Empire of Cotton

A Global History

Author: Sven Beckert

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0385353251

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 5055

The epic story of the rise and fall of the empire of cotton, its centrality to the world economy, and its making and remaking of global capitalism. Cotton is so ubiquitous as to be almost invisible, yet understanding its history is key to understanding the origins of modern capitalism. Sven Beckert’s rich, fascinating book tells the story of how, in a remarkably brief period, European entrepreneurs and powerful statesmen recast the world’s most significant manufacturing industry, combining imperial expansion and slave labor with new machines and wage workers to change the world. Here is the story of how, beginning well before the advent of machine production in the 1780s, these men captured ancient trades and skills in Asia, and combined them with the expropriation of lands in the Americas and the enslavement of African workers to crucially reshape the disparate realms of cotton that had existed for millennia, and how industrial capitalism gave birth to an empire, and how this force transformed the world. The empire of cotton was, from the beginning, a fulcrum of constant global struggle between slaves and planters, merchants and statesmen, workers and factory owners. Beckert makes clear how these forces ushered in the world of modern capitalism, including the vast wealth and disturbing inequalities that are with us today. The result is a book as unsettling as it is enlightening: a book that brilliantly weaves together the story of cotton with how the present global world came to exist.

King Cotton

Eine Globalgeschichte des Kapitalismus

Author: Sven Beckert

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406659225

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 525

View: 8877

Vor mehr als 250 Jahren wurde das Reich errichtet, in dem King Cotton herrscht. Krieg, Sklaverei und Ausbeutung standen an seiner Wiege. Während fremde Kulturen rücksichtslos zerschlagen wurden, häuften Händler im Zusammenspiel mit der Staatsgewalt enorme Vermögen an. Ein neues ökonomisches Prinzip begann seinen globalen Siegeszug. Sven Beckert, Professor für Geschichte an der Harvard-Universität, schildert die Geschichte des Kapitalismus im Spiegel eines Produktes, das heute jeder von uns am Leibe trägt – der Baumwolle. Die Geschichte des Kapitalismus gehört zu den spannendsten Themen der aktuellen Geschichtswissenschaft. Fast immer aber geht es dabei um einzelne Epochen oder Regionen. Sven Beckert wagt in seinem brillanten Buch erstmals eine übergreifende Darstellung, die anhand einer einzigen Ware höchst anschaulich zeigt, wie der Kapitalismus entsteht, sich gleichsam einübt und nach und nach die Lebensverhältnisse und Arbeitsbedingungen, ja das Schicksal der Menschen überall auf der Welt seinen Bewegungsgesetzen unterwirft. Das Resultat ist ein ebenso verstörendes wie erhellendes Buch darüber, wie unsere globale Welt von heute entstanden ist.

Westlich des Sunset

Author: Stewart O'Nan

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644042314

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 8131

Ein fesselnder Roman über die Traumfabrik Hollywood und die letzten drei Lebensjahre des berühmten amerikanischen Schriftstellers Francis Scott Fitzgerald. Mit Der große Gatsby hatte er Weltruf erlangt. Doch das ist lange her. Als er einundvierzigjährig in Hollywood ankommt, scheint seine Alkoholsucht unbezähmbar, seine Frau Zelda lebt, mit einer offenbar unheilbaren bipolaren Störung, in einer psychiatrischen Klinik in Montgomery, das Verhältnis zu seiner Tochter Alabama ist schlecht. Er zieht in die Villenanlage Garden of Allah, wo sich abends eine muntere Schar aus den umliegenden Hollywood Hills am Pool trifft: Humphrey Bogart, Valentino, Joan Crawford, Gloria Swanson, die Marx Brothers, u. a. Man ist, beginnt man dieses Buch zu lesen, gleich mitten drin in dieser farbigen Welt der Stars, im Reich der Superreichen und Erfolgreichen, um Zeuge zu werden, wie Fitzgerald sich als zweifelnder Beobachter zu behaupten versucht und in der Klatschreporterin Sheilah Graham noch einmal eine große Liebe findet. Eine universelle Geschichte über den Kampf des Künstlers um sein kreatives Potential, gegen die Nichtigkeit des Lebens und die Macht des Todes, aber auch über die persönliche Tragik eines Mannes, der alles hatte, Reichtum, Ruhm, Glück, alles verlor und am Ende seines Lebens um seine persönliche Integrität kämpfen muss. O'Nan macht daraus ein packendes Drama. Und dazu die farbige Szenerie, die Stars, die Gelage am Hotelpool, die nächtliche Brandung des Ozeans bei Mondschein, die Filmkulissen in den Studios, wo sogar die Palmen aus Pappe sind.

Die unbarmherzige Revolution

Eine Geschichte des Kapitalismus

Author: Joyce Appleby

Publisher: Murmann Verlag DE

ISBN: 3867741603

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 4396

In ihrer großen Geschichte des Kapitalismus erzählt Joyce Appleby die Geschichte unseres Wirtschaftssystems: von den großen Entdeckungen der Portugiesen, vom Sklavenhandel über die industrielle Revolution bis zur Globalisierung der Gegenwart, und beschreibt schließlich unsere ökonomische und auch kulturelle Identität, die so sehr vom Kapitalismus geprägt ist. Messerscharf seziert sie die guten und die schlechten Seiten des Kapitalismus und beschreibt, was der Kapitalismus mit den Menschen macht. Eine mitreißende Lektüre für alle, die von der "unbarmherzigen Revolution" profitieren oder an ihr verzweifeln.

Eichmann vor Jerusalem

Das unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders

Author: Bettina Stangneth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499622694

Category: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Page: 655

View: 7336


Benito Cereno

Author: Herman Melville

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736874626

Category: Fiction

Page: 142

View: 394

Das Werk "Benito Cereno" ist eine Kurzgeschichte von Herman Melville, erstmals 1855 veröffentlicht. Herman Melville, geboren als Herman Melvill (* 1. August 1819 in New York City, New York; † 28. September 1891 ebenda) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Essayist. Melvilles "Moby-Dick" gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Romane der Weltliteratur.

Veränderte Vergangenheiten

Über kontrafaktisches Erzählen in der Geschichte

Author: Richard J. Evans

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641142695

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 702

Was wäre gewesen wenn... Was wäre, wenn Napoleon die Schlacht von Waterloo gewonnen hätte? Was, wenn Hitler 1930 bei einem Autounfall gestorben wäre? Solche Fragen haben Historiker und Geschichtsinteressierte seit jeher fasziniert – und wenn sie auch die Vergangenheit nicht zu ändern vermögen, so sind die Antworten darauf doch ein Spiegel der jeweiligen Gegenwart. Warum stellen sich Menschen alternative Geschichtsverläufe vor? Der renommierte Historiker Richard J. Evans untersucht die soziale, kulturelle und politische Bedeutung solcher Überlegungen und beschreibt das Aufkommen kontrafaktischer Geschichtsschreibung aus dem Geist der romantischen Vergangenheitsverklärung. Prägnant zeigt Evans, welchen Wert das Nachdenken über jene Wege hat, die nicht beschritten worden sind – und warnt zugleich vor einer gefährlichen Nähe zu Verschwörungstheorien.

Empire of the Beetle

How Human Folly and a Tiny Bug Are Killing North America's Great Forests

Author: Andrew Nikiforuk

Publisher: Greystone Books Ltd

ISBN: 1553658949

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 6180

Beginning in the late 1980s, a series of improbable bark beetle outbreaks unsettled iconic forests and communities across western North America. An insect the size of a rice kernel eventually killed more than 30 billion pine and spruce trees from Alaska to New Mexico. Often appearing in masses larger than schools of killer whales, the beetles engineered one of the world's greatest forest die-offs since the deforestation of Europe by peasants between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries. The beetle didn't act alone. Misguided science, out-of-control logging, bad public policy, and a hundred years of fire suppression created a volatile geography that released the world's oldest forest manager from all natural constraints. Like most human empires, the beetles exploded wildly and then crashed, leaving in their wake grieving landowners, humbled scientists, hungry animals, and altered watersheds. Although climate change triggered this complex event, human arrogance assuredly set the table. With little warning, an ancient insect pointedly exposed the frailty of seemingly stable manmade landscapes. Drawing on first-hand accounts from entomologists, botanists, foresters, and rural residents, award-winning journalist Andrew Nikiforuk, investigates this unprecedented beetle plague, its startling implications, and the lessons it holds.

The Fragile Fabric of Union

Cotton, Federal Politics, and the Global Origins of the Civil War

Author: Brian D. Schoen

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801897815

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 8625

In this fresh study Brian Schoen views the Deep South and its cotton industry from a global perspective, revisiting old assumptions and providing new insights into the region, the political history of the United States, and the causes of the Civil War. Schoen takes a unique and broad approach. Rather than seeing the Deep South and its planters as isolated from larger intellectual, economic, and political developments, he places the region firmly within them. In doing so, he demonstrates that the region’s prominence within the modern world—and not its opposition to it—indelibly shaped Southern history. The place of "King Cotton" in the sectional thinking and budding nationalism of the Lower South seems obvious enough, but Schoen reexamines the ever-shifting landscape of international trade from the 1780s through the eve of the Civil War. He argues that the Southern cotton trade was essential to the European economy, seemingly worth any price for Europeans to protect and maintain, and something to defend aggressively in the halls of Congress. This powerful association gave the Deep South the confidence to ultimately secede from the Union. By integrating the history of the region with global events, Schoen reveals how white farmers, planters, and merchants created a "Cotton South," preserved its profitability for many years, and ensured its dominance in the international raw cotton markets. The story he tells reveals the opportunities and costs of cotton production for the Lower South and the United States. -- Lisa Gillis

Seeds of Empire

Cotton, Slavery, and the Transformation of the Texas Borderlands, 1800-1850

Author: Andrew J. Torget

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469624257

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 6642

By the late 1810s, a global revolution in cotton had remade the U.S.-Mexico border, bringing wealth and waves of Americans to the Gulf Coast while also devastating the lives and villages of Mexicans in Texas. In response, Mexico threw open its northern territories to American farmers in hopes that cotton could bring prosperity to the region. Thousands of Anglo-Americans poured into Texas, but their insistence that slavery accompany them sparked pitched battles across Mexico. An extraordinary alliance of Anglos and Mexicans in Texas came together to defend slavery against abolitionists in the Mexican government, beginning a series of fights that culminated in the Texas Revolution. In the aftermath, Anglo-Americans rebuilt the Texas borderlands into the most unlikely creation: the first fully committed slaveholders' republic in North America. Seeds of Empire tells the remarkable story of how the cotton revolution of the early nineteenth century transformed northeastern Mexico into the western edge of the United States, and how the rise and spectacular collapse of the Republic of Texas as a nation built on cotton and slavery proved to be a blueprint for the Confederacy of the 1860s.

Crashed

Wie zehn Jahre Finanzkrise die Welt verändert haben

Author: Adam Tooze

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641192773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 800

View: 3058

Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.

Global Histories, Imperial Commodities, Local Interactions

Author: Jonathan Curry-Machado

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137283602

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 3228

The papers presented in this collection offer a wide range of cases, from Asia, Africa and the Americas, and broadly cover the last two centuries, in which commodities have led to the consolidation of a globalised economy and society – forging this out of distinctive local experiences of cultivation and production, and regional circuits of trade.

Empire of Magic

Medieval Romance and the Politics of Cultural Fantasy

Author: Geraldine Heng

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023150067X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 536

View: 3626

Empire of Magic offers a genesis and genealogy for medieval romance and the King Arthur legend through the history of Europe's encounters with the East in crusades, travel, missionizing, and empire formation. It also produces definitions of "race" and "nation" for the medieval period and posits that the Middle Ages and medieval fantasies of race and religion have recently returned. Drawing on feminist and gender theory, as well as cultural analyses of race, class, and colonialism, this provocative book revises our understanding of the beginnings of the nine hundred-year-old cultural genre we call romance, as well as the King Arthur legend. Geraldine Heng argues that romance arose in the twelfth century as a cultural response to the trauma and horror of taboo acts—in particular the cannibalism committed by crusaders on the bodies of Muslim enemies in Syria during the First Crusade. From such encounters with the East, Heng suggests, sprang the fantastical episodes featuring King Arthur in Geoffrey of Monmouth's chronicle The History of the Kings of England, a work where history and fantasy collide and merge, each into the other, inventing crucial new examples and models for romances to come. After locating the rise of romance and Arthurian legend in the contact zones of East and West, Heng demonstrates the adaptability of romance and its key role in the genesis of an English national identity. Discussing Jews, women, children, and sexuality in works like the romance of Richard Lionheart, stories of the saintly Constance, Arthurian chivralic literature, the legend of Prester John, and travel narratives, Heng shows how fantasy enabled audiences to work through issues of communal identity, race, color, class and alternative sexualities in socially sanctioned and safe modes of cultural discussion in which pleasure, not anxiety, was paramount. Romance also engaged with the threat of modernity in the late medieval period, as economic, social, and technological transformations occurred and awareness grew of a vastly enlarged world beyond Europe, one encompassing India, China, and Africa. Finally, Heng posits, romance locates England and Europe within an empire of magic and knowledge that surveys the world and makes it intelligible—usable—for the future. Empire of Magic is expansive in scope, spanning the eleventh to the fifteenth centuries, and detailed in coverage, examining various types of romance—historical, national, popular, chivalric, family, and travel romances, among others—to see how cultural fantasy responds to changing crises, pressures, and demands in a number of different ways. Boldly controversial, theoretically sophisticated, and historically rooted, Empire of Magic is a dramatic restaging of the role romance played in the culture of a period and world in ways that suggest how cultural fantasy still functions for us today.

From Cotton Mill to Business Empire

The Emergence of Regional Enterprises in Modern China

Author: Elisabeth Köll

Publisher: Harvard Univ Asia Center

ISBN: 9780674013940

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 422

View: 9512

The concepts, definitions, and interpretations of property rights, corporate structures, and business practices in contemporary China have historical, institutional, and cultural roots. In tracing the development under founder Zhang Jian (1853-1926) and his successors of the Dasheng Cotton Mill in Nantong, the author documents the growth of regional enterprises as local business empires from the 1890s until the foundation of the People's Republic in 1949.

Die wahre Geschichte der Schokolade

Author: Sophie D. Coe,Michael D. Coe

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3105616144

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 1382

Dieses Buch entführt uns in die uralte, wechselhafte und überaus spannende Geschichte der Schokolade, die vor dreitausend Jahren in den Hochkulturen der Maya und Azteken begann. Unser »Schokoladenriegel für zwischendurch« verrät nur noch wenig von dieser atemberaubenden und wahren Geschichte, die hier wie in einem Roman nachzulesen ist und Aufschluß gibt über Mentalitäten und Alltagsleben von den mittelamerikanischen Hochkulturen bis heute. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Alabama in Africa

Booker T. Washington, the German Empire, and the Globalization of the New South

Author: Andrew Zimmerman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155860

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 8470

In 1901, the Tuskegee Institute, founded by Booker T. Washington, sent an expedition to the German colony of Togo in West Africa, with the purpose of transforming the region into a cotton economy similar to that of the post-Reconstruction American South. Alabama in Africa explores the politics of labor, sexuality, and race behind this endeavor, and the economic, political, and intellectual links connecting Germany, Africa, and the southern United States. The cross-fertilization of histories and practices led to the emergence of a global South, reproduced social inequities on both sides of the Atlantic, and pushed the American South and the German Empire to the forefront of modern colonialism. Zimmerman shows how the people of Togo, rather than serving as a blank slate for American and German ideologies, helped shape their region's place in the global South. He looks at the forms of resistance pioneered by African American freedpeople, Polish migrant laborers, African cotton cultivators, and other groups exploited by, but never passive victims of, the growing colonial political economy. Zimmerman reconstructs the social science of the global South formulated by such thinkers as Max Weber and W.E.B. Du Bois, and reveals how their theories continue to define contemporary race, class, and culture. Tracking the intertwined histories of Europe, Africa, and the Americas at the turn of the century, Alabama in Africa shows how the politics and economics of the segregated American South significantly reshaped other areas of the world.