Elementary atomic structure

Author: Gordon Kemble Woodgate

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 1395

This text on atomic structure is intermediate in level between purely introductory general texts on 'modern physics' and advanced specialized treatises. It is short enough to be read in the time normally devoted to atomic structure in physics degree courses. Throughout the book real-life examples from atomic spectroscopy are discussed alongside the exposition of the theory, both to give a feeling for orders of magnitude and to impart a real understanding of the application of elementary quantum mechanics.

Introduction to Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure

Author: P. A. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198559160

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 2321

All chemistry students need a basic understanding of quantum theory and its applications in atomic and molecular structure and spectroscopy. This book provides a gentle introduction to the subject with the required background in physics and mathematics kept to a minimum. It develops the basic concepts needed as background. The emphasis throughout is on the physical concepts and their application in chemistry, especially to atoms and to the periodic table of elements

Atomic Physics

Author: C.J. Foot

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198506953

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 1468

This book describes atomic physics and the latest advances in this field at a level suitable for fourth year undergraduates. The numerous examples of the modern applications of atomic physics include Bose-Einstein condensation of atoms, matter-wave interferometry and quantum computing with trapped ions.

Density-Functional Theory of Atoms and Molecules

Author: Robert G. Parr,Yang Weitao

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195357738

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 6179

This book is a rigorous, unified account of the fundamental principles of the density-functional theory of the electronic structure of matter and its applications to atoms and molecules. Containing a detailed discussion of the chemical potential and its derivatives, it provides an understanding of the concepts of electronegativity, hardness and softness, and chemical reactivity. Both the Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham and the Levy-Lieb derivations of the basic theorems are presented, and extensive references to the literature are included. Two introductory chapters and several appendices provide all the background material necessary beyond a knowledge of elementary quantum theory. The book is intended for physicists, chemists, and advanced students in chemistry.

Elementary Scattering Theory

For X-ray and Neutron Users

Author: D.S. Sivia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199228671

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 4249

This book provides the basic theoretical background for X-ray and neutron scattering experiments. Since these techniques are increasingly being used by biologists and chemists, as well as physicists, the book is intended to be accessible to a broad spectrum of scientists.

The Quantum Theory of Light

Author: Rodney Loudon

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191589782


Page: 448

View: 7334

This third edition, like its two predecessors, provides a detailed account of the basic theory needed to understand the properties of light and its interactions with atoms, in particular the many nonclassical effects that have now been observed in quantum-optical experiments. The earlier chapters describe the quantum mechanics of various optical processes, leading from the classical representation of the electromagnetic field to the quantum theory of light. The later chapters develop the theoretical descriptions of some of the key experiments in quantum optics. Over half of the material in this third edition is new. It includes topics that have come into prominence over the last two decades, such as the beamsplitter theory, squeezed light, two-photon interference, balanced homodyne detection, travelling-wave attenuation and amplification, quantum jumps, and the ranges of nonliner optical processes important in the generation of nonclassical light. The book is written as a textbook, with the treatment as a whole appropriate for graduate or postgraduate students, while earlier chapters are also suitable for final- year undergraduates. Over 100 problems help to intensify the understanding of the material presented.

Quantum Optics

An Introduction

Author: Anthony Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198566727

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 3911

Written primarily for advanced undergraduate and masters level students in physics, this text includes a broad range of topics in applied quantum optics such as laser cooling, Bose-Einstein condensation and quantum information processing.

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

50th Anniversary Edition

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226458148

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 3903

A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

The Theory of Atomic Spectra

Author: Edward Uhler Condon,G. H. Shortley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521092098

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 3919

The standard comprehensive work on the theory of atomic spectra. "...a work of the first rank...." Nature

Introductory Quantum Optics

Author: Christopher Gerry,Peter Knight

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521527354

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 2250

This book provides an elementary introduction to the subject of quantum optics, the study of the quantum mechanical nature of light and its interaction with matter. The presentation is almost entirely concerned with the quantized electromagnetic field. Topics covered include single-mode field quantization in a cavity, quantization of multimode fields, quantum phase, coherent states, quasi-probability distribution in phase space, atom-field interactions, the Jaynes-Cummings model, quantum coherence theory, beam splitters and interferometers, dissipative interactions, nonclassical field states with squeezing etc., 'Schrödinger cat' states, tests of local realism with entangled photons from down-conversion, experimental realizations of cavity quantum electrodynamics, trapped ions, decoherence, and some applications to quantum information processing, particularly quantum cryptography. The book contains many homework problems and an extensive bibliography. This text is designed for upper-level undergraduates taking courses in quantum optics who have already taken a course in quantum mechanics, and for first and second year graduate students.

Atomic spectra

Author: Tim P. Softley

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 6959

This primer provides a systematic and rigorous introduction to the spectra and electronic structure of atoms in the gas phase. Throughout the book, the author explains observed spectra in terms of underlying quantum mechanical principles while at the same time illustrating experimental aspects and chemical applications. The book begins with a review of elementary quantum mechanics as applied to spherically symmetric problems and a discussion of electromagnetic radiation properties. It goes on to detail the spectra of hydrogenic atoms, the alkali metals, the helium atoms, and many-electron atoms at all stages. Topics such as spin-orbit coupling, the Zeeman effect, spin-correlation and the Pauli Principle, Russel-Saunders, and jj-coupling are included. Modern applications and techniques such as lasers and cooling of atoms are briefly discussed. Many topics are covered at two levels in separate sections, so that a newcomer can gain qualitative understanding by omitting some sections and then return

Elementary Theory of Angular Momentum

Author: Morris Edgar Rose

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486684806

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 3665

High-level treatment offers clear discussion of general theory and applications, including basic principles, coupling coefficients for vector addition, coupling schemes in nuclear reactions, and more. 1957 edition.

Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573360

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 1058

The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solids. All of the chapters have been updated and improved, and new sections on optical control of spin, quantum dots, plasmonics, negative refraction, carbon nanostructures and diamond NV centres have been added.

The Origin of Mass

Elementary Particles and Fundamental Symmetries

Author: John Iliopoulos

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192527533

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 5146

The discovery of a new elementary particle at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in 2012 made headlines in world media. Since we already know of a large number of elementary particles, why did this latest discovery generate so much excitement? This small book reveals that this particle provides the key to understanding one of the most extraordinary phenomena which occurred in the early Universe. It introduces the mechanism that made possible, within tiny fractions of a second after the Big Bang, the generation of massive particles. The Origin of Mass is a guided tour of cosmic evolution, from the Big Bang to the elementary particles we study in our accelerators today. The guiding principle of this book is a concept of symmetry which, in a profound and fascinating way, seems to determine the structure of the Universe.

Enrico Fermi

And the Revolutions of Modern Physics

Author: Dan Cooper,Enrico Fermi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019511762X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 117

View: 6996

A biography of the Nobel Prize-winning physicist whose work led to the discovery of nuclear fission, the basis of nuclear power and the atom bomb.

Physical Fluid Dynamics

Author: D. J. Tritton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400999925

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 9564

To classify a book as 'experimental' rather than 'theoretical' or as 'pure' rather than 'applied' is liable to imply umeal distinctions. Nevertheless, some Classification is necessary to teIl the potential reader whether the book is for him. In this spirit, this book may be said to treat fluid dynamies as a branch of physics, rather than as a branch of applied mathematics or of engineering. I have often heard expressions of the need for such a book, and certainly I have feIt it in my own teaching. I have written it primariIy for students of physics and of physics-based applied science, aIthough I hope others may find it useful. The book differs from existing 'fundamental' books in placing much greater emphasis on what we know through laboratory experiments and their physical interpretation and less on the mathe matieal formalism. It differs from existing 'applied' books in that the choice of topics has been made for the insight they give into the behaviour of fluids in motion rather than for their practical importance. There are differences also from many existing books on fluid dynamics in the branches treated, reflecting to some extent shifts of interest in reeent years. In particular, geophysical and astrophysical applications have prompted important fundamental developments in topics such as conveetion, stratified flow, and the dynamics of rotating fluids. These developments have hitherto been reflected in the contents of textbooks only to a limited extent.

An Introduction to Quantum Theory

Author: Keith Hannabuss

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191588730

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 7908

This book provides an introduction to quantum theory primarily for students of mathematics. Although the approach is mainly traditional the discussion exploits ideas of linear algebra, and points out some of the mathematical subtleties of the theory. Amongst the less traditional topics are Bell's inequalities, coherent and squeezed states, and introductions to group representation theory. Later chapters discuss relativistic wave equations and elementary particle symmetries from a group theoretical standpoint rather than the customary Lie algebraic approach. This book is intended for the later years of an undergraduate course or for graduates. It assumes a knowledge of basic linear algebra and elementary group theory, though for convenience these are also summarized in an appendix.