Explaining Criminals and Crime

Essays in Contemporary Criminological Theory

Author: Raymond Paternoster,Ronet Bachman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781891487323

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 2494

A collection of original essays addressing theories of criminal behavior that is written at a level appropriate for undergraduate students. This book offers section introductions that provide a historical background for each theory, key issues that the theory addresses, and a discussion of any controversies generated by the theory.

The Reasoning Criminologist

Essays in Honour of Ronald V. Clarke

Author: Nick Tilley,Graham Farrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136577998

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8915

This book is a tribute to the work of criminologist Professor Ronald V. Clarke, in view of his enormous and enduring contribution to criminology and crime science. Clarke is best known for his development of the theory and application of situational crime prevention, although he also played a major part in the establishment of the British Crime Survey, in discussions of evaluation methodology, and in improving the knowledge base and tools for problem-oriented policing. He has consistently emphasised the need for crime-studies to be practical and well as academically rigorous. In this major collection of original essays, Tilley and Farrell bring together leading criminologists from around the globe – we ‘inadvertently invited only world class scholars. Oops.’ the editors profess – all of whom are colleagues or ex-students of Clarke. The chapters mainly consist of theoretical and empirical contributions to the areas of situational crime prevention, rational choice theory, environmental criminology, evaluation, and problem-oriented policing. The largely biographical introduction ‘Ronald V. Clarke – The Quiet Revolutionary’ is based on interviews with Clarke.

Crime and Markets

Essays in Anti-criminology

Author: Vincenzo Ruggiero

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199248117

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 7708

Whereas conventional analysis of criminal behaviour highlights social disadvantage, unemployment or lack of resources, this text develops the argument that abundance of opportunities and resources may lead to specific forms of criminality.

Anomie, Strain and Subcultural Theories of Crime

Author: Joanne M. Kaufman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135195797X

Category: Social Science

Page: 526

View: 3625

Anomie, strain and subcultural theories are among the leading theories of crime. Anomie theories state that crime results from the failure of society to regulate adequately the behavior of individuals, particularly the efforts of individuals to achieve monetary success. Strain theories focus on the impact of strains or stressors on crime, including the inability to achieve monetary success through legal channels. And subcultural theories argue that some individuals turn to crime because they belong to groups that excuse, justify or approve of crime. This volume presents the leading selections on each theory, including the original statements of the theories, key efforts to revise the theories, and the latest statements of each theory. The coeditors, Robert Agnew and Joanne Kaufman, are prominent strain theorists; and their introductory essay provides an overview of the theories, discusses the relationship between them, and introduces each of the selections.

The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America

Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830-1940

Author: Ricardo D. Salvatore,Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292787634

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 3349

Opening a new area in Latin American studies, The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America showcases the most recent historical outlooks on prison reform and criminology in the Latin American context. The essays in this collection shed new light on the discourse and practice of prison reform, the interpretive shifts induced by the spread of criminological science, and the links between them and competing discourses about class, race, nation, and gender. The book shows how the seemingly clear redemptive purpose of the penitentiary project was eventually contradicted by conflicting views about imprisonment, the pervasiveness of traditional forms of repression and control, and resistance from the lower classes. The essays are unified by their attempt to view the penitentiary (as well as the variety of representations conveyed by the different reform movements favoring its adoption) as an interpretive moment, revealing of the ideology, class fractures, and contradictory nature of modernity in Latin America. As such, the book should be of interest not only to scholars concerned with criminal justice history, but also to a wide range of readers interested in modernization, social identities, and the discursive articulation of social conflict. The collection also offers an up-to-date sampling of new historical approaches to the study of criminal justice history, illuminates crucial aspects of the Latin American modernization process, and contrasts the Latin American cases with the better known European and North American experiences with prison reform.

Criminal Justice and Regulation Revisited

Essays in Honour of Peter Grabosky

Author: Lennon Y.C. Chang,Russell Brewer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351702637

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 2629

This volume brings together leading researchers to celebrate the significant contributions of Peter Grabosky to the field of Criminology, and in particular his work developing and adapting regulatory theory to the study of policing and security. Over the past three decades, his path-breaking theoretical and empirical research has contributed to a burgeoning literature on the myriad ways regulatory systems drive state and non-state interactions in an effort to control crime. This collection of essays showcases Grabosky’s pioneering treatment of key regulatory concepts as they relate to such interactions, and illustrate how his work has been instrumental in shaping contemporary scholarship and practice around the governance of security. Revisiting the work of a key figure in the field, this book will be of interest to criminologists, sociologists, socio-legal studies and those engaged with security and policy studies.

The Criminological Foundations of Penal Policy

Essays in Honour of Roger Hood

Author: Roger G. Hood,Lucia Zedner,Andrew Ashworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199265091

Category: Law

Page: 553

View: 5736

This book brings together leading international criminologist to examine the link between the fruits of criminological research and the development of criminal justice policy. This volume includes comparative discussions of the United States, Germany, Australia, England and Wales. It is divided into four parts: Part 1 discusses the theoretical issues surrounding the relationship between public policy and the discipline of criminology; Part 2 consists of three essays exploring historical aspects of that relationship. Part 3 then examines three distinct areas of penal policy: sentencing, policing and parole; Part 4 is devoted to international comparisons and considers the factors that distinguish research projects that influence criminal justice policy from those that appear not have any influence.

Essays in Criminology

Author: Mushanga, Tibamanya Mwene

Publisher: LawAfrica Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9966031073

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 3184

Crime in Africa is fast growing like African cities, African poverty, African indebtedness, African brain-drain and African dependence; everything in Africa appears to be growing very fast; population too has been fast growing except that it is being reduced by violence as we have witnessed in Rwanda, Burundi and Somalia and AIDS pandemic that is first spreading in Africa, claiming thousands of lives every year. This book is a collection of essays and papers not based on empirical research on crime in East Africa but general observations arising out of the author's experience as a criminologist in East Africa.

Crime, Policing and Place

Essays in Environmental Criminology

Author: David Evans,Nicholas Fyfe,David Herbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134943571

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6195

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Social, Ecological and Environmental Theories of Crime

Author: JefferyT. Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351548387

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 8841

One of the oldest and most extensive forms of criminology falls within what is referred to, among other names, as social ecology. Beginning with the work of Guerry and Quetelet, this theory became the dominate paradigm in explaining crime with the work of the Chicago School in the early 1900s, social disorganization theory, and neighborhood research attempting to deal with crime in deteriorating cities. Social ecology is also the basis for the research being conducted in environmental criminology. This volume offers a selection of the most influential works in social ecology and environmental criminology. It begins with research from human ecology and the Chicago School, extending through some of the research in social disorganization theory. It encompasses some of the major journal articles from the 1980s and 1990s in neighborhoods and crime, and then addresses some of the quintessential works in environmental criminology. It ends with groundbreaking work in this area that may indicate the future direction of the field. This valuable collection includes an excellent introduction by Jeff Walker.

Inventing Criminology

Essays on the Rise of 'Homo Criminalis'

Author: Piers Beirne,Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology Piers Beirne

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791412756

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 4908

This book traces the intellectual history of criminology, analyzing the influence of early classical European concepts of criminality and the development of positivist methodologies. It is an original and carefully researched work, adding significantly to our knowledge of the history of criminology. From Cesare Beccaria's Dei delitti e delle pene to Charles Goring's The English Convict , Beirne offers refreshing and challenging insights on the intellectual and social histories of a variety of important concepts and movements in criminology.

Biosocial Criminology

New Directions in Theory and Research

Author: Anthony Walsh,Kevin M Beaver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135857792

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 6406

Ideal for use, either as a second text in a standard criminology course, or for a discrete course on biosocial perspectives, this book of original chapters breaks new and important ground for ways today's criminologists need to think more broadly about the crime problem.

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet D. Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506359566

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 2141

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Fourth Edition introduces students to the multifaceted subject of research methods and shows them why research is important in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This brief version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K. Schutt’s successful textbook (The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice) simplifies complex concepts with real-world research examples found in everyday experiences in the criminology and criminal justice professions. The thoroughly updated Fourth Edition of this bestseller reflects the most recent developments in research methods, including the use of big data, increased coverage of crime mapping, evidence-based and web-based research, along with the most current research examples impacting the field. This is an excellent introductory text for undergraduate research courses, and is ideal for students who want to understand how and why criminal justice research is done to become critical consumers of research.

Transcarceration

Essays in the Sociology of Social Control

Author: John Lowman,Robert J. Menzies,T. S. Palys

Publisher: Gower Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 466

View: 5672


The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet D. Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506306837

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 4326

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Sixth Edition continues to demonstrate the vital role research plays by integrating in-depth, real-world case studies with a comprehensive discussion of research methods. By pairing research techniques with practical examples from the field, Ronet D. Bachman and Russell K. Schutt equip students to evaluate and conduct research. Covering research findings from critical areas in criminal justice, such as police use of force, cybercrime, and race, this text helps students understand the importance of research, not just the process. The Sixth Edition of this best-selling text retains the strengths of previous editions while breaking ground with emergent research methods, enhanced tools for learning in the text and online, and contemporary, fascinating research findings. Students engage with the wide realm of new research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of new exercises to help them practice as they learn.