Elements of Algebra

Geometry, Numbers, Equations

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475739761

Category: Mathematics

Page: 184

View: 2595

Algebra is abstract mathematics - let us make no bones about it - yet it is also applied mathematics in its best and purest form. It is not abstraction for its own sake, but abstraction for the sake of efficiency, power and insight. Algebra emerged from the struggle to solve concrete, physical problems in geometry, and succeeded after 2000 years of failure by other forms of mathematics. It did this by exposing the mathematical structure of geometry, and by providing the tools to analyse it. This is typical of the way algebra is applied; it is the best and purest form of application because it reveals the simplest and most universal mathematical structures. The present book aims to foster a proper appreciation of algebra by showing abstraction at work on concrete problems, the classical problems of construction by straightedge and compass. These problems originated in the time of Euclid, when geometry and number theory were paramount, and were not solved until th the 19 century, with the advent of abstract algebra. As we now know, alge bra brings about a unification of geometry, number theory and indeed most branches of mathematics. This is not really surprising when one has a historical understanding of the subject, which I also hope to impart.

Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und stochastische Prozesse

Author: Kai L. Chung

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642670334

Category: Mathematics

Page: 346

View: 2851

Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1

Mathematics and Its History

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144196052X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 662

View: 3828

From a review of the second edition: "This book covers many interesting topics not usually covered in a present day undergraduate course, as well as certain basic topics such as the development of the calculus and the solution of polynomial equations. The fact that the topics are introduced in their historical contexts will enable students to better appreciate and understand the mathematical ideas involved...If one constructs a list of topics central to a history course, then they would closely resemble those chosen here." (David Parrott, Australian Mathematical Society) This book offers a collection of historical essays detailing a large variety of mathematical disciplines and issues; it’s accessible to a broad audience. This third edition includes new chapters on simple groups and new sections on alternating groups and the Poincare conjecture. Many more exercises have been added as well as commentary that helps place the exercises in context.

Number Theory, Fourier Analysis and Geometric Discrepancy

Author: Giancarlo Travaglini

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107044030

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 8305

"The first part of this book is dedicated to the first goal. The reader will find some topics typically presented in introductory books on Number Theory: factorization, arithmetic functions and integer points, congruences and cryptography, quadratic reciprocity, and sums of two and four squares. Starting from the first few pages we introduce some simple and captivating findings, such as Chebyshev's theorem and the elementary results for the Gauss circle problem and for the Dirichlet divisor problem, which may lead the reader to a deeper study of Number Theory, particularly students who are interested in Calculus and Analysis"--

Lineare Algebra

Author: Gilbert Strang

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642556310

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 6705

Diese Einführung in die lineare Algebra bietet einen sehr anschaulichen Zugang zum Thema. Die englische Originalausgabe wurde rasch zum Standardwerk in den Anfängerkursen des Massachusetts Institute of Technology sowie in vielen anderen nordamerikanischen Universitäten. Auch hierzulande ist dieses Buch als Grundstudiumsvorlesung für alle Studenten hervorragend lesbar. Darüber hinaus gibt es neue Impulse in der Mathematikausbildung und folgt dem Trend hin zu Anwendungen und Interdisziplinarität. Inhaltlich umfasst das Werk die Grundkenntnisse und die wichtigsten Anwendungen der linearen Algebra und eignet sich hervorragend für Studierende der Ingenieurwissenschaften, Naturwissenschaften, Mathematik und Informatik, die einen modernen Zugang zum Einsatz der linearen Algebra suchen. Ganz klar liegt hierbei der Schwerpunkt auf den Anwendungen, ohne dabei die mathematische Strenge zu vernachlässigen. Im Buch wird die jeweils zugrundeliegende Theorie mit zahlreichen Beispielen aus der Elektrotechnik, der Informatik, der Physik, Biologie und den Wirtschaftswissenschaften direkt verknüpft. Zahlreiche Aufgaben mit Lösungen runden das Werk ab.

Wahrheit, Beweis, Unendlichkeit

Eine mathematische Reise zu den vielseitigen Auswirkungen der Unendlichkeit

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642378447

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 8736

In dem Buch erkundet der preisgekrönte Autor John Stillwell die Konsequenzen, die sich ergeben, wenn man die Unendlichkeit akzeptiert, und diese Konsequenzen sind vielseitig und überraschend. Der Leser benötigt nur wenig über die Schulmathematik hinausgehendes Hintergrundwissen; es reicht die Bereitschaft, sich mit ungewohnten Ideen auseinanderzusetzen. Stillwell führt den Leser sanft in die technischen Details von Mengenlehre und Logik ein, indem jedes Kapitel einem einzigen Gedankengang folgt, der mit einer natürlichen mathematischen Frage beginnt und dann anhand einer Abfolge von historischen Antworten nachvollzogen wird. Auf diese Weise zeigt der Autor, wie jede Antwort ihrerseits zu neuen Fragen führt, aus denen wiederum neue Begriffe und Sätze entstehen. Jedes Kapitel endet mit einem Abschnitt „Historischer Hintergrund“, der das Thema in den größeren Zusammenhang der Mathematik und ihrer Geschichte einordnet.

Algebra für Einsteiger

Von der Gleichungsauflösung zur Galois-Theorie

Author: Jörg Bewersdorff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658022620

Category: Mathematics

Page: 214

View: 2767

Dieses Buch ist eine leicht verständliche Einführung in die Algebra, die den historischen und konkreten Aspekt in den Vordergrund rückt. Der rote Faden ist eines der klassischen und fundamentalen Probleme der Algebra: Nachdem im 16. Jahrhundert allgemeine Lösungsformeln für Gleichungen dritten und vierten Grades gefunden wurden, schlugen entsprechende Bemühungen für Gleichungen fünften Grades fehl. Nach fast dreihundertjähriger Suche führte dies schließlich zur Begründung der so genannten Galois-Theorie: Mit ihrer Hilfe kann festgestellt werden, ob eine Gleichung mittels geschachtelter Wurzelausdrücke lösbar ist. Das Buch liefert eine gute Motivation für die moderne Galois-Theorie, die den Studierenden oft so abstrakt und schwer erscheint. In dieser Auflage wurde ein Kapitel ergänzt, in dem ein alternativer, auf Emil Artin zurückgehender Beweis des Hauptsatzes der Galois-Theorie wiedergegeben wird. Dieses Kapitel kann fast unabhängig von den anderen Kapiteln gelesen werden.

Numbers and Geometry

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387982892

Category: Mathematics

Page: 343

View: 1809

A beautiful and relatively elementary account of a part of mathematics where three main fields - algebra, analysis and geometry - meet. The book provides a broad view of these subjects at the level of calculus, without being a calculus book. Its roots are in arithmetic and geometry, the two opposite poles of mathematics, and the source of historic conceptual conflict. The resolution of this conflict, and its role in the development of mathematics, is one of the main stories in the book. Stillwell has chosen an array of exciting and worthwhile topics and elegantly combines mathematical history with mathematics. He covers the main ideas of Euclid, but with 2000 years of extra insights attached. Presupposing only high school algebra, it can be read by any well prepared student entering university. Moreover, this book will be popular with graduate students and researchers in mathematics due to its attractive and unusual treatment of fundamental topics. A set of well-written exercises at the end of each section allows new ideas to be instantly tested and reinforced.

Elements of Number Theory

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387955872

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 1874

Solutions of equations in integers is the central problem of number theory and is the focus of this book. The amount of material is suitable for a one-semester course. The author has tried to avoid the ad hoc proofs in favor of unifying ideas that work in many situations. There are exercises at the end of almost every section, so that each new idea or proof receives immediate reinforcement.

Naive Lie Theory

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387782157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 217

View: 8764

In this new textbook, acclaimed author John Stillwell presents a lucid introduction to Lie theory suitable for junior and senior level undergraduates. In order to achieve this, he focuses on the so-called "classical groups'' that capture the symmetries of real, complex, and quaternion spaces. These symmetry groups may be represented by matrices, which allows them to be studied by elementary methods from calculus and linear algebra. This naive approach to Lie theory is originally due to von Neumann, and it is now possible to streamline it by using standard results of undergraduate mathematics. To compensate for the limitations of the naive approach, end of chapter discussions introduce important results beyond those proved in the book, as part of an informal sketch of Lie theory and its history. John Stillwell is Professor of Mathematics at the University of San Francisco. He is the author of several highly regarded books published by Springer, including The Four Pillars of Geometry (2005), Elements of Number Theory (2003), Mathematics and Its History (Second Edition, 2002), Numbers and Geometry (1998) and Elements of Algebra (1994).

Algebraische Zahlentheorie

Author: Jürgen Neukirch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540376631

Category: Mathematics

Page: 595

View: 1937

Algebraische Zahlentheorie: eine der traditionsreichsten und aktuellsten Grunddisziplinen der Mathematik. Das vorliegende Buch schildert ausführlich Grundlagen und Höhepunkte. Konkret, modern und in vielen Teilen neu. Neu: Theorie der Ordnungen. Plus: die geometrische Neubegründung der Theorie der algebraischen Zahlkörper durch die "Riemann-Roch-Theorie" vom "Arakelovschen Standpunkt", die bis hin zum "Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch-Theorem" führt.

Introduction to Cryptography

Author: Johannes Buchmann

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9780387950341

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 7484

A text written for students with only basic mathematical knowledge interested in the science of cryptography. Explains the basic methods, showing how to crack electronic codes, how to measure the efficiency and security of a code, and understand the basic techniques. DLC: Coding theory.

Foundations and Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics

Author: Howard Whitley Eves

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486696096

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 3372

This third edition of a popular, well-received text offers undergraduates an opportunity to obtain an overview of the historical roots and the evolution of several areas of mathematics. The selection of topics conveys not only their role in this historical development of mathematics but also their value as bases for understanding the changing nature of mathematics. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging text are: mathematics before Euclid, Euclid's Elements, non-Euclidean geometry, algebraic structure, formal axiomatics, the real numbers system, sets, logic and philosophy and more. The emphasis on axiomatic procedures provides important background for studying and applying more advanced topics, while the inclusion of the historical roots of both algebra and geometry provides essential information for prospective teachers of school mathematics. The readable style and sets of challenging exercises from the popular earlier editions have been continued and extended in the present edition, making this a very welcome and useful version of a classic treatment of the foundations of mathematics. "A truly satisfying book." — Dr. Bruce E. Meserve, Professor Emeritus, University of Vermont.

Rudiments of Algebraic Geometry

Author: W.E. Jenner

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486818063

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

View: 3728

Aimed at advanced undergraduate students of mathematics, this concise text covers the basics of algebraic geometry. Topics include affine spaces, projective spaces, rational curves, algebraic sets with group structure, more. 1963 edition.

Mathematical Analysis

An Introduction

Author: Andrew Browder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461207150

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 6250

Among the traditional purposes of such an introductory course is the training of a student in the conventions of pure mathematics: acquiring a feeling for what is considered a proof, and supplying literate written arguments to support mathematical propositions. To this extent, more than one proof is included for a theorem - where this is considered beneficial - so as to stimulate the students' reasoning for alternate approaches and ideas. The second half of this book, and consequently the second semester, covers differentiation and integration, as well as the connection between these concepts, as displayed in the general theorem of Stokes. Also included are some beautiful applications of this theory, such as Brouwer's fixed point theorem, and the Dirichlet principle for harmonic functions. Throughout, reference is made to earlier sections, so as to reinforce the main ideas by repetition. Unique in its applications to some topics not usually covered at this level.

Lineare Algebra

Ein Skriptum für das erste Semester

Author: Klaus Jänich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662220997

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 5066