Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet D. Bachman,Raymond Paternoster

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506326129

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 9587

Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice, Fourth Edition offers students a practical and comprehensive introduction to statistics and highlights the integral role research and statistics play in the study of criminology and criminal justice. Packed with real-world case studies and contemporary examples utilizing the most current crime data and empirical research available, students not only learn how to perform and understand statistical analyses, but also recognize the connection between statistical analyses use in everyday life and its importance to criminology and criminal justice. Written by two well-known experts in the field, Ronet D. Bachman and Raymond Paternoster continue to facilitate learning by presenting statistical formulas with step-by-step instructions for calculation. This “how to calculate and interpret statistics” approach avoids complicated proofs and discussions of statistical theory, without sacrificing statistical rigor. The Fourth Edition is replete with new examples exploring key issues in today’s world, motivating students to investigate research questions related to criminal justice and criminology with statistics and conduct research of their own along the way. Give your students the SAGE edge! SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning.

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet D. Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506306837

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 1903

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Sixth Edition continues to demonstrate the vital role research plays by integrating in-depth, real-world case studies with a comprehensive discussion of research methods. By pairing research techniques with practical examples from the field, Ronet D. Bachman and Russell K. Schutt equip students to evaluate and conduct research. Covering research findings from critical areas in criminal justice, such as police use of force, cybercrime, and race, this text helps students understand the importance of research, not just the process. The Sixth Edition of this best-selling text retains the strengths of previous editions while breaking ground with emergent research methods, enhanced tools for learning in the text and online, and contemporary, fascinating research findings. Students engage with the wide realm of new research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of new exercises to help them practice as they learn.

Using IBM SPSS Statistics for Social Statistics and Research Methods

Author: William Edward Wagner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412991420

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 9763

Ideal as a companion to a statistics or research methods text or as a stand-alone guide, Using SPSS for Social Statistics and Research Methods shows readers how to use images and directions drawn from SPSS Version 18.0 and now uses the latest version of the GSS (General Social Survey) as a secondary data set. This supplementary text is designed as a manual for SPSS use for social statistics and research methods classes and is an excellent companion to any undergraduate statistics or research methods textbook. It will also serve as a useful reference for those learning to use the SPSS software for the first time. Features and Benefits: • Offers a fully updated graphics chapter that highlights new features available in SPSS 18.0, including information on alternative routes to creating graphics • Includes updated examples, screenshots and tables throughout • Expanded coverage of output interpretation • Refers to several kinds of computer files, including data files, output files and syntax files • Covers a wide range of data analysis topics to help students who are working independently on a research proposal, project or paper.

Statistics for Criminal Justice and Criminology in Practice and Research

An Introduction

Author: Jack Fitzgerald,Jerry Fitzgerald

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483315851

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 5687

Statistics for Criminal Justice and Criminology in Practice and Research—by Jack Fitzgerald and Jerry Fitzgerald—is an engaging and comprehensive introduction to the study of basic statistics for students pursuing careers as practitioners or researchers in both Criminal Justice and Criminology programs. This student-friendly text shows how to calculate a variety of descriptive and inferential statistics, recognize which statistics are appropriate for particular data analysis situations, and perform hypothesis tests using inferential statistics. But it is much more than a "cook book." It encourages readers to think critically about the strengths and limitations of the statistics they are calculating, as well as how they may be misapplied and misleading. Examples of statistics and statistical analyses are drawn from the worlds of the practitioner as well as the policymaker and researcher. Students will also gain a clear understanding of major ethical issues in conducting statistical analyses and reporting results, as well as insight into the realities of the life of researchers and practitioners as they use statistics and statistical analyses in their day-to-day activities.

Social Statistics for a Diverse Society

Author: Chava Frankfort-Nachmias,Anna Leon-Guerrero

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506347223

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 7807

This Eighth Edition of Social Statistics for a Diverse Society continues to emphasize intuition and common sense, while demonstrating that social science is a constant interplay between methods of inquiry and important social issues. Recognizing that today’s students live in a world of growing diversity and richness of social differences, authors Chava Frankfort-Nachmias and Anna Leon-Guerrero use research examples that show how statistics is a tool for understanding the ways in which race, class, gender, and other categories of experience shape our social world and influence social behavior. In addition, guides for reading and interpreting the research literature help students acquire statistical literacy, while SPSS demonstrations and a rich variety of exercises help them hone their problem-solving skills.

Adventures in Social Research

Data Analysis Using IBM® SPSS® Statistics

Author: Earl Babbie,William E. Wagner, III,Jeanne Zaino

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148335959X

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 1060

Written by esteemed social science research authors Earl R. Babbie, William E. Wagner, and Jeanne Zaino, Adventures in Social Research: Data Analysis Using IBM® SPSS® Statistics, Ninth Edition encourages students to practice SPSS as they read about it, providing a practical, hands-on introduction to conceptualization, measurement, and association through active learning. This fully revised workbook will guide students through step-by-step instruction on data analysis using the latest version of SPSS and the most up to date General Social Survey data. Arranged to parallel most introductory research methods texts, this text starts with an introduction to computerized data analysis and the social research process, then takes readers step-by-step through univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis using SPSS Statistics. In this revised edition, active and collaborative learning will be emphasized as students engage in a series of practical investigative exercises.

Survey Research Methods

Author: Floyd J Fowler, Jr

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483323595

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 638

The Fifth Edition of Floyd J. Fowler Jr.’s bestselling Survey Research Methods presents the very latest methodological knowledge on surveys. Offering a sound basis for evaluating how each aspect of a survey can affect its precision, accuracy, and credibility, the book guides readers through each step of the survey research process. This fully updated edition addresses the growth of the Internet for data collection and the subsequent rapid expansion of online survey usage, the precipitous drop in response rates for telephone surveys, the continued improvement in techniques for pre-survey evaluation of questions, and the growing role of individual cell phones in addition to—and often instead of—household landlines. Throughout the book, the author puts the profound changes taking place in the survey research world today into perspective, helping researchers learn how to best use new and traditional options for collecting data.

Statistical Concepts for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Franklin P. Williams

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780135130469

Category: Law

Page: 207

View: 1355

This book is concept-based and focuses on the building blocks of statistical ideas. Covering the essential techniques—univariate tools, Chi-square, t-test, analysis of variance, and Pearson's r—in a simple conversational style, the text explains the concepts behind each technique and how results are interpreted. Its emphasis is on understanding over mathematical calculations, and its goal is to give students a grasp of the role of variance and error. A chapter on graphical statistics complements the normal quantitative approaches and each technique is set in the context of how it is used to answer research questions.

A Simple Guide to IBM SPSS Statistics - version 23.0

Author: Lee A. Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337000116

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 7724

Completely up to date and extremely student friendly, A SIMPLE GUIDE TO IBM SPSS: FOR VERSION 23.0, Fourteenth Edition, equips you with everything you need to know about the newest version of SPSS for Windows so you can effectively use the program in your statistics class. The guide's straightforward style frees you to concentrate on learning basic statistical concepts, while still developing familiarity with SPSS. It's clear, step-by-step instruction quickly gets you up to speed, enabling you to confidently use SPSS to do homework problems and conduct statistical analyses for research projects. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introductory Guide to SPSS? for Windows?

Author: Eric L. Einspruch

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412904155

Category: Computers

Page: 145

View: 3141

Do you need to conduct data analysis with SPSS but are unfamiliar with the software? This user-friendly book helps you become proficient in SPSS by teaching you the fundamentals of SPSS. The Second Edition develops SPSS skills using sample programs illustrating how to conduct the analyses typically covered in an introductory statistics course. Throughout the book, data are analyzed and SPSS output are interpreted in the context of research questions. Boldface text is used to indicate operations or choices the reader will need to make when running SPSS. Exercises are also included, with solutions provided in the appendix. `I want to commend the author for including a chapter on using the SPSS manuals. I would not have thought of this addition, and the information helps the reader go on to learn the more complex components of SPSS′ - Laura Myers, University of Georgia This Second Edition has been updated to SPSS Version 12.0, although its approach makes it useful for readers running other versions. Each chapter in the updated text includes a statement of its purpose and goal, as well as a chapter glossary. The updated text includes new SPSS features, including how to recode data using the Visual Bander and how to read text data using the Text Import Wizard. Author Eric L. Einspruch thoroughly covers critical basic skills: * How to create data sets by defining and coding data, using a codebook, and entering data * How to run SPSS and work with different SPSS files * How to manipulate data by recoding values, computing values, and selecting subsets of cases to include in an analysis * How to manage data files by reading data that have been entered using other software, appending files, and merging files * How to analyze data using SPSS pull-down menus * How to analyze data using programs written in SPSS syntax This outstanding book concludes with a discussion of how to get help in SPSS, suggestions on how to make the most of SPSS manuals, and directions for taking the next steps toward software mastery.

Intermediate Statistics Using SPSS

Author: Herschel Knapp

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506377416

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 5865

What statistical test should I use for this kind of data? How do I set up the data? What parameters should I specify when ordering the test? How do I interpret the results? Herschel Knapp's friendly and approachable guide to real-world statistics answers these questions. Intermediate Statistics Using SPSS is not about abstract statistical theory or the derivation or memorization of statistical formulas–it is about applied statistics. With jargon-free language and clear processing instructions, this text covers the most common statistical functions–from basic to more advanced. Practical exercises at the conclusion of each chapter offer students an opportunity to process viable data sets, write cohesive abstracts in APA style, and build a thorough comprehension of the statistical process. You will learn by doing with this truly practical approach to statistics.

Offending and Desistance

The importance of social relations

Author: Beth Weaver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317628594

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 3475

In Offending and Desistance, Beth Weaver examines the role of a co-offending peer group in shaping and influencing offending and desistance, focusing on three phases of their criminal careers: onset, persistence and desistance. While there is consensus across the body of desistance research that social relations have a role to play in variously constraining, enabling and sustaining desistance, no desistance studies have adequately analysed the dynamics or properties of social relations, or their relationship to individuals and social structures. This book aims to reset this balance. By examining the social relations and life stories of six Scottish men (in their forties), Weaver reveals the central role of friendship groups, intimate relationships and families of formation, employment and religious communities. She shows how, for different individuals, these relations triggered reflexive evaluation of their priorities, behaviours and lifestyles, but with differing results. Weaver’s re-examination of the relationships between structure, agency, identity and reflexivity in the desistance process ultimately illuminates new directions for research, policy and practice. This book is essential reading for academics and students engaged in the study of criminology and criminal justice, delinquency, probation and criminal law.

Answering Questions With Statistics

Author: Robert F. Szafran,Robert Szafran

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412991323

Category: Social Science

Page: 429

View: 6047

By making introductory statistics interesting through comparing data on today's student generation with their parents' generation, and asking students to consider how people change as they grow older, the book uses data on subjective beliefs (such as freedom of speech and abortion) as well objective characteristics (years of schooling, marital status) to teach basic statistics using SPSS.

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Callie Marie Rennison,Timothy C. Hart

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544317875

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 7388

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology connects key concepts to real field research and practices using contemporary examples and recurring case studies that demonstrate how concepts relate to your life. Authors Callie M. Rennison and Timothy C. Hart introduce practical research strategies used in criminal justice to show you how a research question can become a policy that changes or influences criminal justice practices. The book’s student-driven approach addresses both the why and the how as it covers the research process and focuses on the practical application of data collection and analysis. By demonstrating the variety of ways research can be used and reinforcing the need to discern quality research, the book prepares you to become a critical consumer and ethical producer of research.

Understanding The New Statistics

Effect Sizes, Confidence Intervals, and Meta-Analysis

Author: Geoff Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136659188

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 4914

This is the first book to introduce the new statistics - effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta-analysis - in an accessible way. It is chock full of practical examples and tips on how to analyze and report research results using these techniques. The book is invaluable to readers interested in meeting the new APA Publication Manual guidelines by adopting the new statistics - which are more informative than null hypothesis significance testing, and becoming widely used in many disciplines. Accompanying the book is the Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals (ESCI) package, free software that runs under Excel and is accessible at www.thenewstatistics.com. The book’s exercises use ESCI's simulations, which are highly visual and interactive, to engage users and encourage exploration. Working with the simulations strengthens understanding of key statistical ideas. There are also many examples, and detailed guidance to show readers how to analyze their own data using the new statistics, and practical strategies for interpreting the results. A particular strength of the book is its explanation of meta-analysis, using simple diagrams and examples. Understanding meta-analysis is increasingly important, even at undergraduate levels, because medicine, psychology and many other disciplines now use meta-analysis to assemble the evidence needed for evidence-based practice. The book’s pedagogical program, built on cognitive science principles, reinforces learning: Boxes provide "evidence-based" advice on the most effective statistical techniques. Numerous examples reinforce learning, and show that many disciplines are using the new statistics. Graphs are tied in with ESCI to make important concepts vividly clear and memorable. Opening overviews and end of chapter take-home messages summarize key points. Exercises encourage exploration, deep understanding, and practical applications. This highly accessible book is intended as the core text for any course that emphasizes the new statistics, or as a supplementary text for graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses in statistics and research methods in departments of psychology, education, human development , nursing, and natural, social, and life sciences. Researchers and practitioners interested in understanding the new statistics, and future published research, will also appreciate this book. A basic familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.

International Research in Science and Soccer

Author: Barry Drust,Thomas Reilly,A. Mark Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135999546

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 1769

International Research in Science and Soccer showcases the very latest research into the world’s most widely played sport. With contributions from world-leading researchers and practitioners working at every level of the game, from grass roots to elite level, the book covers every key aspect of preparation and performance, including: contemporary issues in soccer coaching psychological preparation and development of players physical preparation and development of players nutrition and recovery talent identification and development strength and conditioning in soccer injury prevention and rehabilitation soccer academies. Sports scientists, trainers, coaches, physiotherapists, medical doctors, psychologists, educational officers and professionals working in soccer will find this in-depth, comprehensive volume an essential and up-to-date resource. The papers contained within this volume were first presented at The First World Congress on Science and Soccer, held in May 2008 in Liverpool, UK. The meeting was held under the auspices of the World Commission of Science and Sports.

A Stata® Companion to Political Analysis

Author: Philip H. Pollock III

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483370631

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 4302

With Philip Pollock's Third Edition of A Stata Companion to Political Analysis, students quickly learn Stata via step-by-step instruction, more than 50 exercises, customized datasets, annotated screen shots, boxes that highlight Stata's special capabilities, and guidance on using Stata to read raw data. This attractive and value-priced workbook, an ideal complement to Pollock’s Essentials of Political Analysis, is a must-have for any political science student working with Stata.

Making Sense of Statistics

A Conceptual Overview

Author: Fred Pyrczak,Deborah M. Oh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351717456

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 7241

Making Sense of Statistics is the ideal introduction to the concepts of descriptive and inferential statistics for students undertaking their first research project. It presents each statistical concept in a series of short steps, then uses worked examples and exercises to enable students to apply their own learning. It focuses on presenting the why as well as the how of statistical concepts, rather than computations and formulae, so is suitable for students from all disciplines regardless of mathematical background. Only statistical techniques that are almost universally included in introductory statistics courses, and widely reported in journals, have been included. Once students understand and feel comfortable with the statistics that meet these criteria, they should find it easy to master additional statistical concepts. New to the Seventh Edition Retaining the key features and organization that have made this book an indispensable text for teaching and learning the basic concepts of statistical analysis, this new edition features: discussion of the use of observation in quantitative and qualitative research the inclusion of introductions to the book, and each Part. section objectives listed at the beginning of each section to guide the reader. new material on key topics such as z-scores, probability, Central Limit Theorem, Standard Deviation and simple and multiple regression Expanded discussion on t test with separate sections for independent and dependent samples t tests, as well as one-sample t test progressive analysis of bivariate vs multivariate statistics (starts with the basic concepts and moves to more complex analysis as the student progresses) updated and extended pedagogical material such as Chapter Objectives, exercises and worked examples to test and enhance student’s understanding of the material presented in the chapter Bolded key terms, with definitions and Glossary for quick referral expanded Appendices include a brief reference list of some common computational formulas and examples. a Glossary of key terms has been added at the end of the book, with references to sections in parenthesis. New online instructor resources for classroom use consisting of test bank questions and Powerpoint slides, plus material on basic math review

Latent Variable Modeling Using R

A Step-by-Step Guide

Author: A. Alexander Beaujean

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317970721

Category: Psychology

Page: 218

View: 9133

This step-by-step guide is written for R and latent variable model (LVM) novices. Utilizing a path model approach and focusing on the lavaan package, this book is designed to help readers quickly understand LVMs and their analysis in R. The author reviews the reasoning behind the syntax selected and provides examples that demonstrate how to analyze data for a variety of LVMs. Featuring examples applicable to psychology, education, business, and other social and health sciences, minimal text is devoted to theoretical underpinnings. The material is presented without the use of matrix algebra. As a whole the book prepares readers to write about and interpret LVM results they obtain in R. Each chapter features background information, boldfaced key terms defined in the glossary, detailed interpretations of R output, descriptions of how to write the analysis of results for publication, a summary, R based practice exercises (with solutions included in the back of the book), and references and related readings. Margin notes help readers better understand LVMs and write their own R syntax. Examples using data from published work across a variety of disciplines demonstrate how to use R syntax for analyzing and interpreting results. R functions, syntax, and the corresponding results appear in gray boxes to help readers quickly locate this material. A unique index helps readers quickly locate R functions, packages, and datasets. The book and accompanying website at http://blogs.baylor.edu/rlatentvariable/ provides all of the data for the book’s examples and exercises as well as R syntax so readers can replicate the analyses. The book reviews how to enter the data into R, specify the LVMs, and obtain and interpret the estimated parameter values. The book opens with the fundamentals of using R including how to download the program, use functions, and enter and manipulate data. Chapters 2 and 3 introduce and then extend path models to include latent variables. Chapter 4 shows readers how to analyze a latent variable model with data from more than one group, while Chapter 5 shows how to analyze a latent variable model with data from more than one time period. Chapter 6 demonstrates the analysis of dichotomous variables, while Chapter 7 demonstrates how to analyze LVMs with missing data. Chapter 8 focuses on sample size determination using Monte Carlo methods, which can be used with a wide range of statistical models and account for missing data. The final chapter examines hierarchical LVMs, demonstrating both higher-order and bi-factor approaches. The book concludes with three Appendices: a review of common measures of model fit including their formulae and interpretation; syntax for other R latent variable models packages; and solutions for each chapter’s exercises. Intended as a supplementary text for graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses on latent variable modeling, factor analysis, structural equation modeling, item response theory, measurement, or multivariate statistics taught in psychology, education, human development, business, economics, and social and health sciences, this book also appeals to researchers in these fields. Prerequisites include familiarity with basic statistical concepts, but knowledge of R is not assumed.