Ethics and Experiments

Problems and Solutions for Social Scientists and Policy Professionals

Author: Scott Desposato

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317438663

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 4910

For most of political science's history, discussions about professional ethics had nothing to do with human subjects. Professional ethics involved integrity in the classroom, fair tenure and promotion rule, and the careful avoidance of plagiarism. As most research was observational, there was little need for attention to how scholarly activities might directly affect the subjects of our work. Times have changed. The dramatic growth in the use of experiments in social science, especially overseas, is generating unexpected ethical controversies. The purpose of this volume is to identify, debate, and propose practical solutions to the most critical of these new ethical issues. A leading team of internationally distinguished political science scholars presents the first examination of the practical and ethical challenges of research with human subjects in social science and policy studies. Part 1 examines contextual challenges provided by experiments conducted overseas - questions of culture, religion, security, and poverty. Part 2 examines questions of legal constraints on research, focusing on questions of foreign review of international experiments. Part 3 tackles the critical issues in field experiments, including deception and consent, impact on elections and careers, the boundaries of the public officials' exemption, and the use of partner organizations to avoid Institutional Review Body (IRB) review. Part 4 considers strategies for the future, including training and education, IRB reform, institutional changes, and norm development.

Practices of Ethics

An Empirical Approach to Ethics in Social Sciences Research

Author: Isabella Paoletti,Maria Isabel Tomás,Fernanda Menéndez

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443850853

Category: Philosophy

Page: 215

View: 9435

This book is intended for social sciences researchers, in a variety of disciplines, including sociology, sociolinguistics, psychology, gerontology, and ethnography, who, during all stages of their research, be it quantitative or qualitative, are confronted with ethical dilemmas. As such, the chapters in this book provide the reader with examples of ethical reflection within the research process. The selection does not cover all the possible ethical issues they may face, but all of the chapters deal with the complex and unexpected, but fundamental, ethical questions that arise before, during and after fieldwork, and which do not always find clear guidance from the professional ethical codes they submit to. The studies in this book contribute to the present debate on ethical issues in social sciences research, in addition to problematizing a normative approach to ethics in social sciences research, and highlighting the importance of considering the social character of research activities when applying ethical guidelines or Research Ethic Committees’ prescriptive procedures. These essays document researchers’ practical moral reasoning in carrying out their research activities and in complying with the relevant legislation in relation to protecting research participants. Practices of ethics are identified and made describable; they are made the object of empirical documentation. This book shows that a new empirical approach to ethics as a discipline is emerging, having practices of ethics as its specific object of study.

Case Studies for Ethics in Academic Research in the Social Sciences

Author: Leisa Reinecke Flynn,Ronald E. Goldsmith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412996384

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 82

View: 8654

This book provides a basis for class discussion about the responsible conduct of social science research. These 16 brief research ethics cases describe situations in which ethical dilemmas arise and present the student with the opportunity to think through the different implications for researchers. The cases emphasize different types of ethical dilemmas involving faculty, students, participants, and stakeholders. Students can discuss what happened, why it was or was not unethical, and what should be the consequences for the actors. Included are the original cases complete with learning objectives, teaching notes, and questions for discussion.

The Handbook of Social Research Ethics

Author: Donna M. Mertens,Pauline E. Ginsberg

Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc

ISBN: 1412949181

Category: Social Science

Page: 667

View: 9694

Brings together international scholars across the social and behavioural sciences and education to address those ethical issues that arise in the theory and practice of research within the technologically advancing and culturally complex world in which we live.

Research in Practice

Applied Methods for the Social Sciences

Author: Martin Terre Blanche,Kevin Durrheim,Desmond Painter

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9781919713694

Category: Social Science

Page: 594

View: 6608

A major shift in research methodology from technical to more contextual and pragmatic approaches, this thorough resource incorporates new trends while also providing comprehensive coverage of the full range of established research approaches and techniques, skillfully combining epistemology, methodology, statistics, and application in a volume that is both sophisticated and practical. Placing a greater emphasis on interdisciplinary and applied research skills, this guide encourages the concurrent use of qualitative and quantitative methods and explores such complex topics as ethical issues in social science research; inferential statistical methods; and Marxist, feminist, and black scholarship perspectives.

Ethics in Social Science Research

Becoming Culturally Responsive

Author: Maria K. E. Lahman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506328636

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 3083

Ethics in Social Science Research: Becoming Culturally Responsive provides a thorough grounding in research ethics, along with examples of real-world ethical dilemmas in working with vulnerable populations. Author Maria K. E. Lahman aims to help qualitative research students design ethically and culturally responsive research with communities that may be very different from their own. Throughout, compelling first person accounts of ethics in human research—both historical and contemporary—are highlighted and each chapter includes vignettes written by the author and her collaborators about real qualitative research projects.

Ethics in Research

Author: Ian Gregory

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826464774

Category: Social Science

Page: 80

View: 7281

"Ian Gregory explores how ethical concerns influence not only how research is conducted but also how researchers engage with a piece of research. Also analysed in detail is the impact ethics have on the interpretation of data and research findings."--BOOK JACKET.

A Feminist Ethic for Social Science Research

Author: Nebraska Sociological Feminist Collective

Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press

ISBN: 9780889461208

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 1735

A collection of feminist articles, the guiding principle of which is to define standards for the conduct of feminist research. Recognizing the importance of providing a forum for issues which critique traditional patriarchal values and ideologies, the essays seek to raise important questions.

Research Ethics

Cases and Materials

Author: Robin Levin Penslar

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253209061

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 1822

The ethical conduct of research has become an area of great concern on university campuses across the nation. The cases and other materials in this book are designed to foster discussion of research ethics issues in the university classroom. The materials selected for inclusion here can speak to people in all disciplines, though the cases are drawn from biology, psychology, and history. They cover such topics as plagiarism, confidentiality, conflict of interest, fraud and misconduct, access to research materials, the obligations of mentors and teachers, the reporting of data, and the participation of human and animal subjects in research. Specific pedagogical suggestions for many of the cases are provided in the instructional notes. In addition, Research Ethics provides discussions of ethical theory and pedagogy. An annotated bibliography will help instructors identify resources to use as supplements to cases, assist readers who are developing courses in research ethics, and aid further research on the subject.

Ethics and Values in Applied Social Research

Author: Allan Kimmel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803926325

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3914

With the primary objective of raising ethical sensibility, this volume details the ethical problems and dilemmas faced by applied social science researchers. Issues such as the use of deception, the participant's right to privacy and informed consent, and the potential harm of public disclosure are confronted. The author discusses the need to review ethical problems and their implications in the context of current ethical standards in both society and the scientific community. Case studies illustrate unanticipated ethical dilemmas which might emerge during a research project. Issues are presented and interpreted clearly so that their complexity can be penetrated and potential solutions envisioned. The volume also includes specific methodolo

Finding Common Ground

Consensus in Research Ethics Across the Social Sciences

Author: Ron Iphofen

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787141314

Category: Social sciences

Page: 240

View: 3001

Over the past decade there has been growing national and international concern about the impact of systems for the management of research ethics in the social sciences. In particular these 'procedural bureaucracies' are seen as inappropriate to the ethical governance of social scientific research as they were designed around the challenges presented by biomedical research. This volume addresses and debates these concerns and identifies areas of 'common ground', core ethics principles and areas of particular concern in research ethics across the social sciences. This volume draws on proceedings and papers delivered at a Symposia series under the auspices of the UK Academy of Social Sciences (AcSS). This project aimed to advance the understanding and application of core ethics values to all aspects of social science research from inception and review through research design, data acquisition, analysis and management to dissemination and application, in collaboration with social science learned societies, research funders, higher education establishments, researchers and participants in research.

Ethics in Qualitative Research

Author: Tina Miller,Maxine Birch,Melanie Mauthner,Julie Jessop

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446290913

Category: Reference

Page: 208

View: 7403

This fresh, confident second edition expands its focus on the theoretical and practical aspects of doing qualitative research in light of new ethical dilemmas facing researchers today. In a climate of significant social and technological change, researchers must respond to increased ethical regulation and scrutiny of research. New sources, types of data and modes of accessing participants are all challenging and reconfiguring traditional ideas of the research relationship. This engaging textbook explores key ethical dilemmas - including research boundaries, informed consent, participation, rapport and analysis - within the context of a rapidly changing research environment. The book effectively covers the ethical issues related to the data collection process, helping readers to address the ethical considerations relevant to their research. This fully updated new edition: - Maps the changing and increasingly technology-reliant aspects of research relationships and practices - Provides researchers with guidance through practical examples, enabling those engaged in qualitative research to question and navigate in ethical ways This book is essential reading for all those engaged in qualitative research across the social sciences.

Negotiating Ethical Challenges in Youth Research

Author: Kitty Te Riele,Rachel Brooks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415808464

Category: Education

Page: 200

View: 9881

Negotiating Ethical Challenges in Youth Research brings together contributors from across the world to explore real-life ethical dilemmas faced by researchers working with young people in a range of social science disciplines. Unlike literature that tends to discuss youth research at an abstracted and exalted level, this volume aims to make the basic principles and guidelines of youth research more 'real.' By openly discussing actual challenges that researchers have experienced in the course of conducting their fieldwork or interpreting their findings, this collection provides the most authentic overview of the ethics of youth research available. A careful selection of chapters addresses a range of ethical challenges particularly relevant to contemporary youth researchers. Each chapter identifies an ethical issue that the author has personally experienced in his or her youth research, explains why this was a challenge or dilemma, outlines how the researcher responded to the challenge, and provides advice and draws out broader implications for youth researchers. The chapters are organized around three themes that capture core ethical challenges: power and agency, protection and harm prevention, and trust and respect. The result is a collection that is a rigorous and valuable resource to those embarking on research with young people for the first time as well as supporting the resolution of ethical challenges by more experienced researchers.

What are Qualitative Research Ethics?

Author: Rose Wiles

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849666547

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 2294

There has been an increasing interest in research ethics over the last decade given the increasing ethical regulation of social research. 'Ethical literacy' encourages researchers to understand and engage with the ethical issues that emerge in the process of research. This book provides a short, succinct and accessible overview of the field, highlighting the key issues and everyday ethical dilemmas that researchers are likely to face in different contexts. Covering a range of methods, the book provides clear guidance for researchers on how to identify an approach that fits with their moral and intellectual framework. It explores ethical issues relating to 'traditional' research methods as well as to new and emerging methods and approaches - particularly visual and online methods. Illustrated throughout with real-world examples, this book also includes an annotated bibliography of key texts and other helpful resources. What are Qualitative Research Ethics? will be a vital resource for social science researchers across a range of disciplines.

Ethical Issues in Community-based Research with Children and Youth

Author: Bonnie J. Ross Leadbeater

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802038395

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 4372

Efforts to apply ethical guidelines and regulations to vulnerable populations are often problematic. Consequently, health and social scientists sometimes shy away from the challenges of research, particularly when it means addressing value-laden social problems such as sexuality, drugs, and racism. Ethical Issues in Community-Based Research with Children and Youth is a collection of essays that describe the uniqueness of community-based research, outlining several of the ethical concerns that it engenders. The contributors examine such issues as the scope of informed consent to multiple stakeholders, determining competence to give consent in marginalized populations, and managing dual roles as participant researchers. The collection suggests that a more collaborative, ongoing, and discursive approach is needed by researchers and by ethical review boards to ensure that research on sensitive social problems with high risk populations is supported and also conducted with a clear understanding of the highest ethical standards possible.