Geography is a system of highly developed sciences about the environment. Geographical science embracing the study of the Earth's physical phenomena, people and their economic activities has always been in need of an extensive terminology. Geographical terms are related to the terms of natural sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, geology, etc.) and humanities (history, economics, sociology, etc.) since geography is based on these fundamental subjects. Geography includes a number of disciplines and subdivisions which appeared along with the development of the science In spite of being very different geographical disciplines have some common tools of investigation which is maps, comparative method of exploration, remote sensing, geoinformation systems. Today very well developed terminologies of all the specialist fields of geography and related subjects exist in the main world languages. However, they are not always well-correlated. Nowadays geographical terminology requires unification and international correlation more than ever before. Hence the idea of compiling a multilingual polydisciplinary dictionary. The Dictionary consists of the basic table of terms arranged according to the order of the English alphabet with each term numbered. Each entry consists of the term in English and its equivalents in Russian, French, German, Spanish. Short definitions of terms are given in English and in Russian. The terms are supplied with the necessary grammar labels, such as gender of nouns, plural number, etc. The Dictionary combines two functions: that of a defining dictionary and that of a bilingual dictionary. These two functions are basically contradictory because usually the defining dictionary is aimed at giving one meaning of the word which is the main and essential one, while the bilingual dictionary tries to give different equivalents of a given word in the other language in order to supply the user with maximum possible translations, differing in the shades of meanings, thus giving him the possibility to choose the appropriate word. But in our Dictionary we intentionally decided to combine the two functions – defining and multilingual, because a short definition of the term and equivalents in other languages help to achieve our main aim which consists in showing the basic geographical terminology and harmonizing it in several languages. Having this into consideration we deliberately mixed two types of dictionaries in one. Organized alphabetically via English Provides short definition of geographical terms in English and Russian Includes multilingual translation of terms from English to Russian, French, German, Spanish
in English, Russian, French, Spanish and German
Author: Vladimir Kotlyakov,Anna Komarova
1970- issued in 2 vols.: v. 1, General reference, social sciences, history, economics, business; v. 2, Fine arts, humanities, science and engineering.
Author: Bohdan S. Wynar
Category: Reference books
This dictionary includes some 9200 terms, each with a definition and often and additional descriptive text in English, the terms being translated in French, German and Spanish. It is more complete than similar previously published dictionaries or glossaries, and contains all fields of soil science as well as some adjacent fields of other earth sciences, agriculture and engineering. Present concepts and definitions are detailed along with earlier concepts, not only for historical reasons but also for developing new ideas. Concepts, terms and definitions usual in literature of various countries are discussed and compared, to offer an appropriate exchange of ideas. Soil classifications and methodologies for soil investigation coming from a score of European, American and other countries and international organisations are presented, and correlations between names of soil taxa in different classifications are suggested. Readers active in all branches of soil science will find accessible answers to many of their questions, either directly referring to procedures used in the organisations where they work, or related to way of thinking in other countries. Readers active in other branches, but needing information on soils, will also find answers to this dictionary of great assistance to their research. * Over 9200 terms with definitions in English and translations in French, German, Spanish * Includes all fields of soil science and many connected sciences * All present-day terminology with inclusion of earlier, classical concepts and terms * Terminology in current USDA Soil Taxonomy, FAO World Reference Base or Soil Resources, and other documents from different countries Granted the "N.Cernescu" award from the Romanian Academy on Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Definitions in English with French, German, and Spanish word translations
Author: A. Canarache,I.I. Vintila,I. Munteanu
Publisher: ASTM International
A Dictionary of Human Geography is a brand new addition to Oxford's Paperback Reference Series, offering over 2,000 clear and concise entries on human geography terms. From basic terms and concepts to biographical entries, acronyms, organisations, and major periods and schools in the history of human geography, it provides up-to-date, accurate, and accessible information. It also includes entry-level web links that are listed and regularly updated on a dedicated companion website. This dictionary is a reliable reference for students of human geography and ancillary subjects, for researchers and professionals in the field, and for interested generalists.
Author: Alisdair Rogers,Noel Castree,Rob Kitchin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.
Author: Joseph P. Stoltman
Writing regions, undertaking a regional study, was once a standard form of geographic communication and critique. This was until the quantitative revolution in the middle of the previous century and more definitively the critical turn in human geography towards the end of the twentieth century. From then on writing regions as they were experienced phenomenologically, or arguing culturally, historically, and politically with regions, was deemed to be old-fashioned. Yet the region is, and always will be, a central geographical concept, and thinking about regions can tell us a lot about the history of the discipline called geography. Despite taking up an identifiable place within the geographical imagination in scholarship and beyond, region remains a relatively forgotten, under-used, and in part under-theorised term. Reanimating Regions marks the continued reinvigoration of a set of disciplinary debates surrounding regions, the regional, and regional geography. Across 18 chapters from international, interdisciplinary scholars, this book writes and performs region as a temporary permanence, something held stable, not fixed and absolute, at different points in time, for different purposes. There is, as this expansive volume outlines, no single reading of a region. Reanimating Regions collectively rebalances the region within geography and geographical thought. In renewing the geography of regions as not only a site of investigation but also as an analytical framework through which to write the world, what emerges is a powerful reworking of the geographic imagination. Read against one another, the chapters weave together timely commentaries on region and regions across the globe, with a particular emphasis upon the regional as played out in the United Kingdom, and regional worlds both within and beyond Europe, offering chapters from Africa and South America. Addressing both the political and the cultural, this volume responds to the need for a consolidated and considered reflection on region, the regional, and regional geography, speaking directly to broader intellectual concerns with performance, aesthetics, identity, mobilities, the environment, and the body.
Culture, Politics, and Performance
Author: James Riding,Martin Jones
Category: Business & Economics
Category: American literature
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
This third edition of a classic bibliography retains the best features of its predecessor, published ten years ago, with greatly expanded coverage of Web sites. Its nearly 1,000 annotated entries focus on core materials for botanists and plant biologists. Organized by topic rather than format, it runs the gamut from Plant Physiology to Genetics and Biotechnology. Introductory chapters discuss the study of plants, characteristics of plant biology literature, and the history of the field and the people in it. This book is for both neophyte and seasoned botanists and their information purveyors.
Author: Diane Schmidt
Publisher: Libraries Unltd Incorporated
Eine einzigartige lexikalische Dokumentation aller Teilbereiche der Geographie und zahlreicher Nachbarwissenschaften in vier BAnden und auf CD-ROM Das "Lexikon der Geographie" ist ein gemeinsames alphabetisches Nachschlagewerk der Anthropogeographie und der Physischen Geographie. Es prAsentiert in drei BAnden mit jeweils rund 450 Seiten und einem ausfA1/4hrlichen Registerband sowie auf einer CD-ROM alle Teilbereiche der Geographie und zahlreiche Nachbarwissenschaften auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung: Anthropogeographie: Historische Geographie, Wirtschaftsgeographie, Sozialgeographie, BevAlkerungsgeographie, Stadtgeographie, Geographie des lAndlichen Raums, Geographie der Freizeit, Bildungsgeographie, Verkehrsgeographie, Politische Geographie, Religionsgeographie, Medizinische Geographie Physische Geographie: Geomorphologie, LandschaftsAkologie, Biogeographie, Klimatologie, Bodengeographie, Hydrogeographie Theorie und Methoden: Quantitative Methoden, Qualitative Methoden, Kartographie, GIS, Fernerkundung, Modellbildung Angewandte Geographie: EntwicklungslAnderforschung, Raum- und Regionalplanung, UmweltvertrAglichkeitsprA1/4fung, Stadtplanung, Tourismus Nachbardisziplinen: Bodenkunde, Geologie, Meteorologie/Klimatologie, Hydrologie, Ozeanographie, Biologie, Landespflege, Soziologie, Volkswirtschaft, Politikwissenschaften, Ethnologie Das Lexikon umfasst - ca. 10.000 StichwArter aus allen Teildisziplinen der Geographie - rund 1.000 Abbildungen, Formeln und Tabellen in schwarz-weiA und Farbe - 191 Biographien der bedeutendsten Geographen und anderer Wissenschaftler - rund 200 Aoebersichtsartikel, davon 30 Essays zu Schwerpunktthemen wie "AlltAgliche Regionalisierungen," "Arbeitslosigkeit," "Bioindikation," "Didaktik der Geographie," "Evolution von A-kosystemen," "Globalisierung," "IndustriearchAologie," "Naturschutz," "New Cultural Geography," "Religionskonflikte," "UmweltqualitAtsziele" - BeitrAge von rund 180 Fachautoren Die CD-ROM-Ausgabe enthAlt zusAtzliche medienspezifische Suchfunktionen. Zielgruppen Das "Lexikon der Geographie" bietet Wissenschaftlern, Lehrern und Studenten sowie allen naturwissenschaftlich Arbeitenden und Interessierten aktuelles, umfangreiches und anschauliches Wissen.
in vier Bänden
Author: Ernst Brunotte
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
Publisher: Bib. Orton IICA / CATIE
Author: U.S. Geological Survey Library
Author: New York Public Library. Research Libraries
Category: Library catalogs
Author: Richard Donovon Woods
Publisher: Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press
Containing thousands of individual biographical profiles along with analyses of careers and currently held posts, this two-volume set contains valuable information for entrepreneurs and managers, international trade executives, financial groups, governments, embassies, and academic institutions throughout the world. This edition includes 2,700 biographical listings and is updated with a comprehensive account of the Republics, Krais, Oblasts, Autonomous Areas, and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) as well as overviews of political, intellectual, social, and scientific culture in the region. In addition, 2000 institutional profiles highlight the objectives, technologies, international reach, and corporate philosophy of each institution listed. Numerous cross-references between individual and corporate profiles provide even more information about Russia's business world.
Author: Who's Who in Italy S. R. L.
Publisher: Who's Who In Italy
This report provides a new international perspective to policy makers both within each country and at EU level. It offers new comparative insights to economists interested in the distribution of income, and to sociologists studying relative deprivation.
Author: Richard Berthoud
Publisher: Policy Press
Category: Business & Economics
"Thoughtfully compiled, current, and reasonably priced.... Recommended as a 'one-stop-shopping' source..". -- Library Journal"This work is an essential purchase for libraries with collections in the four designated areas". -- ARBABoth print and nonprint sci-tech information sources can be quickly located, and their uses evaluated, with this new resource -- the only sourcebook to cover all four major branches of science. More than 2,400 entries of complete bibliographic information are accompanied by a brief description of each work.Every source is indexed by author, subject, and title. Special chapters cover how technology is changing the way scientists communicate, and how to build a viable collection in specific disciplines.
Author: Harold Robert Malinowsky