Elsevier's Dictionary of Geography

in English, Russian, French, Spanish and German

Author: Vladimir Kotlyakov,Anna Komarova

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080488783

Category: Science

Page: 1072

View: 1934

Geography is a system of highly developed sciences about the environment. Geographical science embracing the study of the Earth's physical phenomena, people and their economic activities has always been in need of an extensive terminology. Geographical terms are related to the terms of natural sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, geology, etc.) and humanities (history, economics, sociology, etc.) since geography is based on these fundamental subjects. Geography includes a number of disciplines and subdivisions which appeared along with the development of the science In spite of being very different geographical disciplines have some common tools of investigation which is maps, comparative method of exploration, remote sensing, geoinformation systems. Today very well developed terminologies of all the specialist fields of geography and related subjects exist in the main world languages. However, they are not always well-correlated. Nowadays geographical terminology requires unification and international correlation more than ever before. Hence the idea of compiling a multilingual polydisciplinary dictionary. The Dictionary consists of the basic table of terms arranged according to the order of the English alphabet with each term numbered. Each entry consists of the term in English and its equivalents in Russian, French, German, Spanish. Short definitions of terms are given in English and in Russian. The terms are supplied with the necessary grammar labels, such as gender of nouns, plural number, etc. The Dictionary combines two functions: that of a defining dictionary and that of a bilingual dictionary. These two functions are basically contradictory because usually the defining dictionary is aimed at giving one meaning of the word which is the main and essential one, while the bilingual dictionary tries to give different equivalents of a given word in the other language in order to supply the user with maximum possible translations, differing in the shades of meanings, thus giving him the possibility to choose the appropriate word. But in our Dictionary we intentionally decided to combine the two functions – defining and multilingual, because a short definition of the term and equivalents in other languages help to achieve our main aim which consists in showing the basic geographical terminology and harmonizing it in several languages. Having this into consideration we deliberately mixed two types of dictionaries in one. Organized alphabetically via English Provides short definition of geographical terms in English and Russian Includes multilingual translation of terms from English to Russian, French, German, Spanish

Elsevier's Dictionary of Geographical Information Systems in English, German, French and Russian

Author: Bori͡ana Deliĭska

Publisher: North-Holland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 363

View: 5466

This dictionary contains 4,040 terms with about 1,700 cross-references that are commonly used in the theory and practice of geographical information systems. It includes coverage of geoinformatics, geostatistics, computer cartography and geodesy in English, German, French and Russian.

Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees

Volume 1: North America

Author: M.M. Grandtner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080460185

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1529

View: 8369

This dictionary will present all currently accepted generic, specific, sub-specific and variety names of trees, excluding fossil and more recently extinct taxa, hybrids and cultivars. Only the indigenous trees of a continent, those wild species that were natural elements of the spontaneous forest vegetation before the arrival of Europeans or other colonizers, are included. Each generic entry includes the family to which it is assigned, the synonyms of the Latin name, and the English, French, Spanish, trade and other names. For the English and French names the standard name is listed first, followed by other available names with, in parentheses, the countries where they are used. Where appropriate, names in additional languages are also included. Each infrageneric (species, subspecies, variety) entry includes, in addition, the distribution, height, type of foliage, ecological characteristics and main uses of the tree when available. In this volume only taxa indigenous on the North American continent are included, considered in a geographical, not in a political sense. This means from Alaska and Greenland to Panama, including Caribbean, but excluding Hawaii.

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Author: Noel Castree,Alisdair Rogers,Rob Kitchin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199599866

Category: Reference

Page: 581

View: 8889

This new dictionary provides over 2,000 clear and concise entries on human geography, covering basic terms and concepts as well as biographies, organisations, and major periods and schools. Authoritative and accessible, this is a must-have for every student of human geography, as well as for professionals and interested members of the public.

Dictionary of Energy

Author: Cutler J. Cleveland,Christopher G. Morris

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080968120

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 700

View: 6718

The Dictionary of Energy, Second Edition is a comprehensive and authoritative reference on all aspects of energy and its role in society. Edited by Cutler J. Cleveland and Christopher Morris, the editors of Handbook of Energy, Volumes 1 and 2, this authoritative resource comes at a time when the topic of energy prices, resources and environmental impacts are at the forefront of news stories and political discussions. The Second Edition of Dictionary of Energy contains over 10,000 terms, across 40 key subject areas in energy (e.g. solar, oil & gas, economics, models, policy, basic concepts, sustainable development, systems, renewable/alternative energy, water, etc), with additional window essays on key issues, such as Biomass, Ecological Footprint, Exergy, Fuel Cell, and Hybrid Vehicles. Dictionary of Energy, Second Edition is a valuable reference for undergraduate and graduate students, academics, and research scientists who study energy, as well as business corporations, professional firms, government agencies, foundations, and other groups whose activities relate to energy. Comprises over 10,000 terms and definitions covering 40 scientific disciplines and topics Window essays on subjects such as life cycle assessment, methane, and tragedy of the commons written by leading scientists in the field Definitions are accompanied by photos and illustrations Over 2,200 new or revised terms Seventy-five percent of photos and illustrations either revised or new for this edition

Dictionary of Distances

Author: Michel-Marie Deza,Elena Deza

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465548

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 1922

This book comes out of need and urgency (expressed especially in areas of Information Retrieval with respect to Image, Audio, Internet and Biology) to have a working tool to compare data. The book will provide powerful resource for all researchers using Mathematics as well as for mathematicians themselves. In the time when over-specialization and terminology fences isolate researchers, this Dictionary try to be "centripedal" and "oikoumeni", providing some access and altitude of vision but without taking the route of scientific vulgarisation. This attempted balance is the main philosophy of this Dictionary which defined its structure and style. Key features: - Unicity: it is the first book treating the basic notion of Distance in whole generality. - Interdisciplinarity: this Dictionary is larger in scope than majority of thematic dictionaries. - Encyclopedicity: while an Encyclopedia of Distances seems now too difficult to produce, this book (by its scope, short introductions and organization) provides the main material for it and for future tutorials on some parts of this material. - Applicability: the distances, as well as distance-related notions and paradigms, are provided in ready-to-use fashion. - Worthiness: the need and urgency for such dictionary was great in several huge areas, esp. Information Retrieval, Image Analysis, Speech Recognition and Biology. - Accessibility: the definitions are easy to locate by subject or, in Index, by alphabetic order; the introductions and definitions are reader-friendly and maximally independent one from another; still the text is structured, in the 3D HTML style, by hyperlink-like boldfaced references to similar definitions. * Covers a large range of subjects in pure and applied mathematics * Designed to be easily applied--the distances and distance-related notions and paradigms are ready to use * Helps users quickly locate definitions by subject or in alphabetical order; stand-alone entries include references to other entries and sources for further investigation

Elsevier's Dictionary of Soil Science

Definitions in English with French, German, and Spanish word translations

Author: A. Canarache,I.I. Vintila,I. Munteanu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080561314

Category: Science

Page: 1360

View: 3793

This dictionary includes some 9200 terms, each with a definition and often and additional descriptive text in English, the terms being translated in French, German and Spanish. It is more complete than similar previously published dictionaries or glossaries, and contains all fields of soil science as well as some adjacent fields of other earth sciences, agriculture and engineering. Present concepts and definitions are detailed along with earlier concepts, not only for historical reasons but also for developing new ideas. Concepts, terms and definitions usual in literature of various countries are discussed and compared, to offer an appropriate exchange of ideas. Soil classifications and methodologies for soil investigation coming from a score of European, American and other countries and international organisations are presented, and correlations between names of soil taxa in different classifications are suggested. Readers active in all branches of soil science will find accessible answers to many of their questions, either directly referring to procedures used in the organisations where they work, or related to way of thinking in other countries. Readers active in other branches, but needing information on soils, will also find answers to this dictionary of great assistance to their research. * Over 9200 terms with definitions in English and translations in French, German, Spanish * Includes all fields of soil science and many connected sciences * All present-day terminology with inclusion of earlier, classical concepts and terms * Terminology in current USDA Soil Taxonomy, FAO World Reference Base or Soil Resources, and other documents from different countries Granted the "N.Cernescu" award from the Romanian Academy on Agricultural and Forestry Sciences

Elsevier's Dictionary of Soil Science

Definitions in English with French, German, and Spanish word translations

Author: A. Canarache,I.I. Vintila,I. Munteanu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080561314

Category: Science

Page: 1360

View: 9640

This dictionary includes some 9200 terms, each with a definition and often and additional descriptive text in English, the terms being translated in French, German and Spanish. It is more complete than similar previously published dictionaries or glossaries, and contains all fields of soil science as well as some adjacent fields of other earth sciences, agriculture and engineering. Present concepts and definitions are detailed along with earlier concepts, not only for historical reasons but also for developing new ideas. Concepts, terms and definitions usual in literature of various countries are discussed and compared, to offer an appropriate exchange of ideas. Soil classifications and methodologies for soil investigation coming from a score of European, American and other countries and international organisations are presented, and correlations between names of soil taxa in different classifications are suggested. Readers active in all branches of soil science will find accessible answers to many of their questions, either directly referring to procedures used in the organisations where they work, or related to way of thinking in other countries. Readers active in other branches, but needing information on soils, will also find answers to this dictionary of great assistance to their research. * Over 9200 terms with definitions in English and translations in French, German, Spanish * Includes all fields of soil science and many connected sciences * All present-day terminology with inclusion of earlier, classical concepts and terms * Terminology in current USDA Soil Taxonomy, FAO World Reference Base or Soil Resources, and other documents from different countries Granted the "N.Cernescu" award from the Romanian Academy on Agricultural and Forestry Sciences

A Dictionary of Public Health

Author: Miquel Porta

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192529846

Category: Medical

Page: 698

View: 1285

A Dictionary of Public Health covers words and phrases used in public health science and practice, including areas such as communicable disease control, epidemiology, health policy, health services research, methods for clinical and epidemiological research, risk assessment and risk management, emergency preparedness, bioethics, genetics, nutrition, toxicology, social work, sanitation and public health engineering, environmental sciences, and administration. It offers definitions, discussion, and an occasional brief commentary on the relevance of each term to people and their health. This dictionary is a trusted resource for answers to questions that arise in the course of public health practice, whether in the office or in the field, in interactions with the public or with the media. This second edition expands coverage of terms relevant to the following areas, amongst others: health policy, health economics, and health services, including the Affordable Care Act and related topics; preventive medicine, health promotion, and behavioral sciences; risk assessment and risk management; emerging diseases; emergency preparedness; and bioethics and essential legal terms relevant for public health. It includes a list of useful web links and c.300 numbered bibliographic references, linked to directly from relevant entries. The dictionary continues to be a trusted resource for answers to questions that arise in the course of public health practice, whether in the office or in the field, in interactions with the public or with the media.

Elsevier's Dictionary of Herpetological and Related Terminology

Author: D.C. Wareham

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080460178

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3083

The dictionary is a compilation of clear, concise and informative definitions of the characteristic vocabulary commonly encountered and used by herpetologists when discussing, reading, or writing about reptiles and amphibians. It is intended for all those who have an interest in these animals, from the amateur hobbyist who may find himself faced with what can be a rather intimidating scientific term or technical expression, to the trained zoologist who may sometimes have doubts over the exact meaning of a particular term. It will, it is hoped, not only be a useful source of reference to all who are either actively or passively involved in some aspects of herpetology whether they be keepers, curators, breeders, researchers, teachers or students, but an interesting read as well.

Elsevier's Dictionary of Medicine and Biology

in English, Greek, German, Italian and Latin

Author: G. Konstantinidis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080460123

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2590

View: 6580

Dictionaries are didactic books used as consultation instruments for self-teaching. They are composed by an ordered set of linguistic units which reflects a double structure, the macrostructure which correspond to the word list and the microstructure that refers to the contents of each lemma. The great value of dictionaries nests in the fact that they establish a standard nomenclature and prevent in that way the appearance of new useless synonyms. This dictionary contains a total of about 27.500 main English entries, and over of 130.000 translations that should normally sufficiently cover all fields of life sciences. The basic criteria used to accept a word a part of the dictionary during the development period in order of importance were usage, up-to-dateness, specificity, simplicity and conceptual relationships. The dictionary meets the standards of higher education and covers all main fields of life sciences by setting its primary focus on the vastly developing fields of cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunology, developmental biology, microbiology, genetics and also the fields of human anatomy, histology, pathology, physiology, zoology and botany. The fields of ecology, paleontology, systematics, evolution, biostatistics, plant physiology, plant anatomy, plant histology, biometry and lab techniques have been sufficiently covered but in a more general manner. The latest Latin international anatomical terminology "Terminologia Anatomica" or "TA" has been fully incorporated and all anatomical entries have been given their international Latin TA synonym. This dictionary will be a valuable and helpful tool for all scientists, teachers, students and generally all those that work within the fields of life sciences.

Elsevier's Dictionary of Acronyms, Initialisms, Abbreviations and Symbols

Author: Fioretta. Benedetto Mattia

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080544137

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 742

View: 9807

The dictionary contains an alphabetical listing of approximately 30,000 (thirty thousand) acronyms, initialisms, abbreviations and symbols covering approximately 2,000 fields and subfields ranging from Pelagic Ecology to Anthrax Disease, Artificial Organs to Alternative Cancer Therapies, Age-related Disorders to Auditory Brainstem Implants, Educational Web Sites to Biodefense, Biomedical Gerontology to Brain Development, Cochlear Implants to Cellular Phones, Constructed Viruses to Copper Metabolism, Drug Discovery Programs to Drug-resistant Strains, Eugenics to Epigenetics, Epilepsy Drugs to Fertility Research, Genetically Modified Foods/Crops to Futuristic Cars, Genetic Therapies to Glycobiology, Herbicide-tolerant Crops to Heritable Disorders, Human Chronobiology to Human gene Therapies, Immunization Programs to Lunar Research, Liver Transplantation to Microchip Technology, Mitochondrial Aging to Molecular Gerontology, Neurodegenerative Diseases to Neuropsychology of Aging, Neurosurgery to Next Generation Programs, Obesity Research to Prion Diseases, Quantum Cryptography to Reemerging Diseases, Retinal Degeneration to Rice Genome Research, Social Anthropology to Software Development, Synchrotron Research to Vaccine Developments, Remote Ultrasound Diagnostics to Water Protection, Entomology to Chemical Terrorism and hundreds of others, as well as abbreviations/acronyms/initialisms relating to European Community and U.S., Japanese and International Programs/Projects/Initiatives from year 2000 up to 2010 as well as World Bank Programs.

Handbook of Energy

Chronologies, Top Ten Lists, and Word Clouds

Author: Cutler J. Cleveland,Christopher G. Morris

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124170196

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 968

View: 4448

Handbook of Energy, Volume II: Chronologies, Top Ten Lists, and Word Clouds draws together a comprehensive account of the energy field from the prestigious and award-winning authors of the Encyclopedia of Energy (2004), The Dictionary of Energy, Expanded Edition (2009), and the Handbook of Energy, Volume I (2013). Handbook of Energy, Volume II takes the wealth of information about historical aspects of energy spread across many books, journals, websites, disciplines, ideologies, and user communities and synthesizes the information in one central repository. This book meets the needs of a diverse readership working in energy, and serves as a vital method of communication among communities including colleges and universities, nongovernmental organizations, government agencies, consulting firms and research institutes of energy, environmental, and public policy issues. Interdisciplinary coverage appropriate for scientists in environmental sciences, social and natural sciences, and engineering Top Ten lists, written by prominent subject experts, provide personal reflections on key issues Chronologies covering 40 different subject areas provide all the significant events in a given field from the geologic past to the present day

Handbook of Energy

Diagrams, Charts, and Tables

Author: Cutler J. Cleveland,Christopher G. Morris

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080914578

Category: Science

Page: 1034

View: 8026

Handbook of Energy, Volume I: Diagrams, Charts, and Tables provides comprehensive, organized coverage on all phases of energy and its role in society, including its social, economic, political, historical, and environmental aspects. While there is a wealth of information about energy available, it is spread across many books, journals, and websites and it tends to target either a particular form of energy or a specific audience. Handbook of Energy provides a central repository of information that meets diverse user communities. It focuses on visual, graphic, and tabular information in a schematic format. Individuals and researchers at all educational levels will find the Handbook of Energy to be a valuable addition to their personal libraries. Easy-to-read technical diagrams and tables display a vast array of data and concepts

A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units

Author: Donald Fenna

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191078980

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 3089

This comprehensive and authoritative dictionary provides clear definitions of units, prefixes, and styles of weights and measures within the Système International (SI), as well as traditional, and industry-specific units. It also includes general historical and scientific background, covering the development of the sequential definitions and sizing of units. This new reference work will prove invaluable to professional scientists, engineers, technicians as well as to students and the general user. · Over 1,600 clear and concise entries complete with historical background · Covers a broad range of disciplines, including astronomy, electromagnetics, geology, photography, mathematics, meteorology, physics, and temperature · Notes on associated terminology · Numerous tables, including the geochronologic scale and the equation of time · Comprehensive coverage of the whole Système International

Elsevier's Dictionary of Glaciology in Four Languages

English (with Definitions), Russian (with Definitions), French, and German

Author: Vladimir Mikhaĭlovich Kotli︠a︡kov,N. A. Smolyarova

Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 336

View: 3876

Hardbound. The object of this dictionary is to cover the maximum number of terms and concepts required by anyone concerned with glaciology and related sciences. It contains definitions of almost all the glaciological terms in common use today, providing a comprehensive working dictionary based on the most authoritative books, journals and glossaries in the field of glaciology.The terms cover all the types of snow and ice and natural phenomena related to them i.e. glaciers, snow cover, avalanches and glacial mudflows; sea, river and lake ice, ground ice, aufeis and glacio-nival phenomena of the past. The dictionary is directed primarily at specialists in glaciology, geography, hydrology, meteorology, climatology, geophysics, geology and also to students and teachers of these disciplines.

Handbook on the Geographies of Money and Finance

Author: Ron Martin,Jane Pollard

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784719005

Category:

Page: 672

View: 4885

The aim of this timely work, which appears in the wake of the worst global financial crisis since the late 1920s, is to bring together high quality research-based contributions from leading international scholars involved in constructing a geographical perspective on money. Topics covered include the crisis, the spatial circuits of finance, regulation, mainstream financial markets (banking, equity, etc), through to the various ‘alternative’ and ‘disruptive’ forms of money that have arisen in recent years. It will be of interest to geographers, political scientists, sociologists, economists, planners and all those interested in how money shapes and reshapes socio-economic space and conditions local and regional development.