Modern Methods and Applications in Analysis of Explosives

Author: Jehuda Yinon,Shmuel Zitrin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471965626

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 4879

An up-to-date handbook, with the latest advances including all the various methods and techniques for analyzing explosives. Explosive compounds and mixtures, residues--their recovery and clean-up procedures--chromatography, polarography, spectroscopy, environmental analysis and mass spectroscopy are among the topics covered.

Explosives

Author: Rudolf Meyer,Josef Köhler,Axel Homburg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527617035

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 4090

This world-famous work has been enlarged and updated without tampering with its tried and tested format. Around 500 alphabetically ordered, monographic entries consider the physicochemical properties, production methods and safe applications of over 120 explosive chemicals, while discussing 70 fuels, additives and oxidizing agents and describing the relevant test methods. The extensive thermodynamic data has been thoroughly updated and now also provided on a CD-ROM compiled by the Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology. This excerpt from the ICT Thermodynamical Database not only includes additional thermodynamic data, and references to further reading, but also features enhanced search facilities. Other key features include a 1,500-entry combined index and glossary with terms and abbreviations in English, French and German, conversion tables and numerous literature references. A handy reference for explosive experts and also for translators, public authorities and patent lawyers. From reviews of previous editions: '... This wealth of information and an index that comprises some 1500 keywords and several conversion tables make this a unique source of knowledge for anybody working with explosives.' (Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics)

The Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jacqueline Akhavan

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046409

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 180

View: 1182

Revised and expanded to reflect new developments in the field, this book outlines the basic principles required to understand the chemical processes of explosives. The Chemistry of Explosives provides an overview of the history of explosives, taking the reader to future developments. The text on the classification of explosive materials contains much data on the physical parameters of primary and secondary explosives. The explosive processes of deflagration and detonation, including the theory of 'hotspots' for the detonation process, are introduced and many examples are provided in the detailed description on the thermochemistry of explosives. New material includes coverage of the latest explosive compositions, such as high temperature explosives, nitrocubanes, energetic polymers, plasticizers and insensitive munitions (IM). This concise, readable book is ideal for 'A' level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive materials. With detailed information on a vast range of explosives in tabular form and an extensive bibliography, this book will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject.

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering

Author: Per-Anders Persson,Roger Holmberg,Jaimin Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849389788

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 8193

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering covers the practical engineering aspects of many different kinds of rock blasting. It includes a thorough analysis of the cost of the entire process of tunneling by drilling and blasting in comparison with full-face boring. Also covered are the fundamental sciences of rock mass and material strength, the thermal decomposition, burning, shock initiation, and detonation behavior of commercial and military explosives, and systems for charging explosives into drillholes. Functional descriptions of all current detonators and initiation systems are provided. The book includes chapters on flyrock, toxic fumes, the safety of explosives, and even explosives applied in metal working as a fine art. Fundamental in its approach, the text is based on the practical industrial experience of its authors. It is supported by an abundance of tables, diagrams, and figures. This combined textbook and handbook provides students, practitioners, and researchers in mining, mechanical, building construction, geological, and petroleum engineering with a source from which to gain a thorough understanding of the constructive use of explosives.

Forensic and Environmental Detection of Explosives

Author: Jehuda Yinon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471983712

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 4935

Forensic and Environmental Detection of Explosives is the firstcomprehensive book on the detection of explosives. It combines thetwo main fields of application: * Forensic detection of explosives - the detection of hiddenexplosives in airfreight, luggage, vehicles, and on suspects. * Environmental detection of explosives - detecting on-siteexplosives in soil and water of contaminated areas and thedetection of landmines. Dr Jehuda Yinon is a world renowned expert on the analysis ofexplosives and has served as consulting expert during the Oklahomabombing trial, where his previous book Modern Methods andApplications in Analysis of Explosives was quoted by both theprosecution and defense experts. This new book complements theauthor's previous book on the analysis of explosives. It includesthe following features: * Classifications of explosives * Explanations of the basic terms related to the detection ofexplosives * Vapor detection methods * Probing radiation methods * Tagging of explosives * Systems integration and performance testing * Detection of explosives in contaminated areas * Detection of landmines. This book is an ideal reference book for those working in forensicand law enforcement agencies concerned with the detection of hiddenexplosives, as well as for environmental scientists dealing withexplosives decontamination. The book is also recommended as a textbook for graduate students in analytical, environmental andforensic science.

Organic Chemistry of Explosives

Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal,Robert Hodgson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470059357

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 7043

Organic Chemistry of Explosives is the first text to bring together the essential methods and routes used for the synthesis of organic explosives in a single volume. Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds. Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.

Gunpowder, Explosives and the State

A Technological History

Author: Brenda J. Buchanan

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754652595

Category: History

Page: 425

View: 9263

Gunpowder studies are still in their infancy despite the long-standing civil and military importance of this explosive since its discovery in China in the mid-ninth century AD. This volume is the first to develop the implications of the subject, not just in the sense of relating it to changing military technologies, but in that of seeing the securing of gunpowder supplies as fundamental to the power of the state and imperial pretensions.

Explosives and Blasting Technique

Author: R. Holmberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789058091680

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

View: 3348

This work covers such topics as: EU directives and harmonization work; health, safety and environment; recent technical development - products and processes; shot hole development; and management of blasting operations.

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti-Terrorism Purposes

Author: M. Krausa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402027168

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 3367

The fast detection of explosives from the vapor phase would be one way to enhance the protection of society against terrorist attacks. Up to now the problem of detection of explosives, especially the location of explosives whether at large areas e. g. station halls, theaters or hidden in cars, aircraft cargo, baggage or explosives hidden in crowds e. g. suicide bombers or bombs in bags has not been solved. Smelling of explosives like dogs do seems to be a valuable tool for a security chain. In general different strategies can be adopt to the basic problem of explosive detection: • bulk detection • vapor detection Normally meetings cover both aspects and applications of the detection. Even though both methods might fulfill special aspects of a general security chain the underlying scientific questions differ strongly. Because of that the discussions of the scientists and practitioners from the different main directions are sometimes only less specific. Therefore the NATO Advisory Panel in Security-Related Civil Science and Technology proposed a small series of NATO ARW's which focuses on the different scientific aspects of explosives detection methods. This book is based on material presented at the first NATO ARW of this series in Moscow which covered the topic: Vapor and trace detection of explosives. The second ARW was held in St. Petersburg and treated the topic Bulk detection methods. The third workshop was held in Warwick and focused on electronic noses which cover a somewhat different aspect of vapor detection.

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on the Review of Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309166034

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 148

View: 6747

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques examines the scientific techniques currently used as the basis for explosives detection and determines whether other techniques might provide promising research avenues with possible pathways to new detection protocols. This report describe the characteristics of explosives, bombs, and their components that are or might be used to provide a signature for exploitation in detection technology; considers scientific techniques for exploiting these characteristics to detect explosives and explosive devices; discusses the potential for integrating such techniques into detection systems that would have sufficient sensitivity without an unacceptable false-positive rate; and proposes areas for research that might be expected to yield significant advances in practical explosives and bomb detection technology in the near, mid, and long term.

Taggants in explosives.

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428924728

Category:

Page: 269

View: 8748

At the request of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, the Office of Technology Assessment has undertaken an analysis of the proposal to mandate, the use of taggants in explosive materials manufactured for commercial use. A "taggant" is a material that might be added to explosives and gunpowders at the time of manufacture, as an eventual aid to law enforcement. This study assesses the existing taggant technology in order to assist Congress in its decision whether to adopt legislation which would require taggants in explosives and gunpowders.

Mining and Industrial Applications of Low Density Explosives

Author: E.G. Baranov,I.F. Bondarenko,A.T. Vedin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789054102953

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 126

View: 2219

This monograph details results of investigations into the use of a new type of low-density industrial explosives. Their working properties and effectiveness in rock fragmentation are highlighted, and the methods and devices for the preparation and safe use of low-density explosives are described.

Numerical Modeling of Explosives and Propellants, Second Edition

Author: Charles L. Mader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849331497

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 5893

Charles Mader, a leading scientist who conducted theoretical research at Los Alamos National Laboratory for more than 30 years, sets a new standard with this reference on numerical modeling of explosives and propellants. This book updates and expands the information presented in the author's landmark work, Numerical Modeling of Detonations, published in 1979 and still in use today. Numerical Modeling of Explosives and Propellants incorporates the considerable changes the personal computer has brought to numerical modeling since the first book was published, and includes new three-dimensional modeling techniques and new information on propellant performance and vulnerability. Both an introduction to the physics and chemistry of explosives and propellants and a guide to numerical modeling of detonation and reactive fluid dynamics, Numerical Modeling of Explosives and Propellants offers scientists and engineers a complete picture of the current state of explosive and propellant technology and numerical modeling. The book is richly illustrated with figures that support the concepts, and filled with tables for quick access to precise data. The accompanying CD-ROM contains computer codes that are the national standard by which modeling is evaluated. Dynamic material properties data files and animation files are also included. There is no other book available today that offers this vital information.

Toxicity and Metabolism of Explosives

Author: Jehuda Yinon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439805299

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 5758

The purpose of this important monograph is to provide the reader with a better understanding of the toxicity, channels of absorption, and metabolism of explosives by the body. This one-of-a-kind work also incorporates the symptoms and clinical manifestations of poisoning by these compounds. It discusses how the disposal of explosives and their degradation products from munition manufacturing plants affect our environment. This resource gives special attention to the methods of analysis of explosives and their metabolites in body fluids. It also features explosives and their degradation products in water and soil. This significant book provides an excellent review and reference for toxicologists, physicians, and environmental chemists interested in this field.

Ecotoxicology of Explosives

Author: Geoffrey I. Sunahara,Guilherme Lotufo,Roman G. Kuperman,Jalal Hawari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420004342

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8499

Managing sites contaminated with munitions constituents is an international challenge. Although the choice of approach and the use of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) tools may vary from country to country, the assurance of quality and the direction of ecotoxicological research are universally recognized as shared concerns. Drawing on a multidisciplinary team of contributors, Ecotoxicology of Explosives provides comprehenisve and critical reviews available to date on fate, transport, and effects of explosives. The book delineates the state of the science of the ecotoxicology of explosives, past, present, and recently developed. It reviews the accessible fate and ecotoxicological data for energetic materials (EMs) and the methods for their development. The chapters characterize the fate of explosives in the environment, then provide information on their ecological effects in key environmental media, including aquatic, sedimentary, and terrestrial habitats. The book also discusses approaches for assembling these lines of evidence for risk assessment purposes. The chapter authors have critically examined the peer-reviewed literature to identify and prioritize the knowledge gaps and to recommend future areas of research. The editors include a review of the genotoxic effects of the EMs and the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the toxicity of these chemicals. They also discuss the transport, transformation, and degradation pathways of these chemicals in the environment that underlie the potential hazardous impact and bioaccumulation of EMs in different terrestrial and aquatic ecologiocal receptors. This information translates into practical applications for the environmental risk assessment of EM-contaminated sites and into recommendations for the sustainable use of defense installations.

Theory of Combustion of Powder and Explosives

Author: Aleksei Lipanov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560723981

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 342

View: 3972

A collection of 34 articles too technical to be of much practical use to terrorists. Among the topics are the combustion of homogeneous powder grains in elliptical and sub-elliptical form, the numerical analysis of the convective burning of granulated fuels, experimental data on the ablation combustion of powdered explosives, the new approach in th