Epistemology and Methodology of Comparative Law

Author: Mark Van Hoecke

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847311245

Category: Law

Page: 408

View: 7276

Whereas many modern works on comparative law focus on various aspects of legal doctrine the aim of this book is of a more theoretical kind - to reflect on comparative law as a scholarly discipline, in particular at its epistemology and methodology. Thus, among its contents the reader will find: a lively discussion of the kind of 'knowledge' that is, or could be, derived from comparative law; an analysis of 'legal families' which asks whether we need to distinguish different 'legal families' according to areas of law; essays which ask what is the appropriate level for research to be conducted - the technical 'surface level', a 'deep level' of ideology and legal practice, or an 'intermediate level' of other elements of legal culture, such as the socio-economic and historical background of law. One part of the book is devoted to questioning the identification and demarcation of a 'legal system' (and the clash between 'legal monism' and 'legal pluralism') and the definition of the European legal orders, sub-State legal orders, and what is left of traditional sovereign State legal systems; while a final part explores the desirability and possibility of developing a basic common legal language, with common legal principles and legal concepts and/or a legal meta-language, which would be developed and used within emerging European legal doctrine. All the papers in this collection share the common goal of seeking answers to fundamental, scientific problems of comparative research that are too often neglected in comparative scholarship.

An Introduction to Comparative Law Theory and Method

Author: Geoffrey Samuel

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1849467552

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 4084

This short book on comparative law theory and method is designed primarily for postgraduate research students whose work involves comparison between legal systems. It is, accordingly, a book on research methods, although it will also be of relevance to all students (undergraduate and postgraduate) taking courses in comparative law and to academics entering the field of comparison. The substance of the book has been developed over many years of teaching general theory of comparative law, primarily on the European Academy of Legal Theory programme in Brussels but also on other programmes in French, Belgian and English universities. It is arguable that there has been to date no single introductory work exclusively devoted to comparative law methodology and thus this present book aims to fill this gap.

Methodologies of Legal Research

Which Kind of Method for What Kind of Discipline?

Author: Mark Van Hoecke

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316301

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 6905

Until quite recently questions about methodology in legal research have been largely confined to understanding the role of doctrinal research as a scholarly discipline. In turn this has involved asking questions not only about coverage but, fundamentally, questions about the identity of the discipline. Is it (mainly) descriptive, hermeneutical, or normative? Should it also be explanatory? Legal scholarship has been torn between, on the one hand, grasping the expanding reality of law and its context, and, on the other, reducing this complex whole to manageable proportions. The purely internal analysis of a legal system, isolated from any societal context, remains an option, and is still seen in the approach of the French academy, but as law aims at ordering society and influencing human behaviour, this approach is felt by many scholars to be insufficient. Consequently many attempts have been made to conceive legal research differently. Social scientific and comparative approaches have proven fruitful. However, does the introduction of other approaches leave merely a residue of 'legal doctrine', to which pockets of social sciences can be added, or should legal doctrine be merged with the social sciences? What would such a broad interdisciplinary field look like and what would its methods be? This book is an attempt to answer some of these questions.

Europäisches Vertragsrecht

Author: Hein Kötz

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161537677

Category: Law

Page: 549

View: 2312

English summary: This volume deals with the contract law of the European legal systems. What are the essential rules of these systems on the formation and validity of contracts? What rules apply to a party's right to bring a claim for performance, to terminate the contract or to claim damages for breach? While the discussion is based on the national rules, they are taken into account only as local variations on a European theme. To what extent is it therefore possible to speak of a common European law of contract? What contributions do the "Principles of European Contract Law" and the proposal of the "Draft Common Frame of Reference" make? This book is not only aimed at helping to teach young Europeans lawyers, but also strives to assist those engaged in the reform of national contract law or the drafting of uniform European legislation. The first 1996 edition of the volume has now been updated and completed. German description: Unter "Europaischem Vertragsrecht" versteht dieses Buch die Regeln, die den Rechtsordnungen der europaischen Lander gemeinsam sind: Wie kommt ein gultiger Vertrag zustande? Nach welchen Regeln wird beurteilt, ob eine Vertragspartei die Erfullung des Vertrages verlangen, von dem Vertrag Abstand nehmen, ihn widerrufen oder kundigen oder den Kontrahenten auf Schadensersatz in Anspruch nehmen kann? Lassen sich auf dem Gebiet des Vertragsrechts gemeineuropaische Strukturen auffinden? Gibt es allgemein akzeptierte Regeln? Wie sind sie zu formulieren, wenn man die "Prinzipien des Europaischen Vertragsrechts" oder die Vorschlage des "Draft Common Frame of Reference" berucksichtigt? Dabei werden die Losungen der nationalen Rechtsordnungen ausfuhrlich - wenn auch stets nur als nationale Variationen eines europaischen Themas - behandelt. Das Buch kann deshalb bei der rechtsvergleichenden Ausbildung der jungen europaischen Juristen eine Rolle spielen, ferner auch dort, wo e s um die Vorbereitung europaischen Gesetzesrechts oder um die Reform der nationalen Vertragsrechte geht. Das Buch ist in einer ersten unvollstandigen Auflage schon 1996 erschienen. Die Neuauflage bringt den Text auf den neuen Stand und erganzt ihn um die damals noch fehlenden Abschnitte.

The Policy of Law

A Legal Theoretical Framework

Author: Mauro Zamboni

Publisher: Hart Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 1420

The book focuses on the relationship between law and politics as perceived by the legal community and more specifically, the transformation of politics into law. After exploring the relationship between law and politics as considered by the major modern schools of legal theory, the focus moves to the regions of interaction in which law and politics meet, termed the "policy of law." The policy of law is characterized in this work as the stage of the law-making process at which values entrenched in political decisions are transformed into legal concepts in order to fit the existing legal system. The space labeled as policy of law is today mainly (but not exclusively) the domain of legal actors. Consequently, the identification of a branch of the legal discipline specifically devoted to the investigation of the transformations of values into law is given: the policy of law analysis. Finally, whether and to what extent the policy of law analysis can be encompassed within the traditional legal discipline and, more particularly, as a part of jurisprudence, is explored."Zamboni ranges broadly and knowledgeably over vast areas of legal theory. But it is no mere taxonomising - his argument is valuable and original. It is clear, learned and never boring." [Zenon Bankowski, University of Edinburgh].

Soziologische Jurisprudenz

Festschrift für Gunther Teubner zum 65. Geburtstag am 30. April 2009

Author: Gralf-Peter Calliess,Andreas Fischer-Lescano,Dan Wielsch,Peer Zumbansen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3899496353

Category: Law

Page: 947

View: 2156

Die Festschrift "Soziologische Jurisprudenz" stellt sich sowohl im Inhalt als auch in der Form in die Tradition der Arbeiten von Gunther Teubner. Die Beiträge lassen sich auf seine Leitperspektive ein, indem sie die Grenzbeziehungen von Recht und Gesellschaft mit je eigenständigen Akzentuierungen reflektieren.

Making the Law Explicit

The Normativity of Legal Argumentation

Author: Matthias Klatt

Publisher: Hart Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 303

View: 6511

Legal argumentation consists in the interpretation of texts. Therefore, it has a natural connection to the philosophy of language. Central issues of this connection, however, lack a clear answer. For instance, how much freedom do judges have in applying the law? How are the literal and the purposive approaches related to one another? How can we distinguish between applying the law and making the law?This book provides answers by means of a complex and detailed theory of literal meaning. A new legal method is introduced, namely the further development of the law. It is so far unknown in Anglo-American jurisprudence, but it is shown that this new method helps in solving some of the most crucial puzzles in jurisprudence.At its centre the book addresses legal indeterminism and refutes linguistic-philosophical reasons for indeterminacy. It spells out the normative character of interpretation as emphasized by Raz and, with the help of Robert Brandom's normative pragmatics, it is shown that the relativism of interpretation from a normative perspective does not at all justify scepticism. On the contrary, it supports the claim that legal argumentation can be objective, and maintains that statements on the meaning of a statute can be right or wrong, and take on inter-subjective validity accordingly. This book breaks new ground in transferring Brandom's philosophy to legal theoretical problems and presents an original and exciting analysis of the semantic argument in legal argumentation. It was the recipient of the European Award for Legal Theory in 2002.'This book represents, on the one hand, a reception of Robert Brandom's important theory including applications of this theory in the field of legal philosophy and, on the other, an exploration of the limits of an appeal in legal interpretation to the text. The enquiry thereby impinges upon the central juridico-philosophical themes of meaning, objectivity, and normativity. The author's work counts as a significant contribution to analytical jurisprudence and is deserving of a wide readership.' Robert Alexy, Professor for Public Law and Legal Philosophy, Kiel.'Klatt focuses on a very profound theory of concept formation and uses this theory in a creative way to solve classical problems of legal argumentation.' Aleksander Peczenik

Comparative Matters

The Renaissance of Comparative Constitutional Law

Author: Ran Hirschl

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198714513

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 3341

Through an extensive exploration of comparative constitutional endeavours past and present, near and far, Ran Hirschl shows how attitudes towards engagement with the constitutive laws of others reflect tensions between particularism and universalism as well as competing visions of who 'we' are as a political community. Drawing on insights from social theory, religion, history, political science, and public law, Hirschl argues for an interdisciplinary approach tocomparative constitutionalism that is methodologically and substantively preferable to merely doctrinal accounts. The future of comparative constitutional studies, he contends, lies in relaxing thesharp divide between constitutional law and the social sciences.

Soziologie des Rechts

Festschrift für Erhard Blankenburg zum 60. Geburtstag

Author: Jürgen Brand,Erhard Blankenburg,Dieter Strempel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783789057366

Category: Sociological jurisprudence

Page: 711

View: 9440


Liber Amicorum Klaus Schurig

Zum 70. Geburtstag

Author: Ralf Michael,Dennis Solomon

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3866539614

Category: Law

Page: 333

View: 8329

Am 1. Mai 2012 feiert mit Klaus Schurig ein ungewöhnlicher Rechtswissenschaftler und -lehrer seinen siebzigsten Geburtstag. Freunde und Kollegen haben aus diesem Anlass zu einem liber amicorum beigetragen, das eine Zusammenstellung wirklich lesenswerter Beiträge enthält. Der Band umfasst neben Beiträgen zu wichtigen und aktuellen Themen des deutschen und europäischen Rechts insbesondere vielfältige Aufsätze zum Internationalen Privatrecht. Eine Liste aller Beiträge finden Sie unter www.sellier.de.

The Influence of International Institutions on the EU

When Multilateralism hits Brussels

Author: O. Costa,K. Jørgensen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369898

Category: Political Science

Page: 261

View: 7387

An exploration of how the EU is influenced by multilateral institutions. There has recently been a dramatic increase in interaction between the EU and multilateral institutions. This book shows that international institutions shape EU policies, as well as acting as a source of preferences and strategies for EU stances internationally.

Gewinnausgleich

Vergleichende und systematisierende Gegenüberstellung der französischen, niederländischen und englischen Tradition

Author: Kristin Boosfeld

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161539107

Category: Law

Page: 342

View: 7582

English summary: Kristin Boosfeld depicts the heterogeneous traditions of disgorgement of profits in French, Dutch and English law. On this basis, she develops criteria to give a consistent answer to the question whether and to what extent profits, be they made by violation of property or any other right, should be disgorged. German description: Wird unter Verletzung fremder Rechte ein Gewinn erzielt, so stellt sich die Frage, wem dieser zusteht: dem Rechtsinhaber, der zur Gewinnerzielung nicht beigetragen hat, oder dem Gewinnerzielenden, der ohne das fremde Recht den Gewinn nicht erzielt hatte. Kristin Boosfeld stellt die in Frankreich, den Niederlanden und England vertretenen Losungsansatze gegenuber und stellt fest, dass nicht nur zwischen, sondern auch innerhalb der untersuchten Rechtsordnungen keine einheitlichen Argumentationsmuster bestehen. Je nachdem, welches Recht betroffen ist, sollen unterschiedliche Haftungsregimes greifen. Die hieraus folgenden Wertungswiderspruche sucht sie durch eine einheitliche Begrundung des Gewinnausgleichs aufzulosen und geht der Frage nach, auf der Grundlage welcher Kriterien festgestellt werden kann, ob und in welcher Form ein Ausgleich in rechtswidriger Weise erzielten Gewinns zu erfolgen hat.

Homicide

Ein Jahr auf mörderischen Straßen

Author: David Simon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783453676350

Category:

Page: 828

View: 6174