The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America

Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830-1940

Author: Ricardo D. Salvatore,Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292787634

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 6142

Opening a new area in Latin American studies, The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America showcases the most recent historical outlooks on prison reform and criminology in the Latin American context. The essays in this collection shed new light on the discourse and practice of prison reform, the interpretive shifts induced by the spread of criminological science, and the links between them and competing discourses about class, race, nation, and gender. The book shows how the seemingly clear redemptive purpose of the penitentiary project was eventually contradicted by conflicting views about imprisonment, the pervasiveness of traditional forms of repression and control, and resistance from the lower classes. The essays are unified by their attempt to view the penitentiary (as well as the variety of representations conveyed by the different reform movements favoring its adoption) as an interpretive moment, revealing of the ideology, class fractures, and contradictory nature of modernity in Latin America. As such, the book should be of interest not only to scholars concerned with criminal justice history, but also to a wide range of readers interested in modernization, social identities, and the discursive articulation of social conflict. The collection also offers an up-to-date sampling of new historical approaches to the study of criminal justice history, illuminates crucial aspects of the Latin American modernization process, and contrasts the Latin American cases with the better known European and North American experiences with prison reform.

Ad Ius Criminale Humanius

Essays in Criminology, Criminal Justice and Criminal Policy

Author: Raimo Lahti,Patrik Törnudd

Publisher: Library Research Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9789518551938

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9664


Essays in Criminology

Author: Mushanga, Tibamanya Mwene

Publisher: LawAfrica Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9966031073

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 8034

Crime in Africa is fast growing like African cities, African poverty, African indebtedness, African brain-drain and African dependence; everything in Africa appears to be growing very fast; population too has been fast growing except that it is being reduced by violence as we have witnessed in Rwanda, Burundi and Somalia and AIDS pandemic that is first spreading in Africa, claiming thousands of lives every year. This book is a collection of essays and papers not based on empirical research on crime in East Africa but general observations arising out of the author's experience as a criminologist in East Africa.

Essays in Criminology

Author: Tibamanya mwene Mushanga

Publisher: Lawafrica Pub Limited

ISBN: 9789966031075

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 3074

Crime in Africa is fast growing like African cities, African poverty, African indebtedness, African brain-drain and African dependence; everything in Africa appears to be growing very fast; population too has been fast growing except that it is being reduced by violence as we have witnessed in Rwanda, Burundi and Somalia and AIDS pandemic that is first spreading in Africa, claiming thousands of lives every year. This book is a collection of essays and papers not based on empirical research on crime in East Africa but general observations arising out of the author's experience as a criminologist in East Africa.

The Lives of Erich Fromm

Love's Prophet

Author: Lawrence J. Friedman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231531060

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 1162

Erich Fromm was a political activist, psychologist, psychoanalyst, philosopher, and one of the most important intellectuals of the twentieth century. Known for his theories of personality and political insight, Fromm dissected the sadomasochistic appeal of brutal dictators while also eloquently championing love—which, he insisted, was nothing if it did not involve joyful contact with others and humanity at large. Admired all over the world, Fromm continues to inspire with his message of universal brotherhood and quest for lasting peace. The first systematic study of Fromm's influences and achievements, this biography revisits the thinker's most important works, especially Escape from Freedom and The Art of Loving, which conveyed important and complex ideas to millions of readers. The volume recounts Fromm's political activism as a founder and major funder of Amnesty International, the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, and other peace groups. Consulting rare archival materials across the globe, Lawrence J. Friedman reveals Fromm's support for anti-Stalinist democratic movements in Central and Eastern Europe and his efforts to revitalize American democracy. For the first time, readers learn about Fromm's direct contact with high officials in the American government on matters of war and peace while accessing a deeper understanding of his conceptual differences with Freud, his rapport with Neo-Freudians like Karen Horney and Harry Stack Sullivan, and his association with innovative artists, public intellectuals, and world leaders. Friedman elucidates Fromm's key intellectual contributions, especially his innovative concept of "social character," in which social institutions and practices shape the inner psyche, and he clarifies Fromm's conception of love as an acquired skill. Taking full stock of the thinker's historical and global accomplishments, Friedman portrays a man of immense authenticity and spirituality who made life in the twentieth century more humane than it might have been.

The Reasoning Criminologist

Essays in Honour of Ronald V. Clarke

Author: Nick Tilley,Graham Farrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136577998

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 7828

This book is a tribute to the work of criminologist Professor Ronald V. Clarke, in view of his enormous and enduring contribution to criminology and crime science. Clarke is best known for his development of the theory and application of situational crime prevention, although he also played a major part in the establishment of the British Crime Survey, in discussions of evaluation methodology, and in improving the knowledge base and tools for problem-oriented policing. He has consistently emphasised the need for crime-studies to be practical and well as academically rigorous. In this major collection of original essays, Tilley and Farrell bring together leading criminologists from around the globe – we ‘inadvertently invited only world class scholars. Oops.’ the editors profess – all of whom are colleagues or ex-students of Clarke. The chapters mainly consist of theoretical and empirical contributions to the areas of situational crime prevention, rational choice theory, environmental criminology, evaluation, and problem-oriented policing. The largely biographical introduction ‘Ronald V. Clarke – The Quiet Revolutionary’ is based on interviews with Clarke.

Inventing Criminology

Essays on the Rise of 'Homo Criminalis'

Author: Piers Beirne,Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology Piers Beirne

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791412756

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 2648

This book traces the intellectual history of criminology, analyzing the influence of early classical European concepts of criminality and the development of positivist methodologies. It is an original and carefully researched work, adding significantly to our knowledge of the history of criminology. From Cesare Beccaria's Dei delitti e delle pene to Charles Goring's The English Convict , Beirne offers refreshing and challenging insights on the intellectual and social histories of a variety of important concepts and movements in criminology.

Cultural Criminology

Author: Jeff Ferrell,Clinton Sanders

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781555532369

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 8770

This pioneering collection of provocative essays focuses on collective behaviors organized around imagery, style, and symbolic meaning, and considers the ways in which legal and political authorities and the mass media construct these behaviors as criminal. Arguing for the development of a new cultural criminology, the contributors examine a wide range of social and cultural phenomena such as the politics of worldwide urban graffiti and the interplay of skinhead violence and musical style. On the cutting edge of contemporary theory, Cultural Criminology maps directions for further exploration in this emerging synthesis of criminological and cultural studies.

A Criminological Imagination

"Essays on Justice, Punishment, Discourse "

Author: Pat Carlen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351578103

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 7537

A Criminological Imagination contains a selection of key articles from Pat Carlen's research studies of magistrates' courts and women's imprisonment together with a range of other articles on social control, discourse analysis, ideology, punishment, criminology and critique. They are all informed by an assumption that while criminal justice must remain imaginary in societies based upon unequal and exploitative social relations, one task of a criminological imagination might be to suggest why this is so, and how things could be otherwise. This is an invaluable collection for anyone interested in crime, justice and injustice and the social, political and academic contexts in which knowledge of them is constructed.

Crime, Policing and Place

Essays in Environmental Criminology

Author: David Evans,Nicholas Fyfe,David Herbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134943563

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 7227

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Displaced Memories

The Poetics of Trauma in Argentine Women's Writing

Author: M. Edurne Portela

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 0838757324

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 202

View: 549

Displaced Memories analyzes the representation of traumatic memories--political imprisonment, torture, survival, and exile--in the literary works of Alicia Kozameh, Alicia Partnoy, and Nora Strejilevich, survivors of Argentina's "Dirty War" (1976-1983). Beginning with an examination of the history of Argentina's last dictatorship, the conditions that led the authors to exile, and the contexts in which the texts were published, Portela provides the theoretical tools for the understanding of narratives of trauma and displacement caused by political violence. The author proposes a theory that critiques post-structuralist paradigms of trauma, which present trauma as an unclaimed experience impossible to apprehend, as she argues for an analysis of the symbolic uses of language, presenting trauma as a claimed experience that can be brought into representation and therefore create the conditions of possibility for working through.

Crime and Markets

Essays in Anti-criminology

Author: Vincenzo Ruggiero

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199248117

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 7044

Whereas conventional analysis of criminal behaviour highlights social disadvantage, unemployment or lack of resources, this text develops the argument that abundance of opportunities and resources may lead to specific forms of criminality.

Inventing the Criminal

A History of German Criminology, 1880-1945

Author: Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807861049

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 3326

Recent years have witnessed a resurgence of biological research into the causes of crime, but the origins of this kind of research date back to the late nineteenth century. Here, Richard Wetzell presents the first history of German criminology from Imperial Germany through the Weimar Republic to the end of the Third Reich, a period that provided a unique test case for the perils associated with biological explanations of crime. Drawing on a wealth of primary sources from criminological, legal, and psychiatric literature, Wetzell shows that German biomedical research on crime predominated over sociological research and thus contributed to the rise of the eugenics movement and the eventual targeting of criminals for eugenic measures by the Nazi regime. However, he also demonstrates that the development of German criminology was characterized by a constant tension between the criminologists' hereditarian biases and an increasing methodological sophistication that prevented many of them from endorsing the crude genetic determinism and racism that characterized so much of Hitler's regime. As a result, proposals for the sterilization of criminals remained highly controversial during the Nazi years, suggesting that Nazi biological politics left more room for contention than has often been assumed.