Environmental Archaeology in Ireland

Author: Eileen M. Murphy,Nicki J. Whitehouse

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782974784

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 4127

This edited volume of 16 papers provides an introduction to the techniques and methodologies, approaches and potential of environmental archaeology within Ireland. Each of the 16 invited contributions focuses on a particular aspect of environmental archaeology and include such specialist areas as radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, palaeoentomology, human osteoarchaeology, palynology and geoarchaeology, thereby providing a comprehensive overview of environmental archaeology within an Irish context. The inclusion of pertinent case studies within each chapter will heighten awareness of the profusion of high standard environmental archaeological research that is currently being undertaken on Irish material. The book will provide a key text for students and practitioners of archaeology, archaeological science and palaeoecology.

The Archaeology of Caves in Ireland

Author: Marion Dowd

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782978143

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9518

The archaeology of caves in Ireland is a ground-breaking and unique study of the enigmatic, unseen and dark silent world of caves. People have engaged with caves for the duration of human occupation of the island, spanning 10,000 years. In prehistory, subterranean landscapes were associated with the dead and the spirit world, with evidence for burials, funerary rituals and votive deposition. The advent of Christianity saw the adaptation of caves as homes and places of storage, yet they also continued to feature in religious practice. Medieval mythology and modern folklore indicate that caves were considered places of the supernatural, being particularly associated with otherworldly women. Through a combination of archaeology, mythology and popular religion, this book takes the reader on a fascinating journey that sheds new light on a hitherto neglected area of research. It encourages us to consider what underground activities might reveal about the lives lived aboveground, and leaves us in no doubt as to the cultural significance of caves in the past. Marion Dowd is Lecturer in Prehistoric Archaeology at the Institute of Technology Sligo, Ireland. Her doctoral research examined the role of caves in Irish prehistoric ritual and religion. She has directed excavations in many caves, and has published and lectured widely on the subject.

Atlas of the Irish Rural Landscape

Author: F. H. A. Aalen,Kevin Whelan,Matthew Stout

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802042945

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 4568

Lush and green, the beauty of Ireland's landscape is legendary. "The Atlas of the Irish Rural Landscape" has harnessed the expertise of dozens of specialists to produce an exciting and pioneering study which aims to increase understanding and appreciation for the landscape as an important element of Irish national heritage, and to provide a much needed basis for an understanding of landscape conservation and planning. Essentially cartographic in approach, the Atlas is supplemented by diagrams, photographs, paintings, and explanatory text. Regional case studies, covering the whole of Ireland from north to south, are included, along with historical background. The impact of human civilization upon Ireland's geography and environment is well documented, and the contributors to the Atlas deal with contemporary changes in the landscape resulting from developments in Irish agriculture, forestry, bog exploitation, tourism, housing, urban expansion, and other forces. "The Atlas of the Rural Irish Landscape" is a book which aims to educate and inform the general reader and student about the relationship between human activity and the landscape. It is a richly illustrated, beautifully written, and immensely authoritative work that will be the guide to Ireland's geography for many years to come.

Into the Ocean

Vikings, Irish, and Environmental Change in Iceland and the North

Author: Kristján Ahronson

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442646179

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 9457

"With Into the Ocean, Kristjan Ahronson makes two dramatic claims: that there were people in Iceland almost a century before Viking settlers first arrived c. AD 870, and that there was a tangible relationship between the early Christian 'Irish' communities of the Atlantic zone and the Scandinavians who followed them." - Book jacket.

Molluscs in Archaeology

Methods, Approaches and Applications

Author: Michael J. Allen

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785706098

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 6721

The subject of 'Molluscs in Archaeology' has not been dealt with collectively for several decades. This new volume in Oxbow's 'Studying Scientific Archaeology' series addresses many aspects of molluscs in archaeology. It will give the reader an overview of the whole topic; methods of analysis and approaches to interpretation. It aims to be a broad based text book giving readers an insight of how to apply analysis to different present and past landscapes and how to interpret those landscapes.

Ireland in the Medieval World, Ad400-1000

Landscape, Kingship and Religion

Author: Edel Bhreathnach

Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd

ISBN: 9781846823428

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 7068

This is a study of Ireland's people, landscape, and place in the world from late antiquity to the reign of Brian Borama. The book narrates the story of Ireland's emergence into history, using anthropological, archaeological, historical, and literary evidence. The subjects covered include the king, the kingdom and the royal household, religion and customs, free and unfree classes in society, exiles, and foreigners. The rural, urban, ecclesiastical, ceremonial, and mythological landscapes of early medieval Ireland anchor the history of early Irish society in the rich tapestry of archaeological sites, monuments, and place-names that have survived to the present day. A historiography of medieval Irish studies presents the commentaries of a variety of scholars, from the 17th-century Franciscan Micheal O Cleirigh to Eoin Mac Neill, the founding father of modern scholarship. *** "Bhreathnach draws on archaeological evidence to supply insights into a society that has left only oblique views in the written record, proposing a revised view of the place of Ireland in medieval Europe....the book features eight pages of color plates and many photos, and is a must for academic libraries, particularly those with extensive history or archaeology collections. Essential." - Choice, Vol. 52, No. 4, December 2014 [Subject: History, Medieval Studies, Archaeology, Anthropology, Irish Studies, Religious Studies]

The Archaeology of Darkness

Author: Marion Dowd,Robert Hensey

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785701924

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 3400

Through time people have lived with darkness. Archaeology shows us that over the whole human journey people have sought out dark places, for burials, for votive deposition and sometimes for retreat or religious ritual away from the wider community. Thirteen papers explore Palaeolithic use of deep caves in Europe and the orientation of mortuary monuments in the Neolithic and Bronze Age. It examines how the senses are affected in caves and monuments that were used for ritual activities, from Bronze Age miners in Wales working in dangerous subterranean settings, to initiands in Italian caves, to a modern caver’s experience of spending time in the one of the world’s deepest caves in Russia. We see how darkness was and is viewed at northern latitudes where parts of the year are spent in eternal night, and in Easter Island where darkness provided communal refuge from the pervasive sun. We know that spending extended periods in darkness and silence can affect one physically, emotionally and spiritually. How did interactions between people and darkness affect individuals in the past and how were regarded by their communities? And how did this interaction transform places in the landscape? As the ever-increasing electrification of the planet steadily minimizes the amount of darkness in our lives, curiously, darkness is coming more into focus. This first collection of papers on the subject begins a conversation about the role of darkness in human experience through time.

Crossing Paths Or Sharing Tracks?

Future Directions in the Archaeological Study of Post-1550 Britain and Ireland

Author: Audrey J. Horning,Marilyn Palmer

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 8535

Brings together over thirty of the leading scholars in Post Medieval archaeology and examines where this relatively new discipline has developed from and, perhaps most importantly, where it is going in the future.

Environmental Archaeology

Theoretical and Practical Approaches

Author: Chris Turney,Matthew Canti,Nick Branch,Peter Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444119265

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 2546

Environmental Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Approaches outlines and assesses the various methods used to reconstruct and explain the past interaction between people and their environment. Emphasising the importance of a highly scientific approach to the subject, the book combines geoarchaeological, bioarchaeological (archaeobotany and zooarchaeology) and geochronological information and examines how these various aspects of archaeology may be used to enhance our knowledge and understanding of past human environments. Drawing from both the practical experiences of the authors and cutting-edge research, Environmental Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Approaches is a valuable contribution to the subject. It will be essential reading for students and professionals in archaeology, geography and anthropology.

Neolithic Settlement in Ireland and Western Britain

Author: Ian Armit,Prehistoric Society (London, England),Queen's University of Belfast

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842170915

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 1733

The papers in this volume which were presented at a conference held at Queen's University, Belfast, provided a forum for a discussion of the new Neolithic material from Ireland in its wider geographical context. Although the bulk of the emerging Irish settlement evidence relates to substantial houses, many of these papers consider wider themes including issues of contact and communication along the sea routes and coaxial margins of north-west Europe, questions of diversity and regional patterns of sedentism and mobility, and variations in regional food production strategies. The volume includes twenty-six papers representing a series of studies ranging geographically from Orkney to the French Altantic facade.

Settlement in the Irish Neolithic

New discoveries at the edge of Europe

Author: Jessica Smyth

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782977503

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 7268

The Irish Neolithic has been dominated by the study of megalithic tombs, but the defining element of Irish settlement evidence is the rectangular timber Early Neolithic house, the numbers of which have more than quadrupled in the last ten years. The substantial Early Neolithic timber house was a short-lived architectural phenomenon of as little as 90 years, perhaps like short-lived Early Neolithic long barrows and causewayed enclosures. This book explores the wealth of evidence for settlement and houses throughout the Irish Neolithic, in relation to Britain and continental Europe. More importantly it incorporates the wealth of new, and often unpublished, evidence from developer-led archaeological excavations and large grey-literature resources. The settlement evidence scattered across the landscape, and found as a result of developer-funded work, provides the social context for the more famous stone monuments that have traditionally shaped our views of the Neolithic in Ireland. It provides the first comprehensive review of the Neolithic settlement of Ireland, which enables a more holistic and meaningful understanding of the Irish Neolithic.

The Vikings in Ireland and Beyond

Before and After the Battle of Clontarf

Author: Howard B. Clarke,Ruth Johnson

Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd

ISBN: 9781846824951

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 1171

This book contains contributions by many leading scholars in Viking studies from Ireland, Britain, and Scandinavia, on diverse subjects including archaeological excavation, art historical analysis, linguistics, literature, politics, historical sources, numismatics, environmental remains, human remains, and artifact studies from c.795 to 1170. Aimed at both the non-specialist and the specialist reader, the book will prove to be a landmark publication in Viking studies for years to come. [Subject: History, Medieval Studies, Archaeology, Viking Studies, Irish Studies]

Theory in Archaeology

A World Perspective

Author: Peter J. Ucko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134843461

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 6811

Theory in Archaeology tackles important questions about the diversity in archaeological theory and practice which face the discipline in the 1990s. What is the relationship between theory and practice? How does `World' archaeological theory differ from `European'? Can one be a good practitioner without theory? This unique book brings together contributors from many different countries and continents to provide the first truly global perspective on archaeological theory. They examine the nature of material culture studies and look at problems of ethnicity, regionalism, and nationality. They consider, too, another fundamental of archaeological inquiry: can our research be objective, or must `the past' always be a relativistic construction? Theory in Archaeology is an important book whose authors bring together very different perceptions of the past. Its wide scope and interest will attract an international readership among students and academics alike.

Tara

An Archaeological Survey

Author: N.A

Publisher: Royal Irish Academy

ISBN: 9781874045472

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 9321

The fifth publication in the Discovery Programme series and the first of the full archaeological reports. This book gives the first complete survey of what is regarded as the most important archaeological site in Ireland covering a combination of topographical, geophysical, aerial, geochemical and paper surveys. Fully illustrated in colour with photographs and many computer generated drawings, this book explains the significance of a site perhaps best known from mythology.

Archaeologies of Rules and Regulation

Between Text and Practice

Author: Barbara Hausmair,Ben Jervis,Ruth Nugent,Eleanor Williams

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785337661

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 9960

How can we study the impact of rules on the lives of past people using archaeological evidence? To answer this question, Archaeologies of Rules and Regulation presents case studies drawn from across Europe and the United States. Covering areas as diverse as the use of space in a nineteenth-century U.S. Army camp, the deposition of waste in medieval towns, the experiences of Swedish migrants to North America, the relationship between people and animals in Anglo-Saxon England, these case studies explore the use of archaeological evidence in understanding the relationship between rules, lived experience, and social identity.