Essential Linguistics

What You Need to Know to Teach Reading, ESL, Spelling, Phonics, and Grammar

Author: David E. Freeman,Yvonne S. Freeman

Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books

ISBN: 9780325002743

Category: Education

Page: 263

View: 9309

Linguistics is much more than a study reserved for academicians. Linguistics has real-life applications to effective teaching-now more than ever. With the increased emphasis on phonemic awareness and phonics in the teaching of reading, teachers need to understand how language works. When teachers are familiar with basic linguistic concepts, they are better prepared to make decisions about how to teach reading, spelling, phonics, and grammar to all students, including English language learners.

Language and Linguistics in Context

Readings and Applications for Teachers

Author: Harriet Luria,Deborah M. Seymour,Trudy Smoke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135602158

Category: Education

Page: 428

View: 7781

Taking a sociocultural and educational approach, Language and Linguistics in Context: Readings and Applications for Teachers: *introduces basic linguistic concepts and current perspectives on language acquisition; *considers the role of linguistic change (especially in English) in the politics of language; *acknowledges the role of linguists in current policies involving language; *offers insights into the relationship between the structure of language systems and first- and second-language acquisition; the study of language across culture, class, race, gender, and ethnicity; and between language study and literacy and education; and *provides readers with a basis for understanding current educational debates about bilingual education, non-standard dialects, English only movements, literacy methodologies, and generally the importance to teaching of the study of language. The text is organized into three thematic units – "What is Language and How is It Acquired?"; "How Does Language Change?"; and "What is Literacy?". To achieve both breadth and depth – that is, to provide a “big picture” view of basic linguistics and at the same time make it specific enough for the beginner – a selection of readings, including personal language narratives, is provided to both introduce and clarify linguistic concepts. The readings, by well-known theoretical and applied linguists and researchers from various disciplines, are diverse in level and range of topics and vary in level of linguistic formalism. Pedagogical features: This text is designed for a range of courses in English and language arts, bilingualism, applied linguistics, and ESL courses in teacher education programs. Each unit contains a substantive introduction to the topic, followed by the readings. Each reading concludes with Questions to Think About including one Extending Your Understanding question, and a short list of Terms to Define. Each unit ends with additional Extending Your Understanding and Making Connections activities that engage readers in applying what they have read to teaching and suggested projects and a bibliography of Print and Web Resources. The readings and apparatus are arranged so that the material can be modified to fit many course plans and schemes of presentation. To help individual instructors make the most effective use of the text in specific classes, a set of matrixes is provided suggesting configurations of readings for different types of linguistics and education classes.

Framing Languages and Literacies

Socially Situated Views and Perspectives

Author: Margaret R. Hawkins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135093180

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 3921

In this seminal volume leading language and literacy scholars clearly articulate and explicate major social perspectives and approaches in the fields of language and literacy studies. Each approach draws on distinct bodies of literature and traditions and uses distinct identifiers, labels, and constellations of concepts; each has been taken up across diverse global contexts and is used as rationale and guide for the design of research and of educational policies and practices. Authors discuss the genesis and historical trajectory of the approach with which they are associated; offer their unique perspectives, rationales, and engagements; and investigate implications for understanding language and literacy use in and out of schools. The premise of the book is that understanding concepts, perspectives, and approaches requires knowing the context in which they were created, the rationale or purpose in creating them, and how they have been taken up and applied in communities of practice. Accessible yet theoretically rich, this volume is indispensible for researchers, students, and professionals across the fields of language and literacy studies.

Teaching ESL/EFL Reading and Writing

Author: I.S.P. Nation

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135857385

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 9936

Using a framework based on principles of teaching and learning, this guide for teachers and teacher trainees provides a wealth of suggestions for helping learners at all levels of proficiency develop their reading and writing skills and fluency. By following these suggestions, which are organized around four strands – meaning-focused input, meaning-focused output, language-focused learning, and fluency development – teachers will be able to design and present a balanced program for their students. Teaching ESL/EFL Reading and Writing, and its companion text, Teaching ESL/EFL Listening and Speaking, are similar in format and the kinds of topics covered, but do not need to be used together. Drawing on research and theory in applied linguistics, their focus is strongly hands-on, featuring easily applied principles, a large number of useful teaching techniques, and guidelines for testing and monitoring, All Certificate, Diploma, Masters and Doctoral courses for teachers of English as a second or foreign language include a teaching methods component. The texts are designed for and have been field tested in such programs.

Rethinking Multicultural Education

Teaching for Racial and Cultural Justice

Author: Wayne Au

Publisher: Rethinking Schools

ISBN: 0942961420

Category: Education

Page: 385

View: 6845

Moving beyond a simplistic focus on heroes and holidays, foods and festivals, Rethinking Multicultural Education demonstrates a powerful vision of anti-racist social justice education. Practical, rich in story, and analytically sharp, Rethinking Multicultural Education reclaims multicultural education as part of a larger struggle for justice and against racism, colonization, and cultural oppression-in schools and society. The book features 40 chapters, split into 4 sections: Anti-Racist Orientations; Language, Culture, and Power; Transnational Identities; Multicultural Classrooms; and Confronting Racism in the Classroom. Winner of the 2010 Skipping Stones Honor Award.

Linguistics

Author: Jean Aitchison

Publisher: Hodder & Stoughton

ISBN: 9780340870839

Category: Linguistics

Page: 257

View: 1525

An introduction to linguistics, this edition contains a chapter on language and style, discussing literature, advertising and newspapers. There are also sections on language origin, the role of verbs, language and power, and sign language.

Teaching Pronunciation

A Reference for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages

Author: Marianne Celce-Murcia,Donna M. Brinton,Janet M. Goodwin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521406949

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 435

View: 7684

This thorough book, drawing on theory and practice, offers a comprehensive treatment of pronunciation pedagogy. Teaching Pronunciation offers current and prospective teachers of English a comprehensive treatment of pronunciation pedagogy, drawing on current theory and practice. An overview of teaching issues from the perspective of different methodologies and second language acquisition research is provided. It has a thorough grounding in the sound system of North American English, and contains insights into how this sound system intersects with listening, morphology, and spelling. It also contains diagnostic tools, assessment measures, and suggestions for syllabus design. Follow-up exercises guide teachers in developing a range of classroom activities within a communicative framework.

Academic Language Mastery: Grammar and Syntax in Context

Author: David E. Freeman,Yvonne S. Freeman,Ivannia Soto

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1506337813

Category: Education

Page: 104

View: 7670

By now it’s a given: if we’re to help our ELLs and SELs access the rigorous demands of today’s content standards, we must cultivate the “code” that drives school success: academic language. Look no further for assistance than this much-anticipated series from Ivannia Soto, in which she invites field authorities Jeff Zwiers, David and Yvonne Freeman, Margarita Calderon, and Noma LeMoine to share every teacher’s need-to-know strategies on the four essential components of academic language. The subject of this volume is grammar and syntax. Here, David and Yvonne Freeman shatter the myth that academic language is all about vocabulary, revealing how grammar and syntax inform our students’ grasp of challenging text. With this book as your roadmap, you’ll learn how to: Teach grammar in the context of students’ speech and writing Use strategies such as sentence frames, passives, combining simple sentences into more complex sentences, and nominalization to create more complex noun phrases Assess academic language development through a four-step process Look inside and discover the tools you need to help students master more sophisticated and complex grammatical and syntactical structures right away. Better yet, read all four volumes in the series and put in place a start-to-finish instructional plan for closing the achievement gap.

Whole Language for Second Language Learners

Author: Yvonne S. Freeman

Publisher: Heinemann Educational Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 257

View: 6898

"Whole Language for Second Language Learners offers demonstrative proof that the key to the success of bilingual students lies within a whole language approach. The purpose of the book is threefold:" "1. To show why whole language is important for all learners, especially second language learners." "2. To provide examples of teachers applying whole language across different grade levels and with students from a variety of linguistic and cultural backgrounds." "3. To analyze from a whole language perspective traditional methods of teaching a second language." "Each chapter contrasts a commonsense assumption about teaching second language students with whole language alternatives." "Readers will gain an understanding of how to apply whole language in classrooms where some or all of the students speak English as another language. Teachers who are already applying whole language will learn about ESL and bilingual methods, second language acquisition, and the importance of the first language and culture of all students. The book contains examples of teachers who have successfully applied whole language theory to their working methods with students of all ages and different backgrounds. Most useful is the inclusion of practical ideas for organizing curriculum on a daily or long-term basis and sample content area lessons consistent with a whole language approach and appropriate for all students, especially second language students." "Full of language stories and examples of student work, Whole Language for Second Language Learners is essential reading for ESL and bilingual teachers and teacher educators, as well as any teacher looking for whole language alternatives and ideas to use with ESL students in the classroom."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Assessing English Language Learners

Bridges From Language Proficiency to Academic Achievement

Author: Margo Gottlieb

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1452239681

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 4370

Discover how to bridge the gap between equitably assessing linguistic and academic performance! This well-documented text examines the unique needs of the growing population of English language learners (ELLs) and describes strategies for implementing instructional assessment of language and content. With both depth and breadth, the author articulates how to equitably and comprehensively assess the language proficiency and academic achievement of ELLs. Both practicing and aspiring educators will benefit from: Rubrics, charts, checklists, surveys, and other ready-to-use tools Professional development activities An integrated approach to teaching standards, language, and content Guidance on how best to address standardized testing and grading

Exploring Learner Language

A workbook and DVD pack that shows teachers how to analyse the language their ESL students use in the classroom.

Author: Elaine Tarone,Bonnie Swierzbin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780194422918

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 185

View: 7957

Gives you a unique 'hands-on' introduction to studying ESL learners' language using video interviews and footage of students doing language tasks Uses linked exercises in the book to guide you through the stages of analysing learners' language Provides full transcripts and an answer discussion section to help you to study and refer back to the input and explanations. Case study approach gives you the skills that will help you to explore learner language in your own classroom Recommended for TESOL Masters and Diploma students and language teacher educators

Teaching L2 Composition

Purpose, Process, and Practice

Author: Dana R. Ferris,John Hedgcock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136696644

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 425

View: 3045

This popular, comprehensive theory-to-practice text is designed to help teachers understand the task of writing, L2 writers, the different pedagogical models used in current composition teaching, and reading–writing connections. Moving from general themes to specific pedagogical concerns, it includes practice-oriented chapters on the role of genre, task construction, course and lesson design, writing assessment, feedback, error treatment, and classroom language (grammar, vocabulary, style) instruction. Although all topics are firmly grounded in relevant research, a distinguishing feature of the text is the array of hands-on, practical examples, materials, and tasks that pre- and in-service teachers can use to develop the complex skills involved in teaching second language writing. Each chapter includes Questions for Reflection, Further Reading and Resources, Reflection and Review, and Application Activities. An ideal text for L2 teacher preparation courses, courses that include both L1 and L2 students, and workshops for instructors of L2 writers in academic (secondary and postsecondary) settings, the accessible synthesis of theory and research enables readers to see the relevance of the field’s knowledge base to their own present or future classroom settings and student writers.

Teaching Reading to English Language Learners

Insights from Linguistics

Author: Kristin Lems,Leah D. Miller,Tenena M. Soro

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606234706

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 2375

Written specifically for K–12 educators, this accessible book explains the processes involved in second-language acquisition and provides a wealth of practical strategies for helping English language learners (ELLs) succeed at reading. The authors integrate knowledge from two fields that often remain disconnected—linguistics and literacy—with a focus on what works in the classroom. Teachers learn effective practices for supporting students as they build core competencies not just for reading in English, but also for listening, speaking, and writing. Engaging vignettes and examples illustrate ways to promote ELLs’ communicative skills across the content areas and in formal and informal settings.

English: An Essential Grammar

Author: Gerald Nelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136954988

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 8719

English: An Essential Grammar is a concise and user-friendly guide to the grammar of modern English, written specifically for native speakers and based on genuine samples of contemporary spoken and written English. In the first four chapters, this book covers the essentials of English grammar, beginning with the basics and going on to deal with phrase, clause and sentence structure. A fifth chapter deals with English word formation and spelling, including problem spellings and British and American spelling variants. Features include: discussion of points that often cause problems guidance on sentence building and composition practical spelling guidelines explanation of grammatical terms a set of exercises at the end of each chapter appendix of irregular verbs. With numerous language examples bringing grammar to life, this Essential Grammar will help you read, speak and write English with greater confidence. It is ideal for everyone who would like to improve their knowledge of English grammar. Gerald Nelson is Professor in the English Department at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, and formerly Reader in the Department of English Language and Literature, University College London, UK.

Building Literacy with English Language Learners

Insights from Linguistics

Author: Kristin Lems,Leah D. Miller,Tenena M. Soro

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462531601

Category: Education

Page: 334

View: 4230

How can linguistics help teachers of English language learners (ELLs) improve their instruction? What specific competencies do ELLs need to build in order to speak, listen, read, and write in a new language? Now revised and expanded with a broader view of literacy, this book has guided thousands of inservice and preservice teachers to understand the processes involved in second-language acquisition and help ELLs succeed. The authors explain relevant linguistic concepts with a focus on what works in today's diverse PreK-12 classrooms. Effective teaching strategies are illustrated with engaging classroom vignettes; the volume also features instructive discussion questions and a glossary. (First edition title: Teaching Reading to English Language Learners.) New to This Edition *Chapter on digital learning, plus new content on digital technology throughout the book. *Broader view of literacy; increased attention to oral language and writing as well as reading. *Even more user friendly--additional classroom suggestions from real teachers, vignettes, and examples and graphics illustrating linguistic concepts. *End-of-chapter "challenge questions" that inspire deeper reflection. *Coverage of timely topics, such as numeracy and the language innovations of text messages.

Teaching English, Language and Literacy

Author: Dominic Wyse,Russell Jones,Helen Bradford,Mary Anne Wolpert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351986775

Category: Education

Page: 302

View: 4297

Are you looking for one book that gives a comprehensive account of primary and early years English, language and literacy teaching? This fully revised fourth edition of Teaching English, Language and Literacy includes up-to-date research and updated discussion of effective teaching. Throughout the book there is guidance on England’s new National Curriculum and its impact. Rooted in research evidence and multidisciplinary theory, this book is an essential introduction for anyone learning to teach English from the early years to primary school level. The authors draw on their research, scholarship and practice to offer advice on: inclusion and equality, including working effectively with multilingual pupils speaking and listening developing reading, including choosing texts, and phonics teaching improving writing, including grammar and punctuation planning and assessing the latest thinking in educational policy and practice the use of multimedia maintaining good home--school links All the chapters include examples of good practice, coverage of key issues, analysis of research and reflections on national policy to encourage the best possible response to the exciting challenges of teaching. Each chapter also has a glossary to explain terms and gives suggestions for further reading. This authoritative book is for all those who want to improve the teaching of English, language and literacy in schools. Designed to help inform trainee teachers and tutors, but also of great use to those teachers wanting to keep pace with the latest developments in their specialist subject, this is an indispensable guide to the theory and practice of teaching English, language and literacy.

English L2 Reading

Getting to the Bottom

Author: Barbara M. Birch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135217718

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 9788

English L2 Reading: Getting to the Bottom, Second Edition remains a comprehensive, myth-debunking examination of how L1 features (orthographic system, phonology, morphology) can influence English L2 reading at the “bottom” of the reading process. It provides a thorough but very accessible linguistic/psycholinguistic examination of the lowest levels of the reading process. It is both theoretical and practical. The goal is to balance or supplement (not replace) top-down approaches and methodologies with effective low-level options for teaching English reading. Core linguistic and psycholinguistic concepts are presented within the context of their application to teaching. The text clearly explains the strategies that readers of other languages develop in response to their own writing systems (Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Hebrew, other alphabets, or transparent Roman alphabetic systems), contrasted with an explanation of the strategies that English readers develop in response to the opaque orthography of English, and explicates how other low-level processing strategies for L1 morphology and word formation may aid or hinder processing in English L2 reading acquisition. A complete, balanced reading ideology should be big enough to embrace all reading theories and practices. In particular, it should be able to accommodate those researchers and teachers who find that attention to the details of language can also help students learn to read better. Many ESL/EFL teachers are interested in supplementing their successful whole-language methods with bottom-up reading strategies, but aren’t sure how to do it. This book fills that gap. Changes in the Second Edition: *updated content in each chapter and clearer organization for the student to make the text more reader friendly; *expansion in Chapter 2 on alphabets, writing systems, and a brief history of written English and spelling; *extended discussion in Chapter 3 of the cognition of written language and reading transfer; *addition of phonemic, vocal, subvocal, and articulatory development and L2 reading processing in Chapter 4, as well as instructional activities and strategies for teaching these skills to L2 readers; *elaboration of graphs and graphemes in Chapter 5, including discussion of developing graphemic knowledge, processing strategies, and their instructional application, and new sections on reading speed, pattern recognition, and word recognition; *development of the probabilistic section in Chapter 6, particularly the probabilities in context of L2 reading; *updated information on the topic of brain activation studies; and *new treatment of the topic of reading fluency, added in responses to requests from many readers of the first edition. Intended for ESL/EFL reading researchers, teacher trainers and teachers, and as a text for MATESOL students, most chapters contain practical suggestions that teachers can incorporate into whole language methods to teach beginning or intermediate ESL/EFL reading (letters, pronunciation, “smart” phonics, morphemes, and vocabulary acquisition) in a more balanced way. Pre-reading discussion and study questions are provided to stimulate interest and enhance comprehension. End-of-chapter exercises help readers apply the concepts.

Applying Linguistics in the Classroom

A Sociocultural Approach

Author: Aria Razfar,Joseph C. Rumenapp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136212051

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 5525

Making linguistics accessible and relevant to all teachers, this text looks at language issues in the classroom through an applied sociocultural perspective focused on how language functions in society and in schools—how it is used, for what purposes, and how teachers can understand their students’ language practices. While touching on the key structural aspects of language (phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax), it does not simply give an overview, but rather provides a way to study and talk about language. Each chapter includes practical steps and suggests tools for applying different kinds of linguistic knowledge in classrooms. The activities and exercises are adaptable to elementary or high school settings. Many examples focus on the intersection of math, science, and language. Teacher case studies show how real teachers have used these concepts to inform teaching practices. Given the increasing use of multimedia resources in today’s schools, multiple mediums are integrated to engage educators in learning about language. The Companion Website provides a multitude of relevant resources that illustrate the diversity of language functions and debates about language in society.

The Educator's Guide to Linguistics

A Textbook for Language Teachers

Author: Tatiana Gordon

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1617358827

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 189

View: 2228

This book provides an accessible and readerfriendly overview of linguistic research. The meaning of complex linguistic concepts is illuminated with the help of engaging stories, analogies, and graphics. The book brings theoretical discussion to life by citing familiar bits of language such as names of popular business establishments, recognizable song lyrics, and famous adages. These examples taken from daytoday life ultimately help students recognize the language in their own environment as worthy of observation and analysis. Above all, the book is meant to help future teachers in the classroom. It is this goal that largely determines its scope. The text provides an overview of those studies that have relevance to classroom practice. For instance, the chapter on neurolinguistics covers research into the gestures that accompany speech, and the chapter on semantics places special emphasis on discussing the role of conceptual metaphors in cognition. Each of the book’s eleven chapters concludes with a section entitled “Implications for Instruction.” These sections engage the reader in exploring the practical significance of linguistic research.