Ethiopia and the Horn
Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World
Author: Aristide R. Zolberg,Astri Suhrke,Sergio Aguayo
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Business & Economics
Whether voluntary or coerced, hopeful or desperate, people moved in unprecedented numbers across Russia's vast territory during the twentieth century. Broad Is My Native Land is the first history of late imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet Russia through the lens of migration. Lewis H. Siegelbaum and Leslie Page Moch tell the stories of Russians on the move, capturing the rich variety of their experiences by distinguishing among categories of migrants—settlers, seasonal workers, migrants to the city, career and military migrants, evacuees and refugees, deportees, and itinerants. So vast and diverse was Russian political space that in their journeys, migrants often crossed multiple cultural, linguistic, and administrative borders. By comparing the institutions and experiences of migration across the century and placing Russia in an international context, Siegelbaum and Moch have made a magisterial contribution to both the history of Russia and the study of global migration. The authors draw on three kinds of sources: letters to authorities (typically appeals for assistance); the myriad forms employed in communication about the provision of transportation, food, accommodation, and employment for migrants; and interviews with and memoirs by people who moved or were moved, often under the most harrowing of circumstances. Taken together, these sources reveal the complex relationship between the regimes of state control that sought to regulate internal movement and the tactical repertoires employed by the migrants themselves in their often successful attempts to manipulate, resist, and survive these official directives.
Repertoires and Regimes of Migration in Russia’s Twentieth Century
Author: Lewis H. Siegelbaum,Leslie Page Moch
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
Das Drama des Jahrhunderts - Flucht, Deportation, Heimatverlust Ob aus ökonomischen, religiösen oder politischen Gründen – das Verjagtwerden wurde im Europa des 20. Jahrhunderts zu einer Massenerfahrung und zu einem Drama, das bis heute in vielen Familien nachwirkt. Abermillionen von Vertriebenen, Flüchtlingen und Entwurzelten wurden im Europa des 20. Jahrhunderts von der Geschichte überrollt. Ein längst überfälliges Buch, das nicht aufrechnet, sondern aufklärt. Das 20. Jahrhundert wird auch als Zeitalter der Vertreibungen bezeichnet. Durch Europa strömten bereits um den Ersten Weltkrieg Wellen von Menschen, die vor ethnischen Verfolgungen flohen. Am Ende des Jahrhunderts wurden Zwangsmigrationen vor allem durch den Zusammenbruch des kommunistischen Systems ausgelöst. Piskorski legt mit seinem preisgekrönten und auf breiter Quellen- und Literaturbasis geschriebenen Buch die erste europäische Geschichte des Zeitalters der Vertreibungen vor. Er spricht vom Exodus der Serben 1915, von den sowjetischen Deportationen der 1930er- und 1940er-Jahre, den Vertreibungen aus den ehemaligen deutschen Ostgebieten, von der Evakuierung von Kindern aus dem von Bombenangriffen bedrohten London, von der Flucht der Italiener aus Istrien nach dem Krieg und schließlich vom Zerfall Jugoslawiens am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts. Ein leidenschaftliches, mahnendes, mitunter auch provokantes Buch, das man nicht unberührt aus der Hand legt.
Flucht und Vertreibung im Europa des 20. Jahrhunderts
Author: Jan M. Piskorski
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
What do refugee and concentration camps, prisons, terrorist and guerrilla training camps and prisoner of war camps have in common? Arguably they have all followed an 'outsides inside' model, enforcing a dichotomy between perceived 'desirable' and 'undesirable' characteristics. This separation is the subject of Møller's multidisciplinary study.
A Functional Analysis of the Phenomenon of Encampment
Author: B. Møller
Category: Political Science
One of the most serious threats to peace, security and the sovereignty of nations in the post-Cold War era is population migration. A particularly volatile form of this threat is the global refugee problem and nowhere is this issue more severe than in Africa. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of refugee experience in the Horn of Africa. It includes an examination of the dynamics of flight from the country of origin, settlement in exile and repatriation to the country of origin. Such an integrative approach sets this book apart from other studies and will serve as a reader for courses on ethno-national conflicts, migration, international politics, security and African politics.
Flight, Exile, and Repatriation in the Horn of Africa
Author: Professor Assefaw Bariagaber
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Social Science
Refugee displacement is a global phenomenon that has uprooted millions of individuals over the past century. In the 1980s, repatriation became the preferred option for resolving the refugee crisis. As human rights achieved global eminence, refugees' right of return fell under its umbrella. Yet return as a right and its practice as a rite created a radical disconnect between principle and everyday practice, and the repatriation of refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) remains elusive in cases of forced displacement of victims by ethnic conflict. Reviewing cases of ethnic displacement throughout the twentieth century in Europe, Asia, and Africa, Howard Adelman and Elazar Barkan juxtapose the empirical lack of repatriation in cases of ethnic conflict, unless accompanied by coercion. The emphasis on repatriation during the last several decades has obscured other options, leaving refugees to spend years warehoused in camps. Repatriation takes place when identity, defined by ethnicity or religion, is not at the center of the displacing conflict, or when the ethnic group to which the refugees belong are not a minority in their original country or in the region to which they want to return. Rather than perpetuate a ritual belief in return as a right without the prospect of realization, Adelman and Barkan call for solutions that bracket return as a primary focus in cases of ethnic conflict.
Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation
Author: Howard Adelman,Elazar Barkan
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Political Science
The Lomé Peace Accord, signed in 1999, presented significant implications, challenges, and possibilities for post-conflict Sierra Leone, but the literature on post-conflict Sierra Leone only scantily addresses these issues. This project seeks to address the void in the literature on post-Lomé Sierra Leone.
Author: M. Mustapha,J. Bangura
This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area
Author: Richard T. Schaefer
Category: Social Science
How should international law approach the critical issue of movement of peoples in the 21st century? This book presents a radical reappraisal of this controversial problem. Challenging present–day ideas of restrictions on freedom of movement and the international structure that controls entry to states, it argues for a new blueprint for international migration policy that eliminates waste, aids both developing and developed societies and brings attendant benefits to voluntary migrants and involuntary refugees alike. In a world of increasing disorder, it is suggested that current policy only adds to international instability and threatens the interests of a functional global community.
Author: Professor Satvinder S Juss
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Offers a comprehensive history of global population displacement in the twentieth century, and provides a new analytic approach to the subject by exploring its causes, consequences, and meanings
Author: Peter Gatrell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Migration and especially irregular migration are politically sensitive and highly debated issues in the developed world, particularly in Europe. This book analyses irregular protection-seeking migration in Europe, with close attention to sub-Saharan migration into the EU, from the perspective of emancipatory security theory. Some individuals leave their countries because political, social, and economic structures largely fail to provide protection. This book examines how communities respond to migrants who seek protection and security, where migration is perceived as a source of insecurity by many in that community. The central aim of this critical analysis is to explore ideas and practices which can contribute to replacing the political structures of insecurity with emancipatory structures, where individuals (both irregular migrants and members of the receiving communities) enjoy security together, not opposed to each other. Drawing on the security dilemma, critical approaches to security, forced migration and trust, the book demonstrates how common life between two groups of individuals can be politically constructed, in tandem with limitations, risks, and possible handicaps of initiating such a construction in world politics. Rethinking Security in the Age of Migration will be of interest to students and scholars of migration studies, security studies, international relations, European politics and sociology.
Trust and Emancipation in Europe
Author: Ali Bilgic
Category: Political Science
Asian American Religions brings together some of the most current research on Asian American religions from a social science perspective. The volume focuses on religion in Asian American communities in New York, Houston, Los Angeles, and the Silicon Valley/Bay Area, and it includes a current demographic overview of the various Asian populations across the United States. It also provides information on current trends, such as that Filipino and Korean Americans are the most religiously observant people in America, that over 60 percent of Asian Americans who have a religious identification are Christian, and that one-third of Muslims in the United States are Asian Americans. Rather than organizing the book around particular ethnic groups or religions, Asian American Religions centers on thematic issues, like symbols and rituals, political boundaries, and generation gaps, in order to highlight the role of Asian American religions in negotiating, accepting, redefining, changing, and creating boundaries in the communities' social life.
The Making and Remaking of Borders and Boundaries
Author: Tony Carnes,Fenggang Yang
Publisher: NYU Press
This book evolved from a collaborative research project between the University of Manitoba, Canada and Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh, which commenced in 1984 to study the problems of river channel migration, rural population displacement and land relocation in Bangladesh. The study was sponsored by the International Development Research Center (IDRC), based in Ottawa, Canada. It was through this project that I started my journey into disaster research more than thirteen years ago with basically an applied problem of massive magnitude in Bangladesh. I spent two- and-a half-years, in two stages, in Bangladesh's riparian villages to collect the empirical data for this study. Then the growing disaster discourse throughout the 1980s, especially its conceptual and theoretical areas, drew me in further, gluing my interest to these issues. In the 1990s, during my research and teaching at Brandon University, Canada, I realized that, despite the large body of literature on natural disasters, there was no work that synthesized the approaches to nature-triggered disasters in a comprehensive form, with sufficient empirical substantiation. In addition, despite the great deal of attention given to disasters in Bangladesh, I found no detailed reference book on the topic. Natural hazards and disasters, in my view, should be studied under a holistic framework encompassing the natural environment, society and individuals. Overreaction to the limitations of technocratic-scientific approaches-the control and prevention of physical events through specialized knowledge and skills-has resulted in a call for "taking the naturalness out of natural disasters.
Author: C.E. Haque
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
process and policy
Author: Thomas Alexander Aleinikoff,David A. Martin
Publisher: West Group
Referate des 13. interdisziplinären Colloquiums im Zentralinstitut
Author: Zentralinstitut für Fränkische Landeskunde und Allgemeine Regionalforschung
Category: Emigration and immigration
Author: Reinhard Sieder,Ernst Langthaler
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
vers une législation européenne en matière d'immigration et asile
Author: Kay Hailbronner,Patrick Weil
Category: Asylum, Right of
Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten ist wie kaum eine andere Region von Flucht- und Migrationsbewegungen betroffen. Fluchtlinge und Arbeitsmigranten sind hierbei Bestandteile eines komplexen Wanderungsgeschehens, das vielfaltige soziale, wirtschaftliche und politische Ursachen hat. Zu diesen gehoren vor allem gewaltsame Auseinandersetzungen, aber auch ungleiche Entwicklungsniveaus und Lebenschancen. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die vergleichende Beschreibung und Analyse von Migrationsbewegungen und -systemen im Nahen und Mittleren Osten. Im Zentrum stehen vier Fallstudien zur Einwanderung von Juden nach Israel, zur Flucht und Migration von Palastinensern, zu Migrationsbewegungen im Libanon und zur agyptischen Arbeitsmigration. Es wird gezeigt, inwieweit Migration Ursache und Folge von Konflikten in Herkunfts- und Aufnahmelandern ist und regionale Prozesse von Integration und Desintegration beeinflusst hat. Fluchtlinge und Migranten sind hierbei keineswegs nur Opfer konkreter Gewalterfahrungen oder struktureller Zwange, sondern gehoren haufig auch zu den Agenten gesellschaftlichen Wandels.
Author: Frank Gesemann
Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing
Category: Middle East