Prize Fight

The Race and the Rivalry to be the First in Science

Author: Morton Meyers, M.D.

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1137000562

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3219

We often think of scientists as dispassionate and detached, nobly laboring without any expectation of reward. But scientific research is much more complicated and messy than this ideal, and scientists can be torn by jealousy, impelled by a need for recognition, and subject to human vulnerability and fallibility. In Prize Fight , Emeritus Chair at SUNY School of Medicine Morton Meyers pulls back the curtain to reveal the dark side of scientific discovery. From allegations of stolen authorship to fabricated results and elaborate hoaxes, he shows us how too often brilliant minds are reduced to petty jealousies and promising careers cut short by disputes over authorship or fudged data. Prize Fight is a dramatic look at some of the most notable discoveries in science in recent years, from the discovery of insulin, which led to decades of infighting and even violence, to why the 2003 Nobel Prize in Medicine exposed how often scientific objectivity is imperiled.

The Matter Factory

A History of the Chemistry Laboratory

Author: Peter J. T. Morris

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780234740

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1542

White coats, Bunsen burners, beakers, flasks, and pipettes—the furnishings of the chemistry laboratory are familiar to most of us from our school days, but just how did these items come to be the crucial tools of science? Examining the history of the laboratory, Peter J. T. Morris offers a unique way to look at the history of chemistry itself, showing how the development of the laboratory helped shape modern chemistry. Chemists, Morris shows, are one of the leading drivers of innovation in laboratory design and technology. He tells of fascinating lineages of invention and innovation, for instance, how the introduction of coal gas into Robert Wilhelm Bunsen’s laboratory led to the eponymous burner, which in turn led to the development of atomic spectroscopy. Comparing laboratories across eras, from the furnace-centered labs that survived until the late eighteenth century to the cleanrooms of today, he shows how the overlooked aspects of science—the architectural design and innovative tools that have facilitated its practice—have had a profound impact on what science has been able to do and, ultimately, what we have been able to understand.

Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123851580

Category: Medical

Page: 4740

View: 2070

The Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition develops from the first edition, covering all areas of neurological sciences through over 1000 entries focused on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. The contributing authors represent all aspects of neurology from many viewpoints and disciplines to provide a complete overview of the field. Entries are designed to be understandable without detailed background knowledge in the subject matter, and cross-referencing and suggested further reading lead the reader from a basic knowledge of the subject to more advanced understanding. The easy-to-use 'encyclopedic-dictionary' format of the Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition features alphabetic entries, extensive cross-referencing, and a thorough index for quick reference. The wealth of information provided by these four volumes makes this reference work a trusted source of valuable information for a wide range of researchers, from undergraduate students to academic researchers. Provides comprehensive coverage of the field of neurological science in over 1,000 entries in 4 volumes "Encyclopedic-dictionary" format provides for concise, readable entries and easy searching Presents complete, up-to-date information on 32 separate areas of neurology Entries are supplemented with extensive cross-referencing, useful references to primary research articles, and an extensive index

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128032251

Category: Reference

Page: 3584

View: 9411

This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

Shifting and Rearranging

Physical Methods and the Transformation of Modern Chemistry

Author: Carsten Reinhardt

Publisher: Science History Publications

ISBN: 9780881353549

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 8191


Concise Encyclopedia of Magnetic and Superconducting Materials

Author: K.H.J. Buschow

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080457659

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1360

View: 4998

Magnetic and superconducting materials pervade every avenue of the technological world – from microelectronics and mass-data storage to medicine and heavy engineering. Both areas have experienced a recent revitalisation of interest due to the discovery of new materials, and the re-evaluation of a wide range of basic mechanisms and phenomena. This Concise Encyclopedia draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials and Engineering, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set -- making it the ideal reference companion for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in magnetic and superconducting materials. * Contains in excess of 130 articles, taken from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, including ScienceDirect updates not available in the original set. * Each article discusses one aspect of magnetic and superconducting materials and includes photographs, line drawings and tables to aid the understanding of the topic at hand. * Cross-referencing guides readers to articles covering subjects of related interest.

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part A: The Development of Mass Spectrometry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080913253

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 7770

Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part A: The Development of Mass Spectrometry of The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry describes and analyzes the development of many aspects of Mass Spectrometry. Beginning with the earliest types of Mass Analyzers, Historical Perspectives explores the development of many different forms of analytical processes and methods. The work follows various instruments and interfaces, to the current state of detectors and computerization. It traces the use of Mass Spectrometry across many different disciplines, including Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Proteomics; Environmental Mass Spectrometry; Forensic Science; Imaging; Medical Monitoring and Diagnosis; Earth and Planetary Sciences; and Nuclear Science. Finally, the book covers the history of manufacturers and societies as well as the professionals who form the Mass Spectrometry community. Also available: Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part B: Notable People in Mass Spectrometry briefly reviews the lives and works of many of the major people who carried out this development. Preserves the history and development of Mass Spectrometry for use across scientific fields Written and edited by Mass Spectrometry experts Coordinates with Volume 9: Historical Perspectives, Part B: Notable People in Mass Spectrometry, a collection of short biographies on many of the major people who carried out this development

NMR — Konzepte und Methoden

Author: Daniel Canet

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642791220

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 7832

Daniel Canet hat aus Seminaren und Vorlesungen an der Universität Nancy I die wesentlichen Themen der Kernresonanzspektroskopie ausgewählt. Er stellt die physikalischen Zusammenhänge so dar, daß sich eine große Gruppe für das Buch interessiert: Chemiker, Biochemiker - und auch Mediziner, in deren Diagnostik auch die spektroskopischen Aspekte eine immer größere Rolle spielen. Das Buch ist auf drei Ebenen geschrieben: als Einführung in das physikalische Phänomen, als Lehrbuch für Chemiker nach dem Vordiplom und als eine Darstellung der quantenchemischen Modelle, die zum Verständnis der Spindynamik, der Multipuls- und multidimensionalen Verfahren nötig sind. Hier unterscheidet sich Canets Buch von anderen Einführungen.

Solid State NMR of Polymers

Author: T. Asakura,Isao Ando

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080541464

Category: Science

Page: 999

View: 4233

In polymer science and technology, the advanced development of various new polymer materials with excellent properties and functions is desirable. For this purpose it is necesary to determine the exact relationship between physical properties and molecular structure-dynamics with powerful techniques. One such technique is solid state NMR. Recently, high resolution NMR studies of solids have been realized by using advanced pulse and mechanical techniques, which has resulted in a variety of structural and dynamical information on polymer systems. Solid state NMR has provided characteristic information which cannot be obtained by other spectroscopic methods. This book is divided into two parts. The first part covers the principles of NMR, important NMR parameters such as chemical shifts, relaxation times, dipolar interactions, quadrupolar interactions, pulse techniques and new NMR methods. In the second part, applications of NMR to a variety of polymer systems in the solid state are described. Features of this book: • Contains an up-to-date and comprehensive account of solid state NMR of polymers by leading researchers in the field • Provides a compilation of solid state NMR of polymers, which makes it an ideal reference book for both NMR researchers and general polymer scientists. This book will be of interest to the NMR community, and will be invaluable for both the beginner and the expert.