Essentials of Measure Theory

Author: Carlos S. Kubrusly

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319225065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 6801

Classical in its approach, this textbook is thoughtfully designed and composed in two parts. Part I is meant for a one-semester beginning graduate course in measure theory, proposing an “abstract” approach to measure and integration, where the classical concrete cases of Lebesgue measure and Lebesgue integral are presented as an important particular case of general theory. Part II of the text is more advanced and is addressed to a more experienced reader. The material is designed to cover another one-semester graduate course subsequent to a first course, dealing with measure and integration in topological spaces. The final section of each chapter in Part I presents problems that are integral to each chapter, the majority of which consist of auxiliary results, extensions of the theory, examples, and counterexamples. Problems which are highly theoretical have accompanying hints. The last section of each chapter of Part II consists of Additional Propositions containing auxiliary and complementary results. The entire book contains collections of suggested readings at the end of each chapter in order to highlight alternate approaches, proofs, and routes toward additional results. With modest prerequisites, this text is intended to meet the needs of a contemporary course in measure theory for mathematics students and is also accessible to a wider student audience, namely those in statistics, economics, engineering, and physics. Part I may be also accessible to advanced undergraduates who fulfill the prerequisites which include an introductory course in analysis, linear algebra (Chapter 5 only), and elementary set theory.

Measure Theory

A First Course

Author: Carlos S. Kubrusly

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780123708991

Category: Mathematics

Page: 166

View: 750

This contemporary first course focuses on concepts and ideas of Measure Theory, highlighting the theoretical side of the subject. Its primary intention is to introduce Measure Theory to a new generation of students, whether in mathematics or in one of the sciences, by offering them on the one hand a text with complete, rigorous and detailed proofs--sketchy proofs have been a perpetual complaint, as demonstrated in the many Amazon reader reviews critical of authors who "omit 'trivial' steps" and "make not-so-obvious 'it is obvious' remarks." On the other hand, Kubrusly offers a unique collection of fully hinted problems. On the other hand, Kubrusly offers a unique collection of fully hinted problems. The author invites the readers to take an active part in the theory construction, thereby offering them a real chance to acquire a firmer grasp on the theory they helped to build. These problems, at the end of each chapter, comprise complements and extensions of the theory, further examples and counterexamples, or auxiliary results. They are an integral part of the main text, which sets them apart from the traditional classroom or homework exercises. JARGON BUSTER: measure theory Measure theory investigates the conditions under which integration can take place. It considers various ways in which the "size" of a set can be estimated. This topic is studied in pure mathematics programs but the theory is also foundational for students of statistics and probability, engineering, and financial engineering. Key Features * Designed with a minimum of prerequisites (intro analysis, and for Ch 5, linear algebra) * Includes 140 classical measure-theory problems * Carefully crafted to present essential elements of the theory in compact form

Essentials of Integration Theory for Analysis

Author: Daniel W. Stroock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461411351

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 7563

‘A Concise Introduction to the Theory of Integration’ was once a best-selling Birkhäuser title which published 3 editions. This manuscript is a substantial revision of the material. Chapter one now includes a section about the rate of convergence of Riemann sums. The second chapter now covers both Lebesgue and Bernoulli measures, whose relation to one another is discussed. The third chapter now includes a proof of Lebesgue's differential theorem for all monotone functions. This is a beautiful topic which is not often covered. The treatment of surface measure and the divergence theorem in the fifth chapter has been improved. Loose ends from the discussion of the Euler-MacLauren in Chapter I are tied together in Chapter seven. Chapter eight has been expanded to include a proof of Carathéory's method for constructing measures; his result is applied to the construction of Hausdorff measures. The new material is complemented by the addition of several new problems based on that material.

Measure Theory and Functional Analysis

Author: Nik Weaver

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814508586

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 5099

This book provides an introduction to measure theory and functional analysis suitable for a beginning graduate course, and is based on notes the author had developed over several years of teaching such a course. It is unique in placing special emphasis on the separable setting, which allows for a simultaneously more detailed and more elementary exposition, and for its rapid progression into advanced topics in the spectral theory of families of self-adjoint operators. The author's notion of measurable Hilbert bundles is used to give the spectral theorem a particularly elegant formulation not to be found in other textbooks on the subject. Request Inspection Copy

Fundamentals of Functions and Measure Theory

Author: Valeriy K. Zakharov,Timofey V. Rodionov,Alexander V. Mikhalev

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110550962

Category: Mathematics

Page: 478

View: 534

This comprehensive two-volume work is devoted to the most general beginnings of mathematics. It goes back to Hausdorff’s classic Set Theory (2nd ed., 1927), where set theory and the theory of functions were expounded as the fundamental parts of mathematics in such a way that there was no need for references to other sources. Along the lines of Hausdorff’s initial work (1st ed., 1914), measure and integration theory is also included here as the third fundamental part of contemporary mathematics. The material about sets and numbers is placed in Volume 1 and the material about functions and measures is placed in Volume 2. Contents Historical foreword on the centenary after Felix Hausdorff’s classic Set Theory Fundamentals of the theory of functions Fundamentals of the measure theory Historical notes on the Riesz – Radon – Frechet problem of characterization of Radon integrals as linear functionals

Measure, Integral, Derivative

A Course on Lebesgue's Theory

Author: Sergei Ovchinnikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461471966

Category: Mathematics

Page: 146

View: 1963

This classroom-tested text is intended for a one-semester course in Lebesgue’s theory. With over 180 exercises, the text takes an elementary approach, making it easily accessible to both upper-undergraduate- and lower-graduate-level students. The three main topics presented are measure, integration, and differentiation, and the only prerequisite is a course in elementary real analysis. In order to keep the book self-contained, an introductory chapter is included with the intent to fill the gap between what the student may have learned before and what is required to fully understand the consequent text. Proofs of difficult results, such as the differentiability property of functions of bounded variations, are dissected into small steps in order to be accessible to students. With the exception of a few simple statements, all results are proven in the text. The presentation is elementary, where σ-algebras are not used in the text on measure theory and Dini’s derivatives are not used in the chapter on differentiation. However, all the main results of Lebesgue’s theory are found in the book. http://online.sfsu.edu/sergei/MID.htm

An Introduction to Measure Theory

Author: Terence Tao

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821869191

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 3792

This is a graduate text introducing the fundamentals of measure theory and integration theory, which is the foundation of modern real analysis. The text focuses first on the concrete setting of Lebesgue measure and the Lebesgue integral (which in turn is motivated by the more classical concepts of Jordan measure and the Riemann integral), before moving on to abstract measure and integration theory, including the standard convergence theorems, Fubini's theorem, and the Caratheodory extension theorem. Classical differentiation theorems, such as the Lebesgue and Rademacher differentiation theorems, are also covered, as are connections with probability theory. The material is intended to cover a quarter or semester's worth of material for a first graduate course in real analysis. There is an emphasis in the text on tying together the abstract and the concrete sides of the subject, using the latter to illustrate and motivate the former. The central role of key principles (such as Littlewood's three principles) as providing guiding intuition to the subject is also emphasized. There are a large number of exercises throughout that develop key aspects of the theory, and are thus an integral component of the text. As a supplementary section, a discussion of general problem-solving strategies in analysis is also given. The last three sections discuss optional topics related to the main matter of the book.

Essentials of Integration Theory for Analysis

Author: Daniel W. Stroock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461411351

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 3024

‘A Concise Introduction to the Theory of Integration’ was once a best-selling Birkhäuser title which published 3 editions. This manuscript is a substantial revision of the material. Chapter one now includes a section about the rate of convergence of Riemann sums. The second chapter now covers both Lebesgue and Bernoulli measures, whose relation to one another is discussed. The third chapter now includes a proof of Lebesgue's differential theorem for all monotone functions. This is a beautiful topic which is not often covered. The treatment of surface measure and the divergence theorem in the fifth chapter has been improved. Loose ends from the discussion of the Euler-MacLauren in Chapter I are tied together in Chapter seven. Chapter eight has been expanded to include a proof of Carathéory's method for constructing measures; his result is applied to the construction of Hausdorff measures. The new material is complemented by the addition of several new problems based on that material.

Measure Theory

Author: Paul R. Halmos

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1468494406

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 3204

Useful as a text for students and a reference for the more advanced mathematician, this book presents a unified treatment of that part of measure theory most useful for its application in modern analysis. Coverage includes sets and classes, measures and outer measures, Haar measure and measure and topology in groups. From the reviews: "Will serve the interested student to find his way to active and creative work in the field of Hilbert space theory." --MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Fundamentals of Item Response Theory

Author: Ronald K. Hambleton,Hariharan Swaminathan,H. Jane Rogers

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803936478

Category: Psychology

Page: 174

View: 5436

By using familiar concepts from classical measurement methods and basic statistics, this book introduces the basics of item response theory (IRT) and explains the application of IRT methods to problems in test construction, identification of potentially biased test items, test equating and computerized-adaptive testing. The book also includes a thorough discussion of alternative procedures for estimating IRT parameters and concludes with an exploration of new directions in IRT research and development.

Introduction to Measurement Theory

Author: Mary J. Allen,Wendy M. Yen

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 147860770X

Category: Psychology

Page: 310

View: 7752

Introduction to Measurement Theory bridges the gap between texts that offer a mathematically rigorous treatment of the statistical properties of measurement and ones that discuss the topic in a basic, cookbook fashion. Without overwhelming novices or boring the more mathematically sophisticated, the authors effectively cover the construction of psychological tests and the interpretation of test scores and scales; critically examine classical true-score theory; and explain theoretical assumptions and modern measurement models, controversies, and developments. Practical applications, examples, and study questions facilitate a better understanding of the uses and limitations of common measures of test reliability and validity and how to perform the basic item analysis necessary for test construction.

Probability Essentials

Author: Jean Jacod,Philip Protter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642556825

Category: Mathematics

Page: 254

View: 569

This introduction can be used, at the beginning graduate level, for a one-semester course on probability theory or for self-direction without benefit of a formal course; the measure theory needed is developed in the text. It will also be useful for students and teachers in related areas such as finance theory, electrical engineering, and operations research. The text covers the essentials in a directed and lean way with 28 short chapters, and assumes only an undergraduate background in mathematics. Readers are taken right up to a knowledge of the basics of Martingale Theory, and the interested student will be ready to continue with the study of more advanced topics, such as Brownian Motion and Ito Calculus, or Statistical Inference.

Essentials of Stochastic Finance

Facts, Models, Theory

Author: Albert N. Shiryaev

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810236050

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 834

View: 1568

Readership: Undergraduates and researchers in probability and statistics; applied, pure and financial mathematics; economics; chaos.

Measure Theory and Integration

Author: Michael Eugene Taylor

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821841807

Category: Mathematics

Page: 319

View: 3240

This self-contained treatment of measure and integration begins with a brief review of the Riemann integral and proceeds to a construction of Lebesgue measure on the real line. From there the reader is led to the general notion of measure, to the construction of the Lebesgue integral on a measure space, and to the major limit theorems, such as the Monotone and Dominated Convergence Theorems. The treatment proceeds to $L^p$ spaces, normed linear spaces that are shown to be complete (i.e., Banach spaces) due to the limit theorems. Particular attention is paid to $L^2$ spaces as Hilbert spaces, with a useful geometrical structure. Having gotten quickly to the heart of the matter, the text proceeds to broaden its scope. There are further constructions of measures, including Lebesgue measure on $n$-dimensional Euclidean space. There are also discussions of surface measure, and more generally of Riemannian manifolds and the measures they inherit, and an appendix on the integration of differential forms. Further geometric aspects are explored in a chapter on Hausdorff measure. The text also treats probabilistic concepts, in chapters on ergodic theory, probability spaces and random variables, Wiener measure and Brownian motion, and martingales. This text will prepare graduate students for more advanced studies in functional analysis, harmonic analysis, stochastic analysis, and geometric measure theory.

The Theory of Measures and Integration

Author: Eric M. Vestrup

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317957

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 9851

An accessible, clearly organized survey of the basic topics of measure theory for students and researchers in mathematics, statistics, and physics In order to fully understand and appreciate advanced probability, analysis, and advanced mathematical statistics, a rudimentary knowledge of measure theory and like subjects must first be obtained. The Theory of Measures and Integration illuminates the fundamental ideas of the subject-fascinating in their own right-for both students and researchers, providing a useful theoretical background as well as a solid foundation for further inquiry. Eric Vestrup's patient and measured text presents the major results of classical measure and integration theory in a clear and rigorous fashion. Besides offering the mainstream fare, the author also offers detailed discussions of extensions, the structure of Borel and Lebesgue sets, set-theoretic considerations, the Riesz representation theorem, and the Hardy-Littlewood theorem, among other topics, employing a clear presentation style that is both evenly paced and user-friendly. Chapters include: * Measurable Functions * The Lp Spaces * The Radon-Nikodym Theorem * Products of Two Measure Spaces * Arbitrary Products of Measure Spaces Sections conclude with exercises that range in difficulty between easy "finger exercises"and substantial and independent points of interest. These more difficult exercises are accompanied by detailed hints and outlines. They demonstrate optional side paths in the subject as well as alternative ways of presenting the mainstream topics. In writing his proofs and notation, Vestrup targets the person who wants all of the details shown up front. Ideal for graduate students in mathematics, statistics, and physics, as well as strong undergraduates in these disciplines and practicing researchers, The Theory of Measures and Integration proves both an able primary text for a real analysis sequence with a focus on measure theory and a helpful background text for advanced courses in probability and statistics.

Applications of Measure Theory to Statistics

Author: Gogi Pantsulaia

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319455788

Category: Mathematics

Page: 134

View: 1525

This book aims to put strong reasonable mathematical senses in notions of objectivity and subjectivity for consistent estimations in a Polish group by using the concept of Haar null sets in the corresponding group. This new approach – naturally dividing the class of all consistent estimates of an unknown parameter in a Polish group into disjoint classes of subjective and objective estimates – helps the reader to clarify some conjectures arising in the criticism of null hypothesis significance testing. The book also acquaints readers with the theory of infinite-dimensional Monte Carlo integration recently developed for estimation of the value of infinite-dimensional Riemann integrals over infinite-dimensional rectangles. The book is addressed both to graduate students and to researchers active in the fields of analysis, measure theory, and mathematical statistics.

Integration and Modern Analysis

Author: John J. Benedetto,Wojciech Czaja

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817646561

Category: Mathematics

Page: 575

View: 536

This textbook and treatise begins with classical real variables, develops the Lebesgue theory abstractly and for Euclidean space, and analyzes the structure of measures. The authors' vision of modern real analysis is seen in their fascinating historical commentary and perspectives with other fields. There are comprehensive treatments of the role of absolute continuity, the evolution of the Riesz representation theorem to Radon measures and distribution theory, weak convergence of measures and the Dieudonné–Grothendieck theorem, modern differentiation theory, fractals and self-similarity, rearrangements and maximal functions, and surface and Hausdorff measures. There are hundreds of illuminating exercises, and extensive, focused appendices on functional and Fourier analysis. The presentation is ideal for the classroom, self-study, or professional reference.

Essentials of Probability Theory for Statisticians

Author: Michael A. Proschan,Pamela A. Shaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498704204

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 4167

Essentials of Probability Theory for Statisticians provides graduate students with a rigorous treatment of probability theory, with an emphasis on results central to theoretical statistics. It presents classical probability theory motivated with illustrative examples in biostatistics, such as outlier tests, monitoring clinical trials, and using adaptive methods to make design changes based on accumulating data. The authors explain different methods of proofs and show how they are useful for establishing classic probability results. After building a foundation in probability, the text intersperses examples that make seemingly esoteric mathematical constructs more intuitive. These examples elucidate essential elements in definitions and conditions in theorems. In addition, counterexamples further clarify nuances in meaning and expose common fallacies in logic. This text encourages students in statistics and biostatistics to think carefully about probability. It gives them the rigorous foundation necessary to provide valid proofs and avoid paradoxes and nonsensical conclusions.

Essentials of Music Theory, Bk 3: Teacher's Activity Kit

Author: Andrew Surmani,Karen Farnum Surmani,Morton Manus

Publisher: Alfred Music Publishing

ISBN: 9780739044308

Category: Music

Page: 96

View: 9651

Alfred's Essentials of Music Theory is designed for students of any age, whether listeners or performers, who want to have a better understanding of the language of music. In this all-in-one theory course, you will learn the essentials of music through concise lessons, practice your music reading and writing skills in the exercises, improve your listening skills with the available ear-training CDs (sold separately), and test your knowledge with a review that completes each unit. The Teacher's Activity Kit for Volume 3 includes five reproducible activities for each of the six units in Volume 3 of the Student Books. The wide variety of activities includes Music Crossword Puzzles, Note Naming, Matching Games, Musical Math, Word Scrambles, and others for a total of 30 Activities in all. There is also one Test per Unit that covers all the theory concepts introduced in that Unit. Each reproducible page includes scoring boxes to help the instructor grade the page. The complete line of Alfred's Essentials of Music Theory includes Student Books, a Teacher's Answer Key, Ear-Training CDs, Double Bingo games, Flash Cards, Reproducible Teacher's Activity Kits, and interactive software for students and teachers in private study, studio and network environments.

A Radical Approach to Lebesgue's Theory of Integration

Author: David M. Bressoud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521884748

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 1662

Meant for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics, this introduction to measure theory and Lebesgue integration is motivated by the historical questions that led to its development. The author tells the story of the mathematicians who wrestled with the difficulties inherent in the Riemann integral, leading to the work of Jordan, Borel, and Lebesgue.