotoxicology of explosives, past, present, and recently developed. It reviews the accessible fate and ecotoxicological data for energetic materials (EMs) and the methods for their development. The chapters characterize the fate of explosives in the environment, then provide information on their ecological effects in key environmental media, including aquatic, sedimentary, and terrestrial habitats. The book also discusses approaches for assembling these lines of evidence for risk assessment purposes. The chapter authors have critically examined the peer-reviewed literature to identify and prioritize the knowledge gaps and to recommend future areas of research. The editors include a review of the genotoxic effects of the EMs and the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the toxicity of these chemicals. They also discuss the transport, transformation, and degradation pathways of these chemicals in the environment that underlie the potential hazardous impact and bioaccumulation of EMs in different terrestrial and aquatic ecologiocal receptors. This information translates into practical applications for the environmental risk assessment of EM-contaminated sites and into recommendations for the sustainable use of defense installations.

Numerical Modeling of Explosives and Propellants, Third Edition

Author: Charles L. Mader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142005239X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 4087

Major advances, both in modeling methods and in the computing power required to make those methods viable, have led to major breakthroughs in our ability to model the performance and vulnerability of explosives and propellants. In addition, the development of proton radiography during the last decade has provided researchers with a major new experimental tool for studying explosive and shock wave physics. Problems that were once considered intractable – such as the generation of water cavities, jets, and stems by explosives and projectiles – have now been solved. Numerical Modeling of Explosives and Propellants, Third Edition provides a complete overview of this rapidly emerging field, covering basic reactive fluid dynamics as well as the latest and most complex methods and findings. It also describes and evaluates Russian contributions to the experimental explosive physics database, which only recently have become available. This book comes packaged with a CD-ROM that contains— · FORTRAN and executable computer codes that operate under Microsoft® Windows Vista operating system and the OS X operating system for Apple computers · Windows Vista and MAC compatible movies and PowerPoint presentations for each chapter · Explosive and shock wave databases generated at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Russian Federal Nuclear Centers Charles Mader’s three-pronged approach – through text, computer programs, and animations – imparts a thorough understanding of new computational methods and experimental measuring techniques, while also providing the tools to put these methods to effective use.

Explosives and Blasting Technique

Author: R. Holmberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789058091680

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

View: 6493

This work covers such topics as: EU directives and harmonization work; health, safety and environment; recent technical development - products and processes; shot hole development; and management of blasting operations.

Taggants in explosives

Author: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment,United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Explosives

Page: 263

View: 5835


Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on the Review of Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309166034

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 148

View: 1062

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques examines the scientific techniques currently used as the basis for explosives detection and determines whether other techniques might provide promising research avenues with possible pathways to new detection protocols. This report describe the characteristics of explosives, bombs, and their components that are or might be used to provide a signature for exploitation in detection technology; considers scientific techniques for exploiting these characteristics to detect explosives and explosive devices; discusses the potential for integrating such techniques into detection systems that would have sufficient sensitivity without an unacceptable false-positive rate; and proposes areas for research that might be expected to yield significant advances in practical explosives and bomb detection technology in the near, mid, and long term.